Military Review

Concentration camp Auschwitz: survive and not go crazy

11
January 27 is the anniversary of the liberation by the Soviet troops of the German concentration camp Auschwitz on the territory of modern Poland. Many camps during the war, including the release of Allied troops, but only for the sake of Auschwitz, the front changed the route. It was a gigantic death factory, where prisoners were burned in kilns and poisoned in gas chambers.


“Suicide here did not make sense, because it was impossible to count on how long it was to live,” writes prisoner Auschwitz, one of the greatest spiritual teachers of the twentieth century, Victor Frankl, who believed that it was the meaning that was the driving force of behavior and personal development. In the concentration camp, Frankl remarked that it was not those with better health that survived, but those with a stronger spirit and who had meaning for which to live. Most often it is love.

During the war, the Nazis sent more than a million people to Auschwitz, most of them Jews, so the day of the liberation of this concentration camp by the Red Army is celebrated as the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

In the Polish city of Auschwitz, where the museum of the Auschwitz concentration camp is located, a permanent Russian exposition has opened, where you can now go to school from Russia.

Until now, Russians in Auschwitz were frankly few. We did not enter the top ten by the number of tourists from different countries. Why? Perhaps, victory for us is only a figure of losses, a banner over the Reichstag and a printed step of military parades? And it is too difficult to look into the furnace where they burned us. But just looking there, you will appreciate the parade. After touching, from which they saved Europe, in another way you will see the red flag.

So they met - the former prisoner №105-105 and the Soviet company commander Ivan Martynushkin. As part of the 59 Army of the First Ukrainian Front, he liberated Auschwitz.

And the gleam in his eyes, and not to appease emotions, which were not, when 27 January 1945-th Soviet soldiers find themselves in the territory of Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Famous footage of the meeting - setting. Happy prisoners will be captured a little later - immediately rejoice in barely alive people.

“We somehow looked into each other’s eyes. We could smile. They also tried to smile, which didn’t work out very well,” recalls Ivan Martynushkin.
He hurries to the front, and he learns about the scale of this death factory, like all Soviet citizens, from newspapers. Pravda will write how the Germans rush to take special mobile devices to the rear to kill children, how to escape gas chambers with beautiful turrets before fleeing so that they may leave the garages.

The expert commission will indicate the numbers: "Five crematoria with a capacity of 270 thousand corpses per month." And a military officer, the first Soviet commander of Auschwitz, Lieutenant Colonel Elisovetsky, cannot cope with his feelings. He writes to his wife: “My beloved Ninusya, what I have experienced over the past three days is beyond description. These monsters of the human race were forced to burn their victims from among those destined to death. Moreover, they forced the father to burn their children. I am amazed as these people we saw didn't all go crazy. "

Unique materials on the now permanently Russian exposition in Auschwitz. We prepared the exhibition for three years. Declassified many archives.

“We showed the world that the concentration camp and Auschwitz, and not only Auschwitz and Krakow, were freed through battles. There is a widespread opinion that the Red Army almost came to the green light,” says Director of the Museum of the Patriotic War, Vladimir Zabarovsky.

The 14 block, where Soviet prisoners of war were kept. Of the 15 thousands in Auschwitz, 96 will survive. The first experiments with the gas "Cyclone B" the Nazis put it on them. The SS report officer Gerhard Palic in 1941 personally monitors performance. In a gas mask opens the door of the bunker, sees half-dead, requires to fill up a new portion of granules, improves technology.

In addition to the unnatural, ringing silence, even, untouched snow cover affects almost the entire territory of the former Auschwitz-Birkenau, despite the endless flow of tourists, despite the fact that most of the objects can be approached almost closely. But few dare. Still.

Touch now the museum's barbed wire, which was the border of this death camp, calmly inspect the skeletons of furnaces and ruins, which were real gas chambers, or study the device of the barracks, into which people were taken to die, consciously and also absolutely for real.

70 years ago in Europe, an eight-year-old Polish boy, Henrik, promises an exciting trip to Germany to a chocolate factory. Loaded into a wagon for livestock and driven here. He cries because they - the seven thousand liberated at Auschwitz - should not have been lucky at all. In retreating, the fascists hijacked those who were stronger, made a selection. Those who did not pass it, just did not have time to destroy.

All the memories of these children of Auschwitz about liberation are a story about Russians in white camouflage coats and food.

“Hunger, fear and lice. We were always waiting for us to be led to the crematorium. Liberation was a great happiness,” recalls the former prisoner of Auschwitz, Khalina Bzhozovska.

Halina remembers him still. Of course, beautiful and tall. She persuades the girl not to be afraid, she asks them not to leave. But the soldier leaves, swears to the child that he is very busy - he really needs to go to Berlin.
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11 comments
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  1. Avenger711
    Avenger711 28 January 2013 13: 20
    -1
    Nitsche, almost 70 years have passed, you can go to Russian Ivan again.
    1. Vanek
      Vanek 28 January 2013 13: 50
      0
      This, ask, what are you doing?
      1. crazyrom
        crazyrom 30 January 2013 06: 03
        0
        Quote: Avenger711
        Nitsche, almost 70 years have passed, you can go to Russian Ivan again.


