In the workshop, in a solemn ceremony, they launched the construction of a new vessel. This submarine is created to solve difficult problems: conducting research in various areas of the oceans, participation in search and rescue operations. Also, by means of this nuclear submarine, the installation and inspection of scuba equipment, monitoring of submarine highways, and testing of new scientific research equipment will be carried out. The submarine will be the carrier of deep-sea rescue and uninhabited autonomous underwater vehicles.
The 09852 project was developed at the TsKB MT Rubin OJSC (St. Petersburg). The design of the 949A missile submarine of the 20 project was taken as the basis. In fact, the 09852 December ceremonies were repackaged by the K-329 Belgorod created the modified project 949A. The construction of Belgorod began at the SMP in 1990. This boat was formally laid down on 24 on July 1992, becoming the first vessel of the modified project 949.In 2006, the construction of Belgorod was discontinued. is ready st was about 76% now "Belgorod" will complete the project 09852 as a great nuclear submarine carrier uninhabited and manned submersibles Customer -.. General Directorate of the Russian Defense Ministry deepwater research (head of department - Vice Admiral Burilichev AV)
The right to establish a mortgage board was presented to the General Director of Sevmash and the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. Victor Chirkov noted the contribution of the enterprise to the development of the domestic nuclear fleet and wished the shipbuilders success in creating the Russian nuclear shield. In turn, Mikhail Budnichenko emphasized that the enterprise would make every effort to ensure that the submarine served on the continuation of many meth, had high reliability and ensured the fulfillment of the tasks assigned to it.
The nuclear submarine project with anti-ship cruise missiles was developed by LMPB Rubin. The management was carried out by the chief designer Pustyntsev P.P. After his death in August 1977, the chief designer was appointed I.L. Baranova. The 949A project - the development of the 949 project with an updated layout and an additional compartment of a robust case. Originally planned to build a large series of 20 SSGNs.
In the Navy, the boats of the project received the unofficial name "Baton" - because of the hull shape and impressive size.
Two-part design. AK-33 steel (developed by the Prometheus Central Research Institute) with millimeter 45-68 thickness was used to manufacture a robust case. The robust hull was divided from 10 compartments, having a cylindrical shape of variable diameter in the middle and fore parts of the submarine. The end bulkheads of the robust hull were made by casting, and had the following radii: bow - 8 m, feed - 6,5 m. Missile launchers are located at an angle 45 degrees to the horizon outside the solid hull. The design of the submarine is specially equipped for use in the Arctic regions - there are special reinforcements for cutting and light hull.
The durable submarine hull is divided into 10 compartments:
The second for the placement of batteries and the central control compartment;
The third is the radio room and combat posts;
Fourth - living quarters;
Fifth (additional compartment) - auxiliary mechanisms and electrical equipment;
The sixth is auxiliary mechanisms;
Seventh - reactor;
Eighth and ninth - turbine, GTZA;
Tenth - rowing motors.
The length of the fence retractable devices is 29 meters. It is a rescue pop-up camera capable of accommodating the entire crew of the submarine. Also in the fence are placed two VIPS devices serving for firing hydroacoustic countermeasures, as well as containers with anti-aircraft guided missiles for Igla-1 MANPADS. A degaussing device is located along the light housing. The lightweight body is covered with an anti-acrylic coating.
The length of the strong hull of submarines of the project 949А on 10 meters is longer than the length of the strong hull of submarines of the 949-th project. The rudder dimensions are also larger than the 949 project.
The propulsion system of the submarines of the 949 project is unified with the installation of the 941 project and is completely identical to the 949 project. The unit has a block design with two-stage damping.
The propulsion system consisted of:
Two water-cooled nuclear reactors OK-650.01 and OK-650.02 with a power of 190 mW;
Two steam generating installations;
Two "Azurit" block steam-turbine units with GTSA OK-9DM (power of each 49000-50000 hp);
Two backup electric motor PG-106, power of each 306 hp (according to other data 225 hp);
Two-shaft propulsion, 6 bladed twin screws fixed pitch;
Two turbogenerators, power of each 3200 kW;
Two backup diesel generator DG-190 / ASDG-800, power of each 800 kW;
Lead-acid rechargeable battery - two groups of 152 pcs.
Options hypothetical use of the boat carrier "Belgorod":
According to the official version, the carrier boat will carry several or one manned deep-sea rescue vehicle and several uninhabited autonomous vehicles. Probably, the latter will be located on the site of the rocket launchers project 949A. The second hypothetical version is that the submarine will carry a deep-sea nuclear power plant of the 10831 project type or the type of the proposed 18510М project. It is possible that in this variant a door will be installed in the case, in the niche of which the means of servicing and docking of the portable AGS will be installed.
Tactical characteristics of the submarine "Belgorod" (according to the project 949AM):
Displacement overhead - 14700 t;
Underwater displacement - 23860 t;
Maximum length - 154 m;
Maximum body width - 18,2 m;
Average draft - 9,2 m;
The power plant - 2 nuclear reactor OK-650В, power of each 190 MW;
Surface speed - 15 nodes;
Submerged speed - 33 node;
Working depth - 420 m;
Maximum immersion depth - 500 m;
The autonomy of swimming - 120 days;
Based on materials: