Sky News: Russia alone produces three times more ammunition than the entire collective West

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Sky News: Russia alone produces three times more ammunition than the entire collective West

The Ukrainian army will not be able to achieve parity with the Russian army in terms of the number of artillery shells, despite the help of the entire collective West. The thing is that the Russian military-industrial complex produces ammunition much faster, reports the British TV channel Sky News.

The consulting company Bain & Company conducted a study in which it found that Russia produces artillery shells three times faster than Western countries. In addition, the cost of Russian shells is approximately four times less than Western ones. All this together suggests that the Ukrainian army will never achieve parity with the Russian army in artillery ammunition.



Russia produces artillery shells at about three times the rate of Ukraine's Western allies and at about a quarter the price.

- reports the TV channel.

According to the calculations of Western analysts, this year Russia will independently produce approximately 4,5 million artillery shells. In addition, North Korea and Iran also supply ammunition for the Russian army, at least this is what Western intelligence agencies claim. The collective West, according to forecasts, will be able to produce 1,3 million shells by the end of the year, but this is not only for Ukraine, but for everything.

Western analysts also draw attention to the fact that Western countries are including fewer and fewer artillery shells in military aid. This is a consequence not only of their shortage, but also of cost. The cheapest 155 mm caliber projectile costs 4 thousand dollars.
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  1. -2
    26 May 2024 16: 09
    4,5 million? All calibers? With intensive use, this is not enough. I read that when carrying out a major offensive, up to a million shells are used per month. Unless accumulated over time
    1. +5
      26 May 2024 17: 20
      What is a major offensive? Major WWII offensive?
      1. +1
        27 May 2024 01: 16
        What is a major offensive?

        This is an offensive that will mark a radical turning point in the war in favor of Russia. Unlike the current offensive, which is essentially an endless trampling in one place.
        1. -1
          28 May 2024 21: 03
          I'm terribly sorry, but where are the exact wording and numbers? And if a hundred people “attack” and a turning point occurs, will this also be considered a major offensive?
          Where did you just see trampling in one place, I have no idea?
    2. KCA
      +5
      26 May 2024 17: 23
      The accuracy of artillery is a little different from WWII, there is no point in seeding a front hundreds of kilometers away with shells
      1. +1
        26 May 2024 17: 54
        And the very use of art is completely different. Now it is simply impossible to line up 10-15 guns in a row in an open field and fire at enemies at the same time, as is all the case in the chronicles of the Second World War. Now several guns at a great distance from each other are hidden somewhere in the “bush” and that’s all.
        1. KCA
          +2
          26 May 2024 17: 58
          Towed, but there are self-propelled guns and MLRS, in the Russian Federation, TNW charges start from 120mm tank guns, 152mm howitzers are quite powerful, well, Uragan and Smerch can also
      2. -1
        26 May 2024 19: 14
        How many shells does the BMP 3 gun fire during a battle? I mean all calibers. We are talking about shells
    3. -2
      26 May 2024 17: 26
      Western analysts also draw attention to the fact that Western countries are including fewer and fewer artillery shells in military aid.

      Well, they gave all the reserves to the stealers, now they are in a hurry to replenish... What if there is a war, and the West is without shells... However, trouble... laughing
    4. -1
      26 May 2024 18: 56
      Your numbers are underestimated by 10 times. The offensive requires 10 shells per day per km of front. If this is not a full-time offensive with a demand not to kill ukrov.
    5. 0
      26 May 2024 19: 57
      It’s as if you are living in old categories. There is practically no solid line; there are oporniks who control the sectors
  2. -1
    26 May 2024 16: 20
    $4000 is the typical salary for a low-level worker in the United States. So, in theory, it costs us $1300. In terms of rubles, about 130000 rubles, isn’t it a bit much?
    1. Msi
      -1
      26 May 2024 16: 36
      So, in theory, it costs us $1300. In terms of rubles, about 130000 rubles, isn’t it a bit much?

      A bit much. The dollar is artificially overvalued here. A direct recount is not entirely fair.
      1. -1
        26 May 2024 16: 41
        Quote from Msi
        The dollar is artificially overvalued here.

