A Russian historian suggests that the assassination attempt on Lenin could have been organized by Yakov Sverdlov

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A Russian historian suggests that the assassination attempt on Lenin could have been organized by Yakov Sverdlov

The famous Russian historian and publicist Valery Shambarov, in one of his works, put forward an alternative version of events regarding the assassination attempt on Vladimir Lenin, which occurred on August 30, 1918. In his hypothesis, the expert suggests that one of the prominent Bolsheviks, Yakov Sverdlov, could have been involved in this assassination attempt.

Let us recall that the attempt on the life of the Bolshevik leader occurred at the moment of his exit from the Mikhelson plant in Moscow. That day he spoke to the workers, and after the meeting ended, as he was getting into his car, several shots were fired at him. Lenin received serious injuries that put his life in danger.



Moreover, immediately after the incident, responsibility for the assassination attempt was placed on a member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, Fanny Kaplan, who was arrested on the spot. At the same time, many historians and researchers express doubts about her involvement, at least due to vision problems, which made Kaplan, to put it mildly, not the best shooter.

In turn, Valery Shambarov suggests that one of the organizers of the assassination attempt could have been Yakov Sverdlov. The historian gives several arguments in favor of his hypothesis.

Firstly, it was Sverdlov who convinced Lenin to hold a rally, although before that the leader agreed with the entreaties of his inner circle not to go to the event.

Secondly, he knew about the location of the meeting, which could hardly have been known to the Socialist Revolutionaries, on whom they were quick to lay the blame.

Thirdly, for some reason Lenin went to the event without security, only with a driver. At the same time, the commandant’s office and the Kremlin security were then subordinate to Yakov Sverdlov.

Fourthly, immediately after the assassination attempt on Lenin, Sverdlov took over the leadership of the party and state, demonstrating significant activity and determination. As Shambarov writes, the Bolshevik “slept in the office,” fearing that someone else might take this place.

Finally, fifthly. The removal of Felix Dzerzhinsky from the case, who, on the instructions of Sverdlov, was assigned to investigate the murder of another Bolshevik, Moses Uritsky, in Petrograd, also arouses a lot of suspicion. At the same time, Kaplan was moved to the Kremlin commandant's office. At the same time, she was shot on the fourth day after the assassination attempt on Lenin, and her body was burned, as if to cover her tracks.

For comparison, the killer of Uritsky was interrogated for about a month and a half in order to find out who ordered it.

Summing up the results of his research, Shambarov emphasizes that even if Sverdlov really participated in organizing the assassination attempt on Lenin, he could hardly have done it alone. There is a possibility that other prominent political figures of that era, including those abroad, stood behind him.

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  1. +2
    5 July 2024 19: 13
    Does VO continue to publish chernukha and jaundice? This “famous historian” does not have a single piece of evidence, but only speculation with the purpose of lying.
    1. -2
      5 July 2024 20: 21
      This "famous historian" has no evidence
      Well, does he need to somehow express himself and declare himself?
      1. -4
        5 July 2024 20: 27
        I found time for PR and applications, and the reason is so much joy and joy for Ukraine, it’s just an obvious stuffing for spreading curses between the residents of Russia, I can’t think of a more fertile ground for curses
        1. +3
          5 July 2024 21: 08
          The collapse of Russia will apparently be a joy for such historians.
          1. -1
            5 July 2024 21: 30
            Who would doubt it? But the problem is not only with him, but with the bastard that has now surfaced. There are a lot of them, but there is no ideology to counter it. It’s bad that articles by such Western Cossacks are successful in such an information field, as there is no counterweight. And instead of the ideas that united us, we hear such degenerates. In principle, the information war is in all its glory, without him they demonize us as best they can, and this one also adds fuel from within. He needs to go to his native Khmelniki region, let him spread his thoughts there, they love such people there. There is Europe, there is freedom of speech.
  2. +3
    5 July 2024 19: 17
    There is one discrepancy in the arguments about Sverdlov’s guilt. Lenin, as you know, survived the wound, and even returned to work for a while. No matter how anyone treated him, he was definitely not a stupid person. Then why did all the described arguments not in favor of Sverdlov come to his mind, but did come to the mind of the historian Shambarov?
    1. 0
      5 July 2024 20: 58
      That's for sure, rather like and not stupid and surprisingly tenacious, if he “returned to work for a while” and still managed to be the leader of the party, the chairman of the government that won the Civil War and the first among the founders of the RSFSR and the USSR.
    2. +4
      5 July 2024 21: 02
      The story is old, voiced back in samizdat and light in the 90s. The foreman of perestroika are once again raising their heads and pulling old myths out of mothballs. Then, in order to destroy all the Bolsheviks, it was necessary to leave only Lenin clean... And then take on Lenin as well. After it became known that they were singing hosannas to him in Novaya Gazeta.
      Wikipedia: “The review of literary critic L.V. Pirogov from Nezavisimaya Gazeta noted: “Valery Shambarov’s books <...> are read voraciously, like a thriller, like an exciting novel with a sequel... One of the main advantages of Valery Shambarov’s historical duology is that The history of Russia appears here before us as an integral part of world and European history"[2].
      You can immediately understand what kind of “historian” he is..
    3. 0
      5 July 2024 23: 00
      Quote from Pharmacist
      There is one discrepancy in the arguments about Sverdlov’s guilt.

