Beautiful and cruel Catalina

44
Catalina
Catalina


World story knows many women who used their power and killed for pleasure or in a fit of anger. In Imperial Russia there was Daria Saltykova, in Hungary there was Countess Bathory. A woman with an equally disreputable reputation also left her mark in Chile - Catalina de los Rios y Lisperger, better known as Kintrala (thanks to her fiery red hair). She was an aristocrat from colonial Chile whose actions struck fear among her servants.



Brief background


Let's move to Chile, exactly at the beginning of the 17th century.

This is the territory of the then Spanish Empire - a turbulent time, full of interethnic conflicts and the struggle of the Spaniards for influence.

Catalina was born in 1604 in Santiago. She grew up in a wealthy landowning family. The parents were influential Chilean nobles of the time. Her father was Gonzalo, a Spanish nobleman, general and three times mayor of Santiago. Mother - Catalina, daughter of a German nobleman from Württemberg. She traced her ancestry back to Bartholomeus Welzer, the first German in Chile. But more importantly, Catalina the Elder's ancestors were the Incas.

Bartholomeus Welzer, portrait by an unknown artist
Bartholomeus Welzer, portrait by an unknown artist

La Quintrala symbolized the future identity of Chile, being the descendant of different peoples.

But what made her so notorious?

To understand her actions, we must mention the actions of the women in her family.

The first such case involves her mother and aunt. In 1601, just a few years before the birth of La Quintrala, they jointly attempted to poison Governor Alonso. The man survived the attempt, but the aunt was charged with attempted murder and subsequently exiled to Peru.

But La Quintrala's mother didn't stop there. She married the wealthy heir Gonzalo and quickly killed his first daughter in secret. She also killed a local resident who exposed her attempt to poison her husband.

As you can see, on the female side, the girl had innate inclinations for murder. As they say, bad blood.

Father's murder


And just like that, Catalina the Younger entered the pages of history.

The first mention of her dates back to the murder of her father Gonzalo in 1622. At the time, young Catalina was only 18 years old, and her aunt accused her of poisoning the chicken her father ate. Poor man, first his wife wanted to poison him, then his daughter. Yes, and the aunt is good - she’s right on her face, and she’s ratting out her niece.

The charges were subsequently dropped.

Then the girl’s mother died. After the death of her parents, La Quintrala was left in the care of her grandmother, who quickly arranged a suitable marriage for the girl in a vain attempt to change her violent nature. Four years later, Catalina married a wealthy Spanish colonel and landowner. They had a son, Gonzalo, but the child died eight years later. La Quintrala did not hate her husband, although she did not love him. It is possible that he knew about her crimes and shared them.

Over time, Kintrala's bloodthirsty urges came to the surface. Various sources ascribe several dark stories to Catalina, some of which predate her marriage.

The first is the murder of a prominent nobleman from Santiago, whom she stabbed to death in her own bed after a short affair. A slave from her plantation was accused of the murder, and the innocent man was executed in the main square of Santiago.

Another story involves Enrique, a knight of the Order of Malta, who survived an assassination attempt by Kintrala and told his story to a monk. An evil woman dealt him a fatal blow over some petty quarrel, but the man managed to escape.

Similar cases are also known, mainly concerning the lovers of our heroine.

Executions for fun


Catalina's husband died in 1650, and a few years earlier they managed to acquire a large plot of land, significantly increasing their fortune. They lived on their plantation in La Ligua, where the girl killed the most people.

She openly tortured the slaves on her plantation - they were often and brutally whipped, chased and even killed. She is confirmed to have killed a black slave named Natukon Jeton, whose body was then put on public display for two weeks. Officials who wanted to look into this were bribed or intimidated.

The situation became so dire that the slaves rebelled and fled to the mountains. But thanks to the influence and wealth of Catalina, she organized a chase, and the fugitives were caught. After their return, they were brought before the court of Kintrala itself, and she severely punished them.

