Military Review

Ministry of Development wants trillions

Passions continue to heat up around the program for the development of the Far East and Transbaikalia, which should be designed to be implemented before 2025. It was planned that in the current month the program should have been under consideration in the government. However, the document did not officially reach the cabinet of ministers, having stalled at the preliminary discussion stage with First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov.

Representatives of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East confirmed the information that the project was sent for revision. The reason is banal. The budget is embarrassing, which lists how much money from the federal budget it is necessary to make a “garden city” from the Far Eastern and Trans-Baikal regions.

If you believe the information published by news agencies, the estimate is really impressive. To make the development program a reality for the next 12 years from the country's budget, the authors of the program requested no less than 5,7 trillion rubles. We should not forget that the solution of such transport issues as the modernization of the Trans-Siberian Railway and the construction of new branches of the Baikal-Amur Mainline is a separate line, which determines the level of costs back in 1,5 trillion rubles. The summation of these two values ​​leads to 7,2-trillions of costs, which the state budget must pull.

Apparently, Igor Shuvalov turned out to be particularly impressed with this document after reading the estimate of the program and the financial claims of the group of its authors, and advised the Ministry of Eastern Development to “recount” in the direction of reducing costs. Representatives of the Ministry of the East, in all likelihood, were disappointed by this decision. After all, the program, in their opinion, was whole and balanced. For persuasiveness, the head of the ministry decided to publicize those ambitious plans that were designated by an expert group that worked on the creation of a “slaughtered” Shuvalov document.

So here. In the development program of the region under consideration, the authors envisage a growth of its population by almost 20% over the next 12 years. Who will correct the demographics? Maybe the authors themselves? In principle, yes, but only by using the same budget money for this. To do this, it is planned to allocate each participant of the resettlement program to the Far East for 120 thousand rubles, and each member of his family for another 40 thousand. The Ministry of Development itself is going to become the guarantor of the fact that every family that has arrived in the region, banks (if desired, the immigrants themselves) will be provided with a mortgage loan on preferential terms. Even the allocation of land allotments for the construction of their own homes, the department prescribed in the program.

In addition, the ministry, headed by Viktor Ishaev, who was once reprimanded by President Putin for the sluggishness of work in the new post, outlines plans for growth
a) regional gross domestic product up to 2025 year 2,57 times;
b) industrial production - more than 1,7 times;
c) investment - almost 4 times.

It would seem that if there are such grandiose plans, it is possible even now to single out the trillions of rubles designated by the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Europe and make the dream of a “city-garden” a reality. But honestly, it’s not quite clear why the experts of the ministry call these numbers exactly. After all, it would be possible to go along the path of even more substantial scale. For example, declare that it is planned to increase the population of the Far East not by 20% over 12 years, but by all 50% ... And so that people withdraw from their old places somewhere in Central Russia, promise not 120 thousand rubles per family, and, offhand, a million, two per person. A trillion more, a trillion less ...

You can declare not about 4-fold, but about 25-fold increase in investment, for which you can request a couple of trillions more from the public sector. Like, and what these trillions are there ... Let it be better for the people, for the regions remote from the center and the richest in resources work.

Of course, no one is going to dispute the fact that the money must work, that the Far East requires serious investments and even the fact that 5,7 plus 1,5 trillion denoted are means necessary for the Ministry of Eastern Development to make the space from Chita to Yuzhno-Kurilsk become Far Eastern Switzerland However, as soon as it comes to billions of dollars, and even more so trillions, requests for implementation, even if it is the program most needed for a country, the notorious vague doubts immediately begin to torment: will everything go exclusively to the development of Transbaikalia and the Far East? Exactly there will not be a dozen or two billion on the account of a certain fake company registered to one of the relatives of some adviser to the author of the program? After all, the more financial inquiries, the more zeros in the figures of hypothetical budget allocations, the greater the chances of interested parties to seize a certain financial burden, let's say, “for the harmfulness of work”.

I would like to believe that in this case, in the case of the Ministry of Eastern Development program, everything will be completely different. That there will be no “Vostok-services”, “Trans-Baikal Slavs” and “Resorts of the Far Eastern Territory”, whose employees in their SMS-messages will call their “colleagues on the shop” to come and share the cake after allocating funds from the state budget ...

These doubts would not have arisen at all if there were no precedents connected with the plundering of budget funds allocated for the implementation of those other programs in our country. But there are precedents, and there are plenty of them. Until now, the investigating authorities cannot count the amount of damage caused to the country's budget in preparation for the APEC summit. The unfavorable facts emerge, either by overestimating the estimates for the construction and repair of roads, then by the theft of building materials, then by violations when transferring land plots from one hand to another.

Doubts would not have arisen because all previous programs have led to positive results. But if they do, not all ...

It is worth recalling that in the current year the deadline for the implementation of the Federal Target Program “Economic and Social Development of the Far East and Transbaikalia for the Period up to 2013 of the Year” ends. The decree on the start of this project was adopted by the Russian Government back in April 1996. The developers of the (previous) program were regional executive authorities, as well as the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade. The program was signed by the then Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin.

The data on the final figures for funding the program, which was developed almost 17 years ago, unfortunately, has not yet been made public, but there are figures for the costs of the program in the past few years. So, for the period from 2008 to 2013, funding amounted to 692 billion rubles, of which 532 billion - funds allocated from the federal treasury, 57 billion - funds of the regions themselves, 4 billion - funds of individual municipalities. Thus, the "extrabudget" was at the level of 14% of total funding. In other words, private investors were not very generous in the amount of financing, although it was the development of private business at various levels that was set as one of the priorities of the program.

How did that program work? This is a separate question. The Ministry of Regional Development reported that the program literally went off with a bang. As an example, the Office cites the following figures: the unemployment rate for the period from 2007 to 2009 year decreased by 0,6% (from 7% to 6,4%). However, the report on the subsequent time interval for some reason remains, so to speak, behind the scenes. Namely, this report would show far from the most positive trend of changes in the number of unemployed citizens. For example, in 2012, unemployment was recorded in 11% in Zabaikalsky Krai, 9,7% in Yakutia, 8,7% in Jewish Autonomous Oblast, and approximately 7,7% in Primorsky and Khabarovsk Territories. The best performance was demonstrated by the Magadan region - about 4%.

Official statistics also indicate that investments in private business have increased in the region. Although if we consider the sectors in which private business in the Far East has become interested, in the overwhelming majority of cases these are extractive industries. In other words, the investments of large private owners did not go to high-tech manufacturing areas, but stopped, roughly speaking, at the level of raw materials extraction or at the level of production of metal ingots, transported at best to non-Far East regions of Russia, and in most cases - to such countries like China, Japan and South Korea.

In general, if the government believes that the previous program, which was the federal target, has become more than successful, then the program of the new sample may be announced as such a priori.

But trillions of rubles are at stake ... And therefore, obviously, someone already scratches their hands in order to “begin to develop” the Far East quickly, managing to compile good reports on the expenditure of budgetary allocations. So is it worth it for the government of the country, if it is really interested in the development of Far East and Transbaikalia, to step on the old rake of uncontrolled allocation of funds. Isn't it time to create a streamlined control system that will work according to an extremely transparent scheme: billions are allocated - deliver quality facilities on time, billions are allocated - provide the number of orders for new settlers' apartments, billions more - show how industry has risen and so on. d. And if the first billions are allocated, and instead of real positive results - some pieces of information about “dizzy with success”, then - collect all those responsible for carrying out, tear them away from their leather seats and send them where instead of the road there are pieces of creeping asphalt, and instead of new industrial centers - piles of bricks being pulled apart to the right and left - let them redeem themselves with their work, financing the completion of the program with their personal savings.

Apparently, there is no other way ...

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  1. ochakow703
    ochakow703 25 February 2013 09: 12
    As they say - "Without control and accounting, we cannot build ... not xp .... na".
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 25 February 2013 10: 13
      A question to the author, Alexei, when was the last time in the Far East?
      1. Volodin
        25 February 2013 10: 25
        Alexander, if you are constructively interested, so to speak, then the last time was 2011 in January. From 1989 to 1995 - resident of the Kuril archipelago. In general, neither yesterday nor the day before yesterday on the Far East did not look. Has much changed?
        1. Alexander Romanov
          Alexander Romanov 25 February 2013 11: 30
          Quote: Volodin
          Has much changed?

