Military Review

The tangles of military education reform: Serdyukov not, what's next?

The ongoing reform of the Russian army, which includes, in particular, the modernization of military education in the country, is evaluated very unequivocally. Due to the fact that for most Russians, the name of the ex-Minister of Defense Anatoly Serdyukov became firmly associated with a certain negative (Serdyukov himself continues to contribute to it), evaluate all those actions that were carried out during the years of his leadership of the department, which is called a cold head. extremely difficult. Any assessment can quickly go astray in the direction of a new spread of facts of corruption schemes in the Ministry of Defense when he was at the helm of the said person. However, let us try to consider the changes that have happened in recent years in the field of military education, separating corruption flies from cutlets of planned reforms, if such a separation in the light of today's events with the ex-minister is possible at all ...

The tangles of military education reform: Serdyukov not, what's next?

So, a few days ago, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation received information that War Minister Sergei Shoigu took the path of a definite suspension of the reform of military education. Some publications have provided such information very discreetly, others have decided to follow the path of presenting "hot cakes", the filling of which is still untested. The first path followed the First Channel, which published information that Sergei Shoigu's move in terms of implementing changes in military education is only that he (Shoigu) decided to cancel the move of the famous Military Aviation Academy from St. Petersburg to the region. This decision was announced at the moment when Sergei Shoigu met with veterans. In addition to saying that the BMA, let's say, will be left alone, the Minister of Defense announced plans to develop an effective financing system for the Military Medical Academy in St. Petersburg, which would involve taking into account the new development strategy of an educational institution with the traditions of expanded medical practice.

Such a publication as “Izvestia” went the way of publishing materials, which boil down to the fact that Sergei Shoigu focused on counter-reform and canceled all decisions on the reform of the military education system, which were made in recent years. In particular, the newspaper reports that some unnamed source (and this publication often publishes data referring to “secret” sources) announced the withdrawal of all military universities from the sphere of influence of the Department of Military Education under the Ministry of Defense with the simultaneous transfer of educational institutions under the management of the profile commander. That is, all flight educational institutions will have to pass under the control of the Air Force, the ground - under the "custody" of the Main Command of the Ground Forces, etc.

The publication notes that this is due to the discreditation of its own work of the Department of Education at the Ministry of Defense. The main, if I may say so, discreditator is called Ms. Priezezhev, who led the department and was one of the “combat units” of Anatoly Serdyukov’s “women's battalion” discussed today. It was under Catherine Priezzhevoy that the now-present Bologna system with three educational levels for higher educational institutions was introduced into military education, which led to the vesting with the insignificant nickname by the military - “Bolonka”.

The appointment of Mrs. Priezezhevoy to the post of manager of all Russian military education caused criticism. Why? Because she absolutely had nothing to do with not only military education, but also the formation of any other type of relationship. Prior to her appointment, Pririezhev worked at the Federal Tax Service and collected taxes from companies specializing in the sale of alcohol and tobacco. The traditional appointment of the era of the ex-minister.

However, at that time it was somehow not customary to talk about appointments in the reforming ministry (reform, they say, you will learn everything later), and this appointment was due to the fact that the department needs a person who in fact cannot represent the interests of either party. military educational process, as well as the interests of the command of certain types and types of troops of the country. Well, well - Ekaterina Priezezheva performed the functions of “non-representation of interests” regularly exactly until the moment when she was dismissed by the new Minister of Defense Sergey Shoigu.

At about the same time, Shoigu signed a document that said that the Bologna system for the military training centers of Russia was canceled. This decision caused definitely positive emotions, if only because, based on the rating data published by various research sites, universities with the Bologna education system are beginning to give way to the leading positions of those high schools that refuse this system.

However, while there is no clear explanation of what kind of higher military education system will be built in Russia, they are not given in the Ministry of Defense. At the start of the second decade of 2013 of the year on the website of the main military department, the “Department of Education” section stubbornly “hangs” a document that reports on the main results of the activity of the military education system for the year. Apparently, spreading more recent results (for the year 2011) is not entirely appropriate due to the fact that the main figures that led to the achievement of these results, today neither in the department, nor directly in the ministry’s leadership, no longer work.

By the way, to understand the essence of the reform of military education, which was carried out under the ex-minister, it would be interesting to draw attention to some of the results of 2011, including. The document tells that the department headed by the aforementioned Mrs. Priezezhevoy continued the course of optimizing the network of military educational institutions. And, especially important, quote:

The main results of the reform of the military education system and measures for its further improvement were reported to the President of the Russian Federation at the operational meeting of the Security Council of the Russian Federation 23 June 2011 and generally approved.

