Political crime in Brest-Litovsk
6 January 1918 (old style) Lenin and his sister went to the children's tree in Sokolniki. He drove the pre-commissar by car "Belleville-SMT" from the Tsar's garage, driven by Stanislav Gil - the personal driver of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. But if the royal ride by car was provided by hundreds of guards, then Lenin was driving without protection, except for the same Gil. Not far from the current Third Ring Road, the car would have been stopped by a gang of robbers Yanka Koshelkov. Lenin without an altercation gave the raiders a purse, Browning and a car. By the way, this is exactly the behavior that the American police have been instructing citizens for when they meet with bandits for half a century. Well, in the evening of January 6, the KGB detachments were already stripping Moscow streets. In 1918 – 1919, all gang members, including Yanku, were killed or shot. And Lenin got his Belgian Browning back.
Later, Lenin compared the signing of the Brest Peace Treaty to a situation where a person finds himself at the throttles of the revolver muzzers. Like the gang of Yanki Koshelkov, the Kaiser did not get a robbery for the future. Six months after the signing of the Peace of Brest, in November 1918, a revolution began in Germany, and 13 in November 1918, William II fled to Holland. Now the Soviet government has completely annulled the Brest Peace. Now the Entente began to plunder Germany.
Immediately after the signing of the Peace of Brest, Lenin assumed full responsibility. Later, Soviet historians will sing the wisdom of the great leader. But after 1991, anti-Soviet historians pulled out of the garbage pit stories propaganda pearls of Kerensky and the company of the 1917 model of the year: “Lenin is a German spy”. Modern truth lovers put down puzzles, and a beautiful picture came out: Lenin in February - March 1917 received a large sum of money from the Kaiser and a “sealed wagon” for delivery to Russia. In exchange, Lenin perpetrated the October Revolution and concluded the Brest Peace.
The Bolsheviks of 70 have driven the national history into the Procrustean box of Marxist dogmas: “History is the struggle of classes”. According to the Soviet, and now anti-Soviet history, it turns out that the working class, led by the Bolshevik party, overthrew the autocracy in February 1917, and in October 1917, the Provisional Government was overthrown by the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks in February 1918, concluding the Peace of Brest, gave a third of the country to the mercy of the Germans. The same Bolsheviks in the stubborn battles with the White Guards won the Civil War.
I will not argue who was good and who was bad. I can not understand why the Civil War lasted for three years. In the middle of 1919, the Red Army consisted of over 3 million bayonets and sabers, and in all the white armies combined, there were never over 300 thousand.
Moreover, all the defense plants of Russia worked for the Reds - Obukhov, Petrograd Cannery, Petrograd Metal Plant, all factories of Nizhny Novgorod, mining plants of Petrozavodsk, weapons factories Sestroretsk and Tula and dozens of others. For six months at Kolchak (sabotage of workers) Perm and Votkinsk factories worked.
All military warehouses of the Russian army were in the center of the country and went to the Bolsheviks. As for the front-line warehouses of the Russian army, they were overwhelmingly looted by runaway deserters in the fall - winter of 1917 – 1918, by Germans, Austrians, Romanians and others, and only the crumbs of the Volunteer Army.
Kolchak, Denikin, Yudenich and Miller had no connection with each other. Meanwhile, the red corps and even the army for several days were transferred by rail from one front to another. The Baltic destroyers successfully operated on Ladoga, Kama, Volga and the Caspian. Should we continue to talk about the strategic advantages of the Reds?
Casket opens simply. In 1919 – 1920, separatists of all stripes held under the gun from 3 to 5 millions of bayonets and sabers. So the Civil War is first of all a war of the Red Army with the separatists, and only the second with the White Guards.
For example, let's take just one month of the Civil War - May 1920 of the year. It was 7 in May that Baron Wrangel launched an attack on Perekop - his first and last operation against the Bolsheviks. By this time, Wrangel had 25 thousand bayonets and sabers under arms, and the Red Army had 5 million. But on May 7, Wrangel was opposed by only one 13 Army of the Southeast Front consisting of 16 806 people. And where is the rest of the red forces?
