France plans to build a new aircraft carrier Porte-Avions 2 (PA2) in addition to the existing Charles de Gaulle. It was supposed to put it into service by 2015-th year, at the time of decommissioning of the aircraft carrier "Charles de Gaulle" from service for its scheduled repair of a deep modernization.
PA2 will be able to reach maximum speed in 28 nodes, and the cruising range will be 10000 miles at speed in 15 nodes. Its crew will be 1720 people, including 620 flight crews and 100 operational crews.
In January 2005, the French MO, through the Defense Procurement Agency (DGA), entered into a € 100 million contract for the development of PA2 with DCNS and Thales Naval France. It was originally planned to develop PA2 based on the design of future Royal Carriers (CVF) Royal fleet Great Britain. The corresponding memorandum of understanding on the Anglo-French future aircraft carrier was signed on March 6, 2006. However, in June 2008, French President Nicolas Sarkozy suspended cooperation with the United Kingdom on this project. The final decision on the construction of an aircraft carrier for the French Navy was to be taken between the 2011th and 2012th years. In February 2009, the French government ordered research into the new architecture and design of the aircraft carrier.
PA2 will be able to carry up to 40 aircraft, including 32 Rafale combat aircraft, three Hawkeye E-2C reconnaissance aircraft and five NH90 helicopters. Ninety-meter C13-2 steam catapults will be able to accelerate the aircraft to a speed of 150 knots. Catapults will be provided with auxiliary steam generating units. An aircraft carrier will be able to launch a plane every 30 seconds. For landing aircraft, the ship will be equipped with MK7 mod 4 aerofinisher. The area of the flight deck will be 15700 m², hangars 4700 m². Capacity tanks с aviation fuel will be five million liters. It is planned to install active and passive pitching dampers, which will contribute to increasing the operational capabilities of the ship under sea conditions up to 5/6 points.
The initial project meant equipping the aircraft carrier with a conventional power plant, but the option with a nuclear power plant is also being considered. The refusal of a nuclear power plant is explained by its high cost and the presence of a natural limiter of autonomy caused by the need to replenish aviation fuel for aircraft. A conventional power plant was supposed to include an electric propulsion system based on two Rolls-Royce MT30 gas turbines and two electric rotary actuators. In September, the French Navy 2006 decided to change the propulsion system specification in order to increase the speed of PA2 from originally planned 26 nodes to 29 nodes. Aker Yards, DCN Propulsion and Alstom, together with General Electric, developed a new propulsion system based on four LM2500 + G4 gas turbines, a central propeller shaft and two electric rotary drives.
As an additional weapon, the aircraft carrier will be equipped with eight installations of vertical launch of Sylver Aster missiles, an anti-torpedo system SLAT and 20 and millimeter automatic guns. The contract for the integration of ASTER 15-SAAM was awarded to EADS and its subsidiary MBDA. PA2 will also be equipped with an integrated Combat Management System (CMS).
The aircraft carrier will be equipped with infrared and opto-electronic sensors, Héracles radar and medium-range radar.
The ship will be equipped with internal and external communications systems. Internal communication includes HF, UHF and VHF radio. External communication includes the tactical data transmission line L11, L16 and L22. These links will provide real-time, high-speed data exchange between PA2 systems, Hawkeye aircraft, as well as other combat aircraft and helicopters.
Despite the fact that the French military budget for 2008-th year was laid about three billion euros, the construction of the aircraft carrier has not yet been started.
Length: 283 m
Maximum width: 70 m
Waterline width: 39 m
Precipitation 11.5 m
Ship Crew: 1000
Flight crew: 620
Operational staff: 100