Military Review

Igor Shishkin: Algorithm for the reunification of the Russian nation: reunification as a response to the challenge of disintegration

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Igor Shishkin: Algorithm for the reunification of the Russian nation: reunification as a response to the challenge of disintegration26 December 1991 of the year, 21 a year ago, the USSR officially ceased to exist. The collapse of the Soviet Union was the greatest catastrophe in stories Russian nation. Almost 20 percent of Russian overnight turned out to be outside of Russia. We have become the largest divided nation in the world.


At the beginning of the 90s, immediately after the collapse, quoting Bismarck’s words about the inexpediency and uselessness of dismembering Russia was quite popular: “Even the most favorable outcome of the war will never lead to the disintegration of Russia, which rests on millions of believers of Russian Greek denominations. These last, even if they are subsequently separated by international treaties, they will quickly reunite with each other as this separated mercury droplets find this path to each other. This is the indestructible state of the Russian nation "[1].

The words "Iron Chancellor" warmed the soul and inspired optimism. It took more than two decades, and no merger similar to particles of mercury has occurred. Russians are still a divided nation. Practically in all the new independent states, except for Belarus and Transdniestria, Russians are put in the position of second-class people. Ethnocratic regimes in the former "fraternal" republics are openly pursuing a policy of squeezing the Russian population, its discrimination and assimilation. Therefore, now the same words of Bismarck are often pronounced already as a sentence, as proof that the Russian people have lost their vital energy, their ability to protect their interests, their ability to reunite. The catastrophic scenarios of the Russian sunset, the departure of the Russian nation from the historical arena, became widespread.

Undoubtedly, the prediction of the future is a thankless and unreliable business. Even if it is based on the statements of prominent political figures. At the same time, it is quite legitimate with a high degree of probability to predict the behavior of a people in certain circumstances, knowing its reaction to similar situations in the past. In this connection, instead of guessing about the future, it is always better to turn to the past. Moreover, Russia is not the first to lose territory, and it’s not the first time that the Russian people find themselves in a divided position, and it’s not for the first time that Russians are discriminated against in excluded territories.

The closest example of how to overcome decay is the restoration of territorial integrity after the collapse of the Russian Empire. However, it must be admitted that in 90 in Russia there was no power capable of imposing its will on the post-Soviet space through confrontation with the whole world, through confrontation with the whole world, as the Bolsheviks did at the post-imperial stage. Now there is no need to argue: good or bad. It is a fact. The experience of the Bolsheviks is currently not applicable, and therefore is of purely historical interest. It should be noted that the absence of such power in modern Russia can not at all serve as evidence of the degeneration of the Russian nation, its loss of vital energy and the ability to reunite. By whom, and as the spokesmen of the Russian spirit, "Leninist Guardsmen" were definitely not.

However, our Bolshevik experience is not the only one. In 1772, a significant part of White Russia was liberated from the Polish yoke, usually referred to in historiography as the “First Section of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth”. For the Russian people and Russia, this event was no less fateful than the liberation of Little Russia in 1654, and its reunification with Great Russia. 240 years ago, for the first time after several centuries of separation, all three branches of the Russian nation - Belarusians, Great Russians and Little Russians - were reunited within the framework of a single Russian state.

It is the experience of the reunification of Belarus with Russia that most fully meets the realities of today. It is important both for understanding the prospects for the reunification of the Russian nation, and for understanding the destinies of the states in which in the territories torn away from Russia, ethnocratic regimes discriminate against Russians. The process of reunification of Belarus with Russia was inextricably linked with the process of dividing the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the loss of their statehood by the Polish people.

The sections of the Commonwealth remain the greatest tragedies of the Polish nation, its unhealing wounds. In the international arena, the image of a “victim country” and a “sufferer’s people” has firmly entrenched Poland and the Poles. The main accused is always Russian imperialism, although it goes to the Germans for complicity, and all the rest for non-interference and indifference to the fate of the proud, freedom-loving people. This usually avoids the question of responsibility for the sections of the Poles themselves.

S.M.Soloviev in the capital study “The History of the Fall of Poland” in the first place among the main causes of the Polish catastrophe put not the aggressive aspirations of neighbors, but the powerful Russian national liberation movement against the Polish yoke, the struggle of the Russian community for equality “under the religious banner” [2 ].

“In the 1653 year,” wrote Solovyov, “the ambassador of the Moscow Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Prince Boris Alexandrovich Repnin demanded that the Polish government should not allow Orthodox Russian people to come forward in faith and freedom in the former liberties. The Polish government did not agree to this demand, and the consequence was the retirement of Little Russia. After a hundred years with something, the ambassador of the Russian empress, also Prince Repnin, made the same demand, was refused, and the result was the first partition of Poland "[3].

Catherine II, barely taking the throne, considered it necessary for her to make the protection of the rights of compatriots abroad (at that time in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) one of the priorities in Russian foreign policy. And originally it was a question of human rights policy, and not about the restoration of the territorial integrity of the Russian state and the reunification of the Russian nation.

The reason for such concern for compatriots is obvious. The German princess, having come to power in Russia as a result of a palace coup and the murder of her husband, in order to preserve the crown and life itself had to gain the trust of his subjects, pursue a nationally-oriented, popular policy in all sections of Russian society. Full dependence on the top of the nobility (guard) inevitably made the internal politics of Catherine the Second narrow-class. The only policy for national policy was foreign policy, including the policy of protecting Orthodox co-religionists.

The main merit in involving the empress in the protection of Orthodox compatriots rightfully belongs to Bishop George Konissky. He and other hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church from the Western Russian lands conveyed to the new empress a cry for the help of the oppressed Orthodox population of the Commonwealth. “Christians from Christians are oppressed,” wrote Bishop George Konissky, “and the faithful from the faithful more than from the infidels are embittered. Our temples are shut up, where Christ is constantly praised; Yid synagogues are open, in which Christ is constantly cursed.” we are human legends in equal with the eternal law of God importance to have, and do not dare to interfere with the earth with the sky, for that we are called dissenters, heretics, apostates, and it is difficult to contradict the conscience for prisoners, for wounds, for the sword, on fire can be condemned "[4]. From Kiev Metropolitan Empress came the news that the Trembovl headman Joachim Pototsky forcibly forced four Orthodox churches to take away to union; The Pinsk bishop, George Bulgak, took fourteen churches to union, mutilated Hegumen Feofan Yavorsky. And such messages came to Catherine II in the set. Dozens of Orthodox communities appealed to her with pleas for help against Catholic arbitrariness.

Catherine could not disregard all this. "Her predecessor insulted the national feeling, despising everything Russian. Catherine was obliged to act vigorously in the national spirit, to restore the trampled honor of the people." 1 [5]. Therefore, he believed V.O. Klyuchevsky: "The dissident case of patronage of co-religionists and other dissidents, as it was then expressed, about their equal rights with Catholics was especially important for Catherine as the most popular" [6]. N.I.Kostomarov also pointed out that Catherine II couldn’t refuse to support the Orthodox in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: “The case of non-Catholics in Poland was not such that the Russian empress could leave him” [7]. In the name of her own interests, Catherine II subordinated the country's foreign policy to the interests of the Russian nation, and became Catherine the Great.

Ekaterina commissioned the Russian ambassador to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth to take compatriots under her special patronage and to achieve their equalization in religious, political and economic rights with the Poles. Prince N.Repnin, who was sent to 1763 in Warsaw, was specifically instructed by the Empress "to protect our fellow believers in their rights, liberties, and the free exercise of God's service according to their rites, and especially not to prevent the seizure of churches and monasteries with them lands and other estates, but also to return, at the first opportunity, everything previously taken from them ”[8].

The task was almost impossible to solve. The Polish Catholic majority did not want to hear about the rejection of privileges and equality of rights with dissidents (as they then called all non-Catholics and non-Uniates of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). Even the leaders of the ruling ("pro-Russian") party, the Princes Czartoryski, openly declared that they would rather go to expel all dissidents from Poland, rather than agree to allow their equality with the Poles.

One of the leaders of the opposition, the Kraków Bishop of Soltyk, proclaimed: “I can’t allow the increase of dissident rights without a betrayal of the fatherland and the king. If I saw the doors to the Senate, the embassy hut, to the tribunals, then I’d block these doors with my own body — if they saw a place prepared for building a temple of another faith, then I would lay down on this place — if they had laid the cornerstone of the building on my head "[9].

Only five years later in 1768, under the colossal pressure of Russia, did the Polish Sejm be forced to recognize the equality of the Orthodox with the Catholics in the Polish Republic. At the same time, he especially stipulated the dominant position of the Catholic Church and the exclusive right of Catholics to the royal crown.

However, the Poles and in this form of equality with the Russians did not accept. For them, equality in rights with the Russians was tantamount to giving up all Polish liberties. The Catholic clergy, magnates and gentry formed the Bar Confederation, entered into an alliance with the Turks, and revolted. Poland flared.

As Catherine the Great wrote, the Poles "took the cross with one hand and signed an alliance with the Turks with the other. Why? Then to prevent a quarter of the Polish population from enjoying the rights of a citizen" [10]. According to the figurative definition of V.O. Klyuchevsky, the "Polish-gentry Pugachevshchina robbery of the oppressors for the right of oppression" [11] began.