The fact is that in April of 1920, the head of the Polish state of Pilsudski attacked Soviet Russia. By this time he managed to bring his army to 738 thousand people. 6 May 1920, the Poles took Kiev, and the baron decided that his hour had come.
Alas, the Red Army fought not only on the huge 800-kilometer Polish front. Around 150, thousands of Red Army men were “in the veil” on the Karelian Isthmus, protecting Petrograd from the Finns. May 18 The Red Army finally liquidated the puppet North Karelian state created by the Finns, with its capital in Ukhta (Arkhangelsk province). In May, fierce battles with the Finns were going on throughout Karelia.
May 1 Red Army and Volga-Caspian flotilla Musavatists were knocked out of Baku. By the end of the month, the entire territory of modern Azerbaijan was cleared of Turks and Musavatists. On May 18–19, the ships of the Volga-Caspian flotilla and the red cavalry, which arrived on dry land, forced the capitulation of British troops in the Persian port of Anzali. And by the end of May they had cleansed the whole of North Persia from the British. In Central Asia, in May, the Red Army conducted a sweep of the Trans-Caspian region and the Khiva Khanate, occupied in February – April 1920. The Red Army accumulated strength to strike the Bukhara emirate.
Here are the bare and undeniable facts. The rhetorical question is with whom did the Red Army fight in civil war, and why in the writings of Soviet and anti-Soviet historians devoted to the hostilities in 1920, did 90% of the text be given to the “black baron” and now “Russian folk hero” von Wrangel?
And who made the February 1917 revolution of the year? The Bolsheviks have 100-percent alibis — some in Sweden, some in the United States, and most in the depths of Siberian ores. The answer to the question was clearly formulated by Lenin: “This eight-day revolution was, if it is possible so to speak metaphorically,“ played out ”exactly after a dozen major and minor rehearsals; The “actors” knew each other, their roles, their places, their situation up and down, through and through, to any significant shade of political trends and methods of action. ” (VI Lenin. “Letters from afar.” Complete Works. Volume 31. Fifth Edition. Moscow. 1969).
These words of Lenin were like a bone in the throat of Soviet historians. Thus, the well-known historian Kasvinov explains to the reader that de "actors" are the proletariat. “The illogicality of the explanation, I think, is obvious. Replace Lenin with the word "actors" with the word "brothers" - everything would become clear. Alas, for some reason, the word “Freemasonry” has never been used in the 55 volumes of Lenin's works. ”
I read dozens of Masonic interrogations conducted by the NKVD in 1936 – 1938. They were charged with the most fantastic charges. But as soon as the defendants started talking about their Masonic activities, especially in the period from 1910 to 1921, the investigators rudely broke them off and continued to dodge about Trotskyism, sabotage, terror, and so on.
It was the masons, led by Prime Minister Kerensky and the "black cardinal" Nekrasov, who destroyed the Russian empire. It was under the Provisional Government, and not under the Bolsheviks, that Finland, Ukraine, and the Transcaucasus became virtually independent. It was Kerensky who in July 1917 recognized the power of the Central Rada over Ukraine. But the Soviet government never recognized either the Rada or the Hetmanshaft of Skoropadsky, or the Petliura's directory.
Note that all the leaders of the separatists, with the exception of the Central Asian khans, are entirely masons and socialists. Ban Pilsudski is a socialist and freemason. The first president of Ukraine, Mikhail Hrushevsky, is a socialist and a freemason. Simon Petlura is a socialist and freemason. The entire leadership of Georgia and Armenia are socialists and masons. Here only hetman Skoropadsky stands apart. He was not a socialist, but he was in the same bed with Kerensky and Petliura.
So, the Masonic revolution in February 1917 of the year makes the Russian army inefficient. The killings of officers, desertion, since March 1917, have become a mass phenomenon in all armies and fleets.
