Soviet mission "Mars-3": an important event for world astronautics

15
Soviet mission "Mars-3": an important event for world astronautics

In 1971, an event occurred that became an important milestone in stories world cosmonautics. The Soviet Union sent the automatic interplanetary station Mars-3 to the Red Planet.

The latter consisted of the orbital station itself and the landing module in which the Mars rover was located.



The mission launched on May 28. A rocket with an interplanetary orbital station and a landing module was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. In turn, on December 2, the Soviet landing module Mars-3 made a soft landing on the surface of the Red Planet, which no country had ever achieved before.

It is worth noting that the mission was extremely difficult, since Soviet scientists had little information about the composition of the atmosphere and weather on Mars. The descent vehicle was equipped with a large conical braking screen, a parachute system and seven powder engines that corrected the landing trajectory.

Within a minute and a half after the successful completion of the descent, a special manipulator of the landing module installed the rover on the surface of the Red Planet, which immediately began transmitting a panorama of the surrounding surface. However, after 14,5 seconds the broadcast stopped, and communication with the lander was interrupted forever.

It is worth noting that, despite the uselessness of the information transmitted by the module, the mission cannot be considered a failure.

Firstly, this was the first successful landing on the surface of the Red Planet in the history of astronautics.

Secondly, the orbital station operated for eight months and made 20 revolutions around Mars. It transmitted to Earth the results of studies of solar radio emission, magnetic field and plasma, as well as the topography and composition of the atmosphere.

Subsequently, all this data allowed our country to create devices and launch research missions to Venus and Halley’s comet.

15 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. +3
    7 June 2024 15: 14
    It’s sad to read about the achievements of the “Great Civilization of the Past,” which, alas, are no longer achievable by its descendants today....
    1. +1
      10 June 2024 10: 06
      Quite achievable if you stop stealing and start doing business. Not immediately, but quite realistically.
      1. 0
        14 June 2024 23: 05
        It’s a matter of little: how to force a convinced thief, for whom his “craft” has become an exclusive source of wealth, to do good for the benefit of the state? No.
  2. +2
    7 June 2024 15: 46
    [subsequently, all this data allowed our country to create devices and launch research missions to Venus and Halley’s comet.]
    Firstly. When it was!
    Secondly. This... our country... hurts our ears! This was achieved not by our country (RF), but by the USSR! So let's, dear author, call a spade a spade!
    1. -3
      7 June 2024 16: 37
      Quote: your vsr 66-67
      This was achieved not by our country (RF), but by the USSR! So let's, dear author, call a spade a spade!

      Then by what right did the USSR have the Order of Suvorov, etc.?
    2. +1
      9 June 2024 06: 42
      Subsequently, all this data allowed our country to create devices and launch research missions to Venus

      I have never understood our persistent study of Venus. It seems that one flight to it was enough to determine the temperature and pressure on the surface, which absolutely exclude cosmic rays. the presence of man on Venus or its use in the interests of the national economy. But we sent our expensive devices there over and over again, wasting the budget on “science for science’s sake.”
      But we were unlucky with Mars... although it was already clear to everyone that it was Mars that was most acceptable to earthlings, compared to all the other planets of the solar system.
  3. +3
    7 June 2024 15: 55
    This is 26 years after the terrible war.
    What achievements has Russia achieved over the past 26 years?
    None!
    Theft and corruption.
    1. +1
      14 June 2024 23: 08
      Endemic theft and corruption is also an achievement! After all, Herostratus’ glory is also glory? Moreover, it also suits “some people” quite well. No?
  4. +3
    7 June 2024 15: 56
    In 1971 they successfully flew to Mars. In 2024 they did not reach the Moon.
    Everything you need to know about Roscosmos' praise of past achievements.
    1. +2
      7 June 2024 16: 42
      Do you remember how they applauded “HURRAY-I....Y” to the words of “Borogozin” about Yusov’s type “trampolines”? And these “Yusovites” have already launched a second ship of a different type (from Boeing) to the ISS... I just want to ask: who got the “trampolines”?
    2. 0
      8 June 2024 20: 01
      Sawing up budget money. Here's the achievement
  5. +6
    7 June 2024 16: 02
    There was time, there were people, there were plans....
    1. 0
      14 June 2024 23: 17
      Yes, there were people in our time, not like the current tribe...But there were plans, there are and there will be. Only now, with regard to Russian space exploration, they look more like a pipe dream. No.
  6. kig
    0
    13 June 2024 09: 55
    Yes, all that remains is to remember the past...
  7. 0
    14 June 2024 23: 14
    Veterans of the Soviet cosmonautics, seeing how domestic space exploration was fading, sadly complained: “Oh, if Sergei Korolev had not left untimely, we would probably have been walking on Mars a long time ago!” In the meantime, the popular hit in the 60s, “And apple trees will bloom on Mars,” is just a memory of the former greatness of Soviet cosmonautics, which it will be very difficult for today’s Russia to revive.