        Yes, I agree, but then Sky News is mistaken and does not count correctly.
        Let’s assume that in Russia the wages of hard workers are low, around 40-50 thousand rubles. (although for machine operators it’s much higher) let’s say 60-80 at a minimum, which means that by reducing it three times we’ll get around 20-25 tr. - this is a chiseled blank made of cast iron, chemicals in the form of gunpowder and a fuse.
        1. +2
          26 May 2024 17: 28
          In the USA and England they believe that our projectile is 152 mm. The most modern type costs about $500. Those. about 10 times cheaper than in the west. But in our list of shells, 122 mm makes up a very large share. shells, and another 125 mm. tank high-explosive shells. 122 mm. the shell will cost about 200+ dollars. The tank one is a little more expensive.
          In addition, mass production leads to a sharp reduction in costs. In our case, the price of shells will only decrease, because with such mass production, all investments in fixed assets pay off very quickly.
          But the West is only essentially beginning to seriously invest in military production. Industrialists and investors in such production need a “long order” for at least 10 years in advance, so that the built and expanded production facilities not only have time to pay off, but also bring the required profit. Starting this year, and mainly from next year, their production of shells will reach a more or less acceptable level. Those. finish off the fascist reptile gently until the end of this year - until the middle of the next.
    2. 0
      26 May 2024 16: 44
      Our usual salary is 50 thousand rubles
    3. -2
      26 May 2024 17: 49
      $4000 is the typical salary for a low-level worker in the USA

      Well, to tell the truth, not everyone is a hard worker, many before taxes are in the region of 3300-3500, maybe less, the pay is hourly, in hand, about -1000 (there will be a tax deduction at the end of the year, but this is already at the end of the year). Yes, and it’s difficult to calculate, here they count the household income, and this can be either one single person or a family with three children.
    4. 0
      27 May 2024 09: 39
      I will tell you the terrible secret of M.O. RF. purchases shells from Russian factories for rubles and not dollars, and here your connection to the exchange rate is not clear.
      1. 0
        27 May 2024 09: 44
        I know this secret. But what is the cost of our shells if in the USA it is $4000, and here we have three times less, then this is a leap, how to count and recalculate?
        1. 0
          27 May 2024 09: 53
          I know this secret. But what is the cost of our shells?
          I also don’t know what the real cost is, apparently this information is state-owned. secretly, they are not publicly voiced. I listened to the opinion of one “expert” from the metalworking industry, he claimed that a finished 152mm round now costs from 70000,00 to 80000,00 rubles.
  3. +2
    26 May 2024 16: 23
    You need everything, not just ammunition. When you sit deaf and blind at night, because you don’t have a thermal imager or, at worst, night vision equipment, and even without normal communication, and the enemy is calmly watching you, then ammunition is of little use. The best weapon is of no use if it is not clear where to shoot. Therefore, quantity is good, but quality is also needed in everything else. But with this...
    1. KCA
      0
      26 May 2024 16: 46
      Did you drink the NVG choli? Where could they have gone? Okay, in 1992, triplex NVGs were removed from armored personnel carriers, but then there was no war, and they carried everything, but now? DB, after all, you can go to court for not having enough equipment
      1. 0
        26 May 2024 17: 09
        "Did the NVGs drink their choli? Where could they have gone?" - they are simply in the right quantity and, most importantly, quality, no. According to the staff, there are either completely old ones, or one for the “army” and that one is subject to reporting. Therefore, everyone who can buys it at their own expense or volunteers bring it if they’re lucky. There is nothing to say about teplaks. And everyone needs them, even artillery crews. And then there were cases when at night others easily approached them.
        1. KCA
          +2
          26 May 2024 17: 16
          In 1992, not the best for the Armed Forces, we had TNV, NVGs, and laser rangefinders, another thing is that we did not conduct direct combat operations and they were in a box
          1. -1
            26 May 2024 17: 23
            Well then you're in luck. If at that time you had all this. Or you served in some very “special unit”. The rest couldn't even dream of this.
            1. KCA
              0
              26 May 2024 17: 25
              Yes, what is it, 132 Motorized Rifle Brigade, which was later torn to pieces in Grozny
              1. -1
                26 May 2024 18: 32
                132nd? Apparently - the 131st Maykop brigade of Ivan Savin, which was at the Grozny station. There could be something there, it was created in 92, they could have planted something.
          2. -1
            26 May 2024 17: 26
            But as a result of exploitation and hostilities, they became unusable, and then what? It’s good that you had them in your box in peacetime, but what should you do outside?
            1. KCA
              0
              26 May 2024 17: 35
              Why do devices suddenly become unusable if they are not hammered and exposed to fragments? In the armored personnel carrier, everything is inside, if the TNV is knocked out, then the khan’s bateru, you have to try very hard to get into the TNV, the gap is 3 cm, and which of the TNV triplexes does not have a tag, and there are 6 of them, and which TNV? And also KPVT and PKT, there is only one control knob, I noticed where they were shooting from and alga, in KPVT he loaded armor-piercing/armor-incendiary/explosive and tracer, 14.5mm on the tank laugh, but where did the abreks get their tanks?
              1. -1
                26 May 2024 17: 42
                I don’t even know, shells, bullets, shrapnel, drones, blast wave...
                1. KCA
                  0
                  26 May 2024 17: 47
                  The TNV glass and prism are never window glass, the glass is 4-5 cm thick, and this is one TNV, but it is not alone, the machine gunner has his own sights, a blast wave against 4 cm glass, not window glass, 3 mm, but hardened quartz, armor will break, but the triplexes will remain
    2. 0
      26 May 2024 16: 54
      Quote: Ivan F
      You need everything, not just ammunition.

