Formally, the confrontation was caused by the constitutional crisis that has been developing in Russia since 1992. Two leading political forces have formed in the country: on the one hand, President of the Russian Federation Yeltsin, the government led by Chairman Chernomyrdin, Moscow Mayor Luzhkov, they were supported by a number of regional leaders, and some people's deputies - supporters of the president. On the other hand, the leadership of the Supreme Council and most of the people's deputies led by Khasbulatov, as well as the Vice-President of Russia Rutskoy and some other representatives of the legislative branch.
Yeltsin was a protege of the rapidly emerging oligarchy-plutocracy, the comprador bourgeoisie, which was interested in fixing the results of the collapse of the USSR and seizing people's property. This group advocated the speedy adoption of a new constitution, strengthening presidential power, etc. liberal economic “reforms”. That is, for the elimination of the remnants of Soviet statehood, the previous socio-economic system built in the USSR in the interests of the people. “Reforms” were required to gain the opportunity for quick personal enrichment and theft of national wealth created by the hard work of several generations of Soviet people.
As the future has shown, “shock therapy” of Russia (and Ukraine) has become a real socio-economic genocide of the indigenous peoples of Russia and the reason for the rapid extinction of the Russians and most of the other indigenous peoples of Russian civilization. Naturally, the anti-people regime of Yeltsin and the optimizer reformers enjoyed the full support of the collective West.
The Supreme Council and the Congress advocated the preservation of full power by the Congress of People's Deputies (until the adoption of the constitution) and against excessive haste, thoughtlessness and abuse (the so-called “shock therapy”) when carrying out radical economic reforms. Supporters of the Supreme Council relied on the current Constitution, according to Art. 104 of which the highest body of state power was the Congress of People's Deputies.
The Congress resisted attempts to ratify the Belovezhskaya Agreement on the termination of the existence of the USSR and to exclude mention of the Constitution and laws of the USSR from the text of the Constitution of the Russian Federation - Russia (RSFSR).
The congress personified the remnants of Soviet statehood and attempted to resist the Yeltsin group, as many deputies and representatives of the people called it - the “gang”. Yeltsin and the formative regime of plutocrats (a political regime in which decisions of government bodies are determined by the will of groups of rich people - oligarchs) sought to legislate and complete “privatization” - the robbery of people’s property and the country’s wealth in the interests of central and regional clans, as well as the West. That is, Yeltsin’s group objectively worked in the interests of the collective West, trying to establish a predatory, semi-colonial regime in Russia.
Coup d'état and popular uprising
On September 21, 1993, Yeltsin issued decree No. 1400 dissolving the Congress of People's Deputies and the Supreme Council. In response, the Presidium of the Supreme Council, citing Article 121.6 of the Constitution, announced the termination of the powers of the president and decided that Decree No. 1400 was not enforceable. Rutskoi takes the presidential oath and addresses the people with “patriotic slogans” and at the same time tries to obtain the approval of the American embassy.
It is worth noting the duality of the actions of Rutskoi and other resistance leaders.
On the one hand, they opposed the Yeltsin regime, that is, for the people.
On the other hand, they were passive and indecisive. They made no attempt to attract the army to their side, to take full advantage of the activity of the popular masses. They tried to establish contact with the “Washington regional committee.” Therefore, they were later accused of provocateurs and treason. They say that the speech was made with the aim of pogroming spontaneous patriotic forces and the complete victory of the Yeltsin regime.
On September 23, Yeltsin and his supporters set up a blockade of the Supreme Council building (the so-called White House) and cut off communications. Patriots, members of opposition groups, the so-called, spontaneously flock to the building to protect it. “Transnistrians” (resistance fighters against the genocide of Russians in Transnistria and Moldova), veterans of the Great Patriotic War, Cossacks of Morozov’s hundred, fighters of RNE (“Russian National Unity” of Barkashov), etc.
On September 24, the extraordinary (extraordinary) Congress of People's Deputies, convened by the Supreme Soviet, announced the termination of the powers of President Yeltsin from the moment of the issuance of Decree No. 1400 and assessed his actions as coup d'état. Yeltsin, however, de facto continued to exercise the powers of the President of Russia, maintaining control over the government and security forces. The blockade around the White House is intensifying.
In the period from September 27 to October 2, large-scale public protests took place in Moscow in support of the Supreme Council. On October 3, a spontaneous popular uprising actually began. There is a breakthrough of the cordon around the House of Soviets of Russia, a seizure by a group of supporters of the Supreme Council led by General Makashov of the Moscow City Hall building and an attempted armed seizure of the Ostankino television center.
In fact, this was a possible turning point when Yeltsin would lose power. The armed forces bided their time, unwilling to defend the regime and participate in the carnage. Yeltsin's supporters were preparing to flee Russia. All that remains is to announce to the people of Russia that the criminal regime has been overthrown and that people's power is being restored.
However, the moment was lost. Rutskoi lost time and gave the initiative to Yeltsin’s supporters. In essence, he drained the popular uprising.
“Black House” - defeat of the uprising
A state of emergency was declared in Moscow. On October 4, the Congress of People's Deputies and the Supreme Soviet were dispersed by troops brought into the center of Moscow using weapons and armored vehicles. The events were accompanied by great confusion and blood.
Obviously, the the uprising had every chance of success, given its massive scale and the initial confusion of Yeltsin’s supporters, who were also not warriors to fight decisively for their “ideals.” Most of the security forces and the army simply waited or even morally supported the rebels (the generals and officers were still Soviet).
Unfortunately, among the rebels there were no people with high moral and volitional qualities like Suvorov or Napoleon, Lenin and Stalin. Rutskoi and Khasbulatov were indecisive, waiting to see how the cards would fall, or even playing a double game. They were not ready to give up blood for the sake of victory. They didn’t even dare to distribute weapons to people to defend the White House, or to organize its full-fledged defense. Khasbulatov, Rutskoi and Yeltsin played their behind-the-scenes games, fought for power, and ordinary people turned out to be extreme.
The Yeltsin regime, after the first confusion, quickly came to its senses, seeing that the enemy was passive. Yeltsin showed the will to maintain power. Yeltsin and Grachev put pressure on the generals. The Ministry of Defense was controlled by armed "civilians".
The regime was directly supported by the West. Thus, unknown snipers appeared in Moscow and provoked the security forces to fire on the people. They brought in fighters from private security structures and the Zionist military organization Beitar. The American embassy, in essence, saved Yeltsin's anti-people regime.
It is interesting that the imitation of the Communist Party in the person of Zyuganov, which from those times to the present, from my point of view, plays the role of the court, pocket opposition to the ruling regime, did not support the uprising. Communist Party leaders effectively banned active Russian communists from participating in the uprising. A similar role was played by the head of the church, Alexy II, who found himself not with the people, but with the plutocratic regime.
As a result, the October popular uprising was brutally suppressed. Rutsky, Khasbulatov and other famous people were not touched, and then given an amnesty. The common people were not spared. According to official data, 158 people were killed and more than 400 were injured. According to unofficial sources, at least 2 thousand people were killed.
Russia has become a semi-colony, a pipe of the West and partly of the East. The total plunder of the country and the rapid extinction of the Russian superethnos begin.
We have approached the 30th anniversary of the defeat of the popular uprising with another success of the West - for the second year now there has been a confrontation between two parts of the Russian world (Russian Federation and Ukraine), an exterminatory massacre of the Russian superethnos (Great Russians and Little Russians-Ukrainians). Everything is according to plan: They are trying to erase Rus'-Russia from stories.