Special units in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (previously - OGPU, NKVD) existed practically since the establishment of Soviet power. For example, units of special purpose successfully fought against the kulak riots and carried out prodrozapstku.
In the eighties of the last century, with the beginning of perestroika, instability in society began to increase in the USSR, a wave of mass popular demonstrations began, the number of robberies and robberies multiplied, and the police had to perform new functions, including maintaining law and order in zones of interethnic conflicts. The leadership of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs, keeping up with the times, by order No. 0210 of 1 in October, 1987 created special-purpose units designed to protect the rule of law in case of major accidents and natural disasters, and suppress group antisocial manifestations. October 3 1988 of the year, on the basis of the order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR No. 0206, in order to suppress group hooligan manifestations and riots, the fight against organized crime, the first special purpose police 19 were organized in four republics that were part of the USSR.
In the RSFSR, detachments appeared in the 14 regions: the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Bashkir ASSR, the Main Department of Internal Affairs of the Moscow Regional Executive Committee, the Moscow Regional Executive Committee, the Leningrad Regional Executive Committee, the Internal Affairs Directorate of the Krasnodar and the Krasnoyarsk Territory of the Executive Committee, the Internal Affairs Directorate of the Voronezh, Irkutsk, Kuibyshevsky District Department of Administrative Offices of the Regional Executive Committee of the Voronezh, Irkutsk Regional Executive Committees The choice was not accidental, several factors played a role: the geographical location of the subject, its size and economic condition, the number of places of detention, the criminal situation requiring power permits.
Alexey Koltsov, deputy commander of the detachment:
- 22 November 1988, by order of the head of the Internal Affairs Directorate of the Krasnodar Regional Executive Committee, a detachment of 150 people was formed. The first commander was appointed police major Tengiz Gugunovich Jijihiy. He is now a retired police colonel.
Jijihia recruited to the squad guys, who served in the police for at least three years, having sports grades and by their moral and business qualities capable of performing tasks of any complexity.
After Tengiz Gugunovich, the detachment was commanded by police colonels Sergey Vasilyevich Shuraev, Alexey Dmitrievich Senyuk, Alexey Georgievich Bryukhnov, police lieutenant colonel Alexander Sergeevich Pyanov. Since September 2005, the commander has been a holder of three Orders of Courage, Order For Services to the Fatherland 4 degrees, police colonel Oleg Vladimirovich Yakushev. Currently, we are not only one of the largest personnel and armored vehicles in the Russian riot police, but also one of the most mobile and well-coordinated units in the MVD system.
The squad received baptism of fire in 1992 year, in the zone of the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict. Then he participated in law enforcement in Moscow during the 1993 events of the year.
We have “scooped” the first Chechen campaign since November 1994. After short tactical exercises and pre-armament in the Cossack Camps of the Rostov Region, they arrived in Mozdok, from there December 31, as part of the group of Interior Ministry forces, entered Grozny. Since January 10, 1995 has been stationed at the city's milk plant.
As the army liberated Grozny advanced, so did we. Exhibited posts on important sections of the road, at the crossroads occupied nearby houses, cleaned the city blocks, helped the civilian population.
At dawn 20 February, after a night fire contact, we went in two groups to clean up a residential multi-storey building, which later became the headquarters of GUOSH. One group was led by senior police sergeant Sergey Buldakov. The militant sniper, entrenched in the nine-story building opposite, shot Sergey through the entrance window, who was killed while performing a combat mission.
The detachment suffered the next loss at home, near Krasnodar. April 26 from the military unit of the city of Novorossiysk escaped conscripts. Armed with a machine gun, he stopped the Novorossiysk-Rayevskaya regular bus, shot one passenger and ordered the driver to go in the direction of Krasnodar. In the Takhtamukaysky district of the Republic of Adygea during the detention of a criminal, at night from 27 to 28 in April, the platoon commander, senior police lieutenant Viktor Zhilinsky was killed.
In March-April, the detachment participated in operations in the area of the village of Samashki.