The result is known. Exactly 240 years ago in 1772, a significant part of Belarus, thanks to the victories of the Russian weapons over the Turks and the masterly Confederates, freed from the Polish yoke and reunited with Great Russia and Little Russia in a single Russian state. At the same time, the first division of the Commonwealth took place.

The experience of the Poles did not teach anything. At the first opportunity (as it seemed to them), having enlisted by an alliance not with Turkey, but with Prussia, they "enjoyed the pleasure of kicking the lion without discerning that the lion was not only not dying, was not even sick" [12] . The Orthodox, still under the rule of the Commonwealth, were again legislatively reduced to the position of second-class citizens. Moreover, the Poles tried to split off the Orthodox parishes of Poland from the Russian Orthodox Church, to create an autocephalous Orthodox Church of the Commonwealth independent of Moscow. An attempt was made to use the Patriarch of Constantinople for this purpose. In the realities of the time, the division of the church could mean a much more serious and dangerous division of the Russian nation than the political division. “Poland began to threaten the division of Russia,” wrote S.M. Soloviev, “and Russia had to hasten a political union to prevent the church division” [13].

It happened that should have happened. The oppressors did not want to give up oppression. There was no way out - I had to completely rid them of the oppressed. The Russian nation is reunited. All the Russian lands, with the exception of Galicia, a century later re-united in one state.

For the opportunity to liberate compatriots from discrimination, for the reunification of the Russian people, Russia had to grant Prussia and Austria free hands over the Polish lands proper, which led to the disappearance of the Polish state for more than a hundred years.

Having gained independence in 1918, Poland, with the support of Britain and France, seized from West Russia seized by the civil war in Ukraine and Belarus from 1921. The Russian Minority and the Polish majority again became part of the Second Polish – Lithuanian Commonwealth. And it all happened again.

The Russians in Poland were immediately impressed. An active process of polonization began, a change in the ethnic and demographic balance in the occupied Russian territories. For twenty years, only three hundred thousand Poles, the so-called "osadnik", were resettled to Western Belarus with the allocation of large land plots. If before the occupation in Western Belarus there were 400 Belarusian schools, 2 teachers' seminaries and 5 gymnasiums, by the 1939, they were all converted to Polish. Two-thirds of the Orthodox churches turned into churches. In 1938, the President of Poland signed a special decree proclaiming that Polish policy towards Orthodoxy must "consistently lead to a leveling of Russian influence in the Orthodox Church and thereby speed up the process of polishing among the so-called Belarusians" [14]. Poland pursued a similar policy in Western Ukraine.

However, if in similar circumstances the Poles behaved like their ancestors a century and a half ago, the Russians did not change either. In the occupied lands, despite the repressions of the Polish authorities, Ukrainians and Belarusians do not make a foothold, and from year to year they are more and more actively defending their rights. Russia, now called the USSR, is rapidly recovering after the collapse of the empire and the civil war. Unfortunately, the Second Commonwealth of the Lion was again alive. 17 September 1939 city of the Red Army undertook the liberation campaign. The oppressors were again freed from the oppressed, only now in all Russian territories, including Galicia. So Stalin continued the work of Catherine the Great and concluded the process of collecting Russian lands, begun by Ivan Kalita.

Undoubtedly, in contrast to the time of Catherine II, in 1939, the discrimination of compatriots was not the main cause of the collapse of the Polish state. At the same time, it cannot be denied that this factor had a significant impact on the motivation of people both in the USSR and in the occupied territories. The local Belarusian and Ukrainian population saw the liberator from the Polish oppression in the Red Army, and the Soviet authorities found it necessary to call the campaign of the Red Army “Liberation”.

As at the end of the XVIII century. the liberation of Ukrainians and Belarusians from the Polish yoke required the granting of free hands to the Germans on ethnically Polish lands. The Polish state again ceased to exist - the so-called "The Fourth Partition of Poland" was accomplished.

The undoubted relationship of the reunification of the Russian people with the death of the Polish state in the XVIII and XX centuries. led to the fact that Russia has become decided to declare a participant and even the main culprit of the divisions of Poland. This accusation, as a matter of course, has firmly entered the public consciousness of the West, and not only of the West. It is significant that at the official level, both in the Russian Federation and in Belarus and in Ukraine, they chose not to notice the 70 anniversary of the Liberation Campaign, and the 240 anniversary of the reunification of Belarus with Russia, “shamefully”.

However, for all the seemingly obvious accusations, they have nothing to do with Russia. Catherine II clearly and clearly expressed the essence of the events - “not a single inch of the land of the“ ancient ”, she didn’t take a real Poland and didn’t want to acquire ... Russia ... the lands inhabited by Poles are not needed ... Lithuania, Ukraine and Belarus are Russians land or inhabited by Russians "[15]. This character of the policy of Russia, N.I.Kostomarov emphasized in the monograph "The Last Years of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth" stipulated that "the acquisition of Russian provinces from Poland by Catherine was perhaps the most just thing" [16]. The modern Russian explorer, OB Nemensky, also writes about this: "The Russian eagle connecting the two parts of the map with the lands of Western Russia was depicted on a commemorative medal on the occasion of the sections, and above it was written" Rejected back. " It is important to emphasize: Russia in all three sections did not receive a single inch of the Polish land itself, did not cross the ethnographic border of Poland (the author’s singular - I.Sh.). The ideology of Russian participation in the sections was precisely the reunification of the previously single - Russian Earth "[17].

The liberation campaign of the Red Army 1939 of the year had the character of the restoration of territorial integrity and national unity - only the original Russian lands were attached to the Soviet Union. Therefore, as M.I. Meltyukhov noted in the monograph "Soviet-Polish Wars", even in the West at that time, "many believed that the USSR did not participate in the division of Poland, since the western regions of Ukraine and Belarus were not Polish territories, and the problem the restoration of Poland was associated only with Germany. Accordingly, England and France advised the Polish government in emigration not to declare war on the USSR "[18].

In this regard, there is every reason to assert that the accusations of Russia in the sections of Poland are absolutely not true. In the XVIII century. Poland was divided between Prussia and Austria, and in the XX century. Germany - between the Reich and the Governor-General. Russia did not share Poland. Russia returned its. The return of one’s own, by definition, cannot be a section of someone else’s.

However, the non-participation of Russia in the divisions of Poland does not mean at all that the liquidation of Polish statehood was not directly connected and even caused by Russian policies aimed at protecting the rights of compatriots and restoring territorial integrity. Russia and in the XVIII and XX centuries. in order to achieve its goals, it provided the Germans with free hand in the Polish territories proper and thereby predetermined the fate of the Polish state. It was for this that Catherine II accused VO Klyuchevsky: "It was necessary to reunite Western Russia; instead they divided Poland. Obviously, these are essentially different acts — the first was demanded by the vital interest of the Russian people; the second was a matter of international violence. History indicated [Catherine] to return from Poland, what was behind her Russian, but did not inspire her to share Poland with the Germans. The mind of popular life demanded to save Western Russia from polio, and only cabinet politics could give Poland a numbness "[19]. However, are such charges fair? Could Catherine the Second save the oppressors from the oppressed without the participation of Austria and Prussia?

The reunification of the Russian nation and the return of the alienated Western Russian lands obviously should have strengthened Russia. But any strengthening of Russia in the West has always been considered a direct challenge to its own security. What are the reasons for this attitude and how justified is it - a separate topic. The main thing is that this is a given. Significantly, in 1791, one of the greatest English prime ministers, Pitt the Younger, was ready to declare war on Russia, introduce 35 battleships into the Baltic Sea, and even give Prussia for participating in a Russian expedition not belonging to England Danzig. And all just so that, as his opponents in the House of Commons said, not to allow Russia to get a piece of the steppe between the Bug and the Dniester as a result of a victorious war with Turkey. Not far behind the UK and France, also separated from the borders of Russia by thousands of kilometers. As the French historian Albert Vandal noted in his study “The Break of the Franco-Russian Union”, it was largely the royal French’s foreign policy that determined the idea of ​​Napoleon “to drive Russia into Asia, whose invasion of the great powers upset the old political system of Europe wise policy of our [French] kings and ministers. Louis XV during almost his entire reign, at times Louis XVI and their most famous advisers considered it necessary to put a limit to the Russian time. I dreamed arrange dam firmly set on its feet and is closely related to each other in Sweden, Poland and Turkey "[21]. Austria and Prussia reacted no less, if not more, to the strengthening of Russia.

Neither of which is isolated, only between Russia and Poland, the solution of the West Russian question was out of the question. Such an attempt would inevitably lead the country into a war with a coalition of European powers. By the way, out of the conviction that “Europe will protect us,” and Poles were confident that the Russian population could be oppressed with impunity and ignored all the demands of Russia for Orthodox equality. Shortly before the death of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Polish Vice-Chancellor Borch used to convince those who doubt the security of the national policy pursued by the republic: “Russia has nothing to fear; although it won the Turks in this campaign, it will, of course, be defeated in the future; yes, if it hadn’t happened then all of Europe, in order to prevent the strengthening of Russia, will stand up for Poland, especially Austria, which, truly, will not look with folded hands on the victories of the Russians over the Turks and will stand up for Poland (I have singled out I.Sh.) "[20].