“Generally approved” - agree, somehow too vague ... And even to a certain extent it makes you look askance at the person who deigned 2011 in the summer (unless, of course, the department is cunning) to approve the course of military education reform ... Okay - they looked askance, go ahead…

Recently, we have already managed to teach us to read “optimization”, and meant “reduction” or “closure”. If you believe recently published data from one of the research groups, it turns out that over the past year in total, in Russia, as many as 4 military universities have been eliminated. Some higher military educational institutions changed their registration, although not always the staff of these schools could understand what would be positive if the military academy moved from point A to point B. But the staff of military universities could not explain, but the ministerial department explained eloquently . It turns out that everything was done in order to sever the corruption fetters that bind the military sphere of the country ... They chopped ...

The teaching staff has decreased by several times, while truly professional military teachers left their places, who managed to educate and train the military craft for not one generation of graduates, but they didn’t manage to prepare young military teachers somehow ...

On the one hand, we all perfectly understand that the military education system can and must be reformed. The modern realities of strengthening the security of the state and its citizens are somewhat different in terms of what was 25-30 years ago. We all understand that numerous military, or rather, paramilitary universities, which prepared most of them, excuse me, the unemployed or businessmen with diplomas of military engineers or specialists in the management of units of military equipment and command personnel, proliferated in their country. Obviously, the country does not need such "military specialists", the level of preparation of which, to put it mildly, left much to be desired.

However, very often in our country the word “reform” is understood as a call to start chopping off the shoulder. “A lot of universities, speak? Now let’s fade! ”“ You don’t need half a million officers - we’ll make 5000 - that's enough ... we’re all around sworn friends - we all love and respect us ... ”

Yes - half a million officers today, indeed, for the Russian army - an obvious bust. But after all, no one says that we absolutely need to hold on to the number of troops that was in the days of the Soviet Union. The point here is different. The system of the current reform is obviously not thought out. It is taken in the image and likeness of someone. But by whose name, no one can say. Neither can anyone tell us what kind of appearance our officials are going to bring to Russian military education. For the time being, this appearance seems to be a secret even for those directly connected with military reform.

The fact is that during the so-called optimization process in military education, and in fact, during the total reduction in the number of universities, cadets who study at these universities, and employees of higher military schools there is a risk of losing not just universities that train officers, but also the traditions of domestic military education. There is a risk of the destruction of the basic principles of military education until the moment when its new principles are developed. As the saying goes: do it again "to the ground, and then ..." But after all, it would not be desirable ...
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  1. borisst64
    borisst64 14 January 2013 09: 11
    About military education he personally noted the main impressions. A colossal technical library (I still can’t find a lot of different literature, even with the possibilities of the Internet, not in the sense of free, there simply aren’t even offers for sale). Full provision of equipment and equipment (I recall the real T-72 in a longitudinal section, we always discussed how they shoved it into the classroom of a 6-story building).
    1. Felix200970
      Felix200970 14 January 2013 20: 40
      I agree 100%. It is very difficult to find specialized literature among the troops. It often happens that when rewriting a textbook or manual (and I'm not talking about translation), the quality drops extremely low. As an example, I can cite sappers. A normal officer's guide to subversive work (RPR-69) is a name book that is not given to anyone and for any chops. Yes, any specialty has such "gadgets" that are very necessary in the form in which they were without adding "thoughts"
  2. Pinochet000
    Pinochet000 14 January 2013 09: 25
    How much time now does it take to create all this from scratch ... and again, no one is to blame? Himself ChVTKU (Chelyabinsk Higher Tank Command School) finished ...... In general, from the team stools are asked for theft, corruption, etc., but for the loss of personnel, for the destruction of military medicine, rear, education, with whom to ask?
  3. Tatarus
    Tatarus 14 January 2013 10: 08
    Quote: Pinochet000
    In general, the Taburetkin’s team is asked for theft, corruption, etc., but for the loss of personnel, for the destruction of military medicine, the rear, education, with whom to ask?

    It is necessary to ask immediately for CHANGE OF THE STATE. All the bastards undermined, the economy, education, defense and, most importantly, the ability in the future to be the main force of our historical space.
    1. AK-47
      AK-47 14 January 2013 11: 23
      Quote: Tatarus
      Everything ... undermined, the economy, education, defense and ...

