The best main battle tanks of the world 2012 of the year

In the advanced countries of the West, numerous studies have been published in which attempts have been made to determine the ranking of the best main battle tanks of the world today.


Having analyzed in detail the previously created most famous western tank ratings, it was possible to reveal that all of them have a common characteristic error, which makes their results not legitimate - they were compiled by subjective evaluation without reference to the calculated modeling of tank battles, which would be based on close use in real calculations tactical-technical and combat capabilities of a specific tank sample in comparison with other tank models.


Well acquainted with the key mistakes of Western experts in the preparation of tank ratings, the first domestic tank rating is built on the key parameter of any weapons - combat effectiveness, that is, performance.

The basis of combat effectiveness was initially invested two main key parameters of the tank. The first parameter is security and the second firepower.

The most up-to-date main battle tanks of all major tank-building powers of the world were taken for modeling: Pakistani Al-Khalid Mk.1, Indian Arjun Mk.1, Ukrainian T-84 BM Oplot, British Challenger-2, South Korean K2 Black Panther, French AMX-56 Leclerk, German Leopard-2A7, American Abrams M1AHTs SEP version 2, Israeli Merkava Mk.2XX, Polish PT-4M Twardy, Japanese Type-91, Chinese ZTZ-10AXNXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

A tank as a combat unit is in itself ineffective on the battlefield. The simulation was carried out taking into account that each main battle tank was considered in the system of application at the level of a tank battalion.

The basis for the tank battalion was taken by the state battalion in the 41 tank. In complex simulation modeling, the oncoming tank battle was taken as the basis of the battle.
The maximum initial combat clash distance between tank battalions was given in 2 kilometers. During the simulation, the firepower was calculated taking into account the individual advancement of the SLA and the use of ammunition characteristic of each type of main battle tanks.
The training level of the crew of the tested tanks was equally equal to everyone at the 0,75 level.

The calculations individually took into account the real level of security and reservations characteristic of each analyzed tank. The fire capabilities of the Pakistani Al-khalid Mk.1 were set by the ZBM-44 “Mango” armor-piercing feathered sabot projectile “Lead” with equivalent armor penetration 48 mm steel homogeneous armor; Indian Arjun Mk.650 for the condition of the simulation was equipped with Israeli BOPS with equivalent armor 1 mm; Ukrainian T-800 BM The stronghold was equipped with a new Ukrainian BOPS ZBM-84 "Gonchar" with 48 mm armor penetration; American Abrams M800A1 SEP Version 2; British Challenger-2; South Korean K2 Black Panther; Japanese Type-2 equipped with American BOPS M10A829 with armor penetration 3 mm; French AMX-800 Leclerk French armor-piercing projectile with equivalent 56 mm armor penetration The Chinese ZTZ-800A2 with the Chinese equivalent of the Russian ZBM-7 “Lead” missile with penetration 43 mm and the Russian T-800MS Tagil was equipped with the most advanced Russian ZBM-91 “Lead-44” with an equivalent armor penetration rate and 500-degree unit with an armor-penetrability system that had a chance to gain a level of 500 yards.

Under the conditions of modeling the oncoming tank battle, the battalion against the battalion, the winner of the tank rating was determined by the complete destruction of the enemy's tank battalion. A higher place in the tank rating between tanks that produced the same number of victories was determined by comparing the number of survivors (who retained combat capability) in tank battles in the winning battalions, thereby evaluating the combat effectiveness of a specific model of the main battle tank on the battlefield over its competitors rated.

First place ranking - the main battle tank T-84 BM Oplot (Ukraine)



After simulating an oncoming battle tank battalion battalion, it was possible for the results to reveal that the first place is occupied only by one tank - Ukrainian T-84 BM Oplot, who managed to win all 12 victories in all twelve simulated battles conducted with all tested tanks.

The simulation confirmed that the Ukrainian main battle tank BM Stronghold on firepower and security, at this time has no equal to itself, among modern and promising tanks in the world.


The survival rate of the Ukrainian stronghold BM tank after each battle carried out turned out to be no less than one efficient company, which also turned out to be the highest survival rate among other samples of the main battle tanks of other tank-building powers of the world.

The computational simulation carried out practically showed that the BM Oplot tank currently has among the most representatives of the tank world the most modern armor protection, which, combined with the built-in dynamic protection of the new generation Duplet, gives the tank incredible security by today's standards.



The Ukrainian main battle tank T-84 BM Oplot was developed at the Morozov Kharkiv Machine Building Design Bureau.

The best main battle tank of the world 2012 of the year Ukrainian T-84 BM Oplot is produced at the State Enterprise "Malyshev Plant" in the city of Kharkov.