          Yes, nehru has not changed, there has been no money either. How did the handouts from Moscow go and how did the taxes go to Moscow and go away. Only Ishaev was right in many ways and what Putin said in 2010, Ishaev voiced back in 2000 m hi
  2. Renat
    Renat 25 February 2013 09: 30
    Control and accounting will be vowed to us about the 2014 Olympics, so what? A thief sits on a thief and drives a thief.
  3. Krilion
    Krilion 25 February 2013 09: 31
    When I read all sorts of "programs" about the development of the Far East (the Far East), I clearly understand the intellectual deficiency of their authors ... of course, the amount of "lifting" money for migrants can bring some (microscopic) effect, but there will still be no real results. .and all for the simple reason that most of the solution to the issue lies in a completely different plane ... investing money alone will not solve the main problem - depopulation of the Far East ... as soon as the issue of increasing the population of the Far East is radically resolved at the expense of an increase in the birth rate of the indigenous population (but in no case due to internal migration), so other problems will be solved almost immediately ... and in order to answer the question of how you can encourage people to multiply, you need to turn to agricultural experience ... if anyone then, as I, for example, was engaged in breeding rabbits, he understands that the FIRST thing to do is to provide the rabbits with HOUSING ... the situation is similar with people ... if Avitstvo wants. in order for people to settle in the Far East and their number to increase, it is necessary to deploy mass housing construction and provide free housing to all the needy population ... and having a roof over your head and not being in lifelong slavery at the bank to pay the mortgage, having the opportunity to send free finances not to pay interest on a loan and for family arrangement, people will think about increasing their family ... otherwise people will still massively leave for the European part of Russia, because life in the Far East is not very comfortable and there is absolutely no incentive to live here ... having money on hand to buy a home, for example, I'm going to buy a house somewhere in the Belgorod region and leave Sakhalin ... because this house will cost me twice cheaper than on Sakhalin and climatic conditions will not destroy my health and the health of my children and grandchildren ... in general, I can write a lot more, but this is enough to understand the full scale of the idiocy of the Russian leadership ...
  4. Alikovo
    Alikovo 25 February 2013 09: 32
    where they have so much money they want corruption
  5. Straiser
    Straiser 25 February 2013 09: 45
    It is probable that the appropriation of budgetary allocations for the purposes indicated by the author is predetermined; therefore, it is rational to create an independent supervisory authority with significant public participation and interaction with law enforcement agencies. However, this position has significant flaws. They consist in the fact that there is a high probability of getting to this controlling body of people working in conjunction or receiving kickbacks. But it’s worth admitting that at the moment this will be one of the best steps towards a tendency to rapidly reduce the number of cases of theft and their volume. IMHO (I have an opinion horseradish challenge);)
  6. avt
    avt 25 February 2013 09: 51
    Without knowing the actual development program, it is impossible to discuss the amount of funding. But the lack of publication of at least the specific intentions of this program, it is alarming to admit.
  7. dsf34rwesdgg
    dsf34rwesdgg 25 February 2013 10: 48
    Imagine, it turns out that our authorities have complete information about each of us. And now she appeared on the Internet choch.rf / 8ets Very surprised and scared, my correspondence, addresses, phone numbers, even found my naked photo, I can not even imagine where. The good news is that the data can be deleted from the site, of course, I used it and I advise everyone not to hesitate
  8. Octavian avgust
    Octavian avgust 25 February 2013 11: 00
    In the Far East and Eastern Siberia, you need to invest money, because this is more than half the country is not equipped! But tight control over every ruble! Amounts are called large, but for which projects it is not entirely clear?
    The state needs to better deal with resettlement policies, otherwise the region will become empty.
  9. Tartary
    Tartary 25 February 2013 11: 27
    Can immigrants allocate funds for the construction of houses and estates?
    Rjunemagu ...
    But what about the "indigenous" population? Who will take care of him?
    The cost per square meter of housing is growing year by year ...
    Today, housing in Khabarovsk is more expensive than in Moscow.
    Selling a "kopeck piece" in Khabarovsk, you can confidently pull a good house in the Krasnodar Territory or the Rostov Region.
    The Far East is also happy to move to the Voronezh region.
    They say that in Voronezh for an elite "kopeck piece" in the center of the city, with an area under the service station squares, the entire communal apartment pulls 3 thousand per month, against 9 thousand. for "kopeck piece" "Brezhnevka" on the outskirts of Khabarovsk ... You feel the difference, why not?

    Without specific "passions" of stealing officials and businessmen with serving sentences in the North, Siberia and Far East, and the resettlement of their young wives and mistresses to Siberia, Far East and North in the form of objects designed to improve the demography of individual settlements in dark and harsh winters ... wink
    A child was born from a prisoner - minus the year of the term, and so on for each next ...
    By the way, why don't these homophile politicians unite male and female zones?
    Unite! Let them multiply and increase the population of the villages around the ITU ...
    And at the same time they are reducing their terms of serving a sentence.

