When it comes to the country's security, we often argue about the threat that NATO, Japan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia or Afghanistan pose to us. However, the country's security consists not only in countering hypothetical opponents at the level of states or their blocks. Security is also an active system of measures aimed at suppressing internal crime, which weakens the level of state control, undermines social institutions, and which ultimately can lead to total internal chaos. This chaos, in turn, can be quite easily used by the very external forces that are going to achieve their direct interests due to the negative in Russia.
Internal crime is a real litmus test showing the most vulnerable points of society and the state. This is a classic version of the virus, which finds weaknesses in a large body and strikes them. This time we will not dwell on economic criminality, which calls into question the ability of the modern state to respond adequately to parasitic manifestations. About this in other materials. This time we will talk about what tendency has begun to manifest itself in terms of the segment of crime that is associated with the encroachment on the life and health of Russian citizens (although economic crime is also closely related to this segment).
First you need to refer to the figures of official statistics, which are presented in the report of the Ministry of the Interior for the 2012 year. Representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia cite data according to which over the past year in the Russian Federation, as a result of crimes, 38700 people were killed (not only from deliberate acts). About 50,6, thousands of people suffered serious bodily harm (almost 90% of people from this number became disabled). At the same time, it is stated that the number of deaths as a result of crimes decreased by 2011% compared to 3,4 in the year, while the number of grievous bodily harm caused by the contrary increased - by 2,4%.
If you believe the figures presented by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the following picture emerges: the state loses people in 2,57 more times in a year than in the Afghan military company’s 10 years (statistics on those killed and dead from injuries). It is losing due to the fact that an effective system of protecting citizens from criminal encroachment has not yet been established in the country. At the same time in 7,5 thousands of cases recorded the use of cold, firearms, traumatic weapons, explosives. This is almost 11,5% more than in the 2011 year. The Republic of Dagestan (according to official statistics - 2012 crimes) became the leading region in the number of crimes committed with the use of weapons and explosives at the end of 607. The five such dubious leaders also include the Sverdlovsk region, St. Petersburg, Moscow and the Moscow region.
Today, international services keep records of the number of crimes related to the encroachment on the life and health of citizens in different countries of the world. If we consider the place of our country in this list, then this place clearly does not inspire any reasonable optimism. Thus, according to UNODC, a UN subdivision engaged in research on the problem of crime and drug trafficking, in Russia for 2012 a year was recorded for 100 thousand people 10,2 of intentional homicides (with a small error corresponds to the data of Russian statistical agencies).
If we compare this Russian indicator with the indicators of other countries of the world, then next to us are such countries as Myanmar (also 10,2 premeditated murders on 100 thousands of people), Costa Rica (10), Togo (10,9), Peru (10,3). By the same indicator (that is, by the level of security of citizens), the Russian Federation ranks last in Europe (respectively, the first in the number of premeditated murders). This, of course, if you do not take into account such Danish territory as Greenland (here 11 is committed per year per year, with a total population of about 60 thousand people, it gives a high coefficient according to UNODC).
Comparing our statistics with statistics of other so-called developed countries, it is worth mentioning indicators of such countries as Japan (0,3 coefficient), China (1 coefficient), Canada (1,6), USA (4,2), Germany (0,8), Australia (1).
If we consider the statistics of premeditated murders for the CIS countries, then the most successful prevention of criminal inclinations could build Tajikistan (2,1), Uzbekistan (3,1), Latvia (3,1). For the first two mentioned, you see, somewhat unexpected statistics, especially if we take into account the peculiarities of behavior of a certain number of immigrants from Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in the territory of the Russian Federation ... However, more on that later.
The most negative situation in terms of intentional killings among all the states of the former Soviet Union is in Kyrgyzstan (the coefficient is greater than 20).
Returning to the statistics from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, you need to pay attention to the figures corresponding to the percentage ratio of crime related to the attacks on human life and health. These statistics indicate that the largest number of such crimes is recorded in rural areas (about 42%), provincial cities (not the centers of the subjects of the federation) and urban-type settlements account for 35% of the killings and serious bodily harm. It turns out that major Russian cities make their negative contribution to 23%. However, it is these 23% that most often look the most resonant. Why?
In fact, the answer is simple: the federal media will not cover a drunken stabbing in a remote village, because this, as they say, is unformat - a sensation cannot be made of this. But the sensation is quickly born in connection with the so-called "capital" crime. Here, for example, the murder of the criminal authority of Ded Hasan is yes ... Not only the federal media, but also foreign publications began to savor the whole background of this crime, however, one of the European journals had to attach a detailed description to the article about the death of the Russian thief in the law the concept of "the thief in law." But, indeed, a person who is not too versed in the intricacies of the criminal world and naively believes that a thief should be in prison is difficult to explain what this original term means. In Russia, unfortunately, the majority has already ceased to be surprised that the criminals in the law can completely freely exist ... And “to exist” is clearly not the most suitable term. To live and get rich is more accurate. But if the thief in the law, then who is outside the law?