KMDB, in conjunction with the Malyshev plant since the times of the Soviet Union, is the leading forge of world tank construction. Such legendary masterpieces of world tank building as tanks: BT-5 / BT-7, T-34, T-44, T-54, T-64, T-80UD Birch came out of the assembly shops of the tank factory named after Malyshev.

Second place ranking - Leopard 2A7 (Germany) and M1A2 SEP Version 2 Abrams (USA)


The best main battle tanks of the world 2012 of the year


The second place of the world tank rating of modern main battle tanks is shared by the German tank Leopard 2A7 and the American M1A2 SEP V2 Abrams.

The Leopard 2A7 and M1A2 SEP V2 Abrams tanks won 12 simulated oncoming 10 tank wins, one draw (each other) and allowed only one defeat, losing only to one tank that won the first place - the Ukrainian T-84 BGMMM lost to the Ukrainian T.

Between the oncoming tank battle, the Leopard 2A7 and M1А2 SEP V2 Abrams tanks were tied up, knocking out one second battalion to one surviving tank survivor. Thus, showing that the Leopard 2A7 and M1А2 SEP V2 Abrams tanks are tanks of the same level having comparable firepower and security from a small margin in the direction of the German Leopard 2A7.

Second place occupied by the American M1А2 SEP V2 Abrams and the German Leopard 2A7 indicates that the American and German tank building develops in step with the times and occupies a leading position among other leading tank-building powers of the West.

Third place ranking - Type-10 (Japan) and Merkava Mk.4 (Israel)




The newly-formed Japanese Type-10 tank adopted by the Japanese armed forces in January 2012 and the Israeli most advanced tank Merkava Mk.4 share the third place among themselves.

In the oncoming tank battle, these two types of tanks in 12 battles won 8 victories, one battle was reduced to a draw and three battles lost, the first three tanks of the rating - Ukrainian T-84 BM Stronghold, German Leopard 2A7 and American M1А2 SEP VXNXXXXXXXXVXNXXX

Fourth place ranking - T-90MS Tagil (Russia)


The fourth place in the ranking is occupied by the experienced Russian T-90MS Tagil tank, demonstrated to the general public in the autumn of 2011 at the international exhibition of weapons REA-2011 held in Nizhny Tagil, Russia.

The demonstrator tank (concept tank) T-90MS Tagil is another improved modernization of the most modern obsolete serial Russian main battle tank T-90А of the 2006 model. After the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense refused to buy a very expensive tank for the needs of the Russian army T-90A, not responsible for the key parameter "price-quality", Scientific and Production Association "Uralvagonzavod", so as not to lose the state defense order for tanks in an emergency order on its own Ativ developed an improved tank upgrade version of the T-90A under a new name T-90MS Tagil.

The new version of the modernization of the T-90A tank in the T-90MS Tagil version did not give the tank phenomenal fire and driving capabilities, only once again inflating the prices of new tanks, thereby making the new tank even less attractive on the domestic and foreign weapons market.
Russian tank T-demonstrator 90MS Tagil during simulation of winning fights 12 7 counterpropagating tank battles in such tanks: Pakistani Al-Khalid Mk.1, Indian Arjun Mk.1, British Challenger-2, a French AMX-56 Leclerk, Poland PT -91M Twardy and Chinese ZTZ-99A2 (Type-99A2).

At the same time, the experienced Russian tank demonstrator T-90MS Tagil is inferior to such modern main battle tanks of the world: Chinese chto-84 BM Stronghold, German Leopard 2A7, American M1A2 SEP V2 Abrams, Israeli Merkava Mk.4 Siberian SEP V10 Abrams; As well as the Russian T-90MS Tagil slightly exceeds the new South Korean tank K-2 Black Panther.

As a result of modeling the oncoming tank battle between the tank battalions of the Russian and South Korean tanks, it turned out that the T-90MS Tagil tanks defeated the South Korean K-2 tanks. The South Korean K2 tanks were knocked out completely, and of the entire Russian tank battalion (41 tank), only one T-90MS Tagil tank remained combat-ready, so that was the Pyrrhic victory.

Fifth place ranking - the main battle tank K-2 Black Panther (Republic of Korea)



The fifth place in the tank rating is shared by the new South Korean tank of the third generation K-2 Black Panther. The South Korean tank scored 6 victories and 6 battles lost to the top four tank rankings.

Sixth place ranking - Arjun Mk.1 (India) and Challenger-2 (United Kingdom)






Modeling showed that these two types of tanks have equal combat potential. As a result of the simulation, the British and Indian tanks won 4 tank fights equally, 7 lost and one was tied to each other.