In 1634, after numerous and repeated accusations of her cruelty, Bishop Salcedo demanded a full investigation. The royal court sent Francisco Millan to interrogate the slaves from the plantation alone, without the presence of Catalina and her loved ones. Once the allegations were proven to be completely true and substantiated, the judge ordered La Quintrala's arrest and she was transported to Santiago for trial.

The process was slowed down by bribed officials who wanted to hush up the matter. However, an accusation surfaced that accused Catalina of 40 murders and numerous tortures, all of which were proven.

But even in this case, an official verdict was not passed due to her influence and wealth. Catalina was released.

Panorama of Santiago at night. It’s unlikely that 500 years ago they could have dreamed that the city would grow so much
Panorama of Santiago at night. It’s unlikely that 500 years ago they could have dreamed that the city would grow so much

Death


A new trial began in 1662 at the insistence of officials. Catalina was by then old and her health was beginning to deteriorate. She died in 1665.

Whether Kintrala repented of her actions or not, we will never know.

But she bequeathed large sums of money to ensure the forgiveness of both her soul and the souls of the people who were close to her. Perhaps this was her attempt to save her soul from purgatory, as sinners often did at that time.

She invested about 20 pesos to celebrate 000 masses. At the time of her death she was 20 years old, which was quite old for the 000th century, and the funeral was magnificent, full of pomp and ceremony.

The eerie and dark history of Catalina still remains a mysterious topic. Her life has been filmed in numerous novels, films, television shows and theater productions. Thanks to this, we can shed light on the history of Chile at that time.

At that time, this state was considered relatively poor and dangerous, a remote corner of the Spanish Empire. It was home to several different ethnic groups: criollos, people with deep Spanish roots, mestizos, indigenous people, Africans and the Spanish themselves. These ethnic groups were not equal, and the Spaniards clearly stood out. At that time, Spain was at war with the Mapuche, the local Indians.

Agriculture is an important element in the Chilean economy, and Catalina had many plantations that continually prospered. Therefore, they turned a blind eye to her crimes. Wealth and plantations played too big a role for the treasury of the Spanish Empire. Money was much more important for the state than human lives. Alas, this is always relevant.

PS


Your author is the creator of a history textbook for grade 4. Thank you for reading my articles and leaving comments. I am pleased that you criticize, find fault, praise and interact with me in other ways, remember me, and spend your time on me.
44 comments
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  1. +10
    April 8 2024 05: 40
    Thanks to this, we can shed light on the history of Chile at that time.
    In that era, this state...

    The classic mistake is to project modern legal relations with the realities of the 17th century. At that time, the territory of Chile was nothing more than a province with a metropolis in Madrid.
    Thanks for the article, good day comrades!
    1. +1
      April 8 2024 20: 40
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      The classic mistake is to project modern legal relations with the realities of the 17th century.

      There are different historical concepts. Some historians find complete analogies in the history of Ancient Greece with the history of Europe in the 19th century, to the point that the political ideology of some forces in Ancient Greece was completely similar to the Gotha program of the German Social Democrats.
  2. +7
    April 8 2024 08: 08
    "A vicious woman dealt him a fatal blow over some petty quarrel, but the man managed to escape."

    In Chile, even the dead run around.
    1. +5
      April 8 2024 09: 13
      In Chile, even the dead run around.
      He probably ran away first and then grunted from his wound. It could be trivial sepsis - wait and wait for more antibiotics.
  3. +5
    April 8 2024 08: 10
    Your author is the creator of a history textbook for grade 4. AMAZING! But I would really like to know how you described the Battle of the Ice in this textbook.
    1. +3
      April 8 2024 08: 40
      Your author is the creator of a history textbook for grade 4. AMAZING!

      What's so wonderful about that? The fact that the author's "fantasies" will "go down in history"? There is, of course, a strong suspicion that the author lied about the textbook. But if not, then the bottom is not even broken, it’s a disaster.
      1. +4
        April 8 2024 10: 09
        Quote: Dekabrist
        What's so wonderful about that?

