The fate of the special officers. From the biography of Peter Yazev and more

8
The fate of the special officers. From the biography of Peter Yazev and more

I decided to start the next chapter about the Far Eastern special officer Pyotr Yazev with a document. More precisely, from the lines from a letter that had only an indirect relation to my hero, however, perhaps it was it, along with others, that played the most important role in his fate.

It was not immediately that we, today, came to understand that in those difficult years, some of the special officers wrote not only denunciations against others, but the rest were only afraid and silent. There were many who were not silent and were not afraid.



Letter to Lavrenty Pavlovich


One of those who decided to write up was Fyodor Stasiukov. He was not a friend or even a close acquaintance of Pyotr Yazev. He turned out to be one of many who fell under the flywheel of repression even before the security forces were headed by Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria, about whom it is now known that general arrests and executions under him very quickly gave way to a deep analysis of the flights of the authorities themselves.

“I would like to make the following statement in writing: that I have never been a member of any counter-revolutionary organization and all my testimony given to the investigation is fictitious or dictated to me by the investigators; that I have never been an enemy of my Motherland and the Bolshevik Party, I am not one now, and I never will be; I have never, not only in my work, but not even for a single moment in my thoughts, betrayed the country or the party, and have not for a second wavered in the correctness of the policy of the party and the Soviet government.

But with those inhuman beatings and unbearable physical and moral torture applied to me by the employees of the regional department throughout the entire time I was under arrest, the widespread use of a whole system of terror and blackmail, extortion, threats, and so on, they forced me out, from beginning to end. , untruthful, false, monstrous, testimonies and protocols of confrontations written by me under dictation, against myself and a group of other persons...

At the beginning of my arrest, during the first interrogations, I was forced by torture, beatings and threats to give false testimony from beginning to end...

... everything convinced me that here, in the regional department of the NKVD, I would not be able to prove my innocence, and that the slightest attempt in this direction would be completely useless and, on the contrary, would entail even greater torment for me. And I decided, without resistance, which would have been fruitless anyway, to sign everything that was given, and to wait for the proletarian court, which would objectively look into the artificial charges brought against me and establish my innocence...”


Further from the letter it follows that if Semenov’s order had been used “Every 15 minutes beat Stasiukov until he gives the testimony necessary to the investigation,” then, of course, they would beat me out of testifying about the non-existent parallel anti-Soviet center and about its leaders. And the devil knows what else could be written or signed that was already written in advance, being in the hands of people like people from the medieval Spanish Inquisition!”


Lines on blood


How the defendant Stasiukov managed to send the letter to the right place - I have not yet been able to find out, and this will be the topic of separate research. The result is important here. Surprisingly, the letter reached Lavrentiy Beria safe and sound.

The all-powerful head of the security bloc familiarized himself with it most carefully, checking all the facts stated in it. It was handed over to him from hand to hand by Fyodor Stasiukov’s former colleagues in party work.

It turned out that the “role” of the head of the reserve (parallel) anti-Soviet right-wing Trotskyist center for Fyodor Stasiukov was invented after the arrest of the first secretary of the regional committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of the Jewish Autonomous Okrug, Matvey Khavkin. He was arrested earlier, and in March 1938 he was taken to Khabarovsk (the “investigation” into his case went on for three years).

Khavkin was allegedly the leader of a regional counter-revolutionary right-wing Trotskyist organization, investigators from the NKVD for the Jewish Autonomous Region claimed. And he “confessed” to this, knowing full well that he would be shot...

Lavrentiy Beria thoroughly understood everything. The consequences soon affected the fate of Fyodor Stasiukov, and Pyotr Yazev, and many other new employees who were then “under investigation” in the Khabarovsk NKVD, who replaced the team of Terenty Deribas.

It remains to report that Fyodor Stasiukov, born in 1904 in the city of Nikolaev in Ukraine, is a Ukrainian, arrested on May 19.05.1938, 58 by the NKVD in the Jewish Autonomous Region under Art. 1-8a-11-21.10.1939 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, was acquitted. This did not happen immediately - on October 2, XNUMX, by the Military Tribunal of the XNUMXnd OKA. The criminal case was terminated due to lack of corpus delicti. He was rehabilitated.