      And all this must be used wisely. A friend came from Krynoki. I haven't been on vacation for 13 months. For every 10 of our “birds” (8 of them are from volunteers), there are 30 of them. There is almost no electronic warfare on our side; everything has been taken to the north. Teplaki, night lights, just sights, either trophy or volunteer, vehicles for the front are bought together or “adjusted”, junior officers in assaults change almost once a month, but staff officers from the battalion and above are hung with orders. Krynki are taken almost every time there is a change in management. Those report and the order on your chest - and again departure. Because there is no point or possibility to keep them. From the high bank they are in full view. At most, they stick a repeater for the UAV there and leave. The repeater lasts for a couple of days. Then they take you back...
      1. KCA
        0
        26 May 2024 17: 06
        TNV and NVD are the standard armament of armored vehicles, there is also a UV illumination spotlight, what kind of repeater for UAVs? Are these strategists with a range of thousands of kilometers? Have you seen a terrestrial repeater? There are none, relaying is carried out by UAVs or airplanes, 150 km is quite a range, well, if not a pocket drone, with a flight range of 5 km
        1. +3
          26 May 2024 17: 15
          Quote: KCA
          TNV and NVD standard armament of armored vehicles

          It’s a pity that there’s nowhere to put armored vehicles in the Kherson steppe. Together with NVD and TNV.
          Quote: KCA
          what repeater for UAV? Are these strategists with a range of thousands of kilometers?

