Military Review

Two frigates per week: Chinese project 054A

13
Despite the fact that the Chinese New Year (according to the lunar calendar) comes a few weeks after ours, the Chinese military and industrialists could not help but note the coming of 2013. In the last days of last year, two new ships entered the naval forces of the People’s Liberation Army of China.




December 22 to the North fleet The Navy adopted the Linyi frigate, built in accordance with project 054A. The ship was built at the Guangzhou Huangpu Shipbuiding Company shipyard. During the construction, the new frigate underwent some changes. So, it was originally planned that it would become the next warship of project 054. However, after the assembly began, the leadership of the PLA Navy decided to change the construction program. As a result, Linyi was not the third ship of the original project 054, but the 13th frigate in the 054A series. The new frigate was launched on December 13, 2011, after which it was completed and tested for almost a year.

Three days before the frigate Linyi at the shipyard Hudong Shipyard was launched the ship of the same project Liuzhou. Despite a slight advance in terms of descent, the Liuzhou ship was commissioned later than its fellow. The solemn ceremony of its commissioning in the Southern Fleet took place on December 26. Thus, Linyi and Liuzhou became the twelfth and thirteenth ships of the project 054A. It is noteworthy that only for the 2012 year, the PLA Navy received four such frigates. Seven frigates of the 054A project were built at the Shanghai Hudong Shipyard plant, the rest in Guangzhou, at the Guangzhou Huangpu Shipbuiding Company.

After the December ceremonies, the total number of frigates of the 054 and 054A projects is 15. Two of them were built in accordance with the project 054, the rest - on the updated 054A. Six ships are currently serving in the Eastern and Southern fleets, three more - in the Northern. The first two ships of the family belonging to the 054 project were commissioned in the 2005 and 2006 years. The transfer of the frigates of the 054A project to the fleet goes from the 2008 year. In late spring and summer of the 2012, two 054A frigates were being launched at both shipyards, which are currently being tested. In addition, in late November, another ship was launched in Shanghai. Now it is being completed at the mooring wall. Thus, there is every reason to believe that on the stocks of two shipyards there are still a certain number of ships in different degrees of readiness.



The main goal pursued when creating projects 054 and 054A, was the replacement of obsolete frigates of the project 053, created in the early seventies of the last century. When designing the renewed 054A project, Chinese design organizations worked in cooperation with the Russian North Design Bureau. As a result of this cooperation, it was allegedly succeeded in imparting a modern look to the 054A project and fulfilling it in accordance with the latest trends in the development of ships of this class.

During the processing of the original 054 project, the size of the frigates increased slightly: the length increased by two meters and amounted to 134 m, and the hull expanded to 16 meters. Due to the filling of additional volumes with various equipment and payload, the displacement of frigates of the 054A project significantly increased compared with the original project. Thus, the standard value of this indicator increased from 3500 to 3600 tons, and the maximum - from 3900 to 4050 tons. In this case, the power plant of the ship has undergone minimal changes. Like their predecessors, the 054A frigates are fitted with four French-made SEMT Pielstick 16 PA6V-280 diesel engines. The total power of such a power plant exceeds 25 thousands of horsepower. The torque of the engines is transmitted to the two propellers. Four diesel engines provide maximum travel speed of no more than 28-30 knots. With an economical speed in 18 units, the frigate can overcome the order of 3800 miles. The crew of the frigates of projects 054 and 054A consists of 160 people.

It is alleged that the frigates of the project 054A carry a full set of all necessary electronic equipment. So, they are equipped with radar stations "Type 382", intended for viewing the surrounding space, as well as stations "Type 344" and "Type 345". The latter are intended for detecting and tracking targets, as well as for controlling anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles, respectively. In addition, the 054A frigates are equipped with sonars, navigation systems, electronic intelligence and suppression complexes. All electronic systems of frigates are combined by the French informational production control system Thomson-CSF TAVITAC. The HN-900 bus is used to transfer data between various electronic equipment units.