Evgeny Gizhrilovich Bizhko, veteran of the squad:
- In August 1996 years in the performance of service and combat missions in Staropromyslovskiy commandant of Grozny combined unit consisting of SWAT and riot Krasnodar, Karelian OMON internal troops SMVCH-42 from Togliatti, a total of about 250 people, was surrounded and blocked the militants warlord Wahi Arsanova. From 6 to 20 in August, we were completely surrounded, isolated from the outside world, without water and food. The ammunition was considered to be very economical, and therefore survived, not allowed to be captured or destroyed.
The commandant's office was located in two two-story buildings. Since the beginning of the fighting, we have expanded our sector of fire, taking the next two five-story buildings. A timid attempt by the GUOSh command to unblock the commandant’s office was not successful. Militants did not miss the convoy of three cars to the kindergarten by shooting trucks with grenade launchers.
18 August militants put armored vehicles on a direct lead, presented the fourth ultimatum, where the question was raised not to surrender, but “going to the airport“ Severny ”with weapons, equipment and ammunition. In case of refusal, they promised to burn us, and not to kill the wounded, but to cut them. They missed the deputy commandant of Grozny, lieutenant colonel Grudnov, who, after a meeting with the personnel, reported to the commandant Andreevsky, who ordered to leave the commandant’s office. All responsibility for the exit Grudnov took over. Together with us, he managed to withdraw from the encirclement the garrison of the checkpoint-12.
In general, история with a turbid environment. Sometimes there was a feeling that the command simply wrote us off. The feeling intensified when the commanders received not awards for leaving the encirclement, but accusations and problems on their gray heads. True, life has put everything in its place.
In those days, a scout from the Vityaz squadron distinguished himself. On a truck loaded with dry rations, he single-handedly pushed through to our Staropromyslovsky commandant's office. He managed somehow to drive past several ambushes of militants. But still it was stopped. Directly opposite our windows. He was dragged out of the car, began to interrogate. The scout pretended to be an idiot, introduced himself as a rear man from Novosibirsk, who was in Chechnya for the first day. He told a story about eternal friendship, peace and love between Russians and Chechens, played a whole performance. Militants laughed and let the guy back home. I do not know his name and surname, I know that he is a “rat-end officer”. I would like to find this courageous man and thank him very much. I managed to photograph him among the militants and would gladly give him this memorable card.
- It all began with an ambush on Staropromyslovskom highway 6 August. At six in the morning, the engineering reconnaissance from the battalion of internal troops, accompanied by our escort, moved from the commandant's office to inspect the road: to the left - before turning to Severny airport, to the right - to the metal base. It was alarmed that the driver of the regular bus that drove towards him was bulging to the limit, like a frog pulled out of the water. There is also a strange aunt came out of the yard, pulled the wires and ran away. Exactly, shuffling around the ruins, I noticed fighters with grenade launchers hiding in the metal warehouse. I noticed them and our head patrol, opened fire from machine guns. From the private sector began to shoot at us. Further more - they drove out of grenade launchers, put out of action the armored personnel carrier and the "Ural", wounded five soldiers. We lay down on the sidelines, shot out, carried out the wounded from under the shelling. Alexander Sakhnovsky tried, although he caught a bullet in his hand when he was carrying another fighter on himself for shelter.
An hour and a half later we managed to return to the commandant's office. And the patrol, cut off by a flat piece of terrain, remained in the quarter of the five-story building. Seeing that the leadership was not in a hurry to send a maneuverable group behind them, Bizhko snapped out: “Who cares about the fate of our little brothers, follow me on armor!” I recruited volunteers and left the commandant’s office.
Returning to the "box" for the scouts, they managed not only to take them with them, but also to suppress several militant firing points.
In the morning of August 13, Sergey Lyuty, a senior police lieutenant, an engineer engineer of the OMON technical department, died from a sniper's bullet.
He was posthumously awarded the Order of Courage.
- The fighter served the 34 "calendar". Everyone saw, went through a lot, but worse and crazier than the January Grozny 1995 sample of the year - there was nothing.