The Polish authorities did not take into account only one thing: the great powers have no eternal enemies, there are only eternal interests. Frederick the Great - the main ideologue and practice of dividing Poland - really considered Russia a strategic opponent of Prussia and all of Europe. But in the specific conditions of the second half of the XVIII century. the interests of his kingdom demanded, in the first place, the annexation of West Prussia, Pomerania, Danzig, Thorn and other cities and lands belonging to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Without an alliance with Russia, this was impossible to achieve. Austria was no less interested in Polish lands at that time. In order to achieve their goals, the two German states were ready to take into account the interests of Russia and put up with its inevitable strengthening as a result of the return of the Russian territories torn away by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Thus, the aggressive policy of Prussia and Austria that joined it opened up a window of opportunity for Russia to solve the Western Russian question without a bloody war with the great European powers. Austria and Prussia were allied with Russia, and France and England did not consider it possible to counteract their joint actions (despite all the appeals of the Poles).

Of course, for the liberation of co-religionists and the return of the originally Russian territories they had to close their eyes to the liquidation of Poland by the Germans. It was a heavy reunion fee. And the matter is not at all in the fate of Poland. Why Catherine the Great had to take into account the interests of Poland, when the latter did not want to take into account the interests of Russia and Russian compatriots? The empress was quite rightly worried only by the seizure by Austria of the Russian voivodship of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (present-day Galicia), which she was not able to exchange for the conquered Turkish lands.

For Russia, the burden of reunification was different: the buffer between Russia and the Germans disappeared. Austria and Prussia were directly on the Russian borders. But the alternative to this would be only the rejection of reunification. The third was not given. The variant of the war with Poland, Prussia and Austria, possibly supported by England, for the preservation of Poland in its ethnographic borders lies beyond the limits of all logic. Politics is the art of the possible. And Catherine the Great accomplished the almost impossible: without spilling the seas of Russian blood, she reunited the Great Russians, Little Russians and Belarusians in the Russian state, and liberated her co-religionists from the Polish yoke. Paying for this heavy, but necessary price.

At the beginning of the XX century. The geopolitical situation is almost completely repeated. As in the XVIII century. Polish authorities carried out a frankly anti-Russian policy in the occupied territories. There was no way to solve the problem peacefully: the ethnocratic regime, confident in the support of the West, flatly refused to hold plebiscites on the occupied lands. Military way to return the Western Belarus and the Western Ukraine of the USSR also could not. This would lead to war with virtually all of Europe.

However, in 1939, the Third Reich at the first stage of the unfolding battle with Great Britain for world domination proved vital neutrality of the Soviet Union. Stalin, like Catherine II, took full advantage of the window of opportunity that opened. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact ensured Germany’s non-interference in post-imperial affairs and the near-peaceful reunification of Western Belarus and Western Ukraine with Soviet Russia. At the same time, the same Pact ensured freedom of action for the Germans against Poland and predetermined its division. But after Stalin’s aggression, Stalin had even less reasons to put the interests of Poland above the interests of compatriots and the security of the Soviet state than of Catherine the Great. In 1939, the alternative to reunification was only the transfer of Belarusians and Ukrainians in Western Russian lands from Polish to German occupation, and providing Wehrmacht with advantageous positions for an attack on the USSR. To go on such a Soviet Union could not. The option of a war with Germany for the freedom and territorial integrity of Poland, including the occupied Russian lands, is pointless and considered.

The disappearance of the Polish state was the Polish payment for anti-Russian and anti-Soviet policies. For this policy, both in relation to the Russian community, and in relation to the USSR, no one except the Poles is responsible. They chose it themselves.

It should be noted that in the future, France, the United Kingdom and the United States, guided by their eternal interests, recalled the Curzon line and the fact that they always stood for Poland in its ethnographic borders, without Western Belarus and Western Ukraine.

The experience of reunification and modernity

As we can see from the example of the divisions of Poland, the answer to the discrimination of Russians in territories alienated from Russia was the development of events according to the same algorithm:

- the Russian community did not resign, did not emigrate and did not assimilate, it maintained national identity and fought for equality;

- the Russian state inevitably became involved in the struggle for the rights of compatriots;

- the ethnocratic regime, relying on the support of the West, did not go to the establishment of equality of Russians with the titular nation;

- the risk of collision with the West did not allow the Russian state to force the ethnocratic regime to respect the rights of compatriots;

- the need of one or several great powers, for the sake of vital interests for themselves, to support Russia opened up a “window of opportunity” for Russian policy in the field of protecting the rights of compatriots;

- The result was a radical resolution of the problem, the reunification of the Russian nation and the elimination of not only the ethnocratic regime, but also the state he headed.

So it was in the XVIII century and in the XX century. There is every reason to believe that this will happen in the XXI century.

The catastrophe of 90's Russian nation survived. There has been, albeit a slow but steady rise in her vitality, the growth of Russian national self-awareness. Unfortunately for the post-Soviet ethnocracies, the lion did not die again. Undoubtedly, the Russian nation has many extremely dangerous problems. There is no need to turn a blind eye to this reality. But they were in the 20 and 30-s. That did not prevent either the reunification or the Victory flag over the Reichstag to become a reality.

Russians in the post-Soviet space are gradually recovering from the shock of the collapse of the USSR. After more than twenty years, it can be stated that neither mass exodus, nor assimilation, nor the collapse of Russian self-consciousness in the age-old Russian territories that became part of the new independent states, did not happen. Even in Ukraine, after nearly a hundred years of violent de-Russification and the propaganda of "Ukrainian nationalism" that was just frantic in recent decades, the majority of the population in all regions (except the West), in all age groups and all types of settlements support the idea of ​​Ukraine joining the Union of Belarus and Russia. As evidenced by the results of a large-scale sociological research conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in 2011, [21]. And this is with excellent knowledge of the citizens of Ukraine about the virtual nature of the Union State. Such a result speaks of strength and resilience in Ukraine of an all-Russian national identity.

The struggle of Russians for their rights also begins to unfold. In a referendum in Latvia 2012, for the first time in the post-Soviet period, Russians unitedly opposed the policy of ethnic discrimination. Thus, they unequivocally stated that they no longer intend to put up with the situation of second-class citizens, the "lower economic class" in the Latvian state. As they do not intend to emigrate or assimilate. Before that, there were mass unrest of Russians and Russian-cultural Estonia in defense of the Bronze Soldier. After several years of delay, the Party of Regions in Ukraine was forced to adopt, although defective, but still slightly protecting the rights of Russians, a law on language. The end of 2012 brought messages about the intensification of the struggle of Russians for equality in the second most important city of Moldova - Balti. All these are the first signs. They do not make spring, but they allow judging the tendency.

At the same time, the process of involving the Russian state in protecting the rights of compatriots begins. Before the presidential election in the program article "Russia and the Changing World", Vladimir Putin emphasized: "We will most decisively ensure that the Latvian and Estonian authorities implement the numerous recommendations of authoritative international organizations regarding the observance of generally accepted rights of national minorities. With the existence of the shameful status of" non-citizens "it is impossible to put up. Yes, and how can you put up with the fact that every sixth Latvian resident and every thirteenth resident of Estonia as" non-citizens "are deprived of fundamental political rights, election and socio-economic rights, the ability to freely use the Russian language "[22].

Of course, in the Russian ruling class there are quite powerful forces that do not care about the needs and interests of the Russian nation, who consider it appropriate for themselves to distance themselves from them. It is enough to recall the statement by Dmitry Medvedev that discrimination against the Russian population in Latvia is an internal affair of the Latvian state. The then President of Russia (and her current prime minister) answered the journalist who asked him a question about the situation of compatriots in Latvia: “I think that these questions, in fact, need to be asked to our colleagues, because we are talking about a situation that in Latvia and not in Russia "[23].

With all his well-known adherence to liberal values ​​and the underlined respect for the norms of law, Dmitry Medvedev, as soon as we started talking about Russian rights, immediately forgot the fundamental principle of liberalism, and of all modern international law - respect for human rights is not an internal affair of the state.

It is significant that the head of Rossotrudnichestvo, i.e. Konstantin Kosachev, a man who opposes the equalization of the Russian language in his rights with the languages ​​of the titular nations in the former Soviet republics, is the main defender of compatriots and the Russian language in the post-Soviet space. "Yes, there is a problem of the Russian language, it is clear that a significant part of the population of Ukraine continues to use it, considering it to be native. But it is also obvious that if you give this language the same powers and freedoms as Ukrainian, then Ukrainian could suffer from this, that it would be completely wrong for the fate of statehood, the sovereignty of Ukraine "[24], these words are not representative of the Bandera" Freedom, "the current head of Rossotrudnichestvo uttered them.

There are many examples of the frank surrender of the interests of Russian compatriots to the Russian ruling class. But similar examples were, alas, quite a few in the 18th and 20th centuries. Therefore, they do not at all cancel the obvious and undoubted fact that the process of involving the Russian state in the struggle for the rights of Russians in the post-Soviet space is beginning.

If the fate of the Russian nation depended on the good or evil will of specific rulers or high-ranking officials, there would have been no Russians for a long time.