          I didn’t talk about missile carriers or even “eagles”. There are their tears...
          But the pilot doesn’t get into FPV. Although also a drone. Not a strategist, of course... But the same “ghoul” flies a maximum of 12 km, and then with a repeater. “having no analogues” they say they fly up to 100, but no one except Shoigu has seen them...
          1. KCA
            +2
            26 May 2024 17: 26
            In my city they are making UAVs on the topic of Pacer, maybe not enough, but who will tell about it? But they are assembled and they go to war, and they are made of fiberglass, it is not so easy to detect the engine and suspension, and the altitude is up to 7500m
          2. KCA
            +1
            26 May 2024 17: 39
            I have seen Pacers more than once, they are made on the other side of the Volga from me, and our Volga is not big yet, 300 with a small width after the dam
            1. 0
              26 May 2024 18: 23
              Oh, Dubna! During the Soviet Union it was a cool city, I liked it there.
              1. KCA
                +1
                26 May 2024 18: 43
                Yes, and now it’s normal, under the Union it was calmer, before the perestroika, well, or it was possible to snatch it, but now it’s normal, bandits don’t play pranks, the cops are cultured, the Gasters are not visible in the evening, after all, there’s a lot of fissile material, the FSB and VV are not asleep, that’s it oppa, if the Ivankovo ​​Reservoir is infected, 70%, or even more, of Moscow will drink from it
                1. 0
                  26 May 2024 18: 58
                  Yes, we are drinking Volga water through the canal. If anything, it will be hard. Although there is another 120 km of this very canal, they can also spoil things there.
      2. 0
        26 May 2024 17: 28
        You described everything correctly. For example, now there is a request from the guys from Storm of the 61st brigade - NEED RIGHT NOW: 50 video transmitters for FPV copters, 10 digital radios (many were flooded with water, at least 10 pieces), 20 batteries for Maviki 3 (they wear out, drones are around the clock in the air).
        The supply itself is carried out by drones.
        1. KCA
          0
          26 May 2024 17: 55
          I served in 91-93, suddenly, after the creation of a brigade in the North Caucasian Military District, we had digital r/st with a digital ZAS Flywheel, they were simpler than the R-161 vehicles with a guaranteed range of 1600 km, but they also had a ZAS Flywheel, though the level the secrecy was not tactical, but a week, a month and forever, forever this is a ticker tape with an ICBM flight mission, if they fly, then yes, forever, there will be no decryption
        2. KCA
          0
          26 May 2024 18: 56
          At the Raduga ICB they are developing anti-aircraft missiles, at the DMZ, now Kronstadt is making Pacers and Sirius, well, there’s a lot more, but I won’t say anything, Maviki was really strained to buy an account in China? Rst buy Russian ones, fill them with horseradish water, account for a day? this is shit, you are being scammed, go straight to Kronstadt, they also make light drones, perhaps under license from the Chinese, but ours
          1. 0
            26 May 2024 19: 12
            Now I'm stressed with everything. Lack of everything. Our LBS practically don’t ask for anything other than “electronics”, that’s the main thing for them. Everything else is secondary.
            In terms of drones, unfortunately we can’t catch up with Maviki yet. Some of the technology there is simply perfect, the optics with a thermal channel are also excellent. We don’t have one like that yet. Therefore, there is no alternative, only a temporary replacement with something is possible. Now the databases just show what is what. Our guys test everything themselves, so they clearly know what they need. The situation with the Sudoplatov drones showed this well.
            1. KCA
              +1
              26 May 2024 19: 41
              Have you ever encountered our double basses? Can you easily get anything? About 30 years ago I was shocked when, in front of me and other comrades, they opened a box of PC cases for 15 dollars apiece and took out processors worth at least 150 dollars, maybe more, I didn’t count, a box full of big towers was filled with processors, beautiful like this, in OEM trims
              1. 0
                26 May 2024 19: 51
                That’s how we work now, bringing everything in through roundabout ways and secret paths. But even in such a situation, there are still problems with the purchase and delivery of goods. A few pieces - yes, they can somehow get through, a more or less large batch - no longer, is under the attention of the “seller” and his decision depends on the specific situation.
                1. KCA
                  +2
                  26 May 2024 20: 16
                  Well, yes, they drove the double bass for 50 years and suddenly... No, well, Tomahawks, Pershings and Patriots will not come to us, but any MSKh, and they are ordered by UWB in Taiwan, for once, one or two makes no sense, but a couple of thousand I, even though I’m a sucker, I can negotiate, or cracking an Xbox or PS/2 is really easy and not expensive, the stage has been passed, but also not one or two consoles, but it started with a dandy in the early 90s, progress, oh, I don’t know how now , and at the beginning of the release of the F-35 they had PowerPCs, but they were immediately scrapped, and not expensive, it cost 20 bucks to unlock an Xbox, it was worth a couple of hundred thousand to put the F-35 in the trash, or was it worth it? Hackers are also patriots, I know them
                  1. 0
                    26 May 2024 20: 28
                    I haven’t even heard of the F-35 being destroyed. Most likely, if it is in service, then all the holes have been plugged, although... They managed to break Tesla and take over control, but of course it is full of holes like cheese, it is still not a military product.
                    1. KCA
                      0
                      26 May 2024 20: 34
                      I don’t know about the F-35, but PowerPC is just right, but where pirated software works, serious people can send a plane there, or land it at full speed, the F-35 costs a couple of hundred PowerPC
          2. 0
            26 May 2024 19: 18
            "Akki for a day?" no, not for a day, the drones themselves hang around the clock, so the drones quickly lose capacity from such use.
      3. -2
        26 May 2024 17: 54
        Teplaks, night lights, just sights, either trophy or volunteer