        Nobody will go to war with us anymore, it has already reached them that we cannot be defeated by force. Now they are fighting with us differently, politically and economically, but it wasn’t there, we have already learned to fight here, for 20 years. So the victory will be ours!
    2. Frogfoot 255
      Frogfoot 255 28 January 2013 14: 22
      +3
      Guys. God forbid us to experience this, and to our descendants. Just horror. I want peace in the whole world. War is a nightmare.
  2. The polar
    The polar 28 January 2013 14: 27
    +3
    My grandfather participated in the liberation of one of these camps. But nothing else could be pulled out of it. He said - God forbid to see such
  3. Averias
    Averias 28 January 2013 14: 38
    +1
    Let's just be silent.
  4. atalef
    atalef 28 January 2013 14: 38
    +2
    Auschwitz-Birkenau) is a complex of German concentration camps located in 1940-1945 years west of the Governor-General, near the city of Auschwitz, which in 1939 was annexed by Hitler to the territory of the Third Reich, in 60 km west of Krakow. In world practice, it is customary to use the German name "Auschwitz" [1], and not the Polish "Auschwitz", since it was the German name that was used by the Nazi administration. In the Soviet and Russian reference publications [2] [3] and the media [4] [5], the Polish name is historically primarily used, although German is gradually coming into use [6].
    About 1 300 000 people, of whom about 1 000 000 were Jews, were killed at Auschwitz in 1941-1945 [7]. In the camp in 1947, a museum was created, which is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

    It was a complex of extermination camps. They brought there to kill, not for work, but to kill and burn. It does not matter whom, children, the elderly, women. All in a row and indiscriminately. Nobody should ever forget these crimes of fascism.
    1. vladek64
      vladek64 29 January 2013 23: 06
      0
      Quote: atalef
      They brought there to kill, not for work, but to kill and burn


      I wonder what is the point of bringing from all over Europe 1 300 000 peoplejust to kill? Wasn’t it easier to do this locally? Imagine the cost of only transporting so many people, and also food, gas, fuel for burning ... It turns out some kind of economic madness. What explains such gigantic costs of Germany? If we take into account that in those years Germany was at war and the Germans were clearly not chic.
      Can someone explain?
      1. broneboy1
        broneboy1 30 January 2013 10: 15
        +1
        even in some countries it is forbidden by law to discuss Jewish tales "Prohibition of Holocaust denial"! Cool, it's forbidden not to believe!
        There was no evidence of soap from people, only in 2010, Israeli scientists found at the molecular level some traces in the bar of soap being investigated. But then 60 years everyone was told that the Germans made soap from people ....
        I agree that on people, they arranged experiments in the camps. For example, planting in ice water. It was considered just an act of bullying. Actually, there was the problem of the survival of downed pilots over the Atlantic and other cold seas. Survival methods were developed ... well, so on.
        I hope the Zionists received a full profit from all the victims. nothing to whine, Soviet citizens so 27 million died
  5. broneboy1
    broneboy1 28 January 2013 16: 20
    0
    Uh-huh.
    I was in Sachsenhausen camp on an excursion. So from the guide’s story. In the camps, part of the prisoners became ill, and became very ill, they were transferred to separate barracks where they died. Photos from typhoid barracks everyone saw. The bodies of the dead, where to go ?, they can’t even be buried, so the bodies were burned.
    Gas Cyclone B, is still being produced under the brand name URAGAN D2 in the Czech Republic, as a disinsection, deratization and fumigation agent.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 28 January 2013 17: 49
      +1
      Quote: broneboy1
      I was in Sachsenhausen camp on an excursion. So from the guide’s story. In the camps, part of the prisoners became ill, and became very ill, they were transferred to separate barracks where they died. Photos from typhoid barracks everyone saw. The bodies of the dead, where to go ?, they can’t even be buried, so the bodies were burned.
      Gas Cyclone B, is still being produced under the brand name URAGAN D2 in the Czech Republic, as a disinsection, deratization and fumigation agent.

      Are you an excuse or what? Just burned the dead from typhoid? A cyclone, like, mice were poisoned?
      1. broneboy1
        broneboy1 28 January 2013 20: 07
        0
        Of course not!
        I really liked this site. and topics covered are interesting, geopolitics. TTX analysis, etc.
        but komenty sometimes make me doubt

        you do not watch analytics on Vesti 24?

        So, in the Soviet army, recruits were shaved bald, they took all civilian clothes and were led naked to the bath for what?
        Perhaps you think to humiliate the person?
  6. SEM
    SEM 28 January 2013 21: 47
    0
    Everyone who wants to untie a warrior needs to be brainwashed for a couple of months at such a resort))), and if he doesn’t heal, then what else will help.