It is indicative of the fact that in order to win the presidential elections, the words on the protection of the rights of compatriots now consider it necessary to pronounce. Just as it became necessary to raise the issue of the needs of the Russian nation, and its role in the Russian state. Up to a completely “seditious” by the standards of Vladimir Putin’s recent past statement: “The Russian people are state-forming - in fact of the existence of Russia” [25].

If in 90-s. Russian politicians allowed themselves to openly show contempt for everything Russian, now only marginals do so. Now talk about Russian interests - a sign of political respectability. Accordingly, soon it will be necessary to reckon with Russian interests. Not far off is the time when they will be guided. The color of time is changing before our eyes.

Russian and in the XXI century. stayed Russian. Therefore, the events in the seized territories and in Russia itself in response to the discrimination of Russians begin to develop according to the algorithm that has been worked out for centuries.

The nature of ethnocratic regimes has not changed in the 21st century. They do not even want to hear about the equality of Russians with the titular nation. They are also absolutely convinced that support from the West, especially membership in NATO, is a guarantee of unpunished discrimination against Russians.

Now the West, indeed, in the name of weakening Russia, as its geopolitical rival, fully supports the discrimination of Russians by post-Soviet ethnocracies. But the geopolitical picture of the world is changing rapidly. The unipolar world did not take place. The United States failed to establish its dominion over the world. For our topic it is completely unimportant who will challenge the USA in the struggle for leadership. Will it be Germany, if it manages to bend the European Union under itself, or China is not important. It is important that the balance of forces in the world begins to change dramatically. Under these conditions, the leading players will have to, such is the power of things, in order to support Russia of their own eternal interests, to reckon with Russian interests. The window of opportunity reopens. And no one will remember the ethnocratic regimes and the states headed by them.

Therefore, there is every reason to say that the reunification of the Russian nation is inevitable. Of course, it will not happen by itself, "according to the command of the dictates." It is impossible to predict that the current or next president of Russia will consider it good for himself to be the spokesman for the interests of the Russian people. Whether or not he will be able to use the window of opportunity and play the same role in the history of the Russian nation as Catherine the Great and Stalin. But, by and large, this is not the problem of the nation, but the problem of the future of a particular politician. The main thing is different. As long as the Russians remain Russians (there is no reason to say otherwise), the answer to the challenge of disintegration will always be the reunification of the Russian nation. There is no other way. Bismarck understood that perfectly.

1. Bismarck O. Letter to the Ambassador in Vienna to Prince Henry VII Flight 03.05.1888.
2. Solovyov S.M. Works in 18 book. Prince Xvi. M., 1998. - C.84.
3. Ibid. C.97
4. Quoted by Solovyov S.M. CM. Works in 18 book. Prince Xvi. M., 1998. - S. 102.
5. Klyuchevsky V.O. Writings The 9 T.T.5. - M., 1989. - C.34.
6. Ibid. C.48.
7. Quoted by: Arzhakova L.M. The dissident question and the fall of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (pre-revolutionary Russian historiography of the problem) // Petersburg Slavic and Balkan Studies. - 2008, No. 1 (3). C.36.
8. Solovyov S.M. The history of Russia since ancient times. In 15 pr. Kn.XIII .. M., 1965. - C.258-259.
9. Solovyov S.M. Works: in 18 book. Book XIV. M., 1998. - C.164.
10. Solovyov S.M. Works: in 18 book. Book XIV. M., 1998. - C.337.
11. Klyuchevsky V.O. Writings The 9 T.T.5. - M., 1989. - C.50.
12. Solovyov S.M. Works in 18 book. Prince Xvi. M., 1998. - C.233.
13. Ibid. C.252.
14. Nikolai Malishevsky: How Belarusians lived in the "Polish Paradise". - http://regnum.ru/news/polit/1424781.html.
15. Quoted by: Tarle E.V. Catherine II and her diplomacy. CH.1. M., 1945. - C.19-20.
16. Quoted by: Arzhakova L.M. The dissident question and the fall of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (pre-revolutionary Russian historiography of the problem) // Petersburg Slavic and Balkan Studies. - 2008, No. 1 (3). C.36.
17. Nemensky OB Russia has never participated in the divisions of Poland. - www.regnum.ru/news/1608090.html
18. Meltyukhov M.I. Soviet-Polish wars. Military-political confrontation 1918 - 1939 - M .: Veche, 2001. - C.356.
19. Klyuchevsky V.O. Writings The 9 T.T.5. - M., 1989. - C.55-60.
20. Solovyov S.M. Works: in 18 book. Book XIV. M., 1998. - C.355.
21. Vandal A. The gap of the Franco-Russian Union. - http://lib.rus.ec/b/169049/read
22. Shulga N. Does Ukraine want to be with Russia? - 2000 Weekly No 24 (562) 17 - 23 June 2011
23. http://mn.ru/politics/20120227/312306749.html.
24. http: //president.rf/transcripts/9855.
25. http://www.nr2.ru/kiev/323821.html.
26. http://www.ng.ru/politics/2012-01-23/1_national.html.
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  1. boris.radevitch
    boris.radevitch 12 January 2013 06: 59
    +9
    Let's reunite it's high time! good
    1. Ross
      Ross 12 January 2013 10: 32
      +8
      boris.radevitch,

      Let's reunite it's high time!

      http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2013/418/qgxz710.jpg
      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko 12 January 2013 12: 19
        +1
        Almost a topic, but a joy!

        URGENT-URGENT-URGENT
        Look in "google maps"
        Everett. PC. Washington. water area "Puget Sound" (Pusseshen Sound)
        On a scale of 20 meters.
        There is a half-submerged number 72 "Abraham Lincoln" at the Quay


        ps / relevance is not known.

        There's a December shot, Norfolk.
        http://nosikot.livejournal.com/904164.html
      2. bask
        bask 12 January 2013 13: 26
        0
        Quote: Ross
        Ross

        chubby about Dostoevsky and Russian .. It is necessary to read Russian classics.
      3. bask
        bask 12 January 2013 13: 59
        +9
        Ross,
        Classics must be re-calculated.
        1. LAO
          LAO 12 January 2013 20: 04
          -3
          And these - on which the people depended - are not from the same people?
          Sales officials and embezzlers - aliens?
          Previously, the Aids were to blame for everything now, but as with the king so now - ass! Who is the next culprit in this lawlessness?
          Nehru on the mirror to blame if the face is crooked (even if in a beard)!
      4. vezunchik
        vezunchik 12 January 2013 17: 01
        +4
        and the Soviet government forced everyone to learn! And the Great Lenin said to youth - he is learning to study and study again ... This is the strength of the state and the weakness of the NAVIGATORS !!!!
        1. S_mirnov
          S_mirnov 12 January 2013 20: 15
          +1
          "reunification as a response to the challenge of disintegration" - unite around the idea, not around the collapse. The modern government cannot give birth to such an idea, therefore we change the government or continue to disintegrate.
          "The experience of the Bolsheviks is not applicable at the present time, and therefore is of purely historical interest" - just like that, clap and inapplicable (what a deep analysis of the experience of the Bolsheviks). I think the author is simply afraid to examine in more detail the experience of the Bolsheviks, otherwise his rassosalivanie will look like childish. In short, we do not let the people remember with all our might who the Bolsheviks are, what they fought for and why our far from stupid ancestors kicked the tsar in the ass and stood up for the Bolsheviks.
          "In 1772, the liberation of a significant part of White Russia from the Polish yoke took place," I do not argue, this is a good thing, but rather small compared to the Great October Socialist Revolution.
          In short, modern leaders of the workers 'and peasants' revolution are very afraid, otherwise the "effective owners" will get a penny in the ass again, but whoever will pay dirty scribes, they will die of hunger, they can do nothing else!
      5. Beltar
        Beltar 12 January 2013 23: 20
        -1
        In matters of politics, Lev Nikolaevich was a kind man, but fantastically stupid.
  2. Atlon
    Atlon 12 January 2013 07: 52
    +13
    Interesting and informative. The article and the author plus, for the work done and the selection of materials. And as a comment ... Poland has always been dissatisfied and "offended". So in their place you have to sit silently and not stick out, and they are all for the old. Don't feed bread, just let Russia kick it. They would take an example from the Italians. The heirs of the Roman Empire, but they live modestly for themselves.
    1. Igor Belov
      Igor Belov 12 January 2013 08: 05
      +20
      Quote: Atlon
      Would take an example from the Italians. The heirs of the Roman Empire, and live modestly.

      Do you want to compare the Roman Empire with the Commonwealth ??? I do not think that such a comparison is able to withstand at least some criticism.
      Cheap Polish princelings never possessed greatness and honor, which is why their country always turned out to be petty and internecine and kept only on a temporary fear of the atrocities of the Polish "lords" - cheap!
      No self-respecting people will bawl the whole world about their persecution and resentment, and the Poles have become very adept at this, having caught up with their teachers - the Jews. So two offended people go hand in hand - a Pole and a Jew.
      Well ... a flag in their hands and a drum on their neck !!!
      1. bask
        bask 12 January 2013 08: 11
        +8
        Quote: Igor Belov
        lag in their hands and a drum on the neck !!!

