Military Review

Human Rights Watch Report on Central Asia: Impairments in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan Shocking

The international human rights organization Human Rights Watch 31 January published a report "Central Asia: Mass violations of human rights, repression", in which it states that governments of the region should stop suppressing freedom of speech and harassment of critics of the authorities, a REGNUM correspondent informs.

The level of violations and the general deterioration of the situation with major freedoms in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in 2012 were shocking, the report says. Despite this, the European Union and the United States largely avoided publicly expressing concern about the blatant human rights situation in all Central Asian states at a time when victims of repression needed their voice in defense of rights and freedoms.

In 2012, the authorities of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan have intensified the persecution of ardent critics of the government, while in none of the five Central Asian states have serious measures been taken to resolve long-standing human rights issues, such as widespread impunity for torture, the World Human Rights Watch report.

In Kazakhstan, a severe and unprecedented suppression of freedom of speech and political pluralism was launched, accompanied by the imprisonment of prominent opposition figures and civic activists and the closure of the opposition group and key independent media. Repressions against civil society intensified in Uzbekistan. The authorities of this country placed human rights defenders under house arrest and detained them for isolated civilian activism, extended prison sentences to the opposition without respecting procedural guarantees, and deported international journalists who tried to visit the country. Tashkent ignores long-standing requests from UN 11 human rights experts to visit Uzbekistan.

Turkmenistan remains one of the most repressive and closed states of the world. In Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, insignificant, positive steps were taken to improve the human rights situation. But in general, the deplorable human rights situation in these countries has not improved, despite, for example, government promises to address the issue of torture - widely used in both countries - during visits to each of them by the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture.

“The level of violations and the general deterioration of the situation with basic freedoms in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in 2012 are shocking,” said Hugh Williamson, Europe and Central Asia director of Human Rights Watch. “Despite this, the European Union and the United States avoided public expression of concern more a blatant human rights situation in all Central Asian states at the very time when victims of repression needed their voice in defense of rights and freedoms. "

A Human Rights Watch report assesses human rights progress over the past year in more than 90 countries, including an analysis of the situation after the Arab Spring. The willingness of new governments to respect rights and freedoms will be the factor that will determine whether the Arab Spring will lead to the emergence of genuine democracy or simply degenerate into new versions of authoritarianism, Human Rights Watch said.

Repressions in Kazakhstan followed the events of December 2011 of the year in Zhanaozen, when police and government forces opened fire on oil workers and others, killing 12 people (according to official data, during the suppression of unrest, REGNUM died). During 16, authorities harassed oil activists, oppositionists, civil society activists, and journalists covering the strikes in Mangistau Oblast that preceded the December events. Dozens of people were convicted of their alleged role in strikes and violence, including the leader of the unregistered party "Alga!" Vladimir Kozlov, who was sentenced to seven and a half years in prison in October.

In December, the Almaty courts neutralized critical votes by banning the Alga! Party in Kazakhstan. and key independent media outlets that were declared “extremist” in short-term lawsuits. The human rights situation in Kazakhstan in 2012 was also overshadowed by plausible and serious allegations of torture and death in December of 2011 by an 50-year-old man after he was severely beaten by law enforcement officers while in detention.

Kyrgyzstan is still struggling with the effects of inter-ethnic clashes in the south of the country in June 2010, as a result of which hundreds of people died and thousands were injured. Contrary to relative calm in southern Kyrgyzstan, ethnic Uzbeks are still being detained, tortured and extorted in the absence of legal protection, despite the adoption of a national preventive mechanism against torture in Kyrgyzstan in 2012. Human rights activist Azimjon Askarov is serving a life sentence, despite the fact that the prosecution was accompanied by torture and serious violations of fair trial standards.

Authorities restricted the right to free expression, blocking access to, an independent information site on Central Asia, and banning the screening of a documentary film about Muslim gays. Gender-based violence remains a serious and widespread problem.

The repressive law on religion continued to be applied in Tajikistan and legislation was introduced to restrict religious education. Authorities restricted media freedom by blocking access to independent media sites and social networks such as Asia Plus, Facebook, and YouTube. Torture and ill-treatment of detainees, as well as domestic violence against women, remained widespread, even after a Tajik court sentenced a police officer to seven years in prison for torture in September.