      Yes, there are no discrepancies, everyone knows perfectly well that the Jew hated Lenin, and he hated him.
  3. +1
    5 July 2024 19: 24
    Another attempt to somehow denigrate the Bolsheviks.
    But we consider the French fascists led by Le Pen to be friends of the regime.
    1. +1
      5 July 2024 19: 29
      Quote: U-58
      Another attempt to somehow denigrate the Bolsheviks.

      How else I.V. Didn't drag Stalin in.
      1. +1
        5 July 2024 21: 11
        Monarchists now “love” Stalin because they make him the “Red Emperor”, contrasting him with the rest of the Bolsheviks in general and Lenin in particular. In general, the myths of the 80s and 90s have not passed; Western owners are demanding new ones be riveted..
    2. +1
      5 July 2024 20: 22
      But the French fascists led by Le Pen
      They are not fascists, but a healthy part of French society
      1. -1
        5 July 2024 20: 56
        They are very right-wing, not far from the fascists...
    3. -1
      5 July 2024 21: 03
      What “Mode” should you bother to clarify..
    4. -1
      5 July 2024 22: 22
      Quote: U-58
      But we consider the French fascists led by Le Pen to be friends of the regime.

      Firstly, do not confuse fascists with Nazis, or rather nationalsocialists Hitler.
      Secondly, maybe under Pope Le Pen they were somewhere on the verge of fascism. But when Marine Le Pen came to power in the party, she expelled from the party everyone who, even with a stretch, could be accused of fascism, including her own father. Now they are not right-wing radicals, but quite a right-wing conservative party, about as right as Trump or the same Hungarian Orban. Well, the fact that they don’t like newcomers and LGBTQ+ people in the Russian Federation doesn’t seem to like them very much either, or maybe you have a positive attitude towards these categories?
      1. -1
        6 July 2024 04: 44
        Firstly, do not confuse fascists with Nazis, or rather, Hitler’s National Socialists
        Here it is in the top ten!
  4. +1
    5 July 2024 19: 28
    The workers of the plant knew about the meeting; it was planned in advance, like a number of others, where members of the Central Committee spoke
    Lenin had no special security at all at that time.

    More interesting about Shambarov himself. Born in the Ukrainian SSR in the Khmelnytsky region. After studying at the university, he studied at the party school under the CPSU Central Committee. In his views he is a monarchist. In short, he is a typical type, he can fit into any hole without soap.
    1. 0
      5 July 2024 21: 17
      At that time, the Bolsheviks did not have special security at all. We started thinking about this a little later. After the murder of Uritsky and the assassination attempt on Lenin. For the white emigration was planning mass terror against not only the Bolsheviks themselves, but also ordinary Soviet citizens. It was supposed to use poisons, chemical weapons and conventional bombs. This is well described in the book "Dead Swell." on which the feature film "Operation Trust" was shot. ... the documentary basis was well analyzed by publicist Armen Gasparyan.
      1. 0
        5 July 2024 22: 27
        Quote: zombirusrev
        The white emigration planned mass terror against not only the Bolsheviks themselves, but also ordinary Soviet citizens. It was supposed to use poisons, chemical weapons and conventional bombs