        Because it is difficult to write a textbook. It’s especially difficult with the methodological part. There are a lot of specific requirements from the Institute of Pedagogy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. And if a person has overcome all this, then...that’s wonderful. I already know what it costs. But he lied, well... it’s bad if it’s true.
        1. +3
          April 8 2024 10: 32
          That is, in your opinion, an individual who cannot even competently express his thoughts on paper, who confuses Venezuela with Chile, and Württemberg with Wittenberg, but who managed to “overcome” the “specific requirements”, can write school textbooks? This is already a real horror and apart from the unprintable, no other definitions can even be chosen.
          1. +3
            April 8 2024 14: 56
            Quote: Dekabrist
            can write school textbooks?

            I can’t say anything until I see the textbook itself.
        2. +4
          April 8 2024 11: 24
          Quote: kalibr
          And if a person has overcome all this

          The man tried to be sarcasm...
          It turned out pretty much the same as always.
    2. +2
      April 8 2024 13: 01
      Your author is the creator of a history textbook for grade 4. AMAZING!

      I was indignant, and then I thought - probably for Tajiks and other “Asians” who are actively conquering “living space” the quality of textbooks does not matter at all. They won't even read it. By the way, the RuNet is full of sentences like “Basics of Islam for Beginners.” So if I were you, Vyacheslav Olegovich, I did circumcision just in case. You never know...
      1. +2
        April 8 2024 14: 57
        Quote: Dekabrist
        You never know ...

        It's too late for me...
    3. +3
      April 8 2024 17: 14
      I looked on the Internet, but I couldn’t find a textbook with the author’s name. I would like to at least look at its cover!
    4. +3
      April 8 2024 21: 01
      In my opinion, history begins to be introduced into the school curriculum from the fifth grade. Why is history taught in elementary school?
      1. +4
        April 8 2024 21: 25
        Quote: Alexey Sakharov
        Why is history taught in elementary school?

        There is a history course for 4th grade! You can trust me.
        1. +2
          April 8 2024 21: 49
          I'll believe you. I read your articles with interest
  4. +9
    April 8 2024 08: 36
    Your author is the creator of a history textbook for grade 4.

    For starters, our “author” should learn to write correctly. Textbooks, they are not “for”, they are “for”. Well, learn history, so as not to stuff readers with all sorts of fables, which abound in the proposed opus.
    Mother - Catalina, daughter of a German nobleman from Württemberg. She traced her ancestry to Bartholomeus Welzer, the first German in Chile.

    The German nobleman Peter Lissberg or Pedro Lisperger was not from Württemberg, but from Wittenberg.
    The German banker Bartholomeus Welser never had anything to do with either Catalina de los Rios y Lisperger or Chile. He was the head of the German banking firm Welser Brothers and also financed and directed the conquest of Venezuela.
    And Catalina de los Rios y Lisperger on her mother’s side traced her ancestry to a German from Nuremberg, known under the Spanish name Bartolome Flores. He was a carpenter on the expedition of the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, the first governor of Chile. This same Bartolome Flores is considered the first German in Chile.
    You can continue further in the text for a long time. And the most important thing, which the author never informed the readers about, is that this whole “demonic story” is essentially an “urban legend” that became known to the “general public” thanks to the Chilean historian Benjamin Vicuña Makenna, who accepted on faith the correspondence of the monk Francisco Gonzalez de Salcedo, who was at enmity with the Lisperger family and slandered, as they say today, “for selfish reasons.”
    By the way, the author never wrote the most interesting thing! La Quintrala did not only torture slaves. Slaves, this is just for warming up. Since she was very beautiful and even made a pact with the devil, lovers came to her in droves. And she cut them! Probably the author thought that it was too early for fourth-graders to talk about lovers.
    In a word - Zotovism, it is Zotovism.
    1. +8
      April 8 2024 10: 58
      Quote: Dekabrist
      And Catalina de los Rios y Lisperger on her mother’s side traced her ancestry to a German from Nuremberg, known under the Spanish name Bartolome Flores

      It was a Jew from Franconia named Blumenthal, who floral Blumenthal translated the surname into Spanish - Flores...