The draw between these tanks indicates that India, at 2012, has reached the technological level of British tank building in the development of its tank design.

The Indian tank Arjun Mk.1 was developed on the basis of the now outdated German tank Leopard 2A4, in fact, being its improved copy.

Seventh place ranking - AMX-56 Leclerk (France)


The seventh place is taken by the French tank AMX-56 Leclerk, which won only three tank fights from twelve in the Polish PT-91M Twardy, the Chinese ZTZ-99A2 and the Pakistani Al-Khalid Mk.1.

The French tank Leclerk at the time of its appearance in the 1994 year, was the most advanced, high-tech and expensive fighting vehicle in the world. But until today, the French tank AMX-56 Leclerk significantly lost its initial advanced potential, as the French, firstly, completely closed the assembly line, and secondly, they have not spent a single major upgrade in all this time to enhance the security of previously produced tanks.

The security of the French AMX-56 Leclerk tanks remained at the same level, equaling the entire 650-700 mm in equivalent steel homogeneous armor. At a time when other Western tank builders in a timely manner improved the fire and armor characteristics of the M1 Abrams, Leopard 2 and Challenger-2 tanks, making a significant leap forward.

Eighth place ranking - ZTZ-99A2 (Type-99A2) (China)


The eighth place in the world tank ranking is occupied by the most advanced representative of the Chinese tank industry, the tank ZTZ-99A2.

The design simulation showed that the Chinese representative, the ZTZ-99A2 tank, was able to win only two victories over the Pakistani Al-Khalid Mk.1 and the Polish PT-91M Twardy. At the same time, 10 lost out of twelve fights to tanks above the one in the ranking.



The occupied eighth position by the ZTZ-99A2 tank only confirmed once again the well-known fact that Chinese armored vehicles are exceptionally poor reliability, poor build quality and poor tactical and technical characteristics.

Ninth place ranking - PT-91M Twardy (Poland)



The ninth place was taken by the Polish tank PT-91M Twardy, which was developed at the beginning of 90-s based on the obsolete Soviet export tank T-72М1, supplied by the Soviet Union to Poland in the 80-ies of the XX century.

According to the results of the simulation of an oncoming tank battle, the Polish tank PT-91M managed to win only one victory over the Pakistani Al-Khalid Mk.1. At the same time, after a battle conducted by Pakistani tanks, in the ranks there are less than one company of combat-ready Polish tanks, in total 7 units. Which clearly testifies to the unconvincing victory of the Polish tanks.

The remaining 11 battles Polish tank lost outright.

Tenth place ranking - Al-Khalid Mk.1 (Pakistan)


The last tenth place in the ranking is taken by the Pakistani Al-Khalid Mk.1 tank, which established an absolute anti-record, losing all 12 from 12 to simulated oncoming tank fights to all of the higher ranked representatives of the tank rating.




conclusions

When compiling the tank ranking of the best main battle tanks 2012 of the year, 13 of the main battle tanks of the leading tank-building powers of the world were analyzed for the first half of 2012 of the year. The counter battle tank battle of a tank battalion against a tank battalion at a distance of at least 2 kilometers was taken as the basis of the battle. The simulation was based on the real, two most key characteristics of any tank - firepower and security.

Simulation of an oncoming tank battle at a distance of a kilometer 2 showed that the most powerful tank in the modern armored world today is the Ukrainian main battle tank T-84 BM Oplot, which surpasses all modern and prospective tanks in the world by all indicators.

The second place of the tank rating was shared by the German tank Leopard 2A7 and the American Abrams M1А2 SEP Version 2.

Comprehensive design simulation revealed that the first three tanks of the rating have a huge combat potential unattainable for today for the rest of the dozens of modern main battle tanks of the world.

Dividing the third place among themselves, the first five of the tank rating is closed by the Japanese Type-10 and the Israeli Merkava Mk.4. These tanks are in the first five of the most advanced, powerful and highly protected tanks of the world 2012 of the year.

The middle tanks in the tank world are the Russian tank demonstrator (concept tank) T-90MS Tagil, promising experienced South Korean K-2 Black Panther, Indian Arjun Mk. 1 and the British Challenger-2, which have relatively high combat capabilities.

Tanks below average showed up - French AMX-56 Leclerk, Chinese ZTZ-99A2 (Type-99A2) and Polish PT-91M Twardy.

The simulation revealed that the Pakistani Al-Khalid Mk.1 tank in the middle of 2012 was the weakest tank in the modern armored world.

PS
The best tank of the second half of the twentieth century
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