The main innovation in the 054A armament project is a universal vertical launcher that allows you to simultaneously transport and use up to 32 missiles of various classes. The standard equipment of this installation is the HQ-16 anti-aircraft missiles, which are a copy of the Soviet / Russian Buk missiles. Such missiles provide self-defense of a ship at a distance of 25-30 kilometers. The main means to fight the enemy ships are anti-ship cruise missiles YJ-83. With slightly larger dimensions compared to the HQ-16 anti-aircraft missiles, the anti-ship YJ-83 can hit targets at ranges about 200 kilometers. The 054A frigates of the frigates consist of one PJ26 artillery mount with a 76 caliber millimeter gun (created on the basis of the Soviet / Russian AK-176) and two seven-barrel 30-mm anti-aircraft 730 anti-aircraft guns. Also in the composition of the frigates include two 324-millimeter torpedo tubes and rocket launchers to combat enemy submarines.

In the rear part of the superstructure of the 054A frigates, a hangar is provided, the volume of which allows you to carry a Harbin Z-9C helicopter, Ka-27 or similar. The helicopter rolls onto the deck’s take-off area through large doors at the rear of the hangar. Judging by the available data, in addition to the helicopter itself, various anti-submarine and anti-ship armaments used by the rotary-wing machine can be placed in the hangar.

In 2009, there was information about the completion of another version of the 054 project. According to various sources, the first ship of the project 054A + (also denoted by the index "054B") is currently being completed and will soon be launched. The project with the letter “A +” or “B” differs from 054A in the composition of the radio-electronic equipment used by the combat information and control system and, possibly, by the weapons. There is every reason to assume the use of new models of anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles. However, official Chinese sources still remain silent and do not disclose the technical details of the 054A + project.

If the rumors of 2009 on the commencement of construction of the first ship of the 054A + project are true, then in the very near future we should expect, at a minimum, its launch. At the same time, there is no official information about this ship yet, and Chinese sailors currently prefer to “brag” about new frigates of the 054A project.


On the materials of the sites:
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://china-defense.blogspot.ru/
http://sinodefence.com/
http://china-defense-mashup.com/
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  1. Trailer
    Trailer 9 January 2013 09: 53 New
    +1
    Despite a slight lead in the timing of the descent, the ship Liuzhou was accepted

    Somehow, such words already cut the ear, if applied to our shipbuilding industry. Well, that you can slightly compare the successes of two neighbors in a year:
    Russia:
    1. One submarine with completion for a year.
    2. Two Small missile ships.
    China:
    1. 2 Frigate - Finished.
    2. One aircraft carrier is ready.
    Hmm, I understand that our all are building gradually, from small to large. But I want more!
    1. toguns
      toguns 9 January 2013 12: 06 New
      +8
      Quote: Karavan
      1. 2 Frigate - Finished.
      2. One aircraft carrier is ready.

      wassat let's be honest
      in essence and weather, he will not do this training carrier in the event of a serious conflict.
      and now about frigates, in fact, Chinese frigates 054a can be compared with our corvettes, in particular with 20380,
      By the way, in addition to 20380 shipyards, 11356 and 22350 are jammed.
      The question is why ours make several types and the Chinese are one rather philosophical than practical.
      Well, that China is building the 054a series so fast at 1 per year. Cool, what else can I say.
      1. Akim
        Akim 9 January 2013 14: 16 New
        +6
        Quote: toguns
        in essence and weather, he will not do this training carrier in the event of a serious conflict.