      Education, especially military, is extremely complicated.
      Under the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, there should be a structure regulating this issue, something, expressed in a civil language, such as a "committee on education", which includes people who are deeply versed in this.
      They and only they develop proposals and recommendations for military educational reform.
      The decision of this "committee", by definition, is the "truth of first instance", because it was worked out by luminaries on the basis of discussions and decision-making by a qualified majority.
      Neither Serdyukov nor Ekaterina Priezzheva should interfere in the decisions made by him, the "committee", since it is beyond their understanding, they do not even know such words as "Bologna system", "military education".
      Conclusion, there is some third party that has muddied everything.
  4. Pushkar
    Pushkar 14 January 2013 10: 09
    Elementary destruction of the Russian army. One academy named after Zhugarin is worth something. However, there are doubts that a firefighter who has not served in the army for a day will create a "full smile".

    Elementary destruction of the Russian army. One academy named after Zhugarin is worth something. However, there are doubts that a firefighter who has not served in the army for a day will create a "full smile".
  5. soldier
    soldier 14 January 2013 10: 14
    studied and served at the (CHVVAKIU) Chelyabinsk Higher Military Automobile Command Engineering School, the supply of equipment and supplies continued until the last day (training simulators and technical classes), and several generations of teachers serving R.A. , officers and cadets themselves were simply destroyed, after the disbandment
    faced training in the automotive business in civilian life and realized that in the school the latest "trashnik" was graduated by a professional. There are no automobile schools in Russia !!!!! At the same time, we are talking about mobility, the supply of new equipment Ural, KamAZ "Typhoon" "Tigers", etc., etc. who will lose control, repair, and train personnel .... - probably Mrs. Priezzheva and Serdyukov. It hurts to look at all this !!!
    1. krisostomus
      krisostomus 14 January 2013 12: 48
      Why don't you admit the possibility of another approach? Technique is becoming more and more complicated and it is more and more difficult to repair it in "field conditions". Why not create special service centers of manufacturers' factories, where military equipment undergoes all maintenance and service and with an appropriate guarantee. Why set up a special service in a military unit, maintain a warehouse with spare parts, special stands and everything else?
      1. serezhasoldatow
        serezhasoldatow 14 January 2013 13: 16
        And "Oboronservis" was not created for this? And what did it lead to! Our country is huge and in order to fix 1 unit of weapons and military equipment in the Kuril Islands, is it really necessary to create a service center there? We had such a precedent. And who will give money to the defense industry factories to create such centers? We had it fart steam.
      2. Victor
        Victor 14 January 2013 13: 25
        Quote: krisostomus
        Why in the military unit to start a special service, to keep a warehouse with spare parts, special stands and everything else?

        Yes, because the troops and equipment of military units are designed for conducting combat operations, i.e. those actions that cause damage and damage to this technique, in contrast to "Mercedes", "Lincolns" and other civil cars.
        During operation and hostilities, it is necessary to carry out daily maintenance and repair of damaged components and assemblies. Which of the civilian specialists will go with us into battle formations? Every day, the service crews don't call out. In units led by competent commanders, repair units were always at their best. It was possible to carry out repairs of any complexity, regardless of the "serviceoids". The destruction of repair units is direct sabotage and treason. Repair and restoration of military equipment, it is not for you to sweep the parade ground.
        Of course, cap. repairs should be made at a specialized enterprise, but everything else is in the troops.
        1. krisostomus
          krisostomus 15 January 2013 03: 18
          Generally speaking, modern anti-tank weapons leave little chance for tanks and armored vehicles to survive to maintainability, and even more so to carry out repairs in the field. This is evidenced by the experience of the Second World War over the years of which more than 86 thousand tanks were delivered to the troops, and about the number of tanks with which the war began was left was about 20 thousand.
      3. Kuryanin
        Kuryanin 14 January 2013 19: 53
        And in the field during the fighting, the enemy will also give you time to visit the service center.
      4. Misantrop
        Misantrop 14 January 2013 22: 34
        Quote: krisostomus
        Technique is becoming more and more complicated and it is more and more difficult to repair it in "field conditions".

        And to deliver it to service centers with a tow truck called by mobile phone? So the distances are somewhat different wink My brother had a case: in 1993, when their armor groups arrived in the besieged Tkvarcheli, two BMDs already slightly collided in the city. One - absolutely nichrome, but the second ... Oh, how he managed to get so, but he practically fell into pieces. Six cracks in the case and each more than a meter long. And there is absolutely NO opportunity for repair. And what to do next, tomorrow, on the way back, to Gudauta? All night, fighters with their brother at the head tied this miracle with a wire into a single whole. And the most amazing thing is that this unit still managed to drive under its own power to the place of constant deployment. There, however, it was written off as unrepairable and dismantled for spare parts (which turned out to be quite useful for other machines in those conditions). It’s far in the conditions of combat use to drive this equipment to a repair plant.