In July, dozens of dead and many injured were reported in Khorog, the administrative center of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast in the south-east of the country, after the government sent troops there to arrest those responsible for the killing of the head of local security. At the end of July, according to official data, 17 government soldiers, 30 militants and 20 civilians were killed as a result of the violence, but independent sources reported that there were more casualties among the population. Turkmenistan did not take any meaningful steps to improve the chronically blatant human rights situation despite the devastating conclusion of a key UN expert body, the Human Rights Committee in March, which considered Turkmenistan’s observance of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and made detailed recommendations on the problems identified.

The government forcibly sends dissidents to psychiatric institutions and persecutes people who have fallen into disfavor with the authorities. Known political prisoners are serving long sentences on trumped up charges, while the country remains closed to any independent human rights monitoring. Independent civil society activists and journalists cannot work freely, human rights defenders are constantly at risk of repression from the government.

In Uzbekistan, despite the “liberalization” of courts and prisons repeatedly declared by the authoritarian President Islam Karimov, torture remains an endemic phenomenon in the criminal justice system of a country that does not have an independent judiciary. For example, in July, police in the west of the country detained the Jehovah's Gulchehr Abdullayev on suspicion of possessing "forbidden" literature. Abdullayeva complained that at four o'clock in the heat the police put her face to the wall without food or water. After that, they put a gas mask on her head and blocked the access of air.

The government sponsors forced labor of adults and children to pick cotton; For the fourth year in a row, it refused to comply with the request of the International Labor Organization to send independent observers to monitor the harvest.

The United States, the European Union and its individual member countries in their relations with the Central Asian states in 2012, focused primarily on economics, energy and security issues in the context of Afghanistan, Human Rights Watch said.

“Too often in Washington, Brussels and European capitals they solved their own problems, instead of linking development with improving human rights in Central Asia,” says Hugh Williamson. “Silence against persistent human rights violations in the long run only increases risks for stability and security to which government policies systematically ignore the rule of law. "

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  1. aksakal
    aksakal 4 February 2013 07: 25
    Oh, finally, it’s our turn to democratize! We are waiting for a visit! -)))))).
    With all the attributes due - a horde of shaitanists, planes, bombs and a no-fly zone! It is only necessary to take into account that Kazakhstan's air defense is more powerful and integrated into the Russian system, and the ground operation is extremely difficult - Kazakhstan is too far from the deployment of the main "executors". Let them think.
    I would like a response from the Kazakhstani Foreign Ministry in the following spirit - in a diplomatic manner "go where grandfather Makar did not drive the calves!"
    1. dirty trick
      dirty trick 4 February 2013 07: 37
      Quote: aksakal
      Oh, finally, it’s our turn to democratize! We are waiting for a visit! -)))))).
      With all the attributes due - a horde of shaitanists, planes, bombs and a no-fly zone! It is only necessary to take into account that Kazakhstan's air defense is more powerful and integrated into the Russian system, and the ground operation is extremely difficult - Kazakhstan is too far from the deployment of the main "executors". Let them think.