        Greetings buddy. Poles, by and large, were not when they were not Slavs, but always were ,,,,, KID. ,,,, and sixes of the West and the Roman Catholic Church ....
        1. Igor Belov
          Igor Belov 12 January 2013 08: 58
          +5
          Quote: bask
          Poles by and large were not when they were not Slavs

          Hi Andrew! To the Slavs they try to attribute the Romanians and Germans as well. I will not venture to judge how much this is justified in terms of genetics, but there is no more Slavic in them than in the crocodile of pity. A miserable petty rabble with manic ambitions ...
          1. Ross
            Ross 12 January 2013 10: 39
            +9
            Igor Belov,
            No self-respecting people will bawl the whole world about their persecution and resentment, and the Poles have become very adept at this, having caught up with their teachers - the Jews.

            Hi!
            Do not forget about the role in Poland of the alliance with the Polish gentry with the Jews and under the control of the Pope. For hundreds of years, the Poles used Jewish merchants to enslave the Ukrainians and Belarusians. Remember Gogol with his Taras Bulba. Everything is well shown there.
            1. Igor Belov
              Igor Belov 12 January 2013 11: 08
              +7
              Quote: Ross
              Do not forget about the role in Poland of the alliance with the Polish gentry with the Jews and under the control of the Pope.

              How can you forget! And I would like to, but the "Poles" are constantly reminded.
            2. bask
              bask 12 January 2013 13: 22
              +5
              Quote: Ross

              Do not forget about the role in Poland of the alliance with the Polish gentry with the Jews and under the control of the Pope. Poles

              If in our schools. They don’t start teaching, the real history of Russia. Then the next generation of Russians, Ukrainians, will be completely, “fooled” by our television and the media.
              1. vezunchik
                vezunchik 12 January 2013 17: 13
                0
                Even Ordin-Nashchekin said-it is viciously mean and unreliable people ....
          2. Evgeny Petrovich
            Evgeny Petrovich 12 January 2013 15: 22
            +4
            You are in vain on the Germans. The closest race to the Slavs. If the Slavs and the Finno-Ugric peoples could join their forces, the world would long ago have fallen to its knees.
            The best soldiers, scientists, achievements - Russian and German ..
            But at the same time we are very different: "What is good for a Russian, death for a German"
            1. LAO
              LAO 12 January 2013 20: 32
              0
              The Germans are far from Slavs!
              Everything else is true!
          3. vezunchik
            vezunchik 12 January 2013 17: 04
            +2
            Germans are the general name of the population; the Prussians belong to the Slavs. By the way, Iron Chancellor Bismarck was also a Prussian!
            1. LAO
              LAO 12 January 2013 20: 37
              0
              The Prussians are also far from Slavs, the descendants of German knightly orders destroyed by Soviet troops (including civilians).
        2. Deniska999
          Deniska999 12 January 2013 10: 12
          +5
          Gorky M. about Poland. Old Isergil:
          Cold and deceitful people live there.
        3. Beltar
          Beltar 12 January 2013 23: 22
          -1
          Well, we can assume that the Catholic is essentially no longer a Slav. And the Muslim is even more so.
        4. figvamforever
          figvamforever 13 January 2013 17: 37
          0
          Quote: bask
          Greetings buddy. Poles, by and large, were not when they were not Slavs, but always were ,,,,, KID. ,,,, and sixes of the West and the Roman Catholic Church ....

          Did you come up with this yourself? The Poles are just one of the names of the Slavic nations spoiled by other blood.
          Have you forgotten how for 300 years Russia caved in under the Tatars? And was Great Peter redeemed from captivity? Do not spit in others, you may be in a bad position.
      2. Atlon
        Atlon 12 January 2013 08: 15
        +6
        Quote: Igor Belov
        So two offended people go hand in hand - a Pole and a Jew.

        In the days of the USSR, I remember the expression (of course only for "kitchen" use): "There is nothing worse than the Polish zh.i.d!" And the phrase "Polish Jew" was stronger than "Parhaty Jew". That is, some kind of the highest quintessence of Zionism. There was probably a deeper meaning in this. :)
        1. Igor Belov
          Igor Belov 12 January 2013 08: 53
          +3
          Quote: Atlon
          Perhaps this was the deepest meaning. :)

          Our people are very smart and observant and it is very difficult for them to cheat their brains (at least it was difficult).
          Quote: Atlon
          the phrase "Polish Jew" was stronger than "Parhaty Jew".

          And you think the Warsaw ghetto is thundering in vain. Before World War II, Poland was the "main burrow" for the Jews, so to speak, the reserve of the Jews, a people without a homeland. Now, having found a foothold on the land taken from other peoples, they flooded into another campaign for the creation of the "Great Kaganate", carrying their "resentment" and "deprivation" ahead of them. Well, the Poles, realizing that these "snot" can drive far, quickly picked up this idea.
          Only both of them miscalculated - tolerance and liberalism do not take root in our minds and souls. May it always be so ...
          1. Atlon
            Atlon 12 January 2013 08: 58
            +1
            Quote: Igor Belov
            Well, the Poles, realizing that these "snot" can drive far, quickly picked up this idea.

            "Gentlemen! Finish this snot! The second episode awaits us!" (film "Man from Boulevard des Capucines")
            Quote: Igor Belov
            Only both of them miscalculated - tolerance and liberalism do not take root in our minds and souls. May it always be so ...
          2. vladsolo56
            vladsolo56 12 January 2013 09: 02
            -6
            Is everything okay with your head? that the Jews do not let you sleep or tear off the last piece? I am amazed at man by a hateful worldview.
            1. Igor Belov
              Igor Belov 12 January 2013 09: 18
              +10
              Quote: vladsolo56
              do not give sleep or tear off the last piece? I am amazed at man by a hateful worldview.

              My sleep is healthy, but at the expense of the last piece ... it’s not with me, it’s taken away from my grandchildren! And the Jews have nothing to do with it, I’m talking about the Jews, and these (as some users have already mentioned here) are different concepts.
              Are you talking about a hateful worldview? ... It is strange how the Zionists relate to people ??? And if you consider yourself also a person, then you should think about the state of your head and make your gray matter work, and not just eat and sleep! hi
              1. vladsolo56
                vladsolo56 12 January 2013 09: 20
                0
                Thanks, they set the right path, but I didn’t know and didn’t know.
                1. Igor Belov
                  Igor Belov 12 January 2013 09: 24
                  +5
                  Quote: vladsolo56
                  Thank you, they set the right path,

                  It's my pleasure! Contact ... hi
            2. tm70-71
              tm70-71 12 January 2013 09: 37
              -2
              I also do not like such statements — somewhere the doctor was from the ward number 6.
              1. Igor Belov
                Igor Belov 12 January 2013 09: 48
                +6
                Quote: tm70-71
                Me too

                Why, with the Polish flag! Pray your ksenza for the fact that it is impossible on the site to fully reproduce those words that they themselves ask! Ohhh! You would learn about yourself and your country many new epithets ...
                1. tm70-71
                  tm70-71 12 January 2013 10: 06
                  +1
                  Actually, I’m from Kyrgyzstan, but I don’t have a question about the Polish flag, although my great-grandfather was a Pole by nationality. Yes, I’m Orthodox as well, so don’t tell me who to pray to me!
                  1. Igor Belov
                    Igor Belov 12 January 2013 10: 54
                    -1
                    Quote: tm70-71
                    Actually, I'm from Kyrgyzstan,

                    Well, sit in your Kyrgyzstan, and your ancestors knowingly got there. Are you apparently a descendant of the exiled traitors of the Russian See? In this case, there’s nothing to even talk to you about ... negative
                    1. tm70-71
                      tm70-71 12 January 2013 11: 04
                      0
                      You have a novice hole in your head, YOU are probably an orphan? Mom, dad didn’t teach you to communicate with strangers politely. Yes, I do a hundred times more for Russia in Kyrgyzstan than you do in Russia. And I generally keep quiet about my ancestors.
                      1. Igor Belov
                        Igor Belov 12 January 2013 11: 33
                        -5
                        Quote: tm70-71
                        Mom, Dad didn’t teach you to communicate politely with strangers.

                        So with people ...
                        Quote: tm70-71
                        .Yes, I’m doing a hundred times more for Russia in Kyrgyzstan than you

                        Yes? And what exactly? Do you supply guest workers? The merit is not great and it is highly doubtful! A Russian working man would personally count your ribs for this "help". bully
                        Quote: tm70-71
                        .A about my ancestors, I generally keep quiet.

                        But this is true! Do not shout about your shame publicly (although this is normal for a Pole) hi
                      2. tm70-71
                        tm70-71 12 January 2013 12: 14
                        +4
                        Fantasy has just a closed clinic for violent. It’s very difficult for me to count the ribs, I won’t prove it to you, I don’t see the need for it, As a rule, when meeting these people, the ambition with them disappears somewhere. We have for every word you have to answer. You come to us, we have a lot of all kinds of nationalities here, I will teach you how to be tolerant with examples.
                      3. Igor Belov
                        Igor Belov 12 January 2013 15: 31
                        0
                        Quote: tm70-71
                        , I will teach you how to be tolerant with examples.

                        HA HA HA !!! Teach your wife (if any) cabbage soup! wassat
                      4. tm70-71
                        tm70-71 12 January 2013 16: 22
                        -4
                        Come, I beg you, I will meet you very much
                  2. tm70-71
                    tm70-71 12 January 2013 12: 41
                    0
                    Do not you bark about my ancestors, my ancestors from the 18th century in the sovereign service.
                  3. Igor Belov
                    Igor Belov 12 January 2013 15: 37
                    -2
                    Quote: tm70-71
                    My ancestors from the 18th century were in the sovereign service.