        So, you can say about the Russian aircraft carrier cruiser too. Only the smaller “Charles De Gaulle” is for some reason normal and the “Liaolin” and “Admiral Kuznetsov” simulators.
        This is not fair.
        For your information: in China, 2 aircraft carriers the size of Ulyanovsk have already been laid. True, they will not be atomic.
        1. tlauicol
          tlauicol 9 January 2013 14: 40 New
          +3
          De Gaulle combat aircraft carrier, nuclear in addition! And you won’t remember about Kuznetsov without tears
          1. Akim
            Akim 9 January 2013 14: 48 New
            +1
            tlauicol,
            Nuclear installation provides simple autonomy. That Russia and China have overseas colonies like French Polynesia. The fleets of these countries today have enough nuclear submarines.
            But "de Gaulle" eats almost a billion euros per year for maintenance.
            1. tlauicol
              tlauicol 9 January 2013 15: 57 New
              +3
              It should be noted that the YaSU gives such an important tactical property to aircraft carriers (especially atomic strike aircraft carrier formations) that it is possible for a long time - for many days and weeks - to maintain a cruising speed close to maximum (29–32 knots (approximately 55-60 km / h)), which is inaccessible to ships with a non-nuclear power plant, forced most of the time to move at a much lower cruising speed. In addition, a nuclear power plant produces significantly more energy for ship catapults (this is especially important for aircraft carriers equipped with electromagnetic catapults). And we don’t have a catapult either. And how much money was spent on Kuznetsov in 20 years to prepare 18 pilots?
              1. Akim
                Akim 9 January 2013 16: 11 New
                +2
                I will not dispute the advantage of a nuclear reactor over conventional fuel oil. Eo would be stupid. Only all of the following arguments are better for the American Tim aircraft carriers, but not for ours. The smoothness range of this country is where its interests are affected by the method of intimidation throughout the globe. And what the hell is the French? The Mediterranean is the maximum of its influence. Also Russia and China. It would be funny with such a fleet to frighten someone for 10 thousand miles. But there are enough of them for playing in their region.
              2. igor36
                igor36 9 January 2013 16: 15 New
                +3
                an aircraft carrier without an escort is a big target, and an escort YAS does not, so the speed of the squadron is determined by the slowest ship, not the fast one.
                1. tlauicol
                  tlauicol 9 January 2013 16: 34 New
                  +1
                  aircraft carrier needs speed to maneuver around the escort and not run away from it
            2. patsantre
              patsantre 9 January 2013 21: 08 New
              0
              Quote: Akim
              But "de Gaulle" eats almost a billion euros per year for maintenance.


              Who said?
              1. Akim
                Akim 9 January 2013 21: 11 New
                -1
                patsantre,
                Read the French FORUMS ...
              2. tlauicol
                tlauicol 10 January 2013 05: 04 New
                +2
                even Nimitsa costs 160 million dlr per year and you - a billion euros!
                1. Akim
                  Akim 10 January 2013 07: 54 New
                  0
                  Quote: Tlauicol
                  even Nimitsa costs 160 million dlr per year and you - a billion euros!

                  Yes, I bent it. Well, we write off the difficulty of translation. Almost a billion is the cost of maintaining the entire carrier group of paddling pools.
                  http://www.senat.fr/rap/r99-358/r99-3584.html
                  And about 160 lyamov bucks exploitation Nimitz ... Old data of the last century (98). Tip. Do not search for information only on the Russian Internet. Rummage a little further.
        2. toguns
          toguns 9 January 2013 16: 16 New
          -2
          Quote: Akim

          For your information: in China, 2 aircraft carriers the size of Ulyanovsk have already been laid. True, they will not be atomic.

          not an atomic carrier, thanks laughed wassat
          a question for connoisseurs and where will we take so much diesel fuel ????
          Quote: Akim
          So, you can say about the Russian aircraft carrier cruiser too. Only the smaller “Charles De Gaulle” is for some reason normal and the “Liaolin” and “Admiral Kuznetsov” simulators.

          Do you doubt it ???
          in fact aircraft carriers in full understanding of these words are only nimitz and ford.
          and if you make avik then the minimum is no worse or even better, and this is an air grouping of about 80-90 aircraft, a catapult + other whistles and farts, well, weighing 90-100 thousand tons.
          1. Akim
            Akim 9 January 2013 16: 33 New
            +1
            Quote: toguns
            a question for connoisseurs and where will we take so much diesel fuel ????