And everyone went their own way


The fate of Fyodor Stasiukov’s letter to Lavrentiy Beria did not end there. It had a sequel, and more.

On the recommendation of Lubyanka, in March 1939, Stasiukov wrote a statement to the prosecutor’s office about how the “investigation” was conducted and how “confessions” were extracted from it. And in October 1939, a military tribunal acquitted Stasiukov, and the criminal case against him was terminated for lack of corpus delicti.

Moreover, back in November 1938, a joint resolution was issued by the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks and the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR “On arrests, prosecutorial supervision and investigations,” in which the activities of the NKVD were severely criticized. Henceforth it was forbidden to carry out any mass operations of arrests and evictions of citizens.

Extrajudicial bodies - the notorious Troikas - were liquidated. An audit of the investigative work of the NKVD authorities began throughout the country. Prosecutors began to consider the cases of those under investigation, talk with those arrested, and accept statements from them...

As for the investigator who interrogated Stasiukov in the Khabarovsk NKVD, guilty of falsifying investigative cases about “rebel, sabotage, espionage and sabotage organizations”, unjustified mass arrests of citizens and applying physical coercion to those arrested in order to obtain false testimony, he, for an unknown reason, was never brought to criminal responsibility. However, it is impossible not to remind who it is.

Tell me about this person


So, Semyon Suvorov, born in 1902, native of the village of Zolkino, Ranenburg district, Ryazan region, Russian, primary education, member of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) since 1926, in the state security agencies since 1928, GB lieutenant (1936), Art. Lieutenant GB (1939.


Most likely, his buddies and friends played a role in Suvorov’s successful career and by no means tragic fate. As a result, in 1942 he received the rank of captain, in 1943 - lieutenant colonel. In 1939, he was the head of the 3rd department, then the head of the 2nd department of the NKVD for the Jewish Autonomous Region, then the acting head of the NKVD for the Jewish Autonomous Region.

In 1939–1952, as follows from his personal file, Suvorov was already deputy chief, head of the 2nd department of the 2nd department; Acting head of the 2nd department of the forensic department. Then he became the head of the Prison Department of the NKVD in the Khabarovsk Territory, deputy head of the Amurskaya flotilla.

Suvorov even fought, although in his own way, he was the head of the Smersh ROC of the Kharkov air defense division of the Western Front; Head of the Smersh R&D Corps of the 6th Air Defense Corps of the Southern Front; deputy head of the Smersh ROC of the 2nd Belorussian Front, deputy head of the Smersh ROC of the 35th Rifle Corps of the 3rd Belorussian Front, and even the head of the regional department in the Treptow area of ​​the Berlin operational sector of the USSR MGB.

After the war, he became the acting head of the 2nd and 4th departments of the 2nd department of the USSR UMGB for the Kyiv region. Only in 1952 Suvorov was transferred to the MGB reserve (due to age). Died in Moscow in 1981.


Well, our main character, Pyotr Yazev, fortunately, after the wave of repressions rolled back, managed to avoid the fate of many of his Far Eastern colleagues. However, there was simply no one to protect him at that time.

Without any justification, on false charges, he was sent to the so-called Bamlag, which has already been described (“From the adventures of Starley Yazev. Against Japanese Lawrence"). He set off with other prisoners to build the main route from Taishet to Sovetskaya Gavan, which had already been built with long interruptions since 1938.
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  1. +3
    21 September 2023 11: 34
    “It remains to be said” what the authors unanimously forget to say.

    The mores of 17th century society have remained in the 20th and 21st centuries.
    And neither the NKVD nor the USSR has anything to do with it. The laws of the Russian Federation and the laws of the USSR did not and do not allow any atrocities.

    These are the mores of modern society, which manifest themselves unhindered in closed institutions. (I believe that all over the world). Which are the special services and nursing homes and mental hospitals.... Hazing in the army is from the same series.

    But here it all flourished and today it blooms and smells especially strongly. Because the people are incredibly simple...