                    Who? The Polish king? It is possible! For which they exiled them! And you, apparently, are not very much needed in Russia ...: hi
                  4. tm70-71
                    tm70-71 12 January 2013 16: 24
                    -3
                    you have a lot of headaches, I would like to treat you myself.
                  5. A. Yaga
                    A. Yaga 12 January 2013 23: 44
                    0
                    tm70-71,
                    you have a lot of headaches, I would like to treat you myself.


                    Ohhhh. sir. You have long been in the sovereign service in Kyrgyzstan! The mentality is already completely Asian!
              2. Deniska999
                Deniska999 12 January 2013 19: 37
                +1
                And mine from the 17th century. Will we deal with localism? Although you don’t know what parochialism is.
  • Atlon
    Atlon 12 January 2013 10: 32
    +1
    Quote: vladsolo56
    Is everything okay with your head?

    Quite. Not complaining.
    Quote: vladsolo56
    that the Jews do not let you sleep or tear off the last piece?

    I sleep well (when I’m not sitting on the internet). I don’t know about the piece ... But I suspect.
    Quote: vladsolo56
    I am amazed at man by a hateful worldview.

    Are you talking about the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" or about the "Old Testament"? Explain more precisely which of these worldviews do you consider misanthropic? Or maybe all of Judaism in general? wink
    1. Igor Belov
      Igor Belov 12 January 2013 10: 59
      0
      Quote: Atlon
      about the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" or about the "Old Testament"

      "Protocols ...", "Testament ..." - this is just the tip of the iceberg, the basis for everything, as you might guess, Paul, "Torah". This is truly a demonic book that carries the "light" of Zionism around the world.
    2. tm70-71
      tm70-71 12 January 2013 11: 10
      0
      Quote: Atlon
      I sleep well (when I’m not sitting on the internet)

      The diagnosis is visible on the face - sleep more and everything will pass.
      1. Evgeny Petrovich
        Evgeny Petrovich 12 January 2013 17: 32
        -1
        Igor Belov, YOUR PATRIOTICITY IS NOT AT ALL PATRIOTIC.
        You know how to write something popular that others like, but not what you yourself think. You are very aggressive about your imaginary patriotism, especially when they begin to criticize you for "going overboard". You do not have that love for the Motherland that you want to create here, with your comments, this is called creating an image (example Zhirinovsky).
        Diagnosis: Troll.
        Aggravating circumstances: voluntary troll.
        1. Igor Belov
          Igor Belov 12 January 2013 17: 53
          0
          Evgeny Petrovich,
          Listen to yourself, Evgeny Petrovich, and cry! You can make your "diagnoses" at home, if your family allows you. I'm not going to make excuses for my thoughts to anyone, but such utyrk_ov from Kyrgyzstan with Polish "roots" who are ridiculously trying to threaten with their skinny little fist from behind a safe Internet fence did not and will not stand. As for you directly, your attempts to talk to me in the mentoring tone of a judicial official with claims to analysis are simply ridiculous ... hi
      2. Deniska999
        Deniska999 12 January 2013 19: 39
        +1
        Kill yourself. am And you don’t see at all.
  • tm70-71
    tm70-71 12 January 2013 13: 19
    0
    And with what head, they call it masturbation.
  • smile
    smile 12 January 2013 19: 41
    0
    Igor Belov
    Sorry, but you are very mistaken if you think that the Poles treated well and relate to the Jews. The attitude of the Poles towards them was not much different from the attitude of the Nazis, and was about the same as towards the Russians. By the way, the Poles in the year 39 killed Jews with about the same zeal as the Baltic citizens of the Russian civilians and the same Jews in 41m. In addition to traditional sources, my grandmother told me very colorfully, with nauseating details (she was Polish and lived in the Vilnius region in those years). According to her, the last Jew in the district (along with her four-year-old daughter), whom she heard about during the War, was tracked down and stabbed by Polish servicemen of the Auxiliary Police in the summer of 1942 .... by the way, the Poles hid them too ... and the Russians were destroyed and stole into concentration camps even earlier ....
    1. Igor Belov
      Igor Belov 12 January 2013 20: 12
      0
      Quote: smile
      you are very mistaken if you think that the Poles treated well and are Jewish.

      Did I write somewhere about the "good" attitude of Poles towards Jews? And I said that the Jews set up their rookery in Poland and that the Poles learned very well from them to drool and pretend to be unhappy.
      Quote: smile
      , tracked down and stabbed with bayonets Polish auxiliary police officers

      The example given by you cannot be correct, since Polish (and not only) police with equal zeal grabbed all "enemies of the Reich" without any preference. The Jews and their "voluntary policemen" had enough. Service was carried out throughout the Warsaw "ghetto".
      1. smile
        smile 12 January 2013 22: 54
        +2
        Igor Belov
        You know, the Poles have very well learned to pretend and drool without any Jews, do not think that they are so independent, .. :))))) all the more so since the politics of Zhecha Pospolita were nevertheless determined by magnates, and Jews into the class of estates they didn’t let the cannon shot ... so you should not blame them for the Polish ambition.
        About the photo - I agree. I will add that according to German data, about 120 thousand Wehrmacht troops - racially inferior from the point of view of the Nazis (Jews and Germans with an admixture of Jewish blood) were awarded German orders and medals for participating in hostilities.
        It’s just your position - I don’t like the Jews to blame for everything, I take a bad attitude to the state of Israel, since its policy is contrary to our interests. Zionism is no better than fascism or Bandera (can I call it that). And the prevalence of people of one nation among the financial aligarhat annoying ....
        But to state. that they are to blame for everything .... even here on the site there are Jews living in Israel who are much bigger patriots of Russia than many Russians .... and your attitude towards them is very much like the attitude of the Russian political elite (and not only) Poland and the Baltic states ... In the Lithuanian press, for example, the topic was discussed for a long time - how the Russians taught the Lithuanians to steal, drink and swear obscenities ... now it is no longer being circulated - it is clear to all of them - if there is no water in the tap, then ... Russians are to blame for everything ....
        Somehow, with respect to the Jews, I don’t want to be on the same line with the Nazis, Bandera, Baltic fascists and nationalist-minded Poles - I don’t like such neighbors, and that's it ... and to say that one nation is to blame for everything ... how something .... I can’t find the words - not good, or something .....
        1. Igor Belov
          Igor Belov 12 January 2013 23: 39
          0
          smile,
          I will not argue with you, rightly believing that I can not convince you. Yes, I do not set myself such a goal. How many people, so many opinions, but still try to explain my position. The fact is that you misunderstood me somewhat and I don’t blame ordinary Jews for anything, moreover, their life is completely indifferent to me, but there is a certain community that uses Israel and Israelis for their own selfish purposes and they stick like a buffet . This is what bothers me.
          I’m far from the idea that you read a little, but nevertheless try to delve into these questions and I’m sure that the answers will shock you and, perhaps, my position will become somewhat clearer to you. hi
  • Captain45
    Captain45 13 January 2013 18: 34
    0
    Quote: Atlon
    And the phrase "Polish Jew" was stronger than "Parhaty Jew".

    Even among the thieves, "Polish thieves" stood next to the "bitches", even the prisoners did not consider them for people.
  • hommer
    hommer 13 January 2013 21: 37
    0
    Quote: Atlon
    "There is nothing worse than a Polish zh.d.!"


    Even among criminals, a "Polish thief" meant a departure from thieves' laws.
    The term "Polish thieves" was introduced into the USSR after the war from Poland, where thieves lived under milder laws. Being thieves “in theory”, at the same time they could be bartenders, hairdressers, store managers or have their own gas station. In the camps, “Polish thieves”, unlike the “right ones”, could be dressers, commandants, work in the canteen and medical unit.

    The replenishment of the "Polish thieves" was due to the stumbled "right ones" who, after breaking the thieves' laws, if they did not have time to kill them, went to the "Poles". In thieves' jargon, this meant that they became "bitches."
    They were all safely slaughtered.
  • Dimon simfer
    Dimon simfer 13 January 2013 15: 39
    0
    Igor Belov
    No self-respecting people will bawl the whole world about their persecution and resentment, and the Poles have become very adept at this, having caught up with their teachers - the Jews.
    + totally agree.
    The most affected are those who scream and let out snot the loudest. Fucking freaks.
  • Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 12 January 2013 18: 22
    0
    The Italians were beaten for it, once upon a time. Time has passed ... the Poles are just ahead!
  • hommer
    hommer 13 January 2013 21: 26
    +1
    Quote: Atlon
    Poland has always been unhappy and "offended". So in their place you need to sit silently and not stick out,


    Yeah, the Poles settled badly.
    Russia and Germany are friends, they begin to divide Poland.
    Russia and Germany are at war - they go to each other through Poland, along the way ... weighing the Poles.
    And you won’t move anywhere, damn it.
  • Magadan
    Magadan 12 January 2013 07: 52
    +7
    This is the real article of a real Historian! Not a single deviation from the facts! This is not Suvorov's "Icebreaker" and not the inventions of some on the topic of how there was no Battle of Kulikovo, but the Russians, either from Atlantis or from Antarctica, came 40 thousand years ago
    1. bask
      bask 12 January 2013 08: 04
      +9
      Quote: Magadan

      This is the real article of this Historian! d

      A huge author +. NOW THE CASE FOR POLITICS AND SIMPLE PEOPLE RUSSIA, UKRAINE AND BELARUS .. SHOULD UNION IN THE ONE STATE. Otherwise, the West will eat us all one by one ...
      1. Atlon
        Atlon 12 January 2013 08: 17
        +4
        Quote: bask
        Otherwise, the West will eat us all one by one ...