        They haven’t yet figured out these domestic heaters and night lights, but once they figure them out, they will see that only the name is from the domestic one, and that’s not always the case
        1. KCA
          0
          26 May 2024 18: 32
          Are you sure about that? There is no nichrome there, neither China nor Amers, since 88 I have been poking around in computers with DIP MSKh and they are quite different from our planar ones in ceramics with gold-plated leads and operating temperatures from -60 to +120 degrees, and even with protection from penetrating radiation, MSH ketaya and SSP are meat, well, what they sell and what they don’t sell, I don’t know, of course
  4. -2
    26 May 2024 16: 32
    I'm not even saying that Zhenya asked when Bakhmut wanted to turn Artyomovsk... there were shells... there was no order... what what But now looking at all this... the ruins of Afdeevka and Volchansk - I am satisfied... signed in blood soldier
    1. +1
      26 May 2024 19: 29
      Bonus comment for sofas soldier
  5. 0
    26 May 2024 16: 38
    I think $4000 per shell is an immodest exaggeration. Or manipulation of the arithmetic average cost of guided and conventional shells.
    In addition to shells, the production of drones is now no less important. If not more.
    1. +4
      26 May 2024 17: 09
      Western military-industrial complex products are generally very expensive. For example, the cost of the Patriot air defense system (the entire complex, with all loaders, radars, launchers, etc.) costs about a billion dollars. So there's nothing surprising about a $4 shell. Adjustable projectiles generally cost astronomical money and are counted individually.
    2. 0
      26 May 2024 17: 17
      Quote: anatolmd
      I think $4000 per shell is an immodest exaggeration.

      And I can believe it. A piston ring (one, S60ME-C) costs more than a thousand euros. There (in the West) they have generally gone crazy with prices.
      1. +1
        26 May 2024 18: 14
        You say that as if you pay for it yourself and you personally are not paid extra for disassembling the engine, installing rings and putting it back together... along the way, changing other consumables, and all the cylinder head gaskets, etc. and so on. :lol You’re still complaining good wassat :
        I honestly haven’t seen a piston ring in 100 thousand of ours... are you there... did you repair your own space station or at least an icebreaker and an aircraft carrier?
        1. 0
          26 May 2024 18: 30
          Quote from Enceladus
          You talk like you're paying for it yourself

          Not myself. Only indirectly: the higher the costs for the ship, the less for the crew. Law of energy conservation.

          Quote from Enceladus
          you personally are not paid extra for disassembling the engine

          They don't pay extra - that's the job (see nickname). request

          Quote from Enceladus
          the space station was being repaired

          Himself in shock! belay But it’s a fact, I can look for the quotation and take a screenshot.
        2. 0
          26 May 2024 19: 16
          Quote: Motorist
          I can look for the quotation and take a screenshot

          I looked. I was mistaken: a thousand is the price of the manufacturer. MAN has a 2800... And for a snack - the exhaust valve spindle: 12 pieces...
    3. 0
      27 May 2024 08: 46
      4000 dollars is the cost of the shell in the latest batch of Rheinmetall
      for Ukraine. The company increased production and invested money.
      And beats them off during deliveries.
      Before SVO, the price of a shell was from 500 to 1500 dollars.
      Due to the shortage, prices have skyrocketed.
  6. -4
    26 May 2024 16: 38
    In that value and quantity there is blood from Japanese Rus and WWII and the sweat of peasants for 6 days a week, in 3 shifts. Rotary and conveyor lines do not grow on their own. + foundations and walls for centuries. NK now sandwich panels
    1. -1
      26 May 2024 17: 58
      Quote: antivirus
      In that value and quantity there is blood from Japanese Rus and WWII and the sweat of peasants for 6 days a week, in 3 shifts.

      Antivirus, you seem to be writing clearly, but not quite and not for everyone. You're on the forum! What should peasants do on the third shift without artificial lighting, if they are not beyond the Arctic Circle?
      1. 0
        27 May 2024 11: 34
        Put a minus.
        And former peasants - workers on the 6th day and collective farmers were paid not little but not too much. Pieces of each for nuclear weapons and instant17. And they built factories. Everything was at a minimum salary - no time for fat, if only I could live. Here are the manufacturing plants that have survived.
        They give fuel oil
        And we are ready to continue paying. In those payments there is a guarantee that there will not be 4 million in/pl (41g-42)
  7. +3
    26 May 2024 16: 41
    It’s definitely not worth deluding yourself and relaxing, and not knowing whose data it is.
    The West is always misleading. And I’m sure they will quietly increase it, it’s only a matter of time.
  8. +1
    26 May 2024 17: 02
    That's it for now. They will reach full capacity while we chew snot. I hope that there are no fools who think that the West has fewer resources than ours and we will starve it out?
  9. 0
    26 May 2024 17: 18
    Russia produces artillery shells three times faster than Western countries

