Military Review

The guns on the railway transporter. French 305-mm cannons M 1893 / 96, M 1906 and M 1906 / 10

In addition to outdated 320-millimeter coastal guns, Schneider mounted transporters designed for 274-millimeter guns and modern 305-millimeter long-range marine guns. The 305-mm 1893 / 96 M gun, developed at the beginning of the 1890-s for linear ships of the class “Lena”, was among the first to be installed on the transporter. Like most naval guns, the gun had a large barrel length (41,9 caliber) and was distinguished by a fairly high initial velocity of the projectile - 795 m / s. 348-kilogram high-explosive shells were fired at enemy concentration sites and enemy fortifications, while the firing range was 27,5 km.

When using ballistic-tipped shells, the firing range reached 30,9 km. Since the loads arising from the order of fire were much greater than those of 274-millimeter cannons, the main conveyor beam was strengthened, and the five-axle railway carts were replaced with six-axle ones. The rest of the construction of the conveyor remained unchanged.

The tests carried out confirmed the suitability of the conveyor upgraded in this way for the installation of high power tools. This made it possible for Schneider to design railway artillery installations with 305 mm M 1906 and M 1906/10 naval guns, with a barrel length of 46,5 calibers. The M 1906 gun was developed at the beginning of the 1906th century for the last French battleship of the Danton class, and the M 10/1893 gun for the lean Bart dreadnought. For firing, the same shells were used as for the M 96/859 gun, however, the initial speed was 30,8 m / s, the firing range was 315 km. When using a 34-kilogram high-explosive projectile with a ballistic tip, the firing range increased to XNUMX km. This made it possible to hit important targets even deep behind enemy lines.

It is noteworthy that the 1906 М and 1906 / 10 М were developed for installation in the newest machines having rollback along the axis of the bore, but they had to be used on rather primitive carriages-conveyors, in which the recoil energy was extinguished after the recoil of the entire artillery installation. It should also be noted that a large mass of guns (about 54 tons) led to a significant increase in the mass of artillery rail installations (up to 208 tons), and the increased dimensions of the gun caused the maximum elevation angle to be limited to + 35 degrees.

Performance characteristics of guns M 1893 / 96 and M 1906:
Caliber - 305 mm
Barrel length - 41,9 gauges / 46,5 gauges;
The largest angle of elevation is 39,5 degrees / 38,0 degrees;
Angle of horizontal fire - 0 hail .;
Weight in the fighting position - 208000 kg;
The mass of the high-explosive projectile - 348,0 kg;
The initial velocity of the projectile - 795 m / s / 859 m / s;
The greatest range of shooting - 27500 m / 30800 m.

Based on: http: //
Articles from this series:
The guns on the railway transporter. French 155 mm 1877 M
The guns on the railway transporter. French 164-mm cannons M 1893, M 1893 / 96 and M 1893 / 96 M
The guns on the railway transporter. French 274-mm cannons M 1887 / 93 and M 1893 / 96
The guns on the railway transporter. French 240 mm 1884 / 17 M
The guns on the railway transporter. French 305-mm cannons M 1893 / 96, M 1906 and M 1906 / 10

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  1. MilaPhone
    MilaPhone 30 January 2013 09: 28
    Yeah - the caliber is not frail.
    By the way, by the beginning of World War II, the USSR Navy had 11 batteries of railway artillery from 37 long-range transporting guns (six 356 mm, nine 305 mm, two 203 mm and twenty 180 mm). Armored trains armed with guns up to 107 mm caliber took part from the USSR. During the defense of Leningrad, more than 20 railway batteries were used, including 130 mm and 152 mm ship guns delivered to the conveyors.

    Soviet 305-mm gun TM-3-12 in the fort Krasnaya Gorka
  2. Iraclius
    Iraclius 30 January 2013 09: 33
    Why did the French name three different systems with one designation - M 1893 / 96? They themselves were not confused? The second question is how was this fool transported across railway bridges? Or immediately collected on the spot? What was the accuracy of the shooting?
  3. AlexMH
    AlexMH 30 January 2013 12: 19
    Railway transporters of large calibers with the ability to fire only along the axis of the track required complex work on equipping positions. Since the guidance of such a weapon is carried out by moving along the radius of the track, it is practically necessary to lay a separate railway line at the intended position of the weapon, which strongly unmasks it from the air and excludes a sudden strike. Before the war, it was supposed to use them for coastal defense on previously prepared branches of the tracks, but such a need did not arise. Therefore, the role of these machines in the conditions of mobile warfare and widespread use of aviation was very insignificant, although you can read the abundant history / mythology about the use of Dora by the Germans during the siege of Sevastopol. But 180-mm conveyors with circular fire (albeit with stops) were in great demand, including during the defense of Leningrad. In general, large-caliber guns / transporters were some relic of the First World War, when the war was trench, and aviation was weak, and delighting the military with their huge DOULS, they did not bring real benefit to either side in the Second World War.
  4. gtc5ydgs
    gtc5ydgs 30 January 2013 17: 53
    Have you heard the news? The Russian authorities are already insolent in the end. They made this database
    zipurl. ws / sngbaza where you can find information about any resident of Russia, Ukraine and other CIS countries. I was really very surprised, there are a lot of interesting things about me (addresses, phone numbers, even my photos of a different nature) - I wonder where they dug it up. In general, there are good sides - this information can be removed from the site.
    I advise you to hurry, you never know how to fumble there ...
  5. Prohor
    Prohor 30 January 2013 19: 21
    Well, the French, apparently, were buzzing hard, having developed so much naval artillery. They had to put on the railway conveyors with the beginning of the First World battleship, why go broke on some guns! laughing
  6. Hunter 2-1
    Hunter 2-1 2 February 2013 20: 22
    earlier, how much metal was transferred to such guns, and now one rocket can solve the whole problem smile