We drive into the city, and there everything burns, smokes, explodes. Somewhere a chorus of yelling, somewhere ringing silence. Broken houses, ruined trees, plowed tracks of armored vehicles and craters from the shells of the road. Corpses on the sides, riddled cars in the courtyards, the old men between the houses, like ghosts, loom. Horror. I, an adult, thirty-year-old man, and could not imagine that this is not an excerpt from a film about the war, but real life.
After that, he became philosophical about many things and truly valued life. The starry sky, a mug of hot tea, the warmth of a campfire, even nasty rain with snow, from which the legs cramped and crushed in the teeth, seemed to be a miracle sent by the Creator. Miraculously, because the hands and feet are in place, and you are alive.
The 9 – 10 fights of January 2000 were very cruel, when the militants occupied the railway station and the commandant’s office of Argun. In Shali, they seized the local administration building, two schools, and blocked the military commander's office. In Gudermes, after delivering a distracting blow to the police convoy near the village of Dzhalka, they blocked the commandant's office, taking prisoners. The area of the Caucasus highway Grozny - Argun - Gudermes passed under the control of the enemy. We, having advanced to the aid of the food column of the 33 Brigade of the internal troops, ourselves came under heavy fire from the bandits.
By the time we arrived at the scene, many servicemen in the convoy died or were injured, the vehicles were burning, and the ammunition was detonated.
During the stubborn battle, we managed to unblock the column and take it out of the fire.
On the night of January 21, policeman Vladimir Filatov and senior police officer Alexander Gerasimenko were killed in Gudermes.
The cumulative projectile fired by the militants hit the two-storey building of the Medical Instruments plant where our LDPE was located. The building caught fire, ammunition began to explode and walls and ceilings collapsed. Gerasimenko and Filatov helped stunned and contused comrades to get out into the street. Volodya, coming out of the building, noticed that Sasha was gone, threw a sheepskin coat over himself, poured cold water from a bucket on top and entered the porch to look for a friend. Another explosion of detonated ammunition followed. More from the building did not come out alive.
- I'll tell you about the engineering and technical department, we have not only the fighters of operational mouths risk their lives!
Once, during racketeering, racketeers twisted their arms behind their backs and hooked an explosive device around their necks to a Krasnodar businessman. Our employees, having entered the room through the window, managed to “fix” the situation in a timely manner and defuse the bomb. Especially distinguished explosive Sergey B., who saved the life of a businessman.
I can not forget the former head of the engineering department, Vladimir Gorenitsa, a highly qualified specialist who previously led the engineering service of 15 OBRSNG GRU, a veteran of Afghanistan, who brought up a shift not only from textbooks, but also from practical training. For example, the neutralization of an anti-tank mine of an 1998 model of the year equipped with an incomprehensible clockwork mechanism in January 1962.
Then the outfit of the line ATC patrol officer found a suspicious plastic bag at 4 in the morning at the railway station building, in the corner on the landing. First of all, we organized the evacuation of railway workers and passengers (there were about 150 people in the station building and on the platforms), we cordoned off the adjacent streets and the station square. Then they carried the find to the station square and opened the package. The timer has been set at 7 in the morning. Victims could number in the hundreds. Sappers microblasted repelled on a mine fuse, and the mine itself was transferred to the FSB.
Once, an extraordinary explosive device, found in a Krasnodar organization, was cleared of mine. Mina was equipped with a photocell and hid in a cardboard box. It was enough to open the lid - a beam of light fell on the fuse, and the tragedy would have been unavoidable.
In the village of Seversk of the Krasnodar Territory, a radio-controlled (mobile phone installed in the countdown mode) homemade explosive device was deactivated with a mass of 350 grams of explosive installed under the gas tank of a passenger car.
Employees of the detachment Vitaly Fastovich and Nikolai Alekhin, in Grozny, defused 11 IEDs with a total mass of 311 kg in TNT equivalent. They made 57 engineering reconnaissance exits, found two bases with mine-explosive equipment and ammunition. During the next engineering reconnaissance as a result of an attack by militants, both employees received mine-explosive contusions and wounds.
Sergey, company commander:
- In the riot police do not go for the money. Of course, our salary is higher than that of employees of other departments, but you cannot earn big money here, and the material side is not the first.
