Military Review

Maxim Dmitriev. Photos of Tsarist Russia

25
We all know and love photos of Sergei Prokudin-Gorsky. Color shots of Tsarist Russia are a unique property. But there is another classic equal to him in size. This is Maxim Dmitriev. Unlike he Prokudin-Gorsky, he brought to us not postcard Russia. He made the first genre shots of the country.



1. People's dining room in the village Pralevke Lukoyanovskogo County. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



2. Doctor Reshetilov examines a patient with typhus Kuzma Kashin in the village of Nakrusove. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



3. Distribution of bread in the loan to peasants in the city of Princess. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



4. Patients with typhus in the city Knyaginin. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm



5. Hut tatarina Salovatova in the village of Kadomka Sergachsky district. 1891-1892 Negative 18х24 cm
Nizhny Novgorod Fair 1896



6. Theater Square Nizhny Novgorod fair during floods. Negative 18х24 cm



7. General view of the fair from the Spassky Old Fame Cathedral. Negative 18х24 cm



8. Machine department. All-Russian Art and Industrial Exhibition. 1896 d. Negative 18х24 cm



9. Samokat square. Cinema "Magic World". Negative 18х24 cm



10. Bell ranks at the fair. Negative 18х24 cm



11. Theater Figner. Negative 18х24 cm



12. General view of the Lubochny ranks and Meshchersky lake. Negative 18х24 cm
Russia believer 1891-1904

Maxim Dmitriev. Photos of Tsarist Russia


13. Wanderer in Seraphim-Diveevo nunnery. 1904 d. Negative 18х24 cm



14. Pastor of the Pomorians in the Semenovsky district. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



15. Types of pantomimes in the Seraphim-Ponetaevsky nunnery. 1904 d. Negative 18х24 cm



16. Seeing off the Icon of the Mother of God of Oran from Nizhny Novgorod to the Orange Monastery of Orange. Negative 45х55 see Fragment.



17. Holy spring in the Sarov monastery. Negative 18х24 cm



18. Congress of Old Believers in Nizhny Novgorod. Negative 50х60 see Fragment.



19. Mordovian pilgrims heading to the Seraphim-Diveevsky nunnery. 1904 d. Negative 18х24 cm



20. Bookmark city cathedral mosque in Nizhny Novgorod. 1902 d. Negative 18х24 cm



21. Wanderers on the way to the Sarov monastery. Negative 18х24 cm



22. Olenevsky monastery. Usters. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



23. Seraphim-Ponetaevsky nunnery. View of the monastery pond and the hospital church. Negative 18х24 cm



24. Seeing off the Icon of the Mother of God of Oran from Nizhny Novgorod to the Orange Monastery of Orange. Negative 45х55 see Fragment.



25. Annunciation Kerzhensky monastery of the believers. Monk-schema. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm
Volga 1894-1904



26. Drying nets. Negative 18х24 cm



27. Lake Vselug. Shirokovsky churchyard. Negative 18х24 cm



28. The lozhkarny bazaar in the city of Semenov. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



29. Types of Old Believers. Sharpansky monastery in Semenov district. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



