Operation Suvorov of the Red Army, which developed the success of the Battle of Kursk

Operation Suvorov of the Red Army, which developed the success of the Battle of Kursk

Operation Suvorov or the Smolensk strategic operation, which lasted from August 7 to October 2, 1943, became a continuation of the Battle of Kursk and part of the overall strategic offensive of the Red Army.

In preparing the above-mentioned operation, the Soviet command pursued two goals at once. Firstly, the defeat of the Wehrmacht armies of the Center group, which posed a threat to the capital, being in close proximity to Moscow. Secondly, an offensive was planned in the Smolensk direction. It was here that the Wehrmacht troops built a powerful defense that could not be overcome with one blow.

As a result, the Soviet command decided to divide the operation into three stages. The offensive was planned on a front 600 km long.

At the first stage, which took place from August 7 to 20, the troops of the Western and Kalinin Fronts under the command of Colonel General V.D. Sokolovsky and Colonel General A.I. Eremenko broke through the enemy’s defenses.

Then, from August 21 to September 6, the Red Army advanced approximately 40 km into the depths of the echeloned defense of the fascist invaders in a westerly direction.

The third stage of Operation Suvorov was the liberation of the cities of Smolensk and Roslavl, followed by access to the Belarusian administrative border. It lasted from August 22 to October 2.

According to experts, the Smolensk strategic operation allowed the Red Army to build on the success of the Battle of Kursk and became an important stage in the victory over the fascist invaders.

At the same time, according to data provided in open sources, the Red Army was significantly superior to the enemy, both in technology and in weapons.

Thus, during Operation Suvorov, the Soviet command managed to involve about 1,2 million people, as well as 20 thousand guns, 1,5 thousand. tanks and more than a thousand aircraft. At the same time, the number of Wehrmacht troops in this direction totaled approximately 850 thousand people, 8 thousand guns, as well as about 500 tanks and 700 aircraft.

Finally, it is worth adding two little-known facts about the above-mentioned operation.

Firstly, before it began, I.V. personally went to the front line. Stalin. According to historians, this was almost his only trip to the front.

Secondly, the equipment of the Soviet military during this offensive had one feature - a steel breastplate, reminiscent of knightly armor. However, similar elements were used even during the First World War, but they began to be mass produced in our country only in 1943.

This “knightly” breast plate weighed about 5 kg. This equipment could protect against grenade fragments and bullets. The bibs were mainly issued to stormtroopers and signalmen.

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  1. +2
    8 January 2024 21: 21
    Signalmen are not a priority for bibs.
    Antonov wrote about bibs:
    “A memo on their use was issued to the command of the troops that received the CH-42. It summarized all previous experience accumulated since 1937, and indicated how and by whom the steel breastplate should be used:
    scouts searching;
    sappers during reconnaissance, making passages in the wire, when clearing mine barriers under enemy fire;
    infantry groups conducting force reconnaissance (reconnaissance in force);
    machine gunners infiltrating enemy battle formations in tank landings, and groups of machine gunners in ambush;
    assault groups capturing bunkers;
    signalmen checking or correcting cables under enemy fire;
    by decision of the commander, whenever the situation allows us to count on the successful use of bibs.”
  2. +3
    8 January 2024 21: 31
    The Red Army had more forces and means, if you do not take into account 5-6 defense lines with a total depth of 100-130 km, prepared in 2 years. The losses were huge, Isaev will talk about this in the sequel.
    1. +2
      8 January 2024 22: 10
      It was really difficult to break through the Dukhovshchina-Spass Demensk line and with losses. This led to the actual forced cessation of the operation near Orsha and Vitebsk. Although they planned to defeat the Nazis in Belarus in the winter. This was only possible in the summer of 44
  3. 0
    9 January 2024 00: 37
    "... before it began, I.V. Stalin personally went to the front line. According to historians, this was almost his only trip to the front..."

    Here, at VO in November 2020, there was an article “Stalin’s Trips to the Front.”
    Stalin personally went to the front several times - three times during the defense of Moscow in 1941 and several times in 1943. In addition, in November 43, before going to the Tehran Conference, Stalin was on the Western and Kalinin fronts.
    Moreover, in November 1941, when Stalin went to Rokossovsky’s 16th Army to see the Katyusha launcher in action, his car came under fire.
    All the fabrications that Stalin was afraid to go to the front and hid in his office are a vile lie, at the instigation of Khrushchev.