    For example, Prigozhin, who moved 20 thousand to Moscow behind the rear of the active army and easily killed a dozen Russian pilots, is perceived by the same people as a folk hero. state honors? laughing
    So it turns out that what’s wrong with it if a brilliant and daring investigator “just in case” takes down an innocent person? It’s okay, but don’t fall under the hot hand....
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. +1
      21 September 2023 18: 08
      A person is such that if he is bright in something good, then with a high degree of probability he will be bright in something that can be condemned. It's like two sides of the same coin.
      If, well, I’m not talking about the investigator from the article, there’s nothing really bright there on either side.
      Do you really think that the organizational talents of E.V. Prigozhin, the ability to lead people, incl. and to death, could it have manifested itself in someone “white and fluffy” who has no controversial or even criminal acts, either in the past or in the future? Even in literature and art, we admire someone, but only as an unexpected fact do we learn that such a wonderful writer, artist, composer was a despot and sadist in everyday life and almost ate babies. There are many examples.
      This does not mean that it is always like this, but very often.
      1. -1
        13 November 2023 13: 37
        Prigogine was 30 percent right. 70 percent - no.
        Take any number and give an accurate estimate.
        Will not work.
        As with justice, for example. Are you satisfied with the 50:50 ratio of legal and criminal convictions in the country?
  2. +1
    21 September 2023 22: 06
    Many people write that we need a modern SMERSH.
    But who will figure out whether SMERSH made a mistake, or didn’t make a mistake BEFORE the execution?
    God in heaven? Or “just don’t arrest people”?
  3. 0
    29 September 2023 01: 31
    If you don’t mind, I’ll add a little more.

    (Fedor Aleksandrovich Stasiukov in the photo, 1939)
    Head department of leading party bodies (ORPO) of the regional committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of the Jewish Autonomous Okrug (before the arrest - head of the organizational department of the regional consumer union of the Jewish Autonomous Okrug). After his release from custody, F.A. Stasiukov. left the Far East forever and went to Kyiv. After arriving in Ukraine, the entire future fate of Fyodor Stasiukov was connected with the Kyiv Machine Tool Plant. For his selfless work during the war years, he was awarded a high government award in 1946 - the medal "For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
    Stasiukov F.A. died in Kyiv on April 23, 1960.
  4. +2
    23 November 2023 17: 51
    Quote: ivan2022
    “It remains to be said” what the authors unanimously forget to say.

    The mores of 17th century society have remained in the 20th and 21st centuries.
    And neither the NKVD nor the USSR has anything to do with it. The laws of the Russian Federation and the laws of the USSR did not and do not allow any atrocities.

    These are the mores of modern society, which manifest themselves unhindered in closed institutions. (I believe that all over the world). Which are the special services and nursing homes and mental hospitals.... Hazing in the army is from the same series.

    But here it all flourished and today it blooms and smells especially strongly. Because the people are incredibly simple...

    For example, Prigozhin, who moved 20 thousand to Moscow behind the rear of the active army and easily killed a dozen Russian pilots, is perceived by the same people as a folk hero. state honors? laughing
    So it turns out that what’s wrong with it if a brilliant and daring investigator “just in case” takes down an innocent person? It’s okay, but don’t fall under the hot hand....

    Have you forgotten the background of the conflict with the Moscow Region and Shoigu? Did this march of dissent happen out of the blue?
  5. 0
    10 December 2023 11: 10
    ________________________
  6. +1
    10 January 2024 15: 21
    Quote: ivan2022
    For example, Prigozhin, who moved 20 thousand to Moscow behind the rear of the active army and easily killed a dozen Russian pilots, by the same people he is perceived as a national hero.... Well done and a truly epic daredevil. And the people condemn: “How is it that such a hero of Russia was not buried with state honors?” laughing
    So it turns out that what’s wrong with it if a brilliant and daring investigator “just in case” takes down an innocent person? It’s okay, but don’t fall under the hot hand....


    and who sent these pilots to bomb Wagner’s column located on a public road (i.e. there were civilians around them)?
    M.B. ask yourself this question?
    Have you counted how many civilians suffered from aviation actions?
    politics is a dirty business, and in this case, bloody...