        Chokes ... However, as always! ;)
    2. Igor Belov
      Igor Belov 12 January 2013 09: 06
      +13
      Quote: Magadan
      and Russians whether from Atlantis or from Antarctica came 40 thousand years ago

      Oh, what are you !!? Russians until the end of the first millennium AD lived in holes, ate roots and did not hear about any Atlantis. And they could not come from Antarctica, because they really didn’t know how to walk - they only climbed trees, and in Antarctica, due to weather and climatic conditions, trees do not grow ...
      At least something like this was described by the true historian Karamzin, his mother would ...
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 12 January 2013 18: 59
        +5
        Such a tendency ... as a historian, so ... I do not want to swear, but it pulls strongly!
        Let me tell you about one "barbaric" custom, about wild, disgusting Russia. And dear readers will try to guess whether the story about that custom is included in OUR school textbooks or not.
        In our chronicles of the time of Ivan the Terrible, we sometimes come across strange episodes. It is said something like this "Ivashka Petrov's son reared up," followed by an immediate reaction to the words of Ivashka, without further checks, and the reaction to the deeds is oh, how important! Historians immediately explain that the tsars' bloodsuckers, executioners and stranglers tortured a man in fierce anger, and he said something there. And they didn’t check it, because they didn’t know, through shaggy stupidity, that the person being tortured would say anything out of pain ... but in general, our "respected" historians do not like this topic and strive to get off as soon as possible. Why? Well...
        In any corner of Russia, a person with a crowd of people could shout "The sovereign's word and deed!" Then any servant of the sovereign who happened next to him instantly separated him from those around him and took guard. Treating such a person extremely politely and respectfully (for some reason, it will be seen later), he was taken to Moscow as soon as possible. There "three demands" were waiting for him. From the morning of the first day they hanged this man on a rack. When the joints of the shoulders come out of the bags ... someone better than me should describe it. After that, walking along the ribs of a person who felt so indescribably like a whip, they began to ask him in detail - why did he “word and deed” shout and didn’t he lie? The subject expounded ... but he could yell that he was shouting foolishly! Then he would have been cruel, on the brink of death, they would have flogged with batogs. And everything would be over ...
        But he did not refuse his words. In this case - the next morning he was waiting for a second demand. The joints were already swollen and inflamed. The ribs and muscles of the body are chopped up with a heavy lash ... And everything went on a new one. But on the second day he did not refuse. Then there was a third demand, which I do not know how to describe. I will only say the results. A man after three demands could raise his arms to his shoulders somewhere in a year. And start using them no earlier than in a month (well, that is, move your fingers a little and bend your elbows. Not too much). This person will not have strength in his hands. Never ... What did the state give people for all this? Well nothing. He was thanked and released on all four sides. It was necessary to get to some kind of monastery, where some kind of monk would include in his obedience the care of a wretched man. And in this monastery there is nobody - go to another ... not having the opportunity to wipe your ass, not to mention putting your hand in your mouth, say, ...
        WHAT FOR?! Shown "rearing up" immediately went to the table to the sovereign. Bypassing all and all sorts of bureaucratic slingshots. And the sovereign fiercely punished the one who at least concealed a letter from such demands or changed something! Only Russians from the whole world could do this ... and only for the Motherland. Only for her, a person went to all this ... so the most dangerous injustices ceased, major miscalculations changed, news came (even so!) That their bearer could not convey to the sovereign with the necessary haste or did not have sufficient weight to be believed immediately. Torture, you say, you can't stand it? Oh well...
        Well, do you think they teach this in schools? They tell what kind of people were our ancestors, what were they ready for "for their friends"? Eh ...
        1. LAO
          LAO 12 January 2013 20: 24
          -3
          I do not understand - you, this mess, think good or bad?
          What can happen normally in such a state when a witness is so tortured?
          Therefore, the people became clogged, intimidated and inert.
          So that's where these "legs" grow from!
          1. A. Yaga
            A. Yaga 13 January 2013 00: 04
            +1
            LAO,
            Therefore, the people became clogged, intimidated and inert.

            never mind beaten and inert: for the sake of the Fatherland voluntarily going on the rack!
          2. Smoke
            Smoke 13 January 2013 01: 40
            0
            You are a fool and do not heal ..... What chaos is that? I somehow doubt your correct interpretation of the word "lawlessness". A man voluntarily went to TORTURE in order to benefit his FATHERLAND, do you understand this? I repeat again for those who are armored trains VOLUNTARY! No one pulled his tongue to say "word and deed!" And what was tortured at the same time so that a person remained a cripple for the rest of his life is a GUARANTEE that a person will tell the TRUTH, since no one just like that becomes a cripple for the rest of his life, of course, did not want. That is why such testimony went bypassing all bureaucratic instances directly to the Tsar.
            1. LAO
              LAO 14 January 2013 00: 34
              -1
              Smoke
              You idiot is untreatable! WHAT WARRANTY, WHAT THE TRUTH?
              Is torture a criterion of truth?
              1. the one who knows the truth may not go to torture
              2. a person going to torture can be deceived, framed
              3. to destroy the enemy (the enemy is executed, but he will remain)
              4. by order - they offered money to slander a third party.
              The list goes on, but you don’t know life!
              Only an idiot or BDSM can admire this method!
          3. xan
            xan 13 January 2013 14: 12
            -1
            LAO,
            yeah, but Ukrainians and Belarusians and other Europeans are straightforwardly all those not clogged with an active civic position
            LAO you propogandon
            1. LAO
              LAO 14 January 2013 00: 19
              0
              hap (3)
              I served in Russia and saw Russian villages, as well as Ukrainian - a big difference. You're not propogandon you're just
              Travel to our countries and see the difference.
              I used to be a supporter of reunion, but after reading the articles here and the reviews, I realized it would only get worse.
              Long-distance qualities have not improved, and imperial rudeness is rushing!
              1. xan
                xan 14 January 2013 12: 27
                0
                LAO,
                better to live with imperial rudeness than with Ukrainian multi-vector
                and about business qualities, look at modern industry in Russia and Ukraine, about the prospects and I’m not talking
                Regarding the reunion. We need those Ukrainians who do not separate themselves from the Russian world. And seekers where it is better, as you for example, fuck are unnecessary.
  • DeerIvanovich
    DeerIvanovich 12 January 2013 08: 54
    +4
    But didn’t you think about that, why did the Poles react so negatively to everything Orthodox?
    for thought: before the mass exodus of Jews from Europe to the New World - mainly the United States (or rather the mass expulsion of Jews from Europe: many European states simultaneously expelled Jews from their territories) - the territory of Poland and the territory of Western Ukraine was the center of residence of Jews with the highest density them to the world's population at that time.
    1. Igor Belov
      Igor Belov 12 January 2013 09: 22
      +3
      Quote: DeerIvanovich
      the territory of Poland and the territory of Western Ukraine was the center of Jewish residence

      So I say - a reserve ...
    2. smile
      smile 12 January 2013 19: 57
      +2
      DeerIvanovich
      Excuse me, but, I suppose, the attitude of Poles towards Russians did not depend at all on whether Jews lived in Poland or did not live ... Firstly, Catholic Poland has always been used as a springboard against us, and by all and sundry, starting from the Vatican , walk it through the fence, and ending with Britain and the United States, secondly, the Poles were willingly led to any nudge in our direction due to the fact that they already had a predatory itch .... came up with, without anyone's help. And they do not like us because they received a lot on raking paws and often ... and on business! Abydna simply that they, so smart, strong and beautiful (and earlier even more numerous) were periodically put in their place by such unenlightened Russians! :))))
      1. ramzes1776
        ramzes1776 13 January 2013 23: 37
        +1
        Quote: smile
        Abydna simply that they, so smart, strong and beautiful (and earlier even more numerous), were periodically put in place by such unenlightened Russians! :))))

        Five points. Jews have nothing to do with it !!! And on offended, as a rule, they carry water)))
  • Byordovvv1
    Byordovvv1 12 January 2013 09: 10
    0
    It turns out, Catherine - Stalin - Putin, huh?
  • vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 12 January 2013 09: 14
    0
    A historical excursion, but it is not clear what the unification of the Russians is to do with it. what is in the way? While the propaganda of profit will be conducted in the country, money will not be at any cost. Every day you can observe a squabble over money. But in general, what Russia has always been strong with, not Russian nationalism at all, but just a multinational way of life and respect for each other, that’s what the use of Western propaganda is the main vector today. To quarrel all divide and destroy Russia. Only stupid does not see and does not understand this
    1. Igor Belov
      Igor Belov 12 January 2013 09: 43
      +11
      Quote: vladsolo56
      than Russia has always been strong, not Russian nationalism at all, but just a multinational way and respect