30. Group of Old Believers. Village Kuznetsovo Semenovskogo County. Negative 18х24 cm



31. View of the Volga from Bashmenskaya mountains. Negative 50х60 see Fragment.



32. Caravan of ships on the Volga near Yaroslavl. 1894 d. Negative 30х40 cm



33. Lozhkarnoe production. Decorating a spoon cutting. 1897 d. Negative 18х24 cm



34. Ostashkov fishermen. Negative 18х24 cm



35. Sluda. View of the Oka River. Negative 18х24 cm



36. Alexandrovsky bridge over the Volga in Syzran. 1894 d. Negative 18х24 cm
Nizhny Novgorod 1912-1914



37. View of the upland part of Nizhny Novgorod from the left bank of the Oka. Negative 45х55 see Fragment.



38. View of the scattered bridge and the upland part of Nizhny Novgorod. Negative 18х24 cm



39. Fistfight in front of the night shelter N.A.Bugrova. Negative 18х24 cm



40. Nizhny Novgorod "tramps." Negative 18х24 cm



41. In the operating room of the State Bank. 1913 d. Negative 18х24 cm



42. The area in front of the Romodanovsky station. Negative 18х24 cm



43. In the hall of the city court. Negative 18х24 cm



44. Nizhny Novgorod "tramps." Negative 18х24 cm
Maxim Dmitriev - Biography



45. Maxim Dmitriev
1858 Born in the Tambov province.
1873. He enters the disciples of the famous Moscow photographer MP Nastyukov.
1874. Works in the photo-pavilion of M.P. Nastyukova at the Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
1877 g. Receives a retoucher in the studio of D. Leybovsky.
1879. Adopted in the studio of an outstanding photographer AO Karelin.
1881 d. Opens its own photo shop.
1889. Takes part in the All-Russian jubilee photographic exhibition in Moscow.
1892. Receives a small gold medal of the Moscow exhibition, a gold medal of the Paris World Photographic Exhibition, Grand Prix of the exhibition in Saint-Gilles, honorary diploma of the exhibition in Brussels.
1893 d. Publishes the famous photo album "Barren 1891 - 1892 Year in Nizhny Novgorod province".
1894. Begins creating a monumental cycle of photographs dedicated to the Volga.
1896. Takes part in the All-Russian industrial and art exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod.
1901 - 1904 Removes the ruins of the Makaryevsky Zheltovodsky monastery.
1903. Completes work on the Volga Collection.
1913. Fixed in a series of large-format photographs the arrival of Emperor Nicholas II in Nizhny Novgorod.
1929 g. Dmitriev Photography Lab is transferred to the competence of the commission to improve the lives of children The photographer is approved by the head of the art part and the pavilion photographer.
1937 d. 7000 negatives are requisitioned from the Dmitriev archive.
1948. Died in Gorky at the age of 90.
25 comments
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  1. kin
    kin 4 February 2013 09: 25
    +8
    Hard lived the Russian peasantry.
    1. Yoshkin Kot
      Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 14
      +1
      Yeah, especially in ceremonial cases, something bast shoes are not visible, in boots people
      1. Yoshkin Kot
        Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 54
        +3
        Gentlemen, I advise everyone to type in Yandex
        photos of peasants in tsarist Russia-click pictures
        and look, be surprised, even in the days of serfdom, most of them will be in boots, and you will not see much poverty, apparently even then the journalists had already collected the dirt
        1. borisst64
          borisst64 4 February 2013 13: 35
          +5
          Quote: Yoshkin Cat
          and then the journalists were already collecting dirt

          Nevertheless, you need to understand that the categories of the population are shown here (wanderers, pilgrims, Old Believers, etc.). But I drew attention to the house of Tatarin, even if the straw was removed from the roof, but this is a HOUSE. In 30 photos, the eye clings to the feet of the boys and the hands of the old man. The imperial bridge and flood embody the power of the Russian Empire and nature. I liked the pictures!
          1. AK-47
            AK-47 4 February 2013 22: 32
            0
            Quote: borisst64
            I liked the pictures!

            Photo # 8 "Machine Department. All-Russian Art and Industrial Exhibition. 1896", somewhat resembles the "Space" pavilion at VDNKh in the 80s.
    2. etrusk
      etrusk 4 February 2013 14: 06
      +6
      Quote: kin

      Hard lived the Russian peasantry.

