In the distant 1904 year, an outstanding English geographer and geopolitician, Sir Halford John Mackinder, published his work, which, as many believe, gave rise to the development of geopolitics as a science. The work was called "Geographical axis stories", In it, the author singled out in the Eurasian expanses a zone of" heartland "-" the core of the earth. " It is extremely problematic to place control over the so-called countries of the Sea (England, USA, and partly France) over the described territory. When reviewing the map, it is difficult not to note the fact that this zone practically coincided with the borders of the then Russian Empire, which, in fact, explains which state was in the focus of Western politics at the time and was a cause for concern for the western elite. And this, note, long before the formation of the USSR and the beginning of the Cold War. Mackinder's work also pointed out the following: the power that controls the World Island (Eurasia with Africa) has a decisive influence on the fate of the whole world.
So what is Eurasia? First of all, it is the largest continent on Earth, its area is more than fifty three million square kilometers, which is 36% of the land area. The population of 2010 for the year was almost 5 billion people, i.e. 3 / 4 population of the planet. The Eurasian continent is characterized by a variety of climatic zones, flora and fauna, relief. Here is the highest mountain - Chomolungma (Everest), the largest lake is the Caspian Sea, the deepest is Baikal, the largest mountain system in area is Tibet, the largest peninsula is Arabian, the largest geographical area is Siberia, the lowest land point is The hollow of the Dead Sea. Practically all the greatest empires were created in the Eurasian expanses, from the state of Alexander the Great, the Roman Empire, to the Soviet Union. Here the main centers of ancient civilizations were born. The whole world history revolves around Eurasia and continues to revolve. And Russia has been the heart of this great continent for more than three hundred years now. This is not an exaggeration. This is a reality defined by our geopolitical competitors. According to this theory, the entire Western policy towards Russia has been built for at least the last hundred years. And even with the collapse of the Soviet Union and, as a result, surrender, or a significant weakening of the position of the Russian state on all fronts, this theory continues to be healthy. Anaconda continues to wrap its rings around the heart of the Eurasian continent in order to stop its beating. But while there are gaps in the ring (Syria, Iran, China ...), this is impossible. It is in connection with this that we are witnessing the stubborn struggle of Russia and the West in Syria, which they represent as the war of government troops against the rebels. If the rebels succeed, Iran will be the next target. China today is too powerful to carry out such a scenario with him. Here the West will act smarter. America will do its best to hinder Chinese expansion into the Pacific. For this, the States have loyal "allies", or rather vassals represented by Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines. There are attempts to vassalize Vietnam, half a century ago, was the worst enemy, and Myanmar, most recently regarded as a sphere of Chinese influence. Together, these countries form something of a buffer that should stop Chinese progress in the region. In the South-West direction lies India, with a fairly strong army and with an even stronger anti-Chinese attitude. Expansion is not possible there. The former Soviet Central Asia remains, and this is a direct challenge to Russian interests. This is the goal of Western diplomacy. The end result should be a clash between China and Russia, preferably a military one, which will bury both giants, leaving the West in the face of the United States as the undivided owner of the planet. In essence, the scenario of a new world war is being embodied, in which the West, as before, will be basically just an outside observer. China plays the role of Germany in the first half of the twentieth century. He is given to understand which region is worth the expansion, against whom. I immediately recall the analogy with the Third Reich, which was “fed” Czechoslovakia and Poland, in order to indicate the path of further expansion. The decision to step on the underlying rakes, or bypass them, will depend on the Russian and Chinese leadership, on their ability to think soberly and not to succumb to such tricks.
In his famous article “The Continental Bloc: Berlin-Moscow-Tokyo”, published in 1941, the German geographer and sociologist Karl Haushofer wrote: “... Eurasia cannot be suffocated while its two largest people, the Germans and the Russians, strive in every way to avoid internecine conflict , similar to the Crimean War or 1914: it is an axiom of European politics ... ”Transferring the realities of the past to the day today and considering as the largest people also Chinese, we can say that this will be an axiom of Eurasian politics. Germany today, unfortunately, is in a subordinate position. However, the first steps towards gaining freedom are already being taken. So, the German authorities decided to return part of the country's gold reserves, which are currently stored mainly in France and the United States.
So, Eurasia today, for the most part, is controlled by forces external to it. In order for things to change, the following conditions are necessary:
- the acquisition of independence by Germany.
-the revival of the former power of Russia by turning it into a Eurasian Union.
-coordinated policy of an independent Germany, a revived Russia and a strong China with the aim of dominating the above-mentioned countries and suppressing American control in the Eurasian space.
The heart of Europe is Germany, the heart of Asia is China, the heart of Eurasia is Russia. The beating of all three hearts in one rhythm can change the course of world history in the interests of our states, our common Eurasian home. Today the roof is flowing in this house, the floor is rotten, and there are cracks in the walls. It is in our common power to transform our home, drive out the uninvited guests who have settled in it, and make sure that peace will prevail outside the window and in the backyard.
In conclusion, I would like to quote in my own words Mikhail Leontyev from his book “The Great Game: Geopolitical Confrontation”: “The cold war is a lot of equals, it is possible only when there is parity between the players. Therefore, you shouldn’t be afraid of the cold war — a big game. deserve it. You need to grow to it. "