      they think - how to drive an aircraft carrier into the Caspian Sea !!!
      although, neighboring Azerbaijan (in the sense of providing its airdromes) can make things worse here - they are too close to Turkey, Israel, etc.
      1. Vodrak
        Vodrak 4 February 2013 08: 04
        We will drown him in Balkhash by fishermen
      2. Oleg14774
        Oleg14774 4 February 2013 08: 21
        It is possible that for this kind of action and come close!
      3. Goga
        Goga 4 February 2013 08: 30
        dirty trick - Colleague, but for this Russia is pumping the Caspian flotilla with the latest ships, so that no one would have the desire to rent out airfields or base them on these airfields.
        Here it is unlikely that it will come to military intervention - so they will try to take it, from the inside, through their own rotten ones - Well, after all, the USSR - no one bombed and the aircraft carriers were not nearby, but they destroyed ... Such a "war" is more terrible than usual - how do you know the enemy? everyone seems to be their own, but how later (just later) it turns out that not all ... recourse
    2. Goga
      Goga 4 February 2013 08: 23
      aksakal - Greetings, Colleague, and the appetite, as you know, comes during the night ... these "humanists" now after the "Arab", wanted a "Central Asian" spring? I wonder if they are all one-eyed there? This is what they see in Central Asia - a quote - "long-standing problems with human rights, such as widespread impunity for torture" - and the fact that in the United States in half of the states, for many years, they have been legally using torture = - none of them see? And the illegal CIA prisons, Guantanamo, finally? A strange aberration of vision among the "humanist-satanists". Well, yes, the mongrel barks, and the caravan goes (at least you can confidently say so about Kazakhstan).
      1. Igarr
        Igarr 4 February 2013 08: 44
        Well, you Kazakhstani guys, right?
        Are you trying anyhow whom - and not the one whom you would have to?
        Are you subjecting house arrests - instead of ... to mines?
        С fundamental freedoms Are you in trouble?
        This pretzel is Hugh Williamson, director of Human Rights Watch for Europe and Central Asia. - Do not let on your party?
        Joking as a joke, and Yugoslavia began with almost the same set.
        Last week, an American diplomat was lugging there .... and you missed him - you didn’t give him freedom to try, either under house arrest or .. basic freedom.
        Ominous claims of the "Watch for Human Rights".
        I’m waiting - when the splurge from you to the State Department .. flies.
        1. Kaa
          Kaa 4 February 2013 09: 22
          Quote: Igarr
          I’m waiting - when you have a splash in the State Department .. will fly

          It is advisable from Baikonur, and not with the astronauts ... in an extreme case, we will give a loan ...
          1. AKOL
            AKOL 4 February 2013 09: 52
            Well, damn it, it turns out right and wrong with us, how am I going to live now with violated rights.
            1. Egoza
              Egoza 4 February 2013 12: 24
              Quote: AKOL
              how am I going to live now with violated rights.

              It was always amazing how these "neighbors from the far street" manage to know what is going on in our house. Moreover, they advise how to live.
              And you need to live without regard to their opinion! Just as you see fit!
  2. ed65b
    ed65b 4 February 2013 08: 12
    They will shaitanit quietly from neighboring states. And inside prepare 5 column.
  3. Kaa
    Kaa 4 February 2013 08: 13
    Well, now, the mess will begin when such specialists are connected
    Any statement by Amnesty International (AI) or American Human Rights Watch (HRW) in relation to violations (actual or perceived) of human rights in the Russian Federation follows a corresponding "revelatory" posting by the Moscow Memorial Society or the Moscow Helsinki Group Since the mid-90s of the last century, the name of this human rights organization has not left the pages of Western newspapers and magazines.Leading American and European newspapers published statements and appeals of its leadership; television channels provided its leaders and functionaries with air; state institutions and officials gave answers to HRW requests. Not a single military action by state power structures to restore law and order on its territory escaped the eyes of HRW observers and employees: military operations by the Indonesian army to suppress the separatist rebellion; police anti-terrorist operations of the Yugoslav army in Kosovo, the Russian army in Chechnya. And always in the conflict zone - before and after the end of military operations - HRW employees, or their colleagues in the local "brotherly" Helsinki Group, who "recorded" human rights violations and brought them to the attention of the wider international community, the governments of Western countries and the UN. In their statements and appeals to the President and the US Congress, the leadership of this American organization demanded the application of political, economic, diplomatic, police and even military sanctions against foreign states - Yugoslavia, Indonesia, Macedonia, Russia. In other words, HRW took over the functions of information and propaganda support for diplomatic, economic and military intervention of NATO countries, primarily the United States, in the internal affairs of other countries. While the openly declared mission of the US Helsinki Watch Committee was to observe ("monitor") the state of human rights in all states that signed the Helsinki Agreement, and primarily in the USSR and the Warsaw Bloc countries. the new human rights organization was created with the direct participation of not only well-known political figures of the American liberal establishment (Arthur Goldberg, Arie Neyer, Jerome Shestak), but also of the largest manufacturing and financial corporations in the United States. So there is no reason to speak of Human Rights Watch as a public organization. All sections of Human Rights Watch were funded primarily by Jewish charities. These are Aaron Diamond Foundation, JM Kaplan Foundation, Revson Foundation, Scherman Foundation... As in the late 70s, Human Rights Watch continued to be funded by the Ford Foundation. Among the new "donors" there were well-known multimillion-dollar philanthropic foundations, but the most "fateful" decision that influenced not only the nature of HRW's activities and the choice of objects of its criticism, but also the very mission of the organization, became its "alliance" with the stock speculator, billionaire George Soros (George Soros)... As in the early 90s, Human Rights Watch regularly issues its "statements" and "reports" on human rights violations in virtually every country on the planet. However, the statistics of these reports show a clear "addiction" that HRW has for some countries, especially to those who resist "decolonization" and integration into the "world community". First of all, to Russia, Yugoslavia (now to Serbia), Belarus, Iraq. Http://
  4. Ustas
    Ustas 4 February 2013 08: 19
    Human Rights Watch Report on Central Asia: Impairments in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan Shocking
    The democratizers are preparing an "Arab spring" for Central Asia.
  5. fenix57
    fenix57 4 February 2013 08: 22
    What a touching concern for the peoples of Central Asia: "Too often Washington, Brussels and European capitals have solved their own problems, instead of linking the development of cooperation with the improvement of the human rights situation in Central Asia ..." - comrades, dear, this is alarming! Somewhere about this it was said, not in the Middle East:
  6. askort154
    askort154 4 February 2013 08: 27
    As the practice of introducing "democracy" in Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, and attempts in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan shows, their strategy is to organize
    fifth column. Only now they add Al-Qaeda to it
    So, the air defense will remain out of the chapel, but there will be a lot of blood. Americans set their sights on Central Asia, to make "their wedge" between China and Russia
  7. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 4 February 2013 09: 01
    One could believe all these "human rights" organizations if they with the same zeal exposed human rights violations in the countries of the "golden billion" or in the Baltic states. But no, you can't bite the giver's hand.
  8. Siberian
    Siberian 4 February 2013 09: 52
    it would be more shocking if the human rights situation improved, or it would be completely cloudless. lol
    1. aksakal
      aksakal 4 February 2013 10: 52
      Quote: SIBERIAN
      it would be more shocking if the human rights situation improved, or it would be completely cloudless