Our guys are real fans of their business. Tactics, mountaineering and assault, physical and fire training, hand-to-hand combat. And so from day to day, from year to year. Plus, alarm trips to any point of the region and business trips to the North Caucasus. Male work.
Everything happened in Chechnya. For example, we were lucky in the Nozhaj-Yurt district of Chechnya: on the threshold of the parents' house they tied the so-called “captain of the military intelligence of the National Guard of Ichkeria”. Then they caught a man who had recruited young people to study in foreign training camps. They found a Russian guy who had been listed on the federal wanted list for many years, while he himself lived quietly in the Chechen aul.
In the fall of 2001, we, in a joint operation with the Organized Crime Control Department in the Chechen Republic, detained an 27-year-old resident of Grozny involved in the murder of the head of administration of Sernovodsk.
A week later, the militants blew up a radio-controlled landmine, seriously wounding five of our employees (A. V. Smirnova, O. Yu. Eremenko, A. V. Sakhnovsky, A. V. Kostyuchenko, A. P. Kirienkova) and four representatives of the regional administration, escorted a convoy with humanitarian aid intended for residents of the village of Lermontov-Yurt and police officers of the interim department of internal affairs. Oleg Aksenenko, deputy chairman of the Krasnodar Youth Affairs Committee, died of his wounds.
I’ll say that our employees are much more than just delaying or eliminating militants.
8 July 2012, when the flood occurred in the city of Krymsk and the village of Nizhnebakansky, we were among the first to go to the emergency zone.
Krymsk in a few hours turned into a muddy, boiling sea, which was becoming more and more. Only the roofs of two-story houses and treetops protruded from the water. Together with the local police and the Ministry of Emergency Situations, we used the BTR-80 and trucks to get to the most inaccessible areas of the city and took people off the roofs of the flooded houses. Diving sappers dived into the swirling streams of dirt, taking the bodies of people from the rubble and flooded transport, made cables for the equipment and collapsed power transmission pylons, then the armored personnel carriers freed the streets and carriageways from the rubble. Our fighters evacuated 180 people, mostly women and old people, from the disaster area.
- Armed clashes with militants in Chechnya is becoming less. The militants moved to the territory of Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Ingushetia. The detachment is engaged in ensuring public order and security of state and strategic facilities in these republics. We guard Gimry tunnel - the longest road tunnel in Russia and the CIS countries. Its length is 4285 meters, and, for example, Roki tunnel - 3660 meters. Connecting the city of Buinaksk and the village of Gimry, the tunnel provides the shortest transport connection with the Irganayskaya HPP, as well as the 9 regions of the mountainous Dagestan connects with the railway and the center of the republic. With a closed tunnel from Botlikh to Makhachkala, you have to drive around 6 hours, and if through the tunnel, then 2 hours, and you are in Makhachkala.
In 2010, in Dagestan, in two armed clashes, we destroyed two militants, who, apart from weapons, confiscated documentation, which shows that the gangsters were watching the families of prosecutors and were carrying out plans to kidnap or kill not only officers, but also their children. Fortunately, we thwarted the plans of criminals.
Alas, not everything is calm and in the native Kuban. For example, in the autumn of 2008 in Krasnodar, on the Yablonovsky bridge, a resident of Maykop, a member of the Dagestan gang group, who had previously been convicted of theft and fraud, was detained. Dressed in a bulletproof vest, he ran out of a taxi stopped to check and began shooting at the traffic police with a Stechkin pistol. The offender killed one of the DPS officers, wounded three. And a nameless contract soldier who arrived in Krasnodar on a business trip from a military unit stationed in Chechnya, who happened to be nearby, helped to detain the militant.
- In general, our guys are not only in the affairs of the military well done! Igor Ryashin became European judo champion, Zhenya Lipeev - Olympic champion in all-round events, Igor Shekhovtsov - European kickboxing and savatu champion, Gena Besedin - medalist of the Russian Interior Championship in combat weapon shooting, Sergey Shcherban - not only a personnel officer who assembled the first team squad, but also a famous wrestler. Our snipers won prizes not only in departmental tournaments, but also at international special forces competitions.
Riot police. Krasnodar
- Ryan Farukshin