Maxim Dmitriev. Photos of Tsarist Russia

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We all know and love photos of Sergei Prokudin-Gorsky. Color shots of Tsarist Russia are a unique property. But there is another classic equal to him in size. This is Maxim Dmitriev. Unlike he Prokudin-Gorsky, he brought to us not postcard Russia. He made the first genre shots of the country.



1. People's dining room in the village Pralevke Lukoyanovskogo County. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



2. Doctor Reshetilov examines a patient with typhus Kuzma Kashin in the village of Nakrusove. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



3. Distribution of bread in the loan to peasants in the city of Princess. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



4. Patients with typhus in the city Knyaginin. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



5. Hut tatarina Salovatova in the village of Kadomka Sergachsky district. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm
Nizhny Novgorod Fair 1896



6. Theater Square Nizhny Novgorod fair during floods. Negative 18х24 cm



7. General view of the fair from the Spassky Old Fame Cathedral. Negative 18х24 cm



8. Machine department. All-Russian Art and Industrial Exhibition. 1896 d. Negative 18х24 cm



9. Samokat square. Cinema "Magic World". Negative 18х24 cm



10. Bell ranks at the fair. Negative 18х24 cm



11. Theater Figner. Negative 18х24 cm



12. General view of the Lubochny ranks and Meshchersky lake. Negative 18х24 cm
Russia believer 1891-1904

Maxim Dmitriev. Photos of Tsarist Russia


13. Wanderer in Seraphim-Diveevo nunnery. 1904 d. Negative 18х24 cm



14. Pastor of the Pomorians in the Semenovsky district. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



15. Types of pantomimes in the Seraphim-Ponetaevsky nunnery. 1904 d. Negative 18х24 cm



16. Seeing off the Icon of the Mother of God of Oran from Nizhny Novgorod to the Orange Monastery of Orange. Negative 45х55 see Fragment.



17. Holy spring in the Sarov monastery. Negative 18х24 cm



18. Congress of Old Believers in Nizhny Novgorod. Negative 50х60 see Fragment.



19. Mordovian pilgrims heading to the Seraphim-Diveevsky nunnery. 1904 d. Negative 18х24 cm



20. Bookmark city cathedral mosque in Nizhny Novgorod. 1902 d. Negative 18х24 cm



21. Wanderers on the way to the Sarov monastery. Negative 18х24 cm



22. Olenevsky monastery. Usters. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



23. Seraphim-Ponetaevsky nunnery. View of the monastery pond and the hospital church. Negative 18х24 cm



24. Seeing off the Icon of the Mother of God of Oran from Nizhny Novgorod to the Orange Monastery of Orange. Negative 45х55 see Fragment.



25. Annunciation Kerzhensky monastery of the believers. Monk-schema. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm
Volga 1894-1904



26. Drying nets. Negative 18х24 cm



27. Lake Vselug. Shirokovsky churchyard. Negative 18х24 cm



28. The lozhkarny bazaar in the city of Semenov. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



29. Types of Old Believers. Sharpansky monastery in Semenov district. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



