Georgy Zhukov's first big victory: facts about Khalkhin Gol

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Georgy Zhukov's first big victory: facts about Khalkhin Gol

The fighting at Khalkhin Gol (a river in Mongolia) or the “Nomon Khan Incident” between Soviet-Mongolian forces and the Japanese armed forces began on May 11 and continued until mid-September 1939.

Despite the fact that historical In references, this confrontation is called a local conflict that ended with the unconditional victory of the USSR; some experts dubbed it the “Second Russian-Japanese War.”



It is worth noting that victory in this conflict was of strategic importance for the Soviet Union. The thing is that literally a couple of kilometers from the real border between Manchukuo (a puppet state that was completely dependent on Japan) and Mongolia, the Japanese were building a railway, which in the future would allow them to transfer their weapons and personnel to border of the USSR in the area of ​​Irkutsk and Lake Baikal. To ensure the safety of this highway, the Japanese planned to seize part of the territory of Mongolia.

Quite a lot has been said and written about how the battle took place and at what difficult cost this important victory was given to our country. At the same time, there are a number of facts that have been left aside, but are of considerable importance.

For example, it was in the battles at Khalkhin Gol that Soviet tank crews received their baptism of fire. The battle, called the “Bayan-Tsagan Massacre,” became the first major one in the history of the Red Army. tank confrontation. Soviet troops won it.

In addition, according to many historians, it was the incident at Nomon Khan that was the reason that, despite Hitler’s “hints” and calls, Japan did not dare to attack the USSR in 1941.

The first “Gold Stars” to the Heroes of the USSR were also awarded precisely after the victory of the Red Army at Khalkhin Gol.

Finally, the conflict with the Japanese in 1939 became Georgy Zhukov's first great victory. Having replaced Nikolai Feklenko as commander of the 57th Special Corps on June 12, 1939, he first showed his talent as a commander and led the Red Army to an important victory.

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  1. +2
    14 May 2024 12: 34
    "The battle, called the Bayan-Tsagan Massacre, became the first major tank confrontation in the history of the Red Army."
    The Japanese didn't have tanks there... request Unfortunately, this battle already showed what became the reason for the defeat of the tank formations of the Red Army near Brody in 1941 - entering the battle on the move, without the interaction of military branches... hi
    1. +2
      14 May 2024 15: 09
      The Japanese didn't have tanks there...

      I wonder where they disappeared to?
      As of June 25.06.1939, 135, Japanese troops had 10.08.1939 tanks, and as of August 182, XNUMX, XNUMX tanks.
      And don't open America. Zhukov K.G. the risk of using tanks without infantry support was well known. Only he did not have infantry (there were scattered units driven out from the river by the Japanese), so the 11th Tank Brigade was sent on the march to attack the Japanese units until they dug in. Zhukov took a great risk by abandoning the units from the march separately, but he understood that time was on the side of the Japanese, their roads were a couple of tens of kilometers away, unlike the Soviet troops, several hundred kilometers away. (Read the memoirs; they even carried water tens of kilometers away).
      1. 0
        14 May 2024 15: 27
        Quote: AndreyKam_Z
        And don't open America.

        what for? it was already discovered by Columbus or the Vikings... bully
        Quote: AndreyKam_Z
        and 10.08.1939/182/XNUMX XNUMX

        And what does August have to do with it? And in July, the tanks seemed to be on the eastern bank, and Mount Bain on the western...
        As far as I remember, there were no tank battles on the west bank... do you have other information?
        Quote: AndreyKam_Z
        Zhukov K.G. the risk of using tanks without infantry support was well known

        This worked against the Japanese, but against the Germans in 41 it no longer worked... request and the tank losses of 39 anticipated the losses of 41... By the way, why the rush, the Japanese were digging in and not continuing the offensive...
        Quote: AndreyKam_Z
        Read the memories

        which year? hi
        1. 0
          14 May 2024 16: 50
          what for? it was already discovered by Columbus or the Vikings... bully

          Well done. So don't try to reopen it.
          And what does August have to do with it? And in July, the tanks seemed to be on the eastern bank, and Mount Bain on the western...
          As far as I remember, there were no tank battles on the west bank... do you have other information?

          Read the chronology of the battles and you will understand.
          The group under the command of Lieutenant General Yasuoka had, in addition to infantry and cavalry, two tank regiments.
          There were no tank battles, but this does not mean the opponents lacked tanks. The Japanese had only light tanks and their performance characteristics were many times inferior to ours, so they did not engage in direct opposition.
          This happened against the Japanese, but against the Germans in 41 it no longer... request and the tank losses in 39 anticipated the losses of 41... By the way - why the rush, the Japanese dug in and did not continue the offensive...

          In 1941 the situation was different, but now we are talking about 1939. The Japanese began to dig in because their offensive had failed, and the continuation of positional battles was not beneficial to us.
          what year? hi

          I won’t say about the year, but let’s take a look at Zhukov and Smushkevich.
          1. 0
            14 May 2024 17: 47
            Quote: AndreyKam_Z
            So don't try to reopen it.