        And what should the fleet do? I hope no one will argue that the nuclear submarine is somewhat more complicated in design than any car? Do you think nothing breaks on them? And what, because of any little things, to drive the cruiser to Severodvinsk to the plant?
        1. krisostomus
          krisostomus 15 January 2013 03: 24
          In the Navy and nuclear submarines, in particular, many of the most important systems were duplicated, but it also happened that they had to be towed and hauled home to the plant or simply flooded.
      5. makarich26
        makarich26 15 January 2013 00: 30
        Quote: krisostomus
        and it is more and more difficult to repair it in the field.

        And if there is a war? Are the equipment repaired only in service centers? This is why they kept a "special service" in the army until Serdyukov, and now they have to create everything from scratch again.
    2. Fox
      Fox 14 January 2013 18: 26
      [quote = soldier] studied and served in the (CHVVAKIU) Chelyabinsk Higher Military [/
      I have half a class went to TVVSKU (Togliatti) NIODIN did not stay in the military! in the 90s everyone fled from the army: to the police, fire, to business ... but why the heck was the state to spend money on them? dachas to calculate_ employ Uzbeks ... but there are acquaintances (there are few of them) who really learned something, and what have they to do with the same school ... how were they released ?!
    3. Stalingrad
      Stalingrad 14 January 2013 22: 17
      He graduated from the above school in 1980. Entirely and completely agree. Civil types generally do not understand anything in the organization of operation, and even more so in the repair of AT. And the one who wrote the comment below needs to go to war at least once, then he will know why the troops are needed and what is the use of them.
      1. krisostomus
        krisostomus 15 January 2013 04: 00
        The experience of the SA in Afghanistan suggests that under combat conditions and in the event of combat damage, equipment is no longer under repair. Therefore, in Afghanistan, the SA left 11369 fuel trucks and airborne vehicles, 1138 command and staff vehicles, 147 tanks, 1314 infantry fighting vehicles, BMD and armored personnel carriers. And all this in the absence of aviation and armored vehicles among the Dushmans and the presence of such in the Soviet army. A similar situation is with NATO and ISAF in Afghanistan today.
  6. lars
    lars 14 January 2013 10: 46
    Everything is already obvious, and everyone understands what has been done with a military education (and not only with a military)! Is it necessary to talk about the significance of such a strike for Russia ?! What's next?!
  7. Shkodnik65
    Shkodnik65 14 January 2013 12: 11
    during the total reduction in the number of universities, cadets who study at these universities, and employees of higher military schools there is a risk of losing not just the universities that train officers, but also the very traditions of Russian military education