      He never lived easily, neither then nor now.
  2. Tartary
    Tartary 4 February 2013 09: 29
    +6
    Awesome feeling when watching ...
    1. yak69
      yak69 4 February 2013 23: 29
      +3
      The feeling is strong, especially if you look at the photos of Russia of those years and 60s of the 20th century in comparison. Fantastic jerk! In less than 70 years, step from a peasant agricultural country to the country of the first cosmonaut and atomic superpower.
      No matter what the liberals say, a positive result is obvious. And the good, positive, the Soviet government has done much more than bad.
      Article +++
      1. cobalt
        cobalt 5 February 2013 07: 37
        +1
        When I looked at the photographs, the same thoughts arose. But we must also take into account that the Soviet government had to almost completely restore the country after the Patriotic War from the ruins and eliminate the consequences of the civil and 1st world war. Look, for the last 20 years the country has been living on those buildings and structures that remained from the times of the USSR. During the years of "democracy" only markets have been built, and pipes to the west and east for the export of the country's wealth. Only a few new enterprises, housing for officers and other employees began to be built only in the last few years. It would not hurt the country's leadership to look at these photographs so that an understanding of the need to develop the country and develop people was formed. And then the photo clearly shows the contrast, as now in life, rich and poor, bankers and traders in new clothes, working people in rags.
  3. Shkodnik65
    Shkodnik65 4 February 2013 10: 56
    +5
    I really like similar collections from the life of our country in the pre-revolutionary time. The idea of ​​Russia that was invested in our children's heads in the USSR is breaking. It is neither better nor worse; it is simply different. Photos are awesome, a very interesting selection. To the author - PLUS. Thank!
  4. omsbon
    omsbon 4 February 2013 11: 03
    +7
    Yes, life in Russia was far from sugar. Many photos are striking in their penetration.
    1. Yoshkin Kot
      Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 15
      -8
      um, paradise on earth was promised only by the Bolsheviks and was not badly robbed under the guise
  5. vladimirZ
    vladimirZ 4 February 2013 11: 16
    +13
    Here she is "the rich tsarist Russia", and her bastard poor people. Photos are worthy of being an addition to school history books, so that no "democrats" could deceive the younger generation with "wonderful pre-revolutionary times" and "bloody communist bolsheviks" who cut short this "rich life."
    1. prophetic
      prophetic 4 February 2013 11: 28
      +10
      now we have presidential palaces, boyars on million wheelbarrows and a poor village. so nothing has changed much
      1. Yoshkin Kot
        Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 16
        -4
        poor fellow, you need to travel to the Volga region in the year 20, you would feel the difference quickly
      2. Yoshkin Kot
        Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 57
        -4
        but did not try to work? or belief in Marxism does not allow?
    2. alebor
      alebor 4 February 2013 12: 08
      +2
      If you look at the everyday life of a common people of the same time somewhere in France or Italy, you can see a very similar picture.
    3. Yoshkin Kot
      Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 16
      +2
      and what? when do you dig potatoes, wear lacquered Italian shoes?
    4. consul
      consul 4 February 2013 12: 42
      +7
      In our village, electricity appeared after 1955 (they called it "amirkhan"), and the roofs were thatched until the end of the 70s and asphalt was laid somewhere in 2004. So the differences are minimal, although not until 17. in our area there were 250 thousand population, now it is 27 thousand (most of the people from the countryside left the "wonderful Soviet life in the countryside" for the cities as soon as allowed)
      1. Yoshkin Kot
        Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 56
        -4
        my grandfather told me that before the revolution they used kerasin lamps, then until the end of the 30s
  6. Yoshkin Kot
    Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 12: 18
    +3
    by the way, tramp is a modern gopot, a declassed element, expelled from society, as a rule for theft, laziness and drunkenness, these homeless people now also look and stink
  7. FIMUK
    FIMUK 4 February 2013 13: 15
    0
    time does not change tramp.
  8. biglow
    biglow 4 February 2013 13: 17
    +3
    it's not drunkards, look at the faces of people, that's where the depth
    1. Yoshkin Kot
      Yoshkin Kot 4 February 2013 16: 21
      -4
      and in whom? in thieves?
  9. etrusk
    etrusk 4 February 2013 14: 01
    +6
    Wonderful photos.
    I think you can not clearly judge by these photos about how it was then. Yet they are taken out of context and this is only a moment. There is enough dirt and bare feet on them. But this was enough in both the Soviet and the present.