    Let's be honest - it's not Russia that produces so much, it's the Soviet Union that produces it. Moreover, these are pitiful remnants of his former capabilities. It’s good that at least they didn’t have time to kill them, despite all their efforts...
  10. -3
    26 May 2024 17: 33
    Sky News: Russia alone produces three times more ammunition than the entire collective West


  11. +1
    26 May 2024 17: 48
    Russia produces artillery shells three times faster than Western countries
    And someone was ranting about the uselessness of rifled artillery wink
  12. 0
    26 May 2024 18: 11
    War has its own economy and, no matter what they write, military spending draws serious resources from the economy, in all respects.
    Yes, we haven’t found any other way, but you don’t even have to look for those responsible for this, they’re all raging around, making threats and so on, so on...
  13. 0
    26 May 2024 18: 12
    Natu accounted for a little more than 30% (14,87% EU + 15,5% USA) of world GDP versus 3% of the Russian Federation, and at the same time the Russian Federation produces three times more ammunition than the entire collective West (the collective West of order - all the so-called unfriendly state entities, including the EU, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia) and the entire collective West, unlike the Russian Federation, did not see the need to spend resources on maintaining production facilities for the production of ammunition in the pre-war period and having a tenfold superiority in GDP over what period of time can increase arms production?
    1. +1
      26 May 2024 19: 40
      Complex issue. It’s not dripping over them yet, so their efforts cannot compare with the Russian ones. Now, if a shortage of shells meant for the United States the death of thousands of American soldiers every month, and for Germany the loss of some Saxony, then wow, how they would have increased production differently. And for the price of 4000 bucks for an iron blank, they would talk to efficient owners in the style of Cromwell and Robespierre.
  14. 0
    26 May 2024 18: 38
    Each projectile is 155 mm caliber and weighs 40-43 kg. those. 0,040 tons. A million shells is 40 thousand tons!
    This mass must be delivered, reloaded, transported, reloaded again, then again and again, and store it all, and then shoot, with shells, carried by the hands of soldiers, 40 thousand tons!
  15. -2
    26 May 2024 18: 50
    Sky News: Russia alone produces three times more ammunition than the entire collective West
    .
    If this is true, does that mean the generals are evil? They cannot realize such an overwhelming advantage!
  16. 0
    26 May 2024 19: 01
    "Three times the size of Europe"
    Forest dogs lie. Four times. Some accumulate. But not all of our enterprises have yet been transferred to the production of shells. Some are not yet in business and are idle. You can increase it by one and a half times only due to them. Plus, automation is underway and automatic production lines for shells, missiles, and aircraft are being put into operation
  17. The comment was deleted.
  18. 0
    27 May 2024 08: 28
    And we are waiting for the West to get on a war footing. We can't handle it. The experience of the Second World War showed that without the help of the Amer and Britons, things would probably have been even worse for us. A war machine is an inert thing. But once it gets going, it’s hard to stop it. And don’t think, for God’s sake, that I’m cowardly. Remember the carpet bombings of Germany and Japan. There is no need to give time to increase the enemy's production capacity. And if we look at the realities of today, for now we just take the number of adjustable bombs. The shells play a role in dispersing the props, and the MLRS works. But on the battlefield we suffer more losses from demon pilots. And you don't need a lot of explosives there. Suspended VOG and a soldier with a wound is no longer a soldier but a retired unit. And so far we are losing here. Unfortunately. The article sets priorities incorrectly. It's not projectiles that rule today, it's UAVs.
  19. 0
    27 May 2024 14: 56
    What to write about the same thing is that they can’t provide shells, tell the writer the truth that they have everything and don’t pour horseradish into your ears, it wouldn’t have been a long time ago in Kyiv they sat, it looks like an agreement with the West to kill more people on both sides
  20. 0
    27 May 2024 15: 16
    Sky News: Russia alone produces three times more ammunition than the entire collective West

    What good is this if 99% of the shells are spent on creating a lunar landscape? Successful combat operations require high-precision weapons, reconnaissance, target designation, electronic warfare, drones, etc. And in these categories of weapons Russia has no advantage.