        What was the white emigration like in mid-1918? At that time, the whites were sure that the Bolsheviks were a temporary phenomenon, and were not planning to emigrate in any way. Shouldn’t a temporary, as they thought, move to the south of Russia or the Baltic states be considered emigration?
  5. 0
    5 July 2024 19: 28
    If the attempt was real. Somehow everything was arranged incompetently, but it turned out to be a convenient excuse to unleash terror against the enemy.
    1. -2
      5 July 2024 21: 04
      Take the trouble to provide links to sources... the hand of TsIPSO is immediately visible...
      1. +3
        5 July 2024 21: 26
        Quote: zombirusrev
        Please take the trouble to provide links to sources.
        Let's look at the article
        At the same time, many historians and researchers express doubts about her involvement, at least due to vision problems, which made Kaplan, to put it mildly, not the best shooter.
        Who do you need to be to use a person with poor vision as a killer-shooter?
        Thirdly, for some reason Lenin went to the event without security, only with a driver.
        I don’t think Lenin was a coward, but he didn’t indulge in meaningless bravado either. This behavior is illogical.
        At the same time, Kaplan was moved to the Kremlin commandant's office. At the same time, she was shot on the fourth day after the assassination attempt on Lenin, and her body was burned, as if to cover her tracks.
        For comparison, the killer of Uritsky was interrogated for about a month and a half in order to find out who ordered it.
        A truly strange investigation.
        1. +2
          5 July 2024 21: 47
          Quote: Dart2027
          Who do you need to be to use a person with poor vision as a killer-shooter?

          Actually, I read somewhere that she simply took the blame on herself, because... I was madly in love with a fellow party member.
          1. +3
            5 July 2024 22: 45
            Quote: Egoza
            she simply took the blame upon herself, because... was madly in love with one “comrade” in the party

            Theoretically, this is possible, but then it is unclear why they got rid of her so quickly and why the attempt was so clumsy. Well, the Bolsheviks were not stupid people, and neither were the Socialist Revolutionaries, but here is the assassination attempt itself, or the investigation...
          2. +1
            6 July 2024 00: 24
            was madly in love with one “comrade” in the party

            they write that she was the mistress of Dmitry Ulyanov, Lenin’s younger brother.
    2. -1
      5 July 2024 21: 19
      Kutepov was already preparing to send in saboteurs. In particular, Uritsky was killed. So there was no need to invent reasons ourselves..
      1. +3
        5 July 2024 21: 29
        Quote: zombirusrev
        Kutepov was already preparing to send in saboteurs.

        Was he a Socialist Revolutionary?
  6. +4
    5 July 2024 19: 36
    It has long been recognized here that Russia has completely failed in ideological and propaganda work. With such personnel as this well-known historian in narrow circles, it is still surprising that the country is somehow breathing. And he gets money for this nonsense. / Although he’s not the only one /
    1. +3
      5 July 2024 20: 24
      and we are still fighting for the title of a house of high culture and life

      They say something else about the lack of patriotic education. Yes, you can forget about patriotism with such historians, they applaud them in Ukraine, they like to throw mud at our history. I found the time to spread all sorts of dirty gossip.
  7. +1
    5 July 2024 20: 37
    Well, 100 years have passed, and 30 years of capitalism in Russia, and they not only destroyed the country, but according to versions they have already surpassed the Nazis, the White Guards, and the American Russophobes.
    Even Goebbels didn’t invent such a thing...

    Although it is clear that they pay very well for ostentatious hatred of Navalny, Lenin, Stalin, cases have surfaced more than once...
  8. 0
    5 July 2024 20: 43
    leave him alone . he doesn't care anymore.
  9. -1
    5 July 2024 20: 51
    This story was voiced in the 90s in the magazine Ogonyok, and given the personality and ideological orientation of the “historian” it immediately becomes clear why he so wants to cast a shadow on the fence .. to denigrate Yakov Sverdlov .. In general, as they would say in the 1920s, “White Cossack the counter is unfinished..." (c). In general, on Topvar they are again starting to “Try to rock the boat” (c) extracting from mothballs the samizdat and Ogonykov myths of the dawn of perestroika. Apparently the goal is the same... to destroy the legal successor of the USSR... i.e. Russia... I wonder who awarded this citizen the rank of Cossack colonel? And why does he call himself a historian without the appropriate education? It will be necessary to give a tip to Klim Zhukov and Remy Meisner about this shot... Let them discuss the topic of Cossack separatism and denigration of the USSR.
  10. +1
    5 July 2024 20: 59
    Why not Stalin, it’s Koba’s fault for everything, he took Russia with a plow and left it with a nuclear bomb am
  11. +2
    5 July 2024 21: 33
    You can ideally blame everything on Sverdlov. He was in power for a year and a half and died of the Spanish flu.
    1. -1
      6 July 2024 07: 34
      Let Spain answer for this.lol
  12. 0
    5 July 2024 21: 38
    Yasha Sverdlov and Fanny Kaplan are just some kind of kibbutz. I believe that Netanyahu is to blame
    1. -1
      6 July 2024 07: 31
      Quote: Igor Guberman