Guilty in the collapse of the army, following after the Masons, are separatists, especially Ukrainian. Yes, the Bolsheviks were also involved in the collapse of the army in April – October 1917. But, as Lenin said, “October 25 and I are defencists”. That is, from this time the Soviet government began to do everything to increase the country's defense. Nevertheless, at the end of 1917, the beginning of 1918, there was no one to resist the Germans.
Let us consider a brief chronicle of the events preceding the signing of the Brest Peace Treaty.
On the night of November 20, 1917, what the Allies were so afraid of happened. The Soviet government sent a telegram to the Supreme Commander General Dukhonin ordering the German command to offer an armistice. Late in the evening of November 21, the Allied embassies in Petrograd received from the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs Lev Trotsky a note with a proposal to conclude an armistice with Germany and begin negotiations for peace. English diplomat George Buchanan advised to leave her unanswered. In the House of Commons, he recommended stating that the government would negotiate peace terms with the legally constituted Russian government, but not with those who violate the commitments made on September 5 1914.
German troops occupy Kiev after the conclusion of the Brest peace treaty. March 1918 of the year.
November 21 (December 4) 1917 of the year at the Sola railway station of the Molodechno-Vilna line was signed a "Armistice Agreement between the armies of the Russian Western Front and the German armies operating against the marked front" for the period from November 23 (December 6) to 4 (17) December 1917 of the year or until the general truce, if it comes sooner. The contract was valid on the front line from the town of Vidzy (Latvia) to the Pripyat River (Volyn).
9 (22) December peace negotiations began. The Soviet delegation put forward the principle of a democratic world without annexations and indemnities as their basis. 12 (25) December Richard von Kühlmann, on behalf of the German-Austrian bloc, announced that it had acceded to the basic provisions of the Soviet declaration of peace without annexations and contributions without the condition that the governments of the Entente countries would join the Soviet formula.
The Soviet government again invited the Entente countries to participate in the negotiations. 27 December 1917 of the year (9 January 1918 of the year) Kühlmann said that, since the Entente had not joined the negotiations, the German bloc considers itself free from the Soviet formula for peace. 5 (18) January The German delegation demanded the rejection of the territory of Russia over 150 thousand square meters. km, including Poland, Lithuania, parts of Estonia and Latvia, as well as large spaces inhabited by Ukrainians and Belarusians. At the suggestion of the Soviet government, negotiations were temporarily suspended.
Even 14 (27) December 1917, the German delegation suggested to the Bolsheviks "to take note of the statements expressing the will of the peoples inhabiting Poland, Lithuania, Kurland and parts of Estland and Livonia, their desire for full state independence and separation from the Russian Federation" and recognize that "these statements under the present conditions should be considered as an expression of popular will."
The will of the peoples of Kurland and Estland was reduced to separation from Russia and the creation of the Baltic (Kurland) duchy with its capital in Riga. Adolphe Friedrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin became duke. Further, the duchy should have been part of the German Empire.
Looking ahead, I’ll say that on August 18 1918, the Sejm, from which all leftist deputies were excluded, declared Finland a kingdom. And on October 9, the Diet elected King Kaiser Wilhelm, brother-in-law of Kaiser Friedrich Karl (1868 – 1940), as king of the Hessian prince, and Per Evind Svinhuvuda, former chairman of the Finnish Senate, as the regent.
What can you do is the will of the peoples!
For the Ukrainian peasantry, Austria-Hungary did not prepare a duke there, but the real tsar of all Ukraine, Vasil Vyshivany, in the “girlhood” of Wilhelm Franz Habsburg-Lorraine, the second cousin of Emperor Franz Joseph I.
