Reduction minus. Severe Gaza Border Syndrome
Big secret for little Gaza
It’s no secret that for every kilometer of Arab territories squeezed out, Israel paid not only and not so much with the lives of its citizens, but with money. However, in parallel with this, the Arab elite of Palestine, frankly speaking, only very relatively legitimate, was also pumped up financially.
At the same time, the Israeli resource, thanks to the fact that Tel Aviv has Washington behind it, was and remains practically unlimited, while the Arabic resource is not so large, and the addressee is not the entire population, but only a very small part of it. In addition, the lion's share of this resource goes into weapons. As, indeed, happens in Israel.
The situation in this sector is getting closer to critical every day. More precisely, the Arab population of the sector - which is over 1,5 million people along with refugees - is directly threatened by a purge. Since the Israeli command on October 19 officially announced the upcoming ground military operation in Gaza.
Territory of evil
But let us remember that the territory of this sector has been reduced by more than half since the early 1950s - of course, in favor of Israel. This factor alone cannot but provoke bloody showdowns between the parties, which have been going on for over seventy years.
Alas, the Gaza Strip is perhaps the most suffering region in the world. Judge for yourself: when the UN designated this area as part of the Arab state of Palestine at the end of 1947, neighboring Arab countries went to war with Israel four months later. Which, by the way, not without support from the USSR, was officially proclaimed only in May 1948.
The battle unfolded over the territories allocated for the Arab Palestinian state, which, frankly speaking, are not the most attractive in the Holy Land. But for the Arab countries, as well as for the Arabs of Palestine, this war ended in tears. Over half of the Palestinian territory ended up in Israel's hands.
Moreover, in some of the remaining Arab territories of Palestine - partly in Gaza - neighboring Arab states established themselves. More precisely, Egypt got the southern part of this sector. Israel cleverly contributed to this situation, and since then it has been using it for its own purposes.
Dangerous legacy from the UN
The conflict situation in this region is due to the fact that the borders in Palestine between the Arab and Jewish states were determined by the UN in such a way that constant conflicts between the parties are inevitable. It’s almost absurd: the northern border of the Gaza Strip extended almost to Tel Aviv, including the Ashkelon-Ashdod ports nearby and to Gaza itself.
For some reason, the UN included this couple, attractive in all respects, as part of the named sector. Moreover: the border of the same sector was in contact with the border of the Palestinian sector in the West Bank, and this immediately separated the southern part of Israel from the northern. The question is: how can military conflicts not arise here?..
The UN mediation commission of the mid-60s and second half of the 70s, headed by Swedish diplomat Gunnar Jarring, brought even greater confusion. She proposed that the Israeli authorities and neighboring Arab countries, together with representatives of the Arab part of Palestine, agree on borders in the region that would minimize the risks of military confrontation and terrorist attacks.
But at the same time, a condition was put forward, which was generally justified and has again become relevant today, on the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. The Israeli side rejected such an approach to resolving the conflict, which, of course, excluded Arab-Israeli dialogue on border issues.
By the way, a similar approach to resolving the situation was proposed to both sides back in 1948. Then the Swedish mediator, the nephew of King Gustav V of Sweden, Count Folke Bernadotte, called for this, not entirely unsuccessfully.
However, on the eve of the decisive stage of the negotiations, F. Bernadotte was killed in Jerusalem by an Israeli nationalist on September 17, 1948...
And the British trace
According to Jordanian political scientist Hafez Shaaban, the British administration deliberately insisted at the UN on the winding borders between the Jewish and Arab states in Palestine. Let us recall that all of Palestine, as is known, was a British colony until 1947 inclusive.
The British, as in India, did everything to ensure that bloody conflicts over the redrawing of borders constantly arose between their former colonies. London hoped to be the sole arbiter in these conflicts in order to maintain its influence in both the Israeli and Arab parts of Palestine.
And the UN followed the lead of the British, although, according to H. Shaaban, it was obvious to everyone that because of such borders, Palestine “will always be the bloodiest hot spot in the world.” Moreover, the expert clarifies, “the annexation by Israel of many areas of the Gaza Strip” contributes to this.
In 1950 and 1967, as a result of the Arab-Israeli wars, the entire northern part of the Gaza Strip was occupied by Israel, including the mentioned ports of Ashkelon-Ashdod. And the southern part of this sector also became Israeli. That is, the territory of the Gaza Strip has been reduced by more than half.
The Arab population from the areas of the strip that became Israeli was either deported by the new authorities to the remaining Gaza region, or independently went there and partially to Egypt. And so it happened that the sector’s territory literally shrank to a symbolic 360 square meters. km. However, according to the UN decision of 1947, the sector’s territory was determined to be approximately 1,1 thousand square meters. km.
Someone else's oil and someone else's water
And the mentioned separation of the port of Ashkelon from Gaza was influenced, along with others, by the oil transit factor. That is, Israel’s desire to seize oil transit between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, which Tel Aviv succeeded in full (When oil and gas transit is more important than Palestine).
The water aspect of Israeli policy towards Gaza is no less characteristic. Foreign and Russian media reported in the early 2000s - with references to Egyptian, Jordanian and Israeli officials - that construction of the Mediterranean-Dead Sea-Jordan canal could soon begin.
The canal according to the project was intended to transfer water (with its desalination on the Israeli coast) to the drying Dead Sea or to the lower reaches of the Jordan River, which flows into this sea. Moreover, this canal should pass, again, from the former part of the Gaza Strip, which is now in the hands of Israel (Ashkelon-Ashdod region) - approximately 40 km north of Gaza City.
Arab-Palestinian leaders insisted that the canal be built directly through Gaza, since the water supply of this “remaining” sector has been deteriorating for several years. But these arguments were ignored in the Israeli project.
Construction of the canal has not yet begun: it is planned only in the mid-to-second half of the 2020s. In Israel, this project naturally remains a priority. The mentioned and related factors are unlikely to contribute to peace in the region.
A sovereign Palestinian Arab state, including the Gaza Strip, has not been created for decades. So we can quite agree with the opinion of the German economist Gunnar Heinsohn: “The UN, through its Near East Relief Agency for Palestine Refugees, is driving the Palestinian problem into a dead end. By classifying Palestinians only as “refugees” – not only those who were forced to leave their homes, but also all their descendants.”
As a result “Youth in Gaza and other Palestinian areas have a lot of time for digging tunnels, smuggling weapons, assembling missiles and firing."
- Alexey Baliev, Alexey Podymov
- yaplakal.com, twicopy.com, travel-dom.ru
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