      Quote: Dekabrist
      In a word - Zotovism, it is Zotovism
      1. +6
        April 8 2024 11: 29
        It was a Jew from Franconia named Blumenthal, who translated his flower surname Blumenthal into Spanish - Flores...

        Therefore, he still claims to be the first Chilean Jew. But the Germans insist that by the time he arrived in Chile he had already been baptized.
  5. +6
    April 8 2024 11: 48
    Some strange story... belay
    Her father was Gonzalo, a Spanish nobleman

    Actually, normal people, and the Spaniards are no exception here, have surnames.
    In this case, "de los Rios". And without a surname it sounds something like “Marquis Vasya”
    She openly tortured the slaves on her plantation - they were often and brutally whipped, chased and even killed. She is confirmed to have killed a black slave named Natukon Jeton

    It is also not entirely clear where the black slaves came from?
    The fact is that there are still not many people of African descent in Chile, and most of them are immigrants from Haiti or Brazil. And the slaves, or rather serfs, in those parts were the enslaved Mapuche Indians.
    But in any case, local officials had a deep view of slaves. They are the property of the owner and you can do whatever you want with them! In the 17th century this is certainly true.
    It seems to me that the people affected by Catalina were renters. And then the authorities’ questions become completely justified. They weren’t particularly considered people either, but someone had to pay taxes request
    1. +8
      April 8 2024 12: 50
      It is also not entirely clear where the black slaves came from?

      Slaves from Africa began to be imported to Chile in 1536, but the peak was 1560 - 1660. That is, just the period under consideration. By the beginning of the 20th century, there were approximately 000 “Afro-Chileans”. The main supplier was Portugal. But as a result of Guerra da Restauração, Portugal “fell out” with Spain, simultaneously losing sources of the black population in Africa. And there was no one to take Africans to Chile.
      So Catalina de los Rios y Lisperger could well have had blacks on her plantations in commercial quantities.
      1. +6
        April 8 2024 12: 59
        Quote: Dekabrist
        So Catalina de los Rios y Lisperger could well have had blacks on her plantations in commercial quantities.

        Thank you hi
        1. +4
          April 8 2024 13: 02
          You're welcome. Cheers!
    2. +6
      April 8 2024 16: 05
      Quote: Senior Sailor
      "Marquis Vasya"

      Laughing until he was hoarse... laughing
  6. +1
    April 8 2024 16: 24
    A funny story, the reliability of which, however, is questionable - there are many details, but no sources are indicated.
    1. +4
      April 8 2024 17: 15
      Quote: S.Z.
      A funny story, the reliability of which, however, is questionable - there are many details, but no sources are indicated.

      And I was looking for the author's textbook, which he wrote about at the end. I couldn’t find it, although I searched the entire Internet!
      1. +3
        April 8 2024 18: 10
        Obviously the author lied, deciding in such a simple way to draw attention to his person.
        1. +3
          April 8 2024 18: 21
          Quote: Dekabrist
          Obviously the author lied

          But I never understood and still don’t understand this... You can’t lie on the Internet. Everything is checked. And then what?
          1. +5
            April 8 2024 20: 30
            You can't lie on the Internet.

            Lying, in general, is not recommended, not only on the Internet. Lying is a devilish invention, a sin:
            He was a murderer from the beginning and did not stand in the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he tells a lie, he speaks his own way, for he is a liar and the father of lies.

            John 8: 44
            As for “everything is checked” - so who pays attention to this. All modern propaganda is built on lies and fraud. You don't have to go far - the "News" section of this site. And nothing, “people are eating.”
        2. +5
          April 8 2024 20: 37
          Obviously the author lied, deciding in such a simple way to draw attention to his person.

          Meaning Viktor Nikolaevich?
          List of school textbooks recommended (accredited) by the relevant Ministry of the Russian Federation in the public domain.
          The textbook edited by the Author is not there, nor is the subject History in the 4th grade of primary school. In the older editions of Perech, the history of the Fatherland was in the 4th grade, but under the editorship of Zotov, not a single one was credited. However, among a dozen publications there is a mark “other”…. Perhaps our Author is there somewhere.
          R.s. I suggest that the latter rehabilitate himself and name the item and edition of the accredited list, or the publisher and year of issue. Then it is possible to check the information using a single identification or barcode on the flyleaf or cover.
          1. +5
            April 8 2024 21: 14
            Meaning Viktor Nikolaevich?