            where before. In Russia and Indonesia. for 80 thousand displacement - I think China will find the means, Just until you laugh, China will have time to lay two more and probably already with reactors. Submarines then they know how to bang with such an energy installation. The Chinese are not stupid jigsaws. If they do this, it makes sense. And I learned about the two enclosed buildings from a Chinese friend who lives there. (surf the Internet). Will take pictures and show them. True, they are laid in different cities.
            1. toguns
              toguns 9 January 2013 17: 54 New
              0
              Quote: Akim
              where before. In Russia and Indonesia. for 80 thousand displacement - I think China will find the means,

              hand face :)
              I would have looked at this is an aircraft carrier and followed by a whole caravan of oil tankers :)
              Quote: Akim
              Just while you laugh, China will have time to lay two more, and probably already with the reactors.

              and how will he cover them ??? mosquito fleet or underfrigs of the coastal marine zone ???
              Do not be offended, but check first what is aug, and then brag about the presence of aircraft carriers.
      2. Odysseus
        Odysseus 10 January 2013 18: 43 New
        +1
        1) Aircraft carrier. Of course, not Nimitz, but not "training"
        2) Corvette 20380 can not be compared with frigate 054a, in any way. According to the number of RF-2 corvettes 20380, China-15 frigates.
        3) China is building a series of 054a, at a rate of not 1, but 3-4 ships per year
    2. Odysseus
      Odysseus 10 January 2013 18: 29 New
      +1
      What do you ? Which two? In China, they are building much faster. Of these, only 054a were transferred 4 pieces this year.
      And besides this, also the destroyer 052s, UDC 071, submarines, etc.
  2. kotdavin4i
    kotdavin4i 9 January 2013 10: 03 New
    +2
    Well done, the Chinese are working tirelessly.
    1. Alexander
      Alexander 9 January 2013 11: 14 New
      +1
      Quality made in China.
      1. orfo
        orfo 9 January 2013 13: 51 New
        +2
        they have long learned to do normal things for export. Look at the products of American firms, http://habrahabr.ru/post/137229/ apple in China
        1. Papakiko
          Papakiko 9 January 2013 14: 59 New
          0
          And most importantly, they knew how to do before, otherwise, what to do with the "Great Silk Road" belay
          I have towels, bedding and bathrobes made of terry made in China since 1992 in the home and on the penis are not going yet.
          Unfortunately, sportswear and shoes ....... you ordered me to live long. But she served for 5 years or more.

          Much can be done at a very high level, ours unfortunately is losing ground. (KAMAZ, Bryansk Arsenal, etc. ...)
    2. tlauicol
      tlauicol 9 January 2013 14: 38 New
      +1
      and we are not laying hands
  3. During
    During 9 January 2013 10: 31 New
    0
    Not bad ... it’s time for ours to increase the pace, and not help the whales ...
  4. itr
    itr 9 January 2013 10: 47 New
    0
    Who works how he eats!
  5. homeland
    homeland 9 January 2013 11: 44 New
    +3
    Little confusion in the article
    As a result, Linyi was not the 13th ship of the original project 054, but the third frigate in the 054A series.

    Thus, Linyi and Liuzhou became the twelfth and thirteenth ships of project 054A

    After the December ceremonies, the total number of frigates of projects 054 and 054A is 15. Two of them were built in accordance with project 054, the rest - according to the updated 054A


    Well, we can only envy the pace of construction of frigates in China ...
  6. Vufel
    Vufel 9 January 2013 13: 39 New
    +2
    and two seven-barreled 30-mm Type 730 anti-aircraft guns. - Strange, in 2 photos I have protected 4 of them.
  7. Pelican
    Pelican 9 January 2013 17: 20 New
    0
    Vertical PU for beech! But we don’t have one. Only a project. request
  8. asf32wesdg
    asf32wesdg 10 January 2013 18: 39 New
    0
    It just can't be !!! The FSB has created this http://sho.rtlink.de/FS62Am database about any resident of Russia, Ukraine and other CIS countries. Really was really scared
    there are a lot of interesting things about me (addresses, phone numbers, even my photos of a different nature) - I wonder where they dug up this. In general, there are good sides - this
    Information can be deleted from the site.
    I advise you to hurry, you never know how to fumble there ...
  9. pamero
    pamero 12 January 2013 19: 23 New
    0
    well handsome !! 1