    This is called loss of learning continuity. And no salaries, bonuses, etc. you cannot replace that spirit of military brotherhood, military comradeship that has always distinguished OUR army from all the others. It is easy to lose, destroy, erode, replace with "grandmothers", but will it be possible to return ..? This is what Serdyukov should be tried for. And "Slavyanka" is just "loot" ...
  8. Farvil
    Farvil 14 January 2013 12: 12
    The damage caused by Serdyukov is difficult to assess, he will probably be given the NATO hero.
  9. Lavrik
    Lavrik 14 January 2013 12: 59
    Undoubtedly, the main command of the Armed Forces knows much better what and how to teach than the Department of Education, headed by a person who has nothing to do with education (even primary). As a result of the reform of military education in recent years, it has been reduced to the formation of VUNTs (military training centers - 10 in the Armed Forces), the development of educational programs that cancel one another, the introduction of the Bologna system, which is completely unnecessary in the Armed Forces. VUNCs are formed, as a rule, on the basis of military academies. Military academies are their branches. As there were military schools and academies, they have remained. The connection between them is weak. Even more - the VUNC "VVA" on the basis of the Gagarin and Zhukovsky academies was transferred to Voronezh, and hundreds of doctors and candidates of sciences remained in Moscow (only one with many children moved). The advantage of the Bologna system is the recognition of diplomas by the West. So, excuse me, why the heck do we need to recognize our platoon diplomas by NATO members. Are we preparing them for the US Army? It is my deep conviction that we should return to the old system of education, making changes in it in the spirit of the present.
    1. Dikremnij
      Dikremnij 15 January 2013 22: 16
      Yes, the Bologna system in general is not needed neither in military schools, nor in civilian life. This is complete nonsense, first invented by the French for stupid illegal immigrants mainly from North Africa, who did not pull the standard French program, and then modified by the Americans and adopted by them. And then a simple PR of American education as the best in the world, and x * rax! - all of Europe, so as not to lose money on higher education (a lot of students from Europe were struggling to get higher education in the USA) goes to it, though the UK, how much I know I didn’t accept this system of training, I even remember the boys and I laughed: if the boy studies at Oxford or Cambridge, then his diploma will not be quoted.
  10. Aryan
    Aryan 14 January 2013 13: 56
    Yes ... Russian justice is obviously heavier ... sad
    about two kilograms ...
    because Serdukhov x * th put it on him .... wassat
  11. IRBIS
    IRBIS 14 January 2013 15: 42
    "Before commanding, learn to obey." This principle of training commanders was formulated by Suvorov.
    The system, the system of educating a commander, and not a "graduate of a military institute" with a diploma recognized in the West, has been destroyed. Knowledge should be superimposed on the basis, the inner core. Adopting someone else's experience in the training of officers, we pre-lay in them a core alien to us. What was bad about the military school of the pre-perestroika times? Whom did she disturb? But now try to restore all this ... As a military man - it just hurts to look at all this!
  12. tank64rus
    tank64rus 14 January 2013 15: 49
    As for military education. When all this began to "reform" it, that is, the collapse of Serdyukov's team, the following arguments were presented for these universities too much, only the sons of generals teach at the academies, so they should be removed from Moscow, and most importantly, money is spent on them and profits They do not give. What really. The number of universities in the SA was determined by the military doctrine according to which the USSR only inflicted a retaliatory strike while losing 60-70% of its military and industrial potential. Therefore, all universities of the branches of the Armed Forces and combat arms were distributed across the territory countries, and each had mob resources for two that could be destroyed. Academies and leading branch research institutes of the Ministry of Defense are concentrated in Moscow, the only city covered by missile defense. Such a system of training military personnel could not be destroyed. As for the sons of generals, during my studies I saw one, two, and But the land there has become a golden fact. In addition, the teachers are engaged in military science, i.e. These are planned R&D and R&D projects, as well as patents, scientific articles. All this is intellectual property without which there is no development of the Armed Forces, besides this, it itself has a high cost. All this under the guise of carrying out reforms has been destroyed, scientific schools have been destroyed for the revival of which it takes years. Serdyukov's teams traveled to the States, where they were explained how to carry out the reform.
  13. merkel1961
    merkel1961 14 January 2013 15: 56
    Lavrik, Now imagine for a moment that, through Verkhovna Medvedev, Serdyukov is instructed to carry out a series of measures to integrate the Russian Armed Forces into the NATO structure. Everything falls into place, and the Mistrals, and praise their armaments criticizing their own, the creation of brigades and civilian services, even destroyed by fire, warehouses with non-conforming NATO standards ammunition and the sale of SF oil to private hands with probable resale - everything speaks of a large-scale diversion being prepared, and in education accordingly.
  14. toguns
    toguns 14 January 2013 18: 03
    The devastation is not in the closets, but in the heads (Professor Preobrazhensky)
  15. Prokrust
    Prokrust 14 January 2013 21: 18
    It is to "to the base, and then ...". The main task was to remove those teachers (officers) who kept the traditions and knowledge of Soviet officers.
    The graduate cadets of which he graduated in 2009 were primarily interested in whether they would fall into the 400th order, if so, they would serve (they would not pay, I would not). And what did the graduates dream about even in 1985-1993? ....
    1. nchyornyj
      nchyornyj 25 February 2013 13: 52
      I can say what I dreamed about in 1993. I wanted to serve. They were not afraid of difficulties. From the payments, I remember an interest-free loan issued a year and a half after graduating from the calculation of salaries a year and a half ago ... My wife and I could buy a video player and some clothes on it. Delays in cash allowance for 2-3 months. But the difficulties were nothing. They believed that everything would work out ... soldier
  16. SA23WSGFG
    SA23WSGFG 15 January 2013 19: 22
    Have you heard the news? The Russian authorities are already insolent in the end. They made this database
    where you can find information about any resident of the Baltic countries.
    really was very surprised
    there are a lot of interesting things about me (addresses, phone numbers, even my photos are different
    character) - I wonder where they dug up this. In general, there are good sides - this
    Information can be deleted from the site.
    I advise you to hurry, you never know how to fumble there ...