            Well, this question should be sent to the author as soon as possible. I can only guess why the author lied. Maybe this is some kind of joke. Maybe for clickbait. Maybe he suffers from pseudology.
        3. +2
          April 9 2024 07: 26
          Well, right away he “lied” - the author did not claim that his textbook was published, so perhaps there is nothing to look for.
  7. +4
    April 8 2024 19: 54
    The author does not speak literary language. I feel sorry for the 4th grade students.
    1. +4
      April 8 2024 20: 36
      Quote: Aviator_
      I feel sorry for the 4th grade students.

      I couldn't find a textbook for his first and last name on the Internet. Let him show you the cover. Then I'll see that I'm wrong. In the meantime, I can say one thing - this is either a stupid joke or equally stupid lies...
      1. +5
        April 8 2024 20: 58
        In the meantime, I can say one thing - this is either a stupid joke or equally stupid lies...
        This is a PR move.
        1. +3
          April 8 2024 21: 24
          Quote: Aviator_
          This is a PR move.

          This is stupidity, not a PR stunt
          1. +6
            April 8 2024 21: 30
            Nevertheless, thanks to this I collected three dozen comments.
            1. +7
              April 8 2024 21: 35
              Nevertheless, thanks to this I collected three dozen comments.
              Reminds me of the joke about the monkey who rinsed a banana in the river and demanded money for an explanation.
              1. +6
                April 8 2024 22: 00
                Dear Victor, Sergey and Vyacheslav, is it necessary to spoil your reputation for the sake of 30 or even three hundred comments or “likes”!!!?
                Everyone who does something makes mistakes, but to erase everything achieved with a lie? For what? I can't get my head around all this.
                In fact, anyone can write a history textbook, but it’s one thing if it was written under the editorship of Fotyanov or Rybakov and is included in the list recommended by the Ministry of Education... another thing...
                I propose to let the Author rehabilitate himself.
                1. +5
                  April 8 2024 23: 43
                  I propose to let the Author rehabilitate himself.

                  I also suggest that the author give... a knee in the ass.
                2. +5
                  April 9 2024 06: 19
                  Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
                  Everyone who does something makes mistakes, but to erase everything achieved with a lie? For what? I can't get my head around all this.
                  In fact, anyone can write a history textbook, but it’s one thing if it was written under the editorship of Fotyanov or Rybakov and is included in the list recommended by the Ministry of Education... another thing...

                  I completely agree, Vladislav. More than... I once tried to write a textbook on the history of the Middle Ages. But it’s good that it’s not completely. As a result, I was offered to turn it into a “reading book.” And in this image he... ended up with a textbook for the 6th grade, as recommended for extracurricular reading. And... it’s so difficult to write a good textbook, which cannot be said. Therefore, lying about this is not respecting yourself or others.
                3. +2
                  April 9 2024 07: 47
                  I propose to let the Author rehabilitate himself.
                  Let him try. Will it work out?
  8. 0
    April 10 2024 18: 49
    Where are the details, otherwise it turns out like in that autobiography: I was born, studied, worked - I want to join the party. And for you: born, married, killed, died.
  9. Des
    0
    13 May 2024 10: 08
    In six months, the author has 45 publications on the VO website.
    And also the author of a textbook for schools!
    Bravo!
    Illustration in all works. True, out of a sense of modesty, primary sources of information are not given. Most likely they are from the same place as the photographs (from Wiki). But this is forgivable for a serious historian. wink
    "The situation became so dire that the slaves rebelled and fled to the mountains. But thanks to Catalina's influence and wealth, she organized a pursuit and the fugitives were caught. After their return, they were brought before the court of Kintrala itself, and she punished them severely."
    The punctuation is okay, but it’s “severely punished.” I liked the turnover.