    Bad Ratsukha?
    1. sailor
      sailor 25 February 2013 19: 20
      By the way, why don't these homophile politicians unite male and female zones?
      Unite! Let them multiply and increase the population of the villages around the ITU ...
      And at the same time they are reducing their terms of serving a sentence.

      fully support fellow
  10. andrejwz
    andrejwz 25 February 2013 12: 14
    And why do we need subsidies for arriving in the region? Why, why should people go there? To get subsidies, a mortgage and replenish the number of unemployed?
    The program should be comprehensive but consider in a certain sequence of planning goals and costs:
    1. Enterprises and the creation of social infrastructure in the place of their construction.
    2. Creation of transport accessibility for the transportation of industrial products, communication of residents and workers with other regions of the country, not just the Trans-Siberian Railway.
    3. Creation of a scientific and educational base in a number of regional centers.
    This is a task for the state and only the state can do it. And getting preferences from business should be considered as a bonus, and not count on them as the main investors. Otherwise, it will be mining, not processing and production.
  11. Petrospek
    Petrospek 25 February 2013 17: 52
    Well, thank God! And I thought that Sochi would end, and what should these people steal?
    And here the new Sochi is just around the corner, otherwise it’s right, people have been around for a year! they drive on one discovery, well, how much can you ?!
  12. darkman70
    darkman70 25 February 2013 18: 08
    for each participant in the program of resettlement to the Far East for 120 thousand rubles, and for each member of his family another 40 thousand.

    Already 240 and 120 thousand, respectively.
  13. Region65
    Region65 25 February 2013 18: 10
    I did not understand the position of the author of the article - the article is a huge fat minus. The Far East feeds Moscow and the Kremlin receives miserable handouts from the federal center. So please, gentlemen of the Kremlin, start investing in little hands feeding you. it is still amazing that the author of the article, as they say, lives in the Far East .. strange
    1. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 25 February 2013 19: 02
      Could you not write down the wealth of the Russian subsoil as an asset to yourself? Or are you there, in the Far East, that you release something that you do from scratch, from water and air, and for that "feed Moscow"? Or maybe we're playing the fool here, and you are working fifty times more efficiently? No shame, no conscience ...
      1. Region65
        Region65 26 February 2013 10: 14
        you have an interesting position, are you by any chance the owner of Gazprom or Rosneft ?? to suck resources from the region or not giving the region itself this is "no shame or conscience"
  14. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 25 February 2013 18: 54
    Personally, I am strictly for giving this money. To get them out of the Stabilization Fund, say ... The question is different - who should I give them to? I suggest the following. Take everyone who wrote the program, right up to the admin that supported the grid, and it will come in handy. Add all the top officials of the Far East. And declare them personally responsible for the implementation of this program. What does this have to mean?
    If a program for ten years yields results (according to solid indicators, it is not difficult to determine them. The main indicator - is it done in truth or is it cleverly made up? It is unformalized, but easy to understand) that fit into the optimum corridor - each participant receives the equivalent of today's billion rubles. It does not fit - all those responsible and the three tribes of their families - to the wall! Catch and without trial shoot those who try to escape. Our planet is small, you can get whoever you want and wherever you want ... So that they wouldn’t think to live ten years in the Lafa, and there the grass doesn’t grow - the first line of verification in two years. There are no significant results - every tenth ...
    Under this condition, the program will be executed, is not it?
    1. Region65
      Region65 26 February 2013 10: 15
      yes, yes, yes, but when an earthquake shook at Nevelsk — the money was allocated, but it disappeared somewhere, Zubkov himself (he was then Prime Minister) had to go to Sakhalin and demolish the heads of local thieves in power.
  15. INVOU
    INVOU 25 February 2013 21: 57
    There is a bill "On Management", it is worthily spelled out how and who is responsible for the results of the implementation of management activities. There is practically no need to invent anything. To ask the authors of the bill to adapt to the development program specified in the article by the author. Allocate money, attract a group of independent experts from Moscow State University. There are professionals in their field, down to a penny that, where they go, they will find.
    1. not good
      not good 26 February 2013 09: 01
      Unfortunately, for all the good Russian laws, people who are responsible often do not carry responsibility beyond their wallet, and those who need to control are often friends with those who have not reported responsibility. And as practice shows, the most responsible people are at the top. No ministries in the east, leave taxes in place, give preferential credit programs to business and interest-free mortgages, and in 5 years it will go up.