25 March 1984, a sensational message spread around the world - a Soviet nuclear submarine surfaced in the center of the US Navy carrier strike group and ... ... rammed the aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk.
Events unfolded as follows. In early March, the US Navy carrier strike group (AUG) entered the Sea of Japan as part of an aircraft carrier and seven escort warships to conduct scheduled exercises with the landing on the coast of South Korea. To observe the Americans, the K-314 and BOD Vladivostok sailed into the sea. K-314 was commanded by Captain 1 of the rank of Yevseyenko, the campaign was provided by the division commander, Captain of 1 of the rank of Belousov.
On the seventh day of the campaign, K-314 established sonar contact with American ships. At night, the boat floated to the periscope depth and, not detected, "hung" like that for more than an hour. Having determined the elements of the AUG movement, the commander gave the command to dive. Surveillance lasted more than two days, when hydroacoustic contact with the Americans was lost.
21 March around 23: 00 acoustics reported on listening noises. It took about 30 minutes to classify the target, then Evseenko decided to surface under the periscope and clarify the situation. Coming to a depth of 10 meters, the commander saw on the right, as he put it, “the airfield of lights”. And then the boat was shaken by a terrible blow, after a second 5-7 seconds. The order “Look around in the compartments!” From the seventh reported on the beating of the propeller shaft. The division commander gave the command to float into a positional position, but Evseenko quite reasonably objected that he was in command of the boat, and ordered to transfer to the reserve propulsion complex.
When, at dawn, the AUG disappeared in the distance (only one sentinel remained, who followed the boat to the most territorial waters of the USSR), K-314 emerged, and the commander asked Vladivostok who approached the stern. A strange picture appeared before the eyes of astonished sailors: a propeller with broken blades hung somehow unnaturally, at an angle to the hull. Later, after being docked, it turned out that the propeller shaft between the strong and light hull is broken!
The boat was towed and taken to Chazhma bay, where it became a dock for repairs. By the end of the summer, repairs had been completed, and X-NUMX of August K-21 went into sea trials, and in September went into the Indian Ocean for combat service, albeit with another commander (Yevseyenko was removed from his post).
But the aircraft carrier was less fortunate — the propeller and rudders of the K-314 proportioned to the bottom of it for 40 (!) Meters, and he, leaving behind fuel oil spots, barely crawled to the Japanese port and also became a dock for repairs.
But this misadventure K-314 is not over! 10 August 1985 at the completion of work on recharging reactors, due to the violation of nuclear safety requirements and the technology of undermining the reactor lid, an uncontrolled spontaneous chain reaction of uranium fission of a left-side reactor occurred. As a result of the thermal explosion, a radioactive plume was formed, which reached the sea on the coast of the Ussuri Bay. The accident killed ten people.
The 314 submarine K-671 “Ruff” (according to the NATO classification “Victor 1”) belongs to the class of so-called killer submarines. Their creation was due to the appearance of missile submarine cruisers and the need to fight precisely with submarines, although the tasks traditional for torpedo submarines were not removed. In the USA, the first such boat, the SSN-597 "Tallibi", was put into operation in the autumn of the 1960 of the year, and from 1962 to 1967. The fleet was supplemented with 14 with more powerful nuclear submarines - the Tracher type. It was obvious that the Soviet Union, too, can not do without such submarines.
The design assignment for the nuclear submarine pr. 671 with a normal displacement of 3000 tons and an immersion depth of at least 400 meters was received by SKB-143 (later the Malakhit SPMBM). The tactical and technical requirements were approved on November 3, 1959, a draft design was prepared by March, 1960, and a technical design by December.
Tactical and technical data of the submarine pr.671:
length - 93 m, width - 10,6, draft - 7,2
displacement - 3500 / 4870 t
speed - 10 / 33,5 nodes
immersion depth - 400 m
crew - 76 man, autonomy - 60 day
Structurally, the 671 was a two-part submarine with a characteristic, “licked” fencing of the conning tower and sliding devices. The durable case was made of high-strength steel AK-29, thickness 35 mm. The lightweight body, the bow of the superstructure, the vertical and horizontal tails were made of low-magnetic steel, and the cabin fence and the rest of the superstructure were made of aluminum alloy AMG-61. To reduce noise, the case was plastered with a special rubber coating.
The armament consisted of six 533-mm torpedo tubes, which provided firing from depths to 250 meters. Ammunition - 18 torpedoes (rocket-torpedoes) or 32 mines.
Speaking of the K-143 ram, one cannot help but mention another, more pleasant event. When Khrushchev followed Egypt to 1964 to hand the hero's gold star to Gamal Abdel Nasser, he was directly outraged by the audacity of the American pilots who flew over the ship, almost knocking down the mast and completely ignoring the flag of the head of the USSR government. And then the man who practically killed the fleet, suddenly remembered him!
Soon, our submariners received a secret and very daring task. At noon on July 14, 1964, at the signal of the main headquarters of the Navy in the very center of the 6th fleet The USA at the same time surfaced 12 (!) Of our submarines, after which our sailors went out to smoke. Absolutely stunned Americans were in a panic. They obviously did not expect such impudence. But in vain! Here is such a "Kuzkina mother" turned out ...
I'm going to ram!
- Igor Korneev
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