      - mind you, everything is cloudless in Azerbaijan so far. Heydarovich received power from Heydar in a completely democratic way -)))). But something this organization does not see anything like that in Azerbaijan -)))). I have nothing against the Azerbaijanis, but such a selective approach of the Amers and, in general, the impudent Saxons, when they see some very noticeable nuances in the post-Soviet space, which is basically homogeneous in terms of human rights, drives a wedge into the previously fraternal countries (sisters in the USSR) ... But I think that all this is useless, I would like to hope. I would like to hope that if Azerbaijan somewhere against Iran can go to meet amers and Jews, then against the previously fraternal countries will be categorically against and very harshly reject all "tempting" proposals in this regard.
      1. Siberian
        Siberian 4 February 2013 20: 12
        I hope the Aliyevs are prudent enough ... They will solve the problem with Armenia and resume integration processes in the post-Soviet space ...
  9. Apollo
    Apollo 4 February 2013 10: 34
    the organization's methods of work are not new. First, the organization "Human Rights Watch", the main ideological mouthpiece of the United States, fires volleys at one country or another, yelling about violations of human rights. Then the United States is involved, with its political and economic sanctions. situations resort to military force.
    The fact that Human Rights Watch is working closely with the Department of State is, I hope, not news. laughing
  10. Nomad
    Nomad 4 February 2013 10: 58
    We have no opposition. There are political prostitutes on foreign content and there are runaway thieves who pose as wrestlers with cutting.
  11. Vdr
    Vdr 4 February 2013 14: 59
    Is it so bad?
  12. Circle
    Circle 4 February 2013 16: 23
    Quote: aksakal
    the ground operation is extremely difficult - Kazakhstan is too far from the deployment of the main "executors".

    It may happen that the performers are not so far away. After all, Kazakhstan (like Russia) agreed withdrawal of troops and equipment of the alliance through its territory from Afghanistan. Hypothetically: you never know what order they can receive in the process.
  13. Circle
    Circle 7 February 2013 06: 44
    What kind of delusional justification for the withdrawal of troops through Azerbaijan? Or is it just my opinion: through Afghanistan and Iraq they found a reason to consolidate troop in Eurasia and exit (through the countries of the former USSR) to the southern borders of Russia?
    After nearly fifty years of the Cold War, they learned to wait. As well as using time as a good disguise of your own actions.