30. Group of Old Believers. Village Kuznetsovo Semenovskogo County. Negative 18х24 cm



31. View of the Volga from Bashmenskaya mountains. Negative 50х60 see Fragment.



32. Caravan of ships on the Volga near Yaroslavl. 1894 d. Negative 30х40 cm



33. Lozhkarnoe production. Decorating a spoon cutting. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



34. Ostashkov fishermen. Negative 18х24 cm



35. Sluda. View of the Oka River. Negative 18х24 cm



36. Alexandrovsky bridge over the Volga in Syzran. 1894 d. Negative 18х24 cm
Nizhny Novgorod 1912-1914



37. View of the upland part of Nizhny Novgorod from the left bank of the Oka. Negative 45х55 see Fragment.



38. View of the scattered bridge and the upland part of Nizhny Novgorod. Negative 18х24 cm



39. Fistfight in front of the night shelter N.A.Bugrova. Negative 18х24 cm



40. Nizhny Novgorod "tramps." Negative 18х24 cm



41. In the operating room of the State Bank. 1913 d. Negative 18х24 cm



42. The area in front of the Romodanovsky station. Negative 18х24 cm



43. In the hall of the city court. Negative 18х24 cm



44. Nizhny Novgorod "tramps." Negative 18х24 cm
Maxim Dmitriev - Biography



45. Maxim Dmitriev
1858 Born in the Tambov province.
1873. He enters the disciples of the famous Moscow photographer MP Nastyukov.
1874. Works in the photo-pavilion of M.P. Nastyukova at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
1877 g. Receives a retoucher in the studio of D. Leybovsky.
1879. Adopted in the studio of an outstanding photographer AO Karelin.
1881 d. Opens its own photo shop.
1889. Takes part in the All-Russian jubilee photographic exhibition in Moscow.
1892. Receives a small gold medal of the Moscow exhibition, a gold medal of the Paris World Photographic Exhibition, Grand Prix of the exhibition in Saint-Gilles, honorary diploma of the exhibition in Brussels.
1893 d. Publishes the famous photo album "Barren 1891 - 1892 Year in Nizhny Novgorod province".
1894. Begins creating a monumental cycle of photographs dedicated to the Volga.
1896. Takes part in the All-Russian industrial and art exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod.
1901 - 1904 Removes the ruins of the Makaryevsky Zheltovodsky monastery.
1903. Completes work on the Volga Collection.
1913. Fixed in a series of large-format photographs the arrival of Emperor Nicholas II in Nizhny Novgorod.
1929 g. Dmitriev Photography Lab is transferred to the competence of the commission to improve the lives of children The photographer is approved by the head of the art part and the pavilion photographer.
1937 d. 7000 negatives are requisitioned from the Dmitriev archive.
1948. Died in Gorky at the age of 90.
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    1. kin
      +8
      February 4 2013
      Hard lived the Russian peasantry.
      1. Yoshkin Kot
        +1
        February 4 2013
        Yeah, especially in ceremonial cases, something bast shoes are not visible, in boots people
        1. Yoshkin Kot
          +3
          February 4 2013
          Gentlemen, I advise everyone to type in Yandex
          photos of peasants in tsarist Russia-click pictures
          and look, be surprised, even in the days of serfdom, most of them will be in boots, and you will not see much poverty, apparently even then the journalists had already collected the dirt
          1. borisst64
            +5
            February 4 2013
            Quote: Yoshkin Cat
            and then the journalists were already collecting dirt

            Nevertheless, you need to understand that the categories of the population are shown here (wanderers, pilgrims, Old Believers, etc.). But I drew attention to the house of Tatarin, even if the straw was removed from the roof, but this is a HOUSE. In 30 photos, the eye clings to the feet of the boys and the hands of the old man. The imperial bridge and flood embody the power of the Russian Empire and nature. I liked the pictures!
            1. AK-47
              0
              February 4 2013
              Quote: borisst64
              I liked the pictures!

              Photo # 8 "Machine Department. All-Russian Art and Industrial Exhibition. 1896", somewhat resembles the "Space" pavilion at VDNKh in the 80s.
      2. +6
        February 4 2013
        Quote: kin

        Hard lived the Russian peasantry.

        He never lived easily, neither then nor now.
    2. +6
      February 4 2013
      Awesome feeling when watching ...
      1. yak69
        +3
        February 4 2013
        The feeling is strong, especially if you look at the photos of Russia of those years and 60s of the 20th century in comparison. Fantastic jerk! In less than 70 years, step from a peasant agricultural country to the country of the first cosmonaut and atomic superpower.
        No matter what the liberals say, a positive result is obvious. And the good, positive, the Soviet government has done much more than bad.
        Article +++
        1. +1
          February 5 2013
          When I looked at the photographs, the same thoughts arose. But we must also take into account that the Soviet government had to almost completely restore the country after the Patriotic War from the ruins and eliminate the consequences of the civil and 1st world war. Look, for the last 20 years the country has been living on those buildings and structures that remained from the times of the USSR. During the years of "democracy" only markets have been built, and pipes to the west and east for the export of the country's wealth. Only a few new enterprises, housing for officers and other employees began to be built only in the last few years. It would not hurt the country's leadership to look at these photographs so that an understanding of the need to develop the country and develop people was formed. And then the photo clearly shows the contrast, as now in life, rich and poor, bankers and traders in new clothes, working people in rags.
    3. +5
      February 4 2013
      I really like similar collections from the life of our country in the pre-revolutionary time. The idea of ​​Russia that was invested in our children's heads in the USSR is breaking. It is neither better nor worse; it is simply different. Photos are awesome, a very interesting selection. To the author - PLUS. Thank!
    4. +7
      February 4 2013
      Yes, life in Russia was far from sugar. Many photos are striking in their penetration.
      1. Yoshkin Kot
        -8
        February 4 2013
        um, paradise on earth was promised only by the Bolsheviks and was not badly robbed under the guise
    5. +13
      February 4 2013
      Here she is "the rich tsarist Russia", and her bastard poor people. Photos are worthy of being an addition to school history books, so that no "democrats" could deceive the younger generation with "wonderful pre-revolutionary times" and "bloody communist bolsheviks" who cut short this "rich life."
      1. prophetic
        +10
        February 4 2013
        now we have presidential palaces, boyars on million wheelbarrows and a poor village. so nothing has changed much
        1. Yoshkin Kot
          -4
          February 4 2013
          poor fellow, you need to travel to the Volga region in the year 20, you would feel the difference quickly
        2. Yoshkin Kot
          -4
          February 4 2013
          but did not try to work? or belief in Marxism does not allow?
      2. +2
        February 4 2013
        If you look at the everyday life of a common people of the same time somewhere in France or Italy, you can see a very similar picture.
      3. Yoshkin Kot
        +2
        February 4 2013
        and what? when do you dig potatoes, wear lacquered Italian shoes?
      4. consul
        +7
        February 4 2013
        In our village, electricity appeared after 1955 (they called it "amirkhan"), and the roofs were thatched until the end of the 70s and asphalt was laid somewhere in 2004. So the differences are minimal, although not until 17. in our area there were 250 thousand population, now it is 27 thousand (most of the people from the countryside left the "wonderful Soviet life in the countryside" for the cities as soon as allowed)
        1. Yoshkin Kot
          -4
          February 4 2013
          my grandfather told me that before the revolution they used kerasin lamps, then until the end of the 30s
    6. Yoshkin Kot
      +3
      February 4 2013
      by the way, tramp is a modern gopot, a declassed element, expelled from society, as a rule for theft, laziness and drunkenness, these homeless people now also look and stink
    7. FIMUK
      0
      February 4 2013
      time does not change tramp.
    8. biglow
      +3
      February 4 2013
      it's not drunkards, look at the faces of people, that's where the depth
      1. Yoshkin Kot
        -4
        February 4 2013
        and in whom? in thieves?
    9. +6
      February 4 2013
      Wonderful photos.
      I think you can not clearly judge by these photos about how it was then. Yet they are taken out of context and this is only a moment. There is enough dirt and bare feet on them. But this was enough in both the Soviet and the present.