      I think the key word here is "respect" and that is perfectly fair. Only one "BUT" ... Do you see a lot of respect for the Russian people? But Russia was created as a multinational state based on Russian culture and the Russian language. Where is this culture now? It was replaced by pink and blue showbiz! Where is the Russian language, great and mighty? Instead of it, our children are being sold textbooks on the "Russian" language! Have you heard of such a language? If not, then you probably know those "great" Russian scholars who published this textbook - Svanidze and Ganushkina. What do they have to do with Russians? Yes, no !!! ...
      If we talk about respect, then it is MUTUALLY, I do not intend to play one goal and, having received a slap in the face, I will not turn my second cheek, but will drive into a turnip with all internationalism and respect.
      And you do not see (or do not want to see) your tolerance, which does not smell of respect for us. We are constantly taught something, constantly forced to apologize for something ... Understand - WE do not owe anything to anyone, WE have nothing to sprinkle ashes on our heads with! In the end, let's get to the point where our children cannot calmly go out ... recourse
      1. Deniska999
        Deniska999 12 January 2013 19: 40
        +1
        Svanidze slandered Stalin. My contempt for him.
      2. vladsolo56
        vladsolo56 13 January 2013 14: 28
        0
        What are you talking about, since the time of the Romanov dynasty, there has been a global settlement of Europeans in Russia. to talk about the purity of Russian culture and traditions is at least immodest. Russian is generally more than half composed of foreign words. Even such familiar words as dad and mom were never Russian. take an interest in the history of the language. But even that is not the point, you pulled out from the commentary the exact piece that gives you the opportunity to develop your ideology, but the point of the commentary is completely different and if you did not understand it, then it’s strange how you read it
  • CCA
    CCA 12 January 2013 09: 18
    +4
    If the fate of the Russian nation depended on the good or evil will of specific rulers or high-ranking officials, there would have been no Russians for a long time.
    But this is precisely the fundamental essence ...
    Russian and in the XXI century. stayed Russian. Therefore, the events in the seized territories and in Russia itself in response to the discrimination of Russians begin to develop according to the algorithm that has been worked out for centuries.
    But just from this it follows that ...
    there is every reason to assert that the reunification of the Russian nation is inevitable. Of course, it will not happen by itself, "at the behest of the pike." It is impossible to predict whether the current or next president of Russia will consider it good for himself to become the spokesmen for the interests of the Russian people.
  • SVAN
    SVAN 12 January 2013 10: 25
    +2
    I liked the article.
  • taseka
    taseka 12 January 2013 10: 38
    +2
    "Therefore, there is every reason to assert that the reunification of the Russian nation is inevitable." - + + + !!!
    1. baltika-18
      baltika-18 12 January 2013 11: 12
      +3
      Quote: taseka
      Therefore, there is every reason to assert that the reunification of the Russian nation is inevitable "-

      I agree, but I’ll add it. Not under the current president. Putin, whatever one may say, is an expression of the interests of a certain group of people, not the whole people. So his way is to stay afloat for as long as possible, keeping the situation in balance, without taking drastic steps, responding only by any action to public inquiries.
      1. Igor Belov
        Igor Belov 12 January 2013 11: 38
        +2
        Quote: baltika-18
        add. Not with the current president.

        Good day, Nikolai! We have endured it for almost six years, something he still has time to heap!
        1. The cat
          The cat 12 January 2013 12: 51
          -5
          Quote: Igor Belov
          We have endured it for almost six years, something he still has time to heap!

          You still have to endure it for 12 years, then you crown it.
          1. xan
            xan 13 January 2013 14: 15
            0
            The cat,
            do not write anything - you will marry a smart
            and so a fool a fool
      2. ramzes1776
        ramzes1776 13 January 2013 23: 46
        +1
        Quote: baltika-18
        Not under the current president. Putin, whatever one may say, is nevertheless a spokesman for the interests of a certain group of people, not the whole nation.

        Let's see how the case with stools ends, and there it will already be possible to draw any preliminary conclusions !!!
  • Egoza
    Egoza 12 January 2013 10: 40
    +10
    I support KKA! Only the one who manages to curb the oligarchs and return the stolen PEOPLE will be able to unite the whole people. By and large, only these thieves are separating us.
    1. baltika-18
      baltika-18 12 January 2013 11: 04
      +5
      Quote: Egoza
      Only the one who manages to curb the oligarchs and return the stolen PEOPLE will be able to unite the whole people.

      Absolutely true statement, Lena. Only by changing the system that has been created now can the nations be united into a single whole. The system of oligarchic capitalism is not capable of this, it has different goals.
  • patriot2
    patriot2 12 January 2013 11: 16
    0
    The reunion of the Slavs is inevitable!
    That's just amers and the west are actively interfering with this!
    1. "Delete"
      "Delete" 12 January 2013 12: 48
      +1
      Yeah. Personally quarrel over the price of gas, fill Russia with chocks. they make it difficult for Russian migrant families to obtain a Russian passport, support corruption in Russia, actively host people, or rather snouts, from the Magnitsky list, delay the introduction of a luxury tax, force deputies tearing navels for Russia to play godless Aypad, support the cop lawlessness and a manual judicial system ... Damned, forever decaying capitalists! Evil is not enough!
  • "Delete"
    "Delete" 12 January 2013 11: 55
    0
    Reading another similar "water" while Russia continues to fill up with chocks is already tired. Already how many such loud articles have been about some notorious reunion, which received a joyful "approve-s", but to the point ... They write to Putin in the village it is necessary, and then their publication is worthless.
  • Cat basilio
    Cat basilio 12 January 2013 13: 39
    -1
    And no one notices that always after the historical events indicated in the article and the unification of the Russians. Great blood always followed!
    1. Cat basilio
      Cat basilio 12 January 2013 15: 22
      0
      My post is not criticism or cowardice. I wanted to say that "blood" is ours. Consolidation fee. Not preferences for the Germans. But we paid and we always won. And this time "God willing" we will cope.
      1. xan
        xan 13 January 2013 14: 20
        0
        Cat basilio,
        blood did not always flow, after the Pereyaslavl Rada yes, but there the Ukrainian elite wanted privileges as in Poland. But Catherine did without blood.
  • nemec55
    nemec55 12 January 2013 14: 51
    0
    Russians are still a divided nation.
    In almost all new independent
    states other than Belarus and
    Transnistria, Russians are placed in
    the situation of people of the second grade. Guys, if we have people, millions live in villages without work without gas, close bank branches, and in some places where they don’t exist, people go to the district to pay utilities for 20-50 km, they close schools of fap kzd, THIS IS A SENTENCE,
  • Bazilevs
    Bazilevs 12 January 2013 15: 25
    +5
    Greetings to colleagues. Already who and Ukraine, Russia and Belarus should be one country, since this is one people, the Russian people !!!!
  • VadimSt
    VadimSt 12 January 2013 23: 43
    +2
    In the East they say: - "No matter how much you shout sugar, sugar, your mouth will not be sweeter!"
    All calls and thoughts of the people for unification must find practical implementation. It is hard to believe that the calls of the Russian-speaking population of Ukraine will be heard in Kiev and supported in the West, but someone should start. Who!

    1. President Yanukovych, with his "team"?
    They are the West and the East that hinder the realization of their own economic ambitions. Without words..........!

    2. The leader of the Communist Party of Ukraine Simonenko?
    After the crisis in the party in 2010 (problems in Rook), it became clear that this is an ordinary puppet, under any power. Beautiful, solemn, promising but ...... words!

    3. Russian block with Basov?
    Words and noise within a single region (Crimea), a lot. In fact, the unequivocal support of the Party of Regions in all elections, starting with 2004!

    4. Vetrenko ???
    There are no words ...........

    5. Public organization "Russian-speaking Ukraine"?
    This is not a party; it does not set itself the task of unification with Russia!

    6. Communist Party (Communist Party of Workers and Villagers) with Rook?
    Something is heard about her, but only within the Crimea, and this is parochialism!

    No, in Ukraine there is a politician who, like Zhirinovsky, is capable of periodically stirring up all the "dregs", thereby reviving the people's craving for political processes!
    And along the political road, we have in the present, and even the future ....... Only dregs are worth it! The spread of family and kinship in the state apparatus has gone beyond all limits. For all my conscious life I don’t remember this!
  • Goldkonstantin
    Goldkonstantin 13 January 2013 00: 09
    +2
    Yes, reunion now is the command of the times. You have to be together, otherwise the end is all. So the Czech Republic and Slovakia take certain steps towards this. And it’s time for us to cast aside prejudices, because we are one people. Ukraine, Belarus and Russia are parts of one big country. And Kazakhstan and Abkhazia need to be entered here, they are our brothers
  • Vespasian
    Vespasian 13 January 2013 08: 37
    +1
    The algorithm is already in operation. Fear standing in the way angry
  • sprut
    sprut 13 January 2013 11: 50
    0
    Do you know what the Serbs say about Russia and Russians? And here's how: "There is God in heaven, and Russia on earth!"
  • Polkanov
    Polkanov 13 January 2013 19: 09
    0
    ... there were, is, we will not be a hindrance - Poles, Gorbachevs and Yeltsins ...