Assyria is the first superpower in human history

Assyria is the first superpower in human history

Assyria, an ancient state located on the territory of modern Iraq, was one of the first superpowers or even empires in stories humanity. Having emerged in the 25th century BC, it has come a long way in its development, reaching its peak in the 8th-7th centuries BC. At the same time, the era of the greatest prosperity of Assyria is associated with the names of the kings Tiglath-pileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib and Ashurbanipal.

The Assyrian state began its ascent with conquests, thereby expanding its borders and strengthening power in the occupied territories. In turn, reforms that were fateful for the state began in 745 BC, when Tiglath-pileser III came to power. It was he who created a professional army and introduced a system of provinces, which made it possible to more effectively manage what was already a colossal territory at that time. His successful campaigns in the Middle East made Assyria a formidable power in the region.

After Tiglath-pileser III, Sargon II (722-705 BC) became king, who continued the policy of conquest and strengthening of central power. He conquered Samaria and completed the Assyrian conquest of the kingdom of Israel. During his reign, the capital was moved to the new city of Dur-Sharrukin, which became a symbol of a new stage in the development of the empire.

The son of Sargon II, Sennacherib (705-681 BC), is known for his campaigns against Babylon and Judea. In 689 BC. he destroyed Babylon, but later had to rebuild it, which became a symbol not only of his power, but also of his ability to create. Sennacherib's reign was also marked by large-scale construction projects, including the construction of a new palace at Nineveh and improvements to the irrigation system.

The last great king of Assyria was Ashurbanipal (669-631 BC), famous for his cultural achievements. He created the world's first systematic library in Nineveh, where numerous cuneiform texts in various languages ​​were collected. During his reign, Assyria reached the peak of its power, controlling vast territories from Egypt to Iran.

However, despite its power, history's first superpower was unable to maintain its gains. At the end of the 612th century BC. Internal uprisings and external invasions began, which seriously undermined the stability of the state. Ultimately, in XNUMX BC. A coalition of Babylonians and Medes destroyed Nineveh, marking the symbolic end of the Assyrian Empire.

Meanwhile, despite its collapse, Assyria left an indelible mark on the history of mankind. Her achievements in the fields of warfare, administration and culture had a significant impact on subsequent civilizations. The Assyrian Empire became the world's first superpower to demonstrate how vast territories with diverse populations could be organized and governed.

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  1. +5
    8 July 2024 11: 17
    a primitive presentation of the most interesting era - the time of existence of the Great Military Assyrian Power in the Middle East for people with clip thinking :-)
  2. +1
    8 July 2024 11: 25
    Having emerged in the 25th century BC, it has come a long way in its development, reaching its peak in the 8th-7th centuries BC

    One thousand seven hundred years!!! Was this really the same state? Or different, successive state formations on the same territory:?
  3. +2
    8 July 2024 14: 00
    It’s amazing to write a text about Assyria, and manage not to even mention such characters as, say, Shamshi-Adad...
  4. 0
    8 July 2024 14: 28
    internal uprisings and external invasions that seriously undermined the stability of the state

    Assyria was undermined by the inability to connect different parts of the country with stable economic relations.. Simply put, to make the empire beneficial to its inhabitants..

    And it’s hard to blame her for this - after all, it was really the first experience... But - many of both the achievements and mistakes of the Assyrians were taken into account during the following empires... Of the same Rome.
  5. 0
    14 July 2024 21: 38
    Is it the first? What's so great about her? For example, 842 BC. e. the beginning of official chronology in ancient China. A state institute was launched that was engaged in recording, as they say now, the official recording of events in the state.