      The faces in the photo are amazing.
    10. Frigate
      +2
      February 4 2013
      I looked through the photos. Well preserved, they allow you to plunge into the processes and events that took place at that time for five minutes. After all, people did not fall down from heaven at once, but everything went gradually, from generation to generation, the heirs of those people remained. It is a pity that due to various changes in the form of society, many of us have happened and forgot our ancestors. Big PLUS article.
    11. +4
      February 4 2013
      I don’t remember the person’s surname, he took color photos before the revolution. I had a lot of them, but ... somewhere. Here they googled them a little.
      1. MG42
        +2
        February 4 2013
        You have a photo of him << peasant girls >> 1909.
        Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorsky was born in 1863 in St. Petersburg. Chemist, photographer. Thanks to his own original research, he received patents on how to create color slides and design color moving films.

        Around 1907, Prokudin-Gorsky came up with and formulated a plan for using the emerging technological breakthrough in the field of color photography to systematically document the Russian Empire.
        here is a loud collection of his color photos of tsarist Russia good
        http://kolheti.com/History_Photos_Pages_006.html
        for example
        The crew of the ship "Sheksna" M.P.S. 1909


    12. +5
      February 4 2013
      Come on, Yoshkin cat, how many photos I didn’t watch in those years, before 1917 their faces were harassed, their hope in the future did not shine, I really want to howl at heart later, the USSR gave everyone faith in their own state, and gave everyone the opportunity to develop their inner potential. ...
      1. 0
        February 6 2013
        Have you just watched the peasants? Photos of officers of the Russian fleet show? Even now I can show the peasants who have achieved nothing - the same faces.
    13. 0
      February 4 2013
      Particularly interesting are the photos of Nizhny. But on the slope of the Chkalovskaya ladder, obviously not enough!
    14. -2
      February 4 2013
      grimaces of democracy
    15. Vova
      -2
      February 4 2013
      Here it is - savagery and barbarism!
      1. AK-47
        0
        February 4 2013
        Quote: Vovchik
        Here it is - savagery and barbarism!

        No, this is our story, and history, like homeland, is not chosen.
        1. Vova
          -1
          February 5 2013
          Yeah ... it happens
          1. Ka3ak
            0
            February 6 2013
            The Russian idea is to follow God. And do not focus on what the Cainites do for their welfare.
        2. Boer
          0
          February 5 2013
          that was 100 years ago, what will happen? very interesting.
      2. Ka3ak
        0
        February 6 2013
        The Greeks always envied the barbarians. Because behind their non-arrangement of everyday life, what was visible was what civilized people lost (because they did not cherish). The purity of the human soul. There were reflections of this in Russian society before the revolution, and after that the truth was less.
        PS
        Barbarism is to turn people into slaves, to seize countries calling them colonies, to unleash wars with sovereign states because of dissatisfaction with their policies (from "they do not want to sell opium with them" to "they want to conduct their own policy and independently dispose of natural resources"
    16. politruk419
      0
      February 5 2013
      I liked the photo of the fishermen.
      Replace Ostashkovo with Yelizovo, and the cap on your head with a knitted Chinese hat and get the Kamchatka sketch of 2012.
    17. 0
      February 6 2013
      1929. The photographer is approved by the head of the art department and the pavilion photographer.
      1937 d. 7000 negatives are requisitioned from the Dmitriev archive.
      --
      Thanks to the party for this. :(

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