At the same time, one cannot but mention that recently a tendency has begun to appear, aimed at the fact that the criminal, they say, has no nationality. On the one hand, such a thesis can be taken as a desire not to stir up interethnic friction. What's the difference - a Russian criminal, or a Tajik, Azeri or Nigerian criminal. A criminal is a criminal. This, of course, is a reasonable enough thought. However, in order to applaud this idea to the full, it is necessary to find its positive in comparison with those times when the national composition of the criminal environment was certainly fixed. And this composition was recorded in the Soviet Union. So, the number of premeditated murders in the USSR in the 80s was lower (per 100 thousand of the population) than today. At the same time, law enforcement agencies clearly distinguished the criminals by ethnicity. So what? Someone might say that in the USSR, due to the fact that the killer of an Uzbek was called an Uzbek, and the rapist of a Georgian was called a Georgian, the situation with national tensions was getting out of the control of the authorities? There was no such thing. Rather, on the contrary, declaring the nationality of an individual criminal or the ethnicity of an entire criminal group allowed the leaders of national entities to pursue a more active policy of, say, enlightening their fellows. National communities did their best so that the shameful criminal stigma of a murderer or rapist-recidivist was not extrapolated to the entire nation. They did as much as possible. And not necessarily repressive measures. Preventive work was organized at a high level. The morality and culture of the society, into which the "achievements" of a number of foreign, God forgive me, cultures had not yet penetrated, were not an example higher than today. Of course, there were thieves in law in Soviet times (a long-standing "tradition"), but only their relationship with each other and with the law was not presented as the main news summary of the day ...
You can imagine the message of the main information program of the year in 1983 in this form: “Today, in the center of the capital of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, criminal authority, a thief in law, a citizen of the USSR Nekto Nektovich Nektov was killed ...” Everyone knows what resonance would lead such information. And now the mass media themselves feed the resonance, causing bewilderment of citizens by the fact that “criminals without nationality” threaten the security of the country ...
Well, and what is the unification on a national basis after that? Why Russian citizens should not know that when living in rural areas they have a multiple increase in the chances of being killed or wounded by the hands of their own pretty drunken neighbors (Russians, Tatars, any others)? Why Russians should not know that when they live in a large city in Central Russia, every day they are in danger of facing a janitor or a plasterer from Uzbekistan or Tajikistan who honor the criminal law in their country, while in Russia they allow themselves to “relax too much” ? Why do Russians not have the right to know what nationality prevails among the so-called thieves in law, who have long turned the Russian law enforcement system into a servant of their own interests?
So why in Russia the rate of premeditated murders in recent years does not decrease at all? The fact is that we continue to close our eyes to obvious things. Local authorities all the preventive work on the brakes down. The “modernized” police are bogged down with paperwork and mixing statistics with digestible numbers. In the same rural precinct, the lion’s share of the working day is spent not on monitoring the potentially dangerous inhabitants of the village entrusted to him, but on filling in all sorts of reports, developing meaningless and non-working plans and programs. A precinct in a large city is faced with the presence of so-called "rubber apartments", the number of residents of which coincides with the number of lines in the phone book of the whole microdistrict. And for each of these tenants need to submit a report on the work. As a result, reports are submitted, but only 99% of them are “linden”.
After this, it turns out that a Kyrgyz citizen who arrived in Moscow suddenly turned into a criminal without nationality - can you say that it was a Kyrgyz (Uzbek, Tajik, Arab or someone else) who killed and raped a young schoolgirl, killed and dismembered the body a first-grader ... Suddenly, the police still call out the anger of the local diaspora ... Can this be allowed? .. Well, this turns out to be politically incorrect.
Is it possible to discuss a drunken village? .. And this, you see, is unpatriotic. Better get drunk quietly. And we'd rather continue to discuss the dismantling of criminal authorities: “grandfathers,” “crutches,” “fixes,” and others — such information should attract People.
That's why we still have to state the fact that with all the building of the country's security system from external threats, internal threats, we still can not resist. Unless only according to the reports: decreased by so many percent, improved - so much. But in reality? .. In fact, parents are forced to accompany their children from the threshold of the house to the threshold of the school, to meet from the school and together to go home. But this is not a panacea. After all, people with “cool” numbers are flying along the roads with a couple of three thousandths in blood, which even in the event of an accident with a tragic outcome will not be anything because they have a special “crust” ... Nothing will happen to the owner of an underground gambling establishment in which a visitor who got lost before the horned pigs, got lost in the face, it occurred to him to avenge his accident to a passerby at the entrance to the casino. Of course, he won't, because he has a friend (brother, father-in-law, nephew) in the local inter-district prosecutor's office, who in turn has a wife (aunt, mother, mistress) working in the regional (regional, republican) administration, who has in turn…
Crime in Russia as a threat to national security (with statistics from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation)
- Alexei Volodin