The Kaiser had other plans for Little Russia. And on January 4 of 1918 (December 22 of 1917), the delegation of the Central Rada, the independent supporters, was rushed to Brest-Litovsk. Head of the delegation of the Ukrainian People's Republic Vsevolod Golubovich 28 December 1917 of the year (10 January 1918 of the year) announced the declaration of the Central Rada that the power of the Council of People's Commissars of Soviet Russia does not extend to Ukraine, and therefore the Central Rada intends to conduct peace negotiations independently.
27 January (9 February) 1918, Germany and Austria-Hungary signed a peace treaty with the government of the Central Rada. On behalf of the Rada, the signature was put by Alexander Sevruk, entrusted by the Chairman of the Central Rada, Mikhail Hrushevsky. According to this agreement, Central Rada pledged to supply Germany and Austria-Hungary with 31 July 1918, 60 million pounds of bread, 3 million pounds of live cattle weight, 400 million eggs, hundreds of thousands of pounds of lard, butter, sugar and other products.
German troops moved to Kiev, and the Austrian - to Odessa. Monitors and gunboats of the Austrian Danube Flotilla came to Odessa and tried to climb up the Dnieper, but failed to pass the rapids. February 16 (March 1) The first battalion of Saxon infantry appeared at the Kiev railway station. In Kiev, settled the main apartment of the German command, headed by Field Marshal Hermann von Eichgorn.
No less wounded and other independent. Thus, the ataman of the Great Don Army, cavalry general Peter Krasnov proclaimed an independent Don republic. The ataman and his company announced that the Don Cossacks were descended from Trojans, Etruscans, Amazons and others, and have nothing to do with Russia. And really, than the Don people are worse than the ancient ukrov?
Denikin openly called Krasnov a robber and a traitor. Peter Nikolaevich did not remain in debt: "My most terrible enemy is General Denikin." And Krasnov turned for help to Emperor Wilhelm II. German divisions directly from the "hetmanshaft" of Pavel Skoropadsky entered the Don Republic. The occupiers occupied Rostov, Taganrog and part of the Southeastern Railway. Grateful Krasnov sent the Kaiser dozens of trains with coal, bread, butter and other goods.
28 May 1918, the Georgian government was recognized by Germany, and Poti signed six agreements under which Germany received a monopoly on the exploitation of Georgia’s economic resources, and the port of Poti and the railway came under the control of the German command.
10 June German troops entered Tiflis, by 15 June there were about 5 thousand there. German garrisons were stationed in Kutaisi, Gori, Sighnagh, Samtredi, Novosenaki, Ochamchire and other settlements. Troops with artillery (over 10 thousand people) were stationed in Poti. There were a total of around 30 thousands of people in Germany (including prisoners of war and mobilized German colonists) in Georgia. They were commanded by Major General Kress von Kressenstein. German interventionists took control of the mail, telegraph, banks, military and financial departments. German instructors were attached to the Georgian army.
Under contracts with the Georgian government from 12 in July, Germany received the Chiatura manganese mines for operation for 30 years, the port of Poti for 60 years, the railway Shorapan - Chiatura - Sachkhere - for 40 years.
From May to September 1918, the German interventionists exported 30 million brands of copper, tobacco, bread, tea, fruit, wine and other products from 31 from Georgia, including 360 tons of manganese, 40 tons of wool, 350 XNUMX pieces of sheep skins.
So, what lands did Russia give to the Germans to the Germans by signing the Peace of Brest? Yes, not a bit! All occupied territories were given away by the separatists. Another question is that Lenin, not having an army, did not have the opportunity to turn the neck of the Pilsudski, Skoropadsky, Krasnov, Georgian Mensheviks. Or maybe the whole gop company was loyal Leninists?
By the way, General Peter Krasnov and ex-tsar Vasil Embroidered in 1941 – 1945 again started the game of separatism. And now our liberals and patriots together demand their rehabilitation as the innocent victims of the NKVD.
And a little detail. The separatists in 1918, with the help of the Germans, managed to split off much less land from the Russian state than Yeltsin took away from her in Belovezhskaya Pushcha in 1991.
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