            Pay this to yourself... request
            Quote: AndreyKam_Z
            Тthere were no anchor battles, but this does not mean that the opponents have no tanks.

            author: "became the first in the history of the Red Army major tank confrontation."
            If it's not a secret, what are you arguing with? hi
            Quote: AndreyKam_Z
            the Japanese had only light tanks and they were many times over in terms of performance characteristics

            Do you think their 37 mm gun did not penetrate the armor of BT tanks or armored cars?
            Quote: AndreyKam_Z
            In 1941 the situation was different,

            from your point of view - you don’t want to see the general.... request
            Quote: AndreyKam_Z
            The Japanese began to dig in because their offensive had failed

            those. There was nowhere to rush, there was time to bring up the infantry and artillery... hi
            Quote: AndreyKam_Z
            and the continuation of positional battles was not beneficial to us.

            how? the enemy is on the bridgehead, supplies are under our fire... let him lose troops...
            Quote: AndreyKam_Z
            I won’t say about the year, but let’s take a look at Zhukov and Smushkevich.

            Did Smushkevich manage to write his memoirs? feel
            1. 0
              15 May 2024 16: 14
              The Japanese didn't have tanks there... request

              author: "became the first major tank confrontation in the history of the Red Army."
              If it's not a secret, what are you arguing with? hi

              Are you playing the fool? This is your statement that there were no tanks there.
              Do you think their 37 mm gun did not penetrate the armor of BT tanks or armored cars?

              Is the performance characteristics of a tank limited to the gun? Congenial.
              those. there was nowhere to rush, there was time to bring up the infantry and artillery... hi

              You don’t know the difference between troops in open areas and organized layered defense when troops are dug in.
              how? the enemy is on the bridgehead, supplies are under our fire... let him lose troops...

              Are you reading the answers? I wrote to you about the difference in logistics.
              Did Smushkevich manage to write his memoirs? feel

              Yes, there was a mistake, I wrote on the go, Vorozheikin A.
              1. -1
                16 May 2024 11: 15
                Quote: AndreyKam_Z
                Are you playing the fool?

                you were raised badly... hi
                Quote: AndreyKam_Z
                This is your statement that there were no tanks there.

                learn to understand the text - “tank confrontation” is a war of tanks... and according to you, it didn’t happen... so who’s playing the fool? bully
                Quote: AndreyKam_Z
                Is the performance characteristics of a tank limited to the gun? Congenial.

                "tank - cart for a gun" hi
                Quote: AndreyKam_Z
                troops in the open

                the Japanese have ALREADY organized a defense and dug in - but a day before the infantry arrives, it is not possible to organize a serious defense... learn to think, and not just eat Agitprop... request
                Quote: AndreyKam_Z
                I wrote to you about the difference in logistics.

                What am I talking about - did you follow the train across the Khalkin-Gol River?
  2. +1
    14 May 2024 12: 40
    Stalin, summing up the results of the war against the Finns on April 17, 1940, said: “Small episodes in Manchuria, near Lake Khasan or in Mongolia are nonsense, this is not a war - these are individual episodes in a strictly limited area. Japan was afraid of starting a war, we are too they didn’t want to, and some testing of strength on the patch showed that Japan had failed and we had 2-3 divisions in Mongolia, the same number in Khasan. Our army has not yet waged a real, serious war.”
    On May 5, 1941, speaking to graduates of military academies, Stalin continued this thought: “... many comrades exaggerate the significance of the events at Lake Khasan and Khalkhin Gol, from the point of view of military experience. Here we were dealing not with a modern army, but with an army outdated. Not telling you all this means deceiving you..
    Of course, Khasan and Khalkhin Gol played their positive role. Their positive role lies in the fact that in the first and second cases we beat the Japanese. But we learned real experience in restructuring our army from the Russian-Finnish war and from the modern war in the West "...
    -The first “Golden Stars” were also awarded to the Heroes of the USSR after the victory of the Red Army at Khalkhin Gol.
    By decree of the USSR Central Executive Committee of December 31, 1936, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded to 17 soldiers and commanders of the Red Army - this was the first award to professional military personnel. 11 pilots and 6 tank crews, volunteers who participated in the Spanish Civil War.
    1. 0
      14 May 2024 13: 45
      Quote: knn54
      By decree of the USSR Central Executive Committee of December 31, 1936, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded to 17 soldiers and commanders of the Red Army - this was the first award to professional military personnel. 11 pilots and 6 tank crews, volunteers who participated in the Spanish Civil War.
      First award of the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for military exploits took place on December 31, 1936, when seventeen Red Army commanders who took part in the Spanish Civil War were awarded the title. They were awarded the TITLE OF HERO OF THE SOVIET UNION. If we weren’t awarded, do we feel the difference?!
      The Gold Star medal is a badge of honor for persons awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. Established on August 1, 1939. On November 4, 1939, the medal for No. 1 was awarded to the Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot A.V. Lyapidevsky, who was awarded the high rank back in 1934. Therefore, the author of the article is practically right in asserting that
      The first “Gold Stars” to the Heroes of the USSR were also awarded precisely after the victory of the Red Army at Khalkhin Gol.
      After all, taking into account the dates of the decrees, and looking through photo documentaries and newsreels
      The awarding of the title of Hero for participation in hostilities at Khalkhin Gol was carried out by decrees of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated August 29, 1939 (31 awarded) and November 17, 1939 (39 awarded)
      we will see that the “Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union” began to be awarded precisely after the battles at Khalkhin Gol.