    The faces in the photo are amazing.
  10. Frigate
    Frigate 4 February 2013 16: 39
    +2
    I looked through the photos. Well preserved, they allow you to plunge into the processes and events that took place at that time for five minutes. After all, people did not fall down from heaven at once, but everything went gradually, from generation to generation, the heirs of those people remained. It is a pity that due to various changes in the form of society, many of us have happened and forgot our ancestors. Big PLUS article.
  11. pinachet
    pinachet 4 February 2013 17: 28
    +4
    I don’t remember the person’s surname, he took color photos before the revolution. I had a lot of them, but ... somewhere. Here they googled them a little.
    1. MG42
      MG42 4 February 2013 23: 13
      +2
      You have a photo of him << peasant girls >> 1909.
      Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorsky was born in 1863 in St. Petersburg. Chemist, photographer. Thanks to his own original research, he received patents on how to create color slides and design color moving films.

      Around 1907, Prokudin-Gorsky came up with and formulated a plan for using the emerging technological breakthrough in the field of color photography to systematically document the Russian Empire.
      here is a loud collection of his color photos of tsarist Russia good
      http://kolheti.com/History_Photos_Pages_006.html
      for example
      The crew of the ship "Sheksna" M.P.S. 1909


  12. Isk1984
    Isk1984 4 February 2013 18: 38
    +5
    Come on, Yoshkin cat, how many photos I didn’t watch in those years, before 1917 their faces were harassed, their hope in the future did not shine, I really want to howl at heart later, the USSR gave everyone faith in their own state, and gave everyone the opportunity to develop their inner potential. ...
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 6 February 2013 03: 44
      0
      Have you just watched the peasants? Photos of officers of the Russian fleet show? Even now I can show the peasants who have achieved nothing - the same faces.
  13. albert
    albert 4 February 2013 20: 38
    0
    Particularly interesting are the photos of Nizhny. But on the slope of the Chkalovskaya ladder, obviously not enough!
  14. pinachet
    pinachet 4 February 2013 20: 55
    -2
    grimaces of democracy
  15. Vova
    Vova 4 February 2013 21: 58
    -2
    Here it is - savagery and barbarism!
    1. AK-47
      AK-47 4 February 2013 22: 22
      0
      Quote: Vovchik
      Here it is - savagery and barbarism!

      No, this is our story, and history, like homeland, is not chosen.
      1. Vova
        Vova 5 February 2013 01: 23
        -1
        Yeah ... it happens
        1. Ka3ak
          Ka3ak 6 February 2013 00: 52
          0
          The Russian idea is to follow God. And do not focus on what the Cainites do for their welfare.
      2. Boer
        Boer 5 February 2013 01: 47
        0
        that was 100 years ago, what will happen? very interesting.
    2. Ka3ak
      Ka3ak 6 February 2013 00: 39
      0
      The Greeks always envied the barbarians. Because behind their non-arrangement of everyday life, what was visible was what civilized people lost (because they did not cherish). The purity of the human soul. There were reflections of this in Russian society before the revolution, and after that the truth was less.
      PS
      Barbarism is to turn people into slaves, to seize countries calling them colonies, to unleash wars with sovereign states because of dissatisfaction with their policies (from "they do not want to sell opium with them" to "they want to conduct their own policy and independently dispose of natural resources"
  16. politruk419
    politruk419 5 February 2013 02: 43
    0
    I liked the photo of the fishermen.
    Replace Ostashkovo with Yelizovo, and the cap on your head with a knitted Chinese hat and get the Kamchatka sketch of 2012.
  17. Andrey77
    Andrey77 6 February 2013 03: 40
    0
    1929. The photographer is approved by the head of the art department and the pavilion photographer.
    1937 d. 7000 negatives are requisitioned from the Dmitriev archive.
    --
    Thanks to the party for this. :(