      For everything there is a judge for the Jews. For liveliness. For the mind. For stooping. Because a Jewish woman shot at the leader. Because she missed.
  13. +1
    6 July 2024 17: 32
    The struggle for power is in full swing.
    The Soviet version of history could not allow this. There is a version that Sverdlov did not die from the Spanish flu. And before his death, Lenin came to him with an attempt to find out the numbers of the party’s foreign accounts, which only Sverdlov knew.
    1. 0
      6 July 2024 21: 13
      Curious things were found in the 30s when opening the safe of Ya. Sverdlov. Makes you think...
      1. 0
        7 July 2024 16: 52
        Have questionsAnd from what... this safe could not be opened for more than ten years? And from whom did this become known and why in the 30s?
        Was this Sverdlov safe written about in the 30s or 90s? If in the 90s, then you can guess... Then perhaps the most honest and incorruptible people came to power?
    2. 0
      7 July 2024 16: 46
      Explain the meaning of the struggle for power under Soviet rule.
      Fighting for what exactly? For regional committee rations, trousers with stripes and a personal company car?
      Or the fight for the right to read a speech at the next congress?
  14. 0
    7 July 2024 19: 50
    Well, as you know, V.I. Lenin survived the assassination attempt and could have conducted a new investigation and clarified Sverdlov’s role in all this, but he did not. This means that Ilyich had no suspicions (and he knew better on the spot). Secondly, it is not a fact that Ya.M. Sverdlov could have gained something from Lenin’s death: a struggle between the “political heavyweights” would have begun, and it is not a fact that Ya.M. Sverdlov would have won this fight (rather, he would have lost). And thirdly, you should not accuse someone of committing a serious crime without solid evidence.
    1. 0
      7 July 2024 21: 29
      The court can blame. We can make hypotheses.
      1. 0
        8 July 2024 05: 50
        The trial and so on are, first of all, an act of state violence.
        But anyone can simply blame anyone.

        The author's arguments are not based on facts, and the logic is not as convincing as the logic of the commentator "Andrey A."
        Therefore, "Andrey A." has even more rights to blame the author.
  15. +1
    8 July 2024 11: 04
    Quote: ivan2022
    Explain the meaning of the struggle for power under Soviet rule.
    Fighting for what exactly? For regional committee rations, trousers with stripes and a personal company car?
    Or the fight for the right to read a speech at the next congress?

    Power is not directly related to specific goods. It has its value, but for a certain type of people.
    1. -1
      8 July 2024 12: 35
      Not convincing. For one person cannot fight for power over millions of people in an entire country.
      Modern society is not a herd of monkeys in which the strongest male holds power. No one in the state is fighting for their personal power. They will bury such a bastard because no one needs him. The struggle for power in society is a struggle between groups and classes.

      Therefore, in practice, history has shown that the “struggle for power in the USSR” was a struggle against Soviet power.

      The fight for billions, for gigantic property. You forgot that political struggle, although “not directly related” to wealth, is always a concentrated expression of the economic interests of entire sections of society.
      1. 0
        8 July 2024 17: 24
        Therefore, in practice, history has shown that the “struggle for power in the USSR” was a struggle against Soviet power.

        This is a controversial statement on several counts.

        Political struggle is directly related to power and wealth. What is the first and the second depends on the specific historical period.
        1. -2
          9 July 2024 01: 50
          Specifically in the USSR of the 30s, what wealth did the then leaders of the USSR receive in comparison with the wealth of the average capitalist of that time? What wealth did Lenin or Stalin receive?

          Heh... heh... As for the "first and second"... Did their party fight for wealth and power before the revolution? Or for power, and then for wealth?
          Did the communists in the USA or Germany of those times also want to get rich and therefore fought for socialism?

          The conclusion is :To argue, a manic desire to argue is not enough. And it seems like this is your main motive. That is why you attribute such painful motives to others. Watch less American films about maniacs rushing somewhere. hi
          1. -1
            9 July 2024 06: 50
            I don't care about your logic.
            1. -1
              11 July 2024 16: 10
              And then why did you have to worry?
  16. 0
    11 July 2024 16: 28
    Quote: ivan2022
    And then why did you have to worry?

    Please don't be rude.