Progress of the Sarmat project

43
Progress of the Sarmat project
Loading a TPK with an experimental Sarmat missile into a launcher


In the interests of the strategic missile forces, the development of the promising Sarmat missile system with an intercontinental ballistic missile of the same name is underway. To date, the industry has completed the design of the missile and other means of the complex, and has also begun their production and deployment in places of deployment. In addition, they recently announced the start of combat duty.



Under development


According to known data, the Sarmat complex with the 15A28 missile has been developed since the XNUMXs by the State Missile Center named after. V.P. Makeeva (Miass) from the Roscosmos state corporation. In the mid-XNUMXs, the project reached the stage of manufacturing and testing both individual units and prototypes of ICBMs as a whole.

So, in 2017-18. At the Plesetsk test site, they conducted a series of throw tests of rocket models to check the launch processes and the operation of some of the units. Probably, based on the results of these activities, the project was adjusted and improved. In addition, preparations for full flight design tests have begun.

The first full launch of the new ICBM as part of flight development tests took place on April 20, 2022. “Sarmat” successfully took off from the Plesetsk test site and hit a conditional target at the Kura test site in Kamchatka. In the near future, flight tests were expected to continue to fully test the design before launching production and adoption.


Throw tests

A few months after this, on August 16, the Ministry of Defense and the GRC signed a contract for the production and supply of a new type of ICBM. The number of Sarmats ordered, their cost and delivery time to the customer, for obvious reasons, were not disclosed.

At the end of November another curious news. Management of the State Research Center named after. Makeev announced the start of serial production of a promising rocket. According to earlier information, the assembly of Sarmatov was to be mastered by the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant (also part of Roscosmos). Preparations for acceptance of the first serial products were carried out in the Strategic Missile Forces formations serving in the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Orenburg Region.

On combat duty


Since the first information about the Sarmat project appeared, possible dates for placing the new missile system on combat duty have been regularly reported. For various reasons, the expected date has shifted repeatedly, mostly to the right. Nevertheless, work on the project continued and allowed us to count on the rapid achievement of our goals.

On February 23, 2023, the current plans for “Sarmat” were personally revealed by the President of Russia. According to Vladimir Putin, the missile system will have to go on combat duty before the end of this year. More exact dates were not given at that time.


First test launch, April 2022

On September 1, as part of the educational marathon from the Knowledge Society, the General Director of Roscosmos, Yuri Borisov, made a report. He spoke about current and future developments, incl. about a new ICBM for the Strategic Missile Forces. According to Yu. Borisov, the Sarmat complex has already been put on combat duty. At the same time, the head of the state corporation dispensed with any technical and organizational details.

It is curious that during the same marathon other data was disclosed. Thus, according to the official presentation from Roscosmos, the new complex will go on combat duty only next year, 2024. It is unclear what is causing this discrepancy in information from official sources. Perhaps there was a simple mistake at one level or another.

Unanswered Questions


Thus, work on the Sarmat complex is successfully moving forward and solving the assigned tasks. At the same time, despite regular messages of one kind or another, some questions remain. Probably, answers to them will appear later - when the relevant events take place, and when it will be possible to openly comment on these topics.

First of all, the progress of flight tests attracts attention. A few years ago, specially prepared Sarmat products passed throw tests and showed the correct operation of systems and units at the start. Full flight development tests began in April last year. The first launch took place with an intercontinental flight.


New launches have not yet been carried out, but it is already reported that the complex has been placed on combat duty. It is unlikely that the flight test program could be reduced to several throw-away launches and one full flight. New starts should be expected. At the same time, it is not clear why the complex was reportedly already put on duty.

It can be assumed that there was some confusion in recent messages from Roscosmos. However, we cannot exclude the introduction of new development and testing methods that can dramatically reduce their duration and the number of required practical activities. You also need to remember such concepts as experimental combat duty, experimental military operation, etc.

With great potential


All details of current work and activities on the Sarmat complex, for obvious reasons, are unknown. However, their result and significance both for the Strategic Missile Forces and for national security as a whole are clear. Already at the development stage, the promising complex and its rocket began to receive high marks. As work continues, the situation becomes clearer and new details are announced, which make it possible to more fully evaluate the new missile system.

According to known data, the goal of the Sarmat project is to create a new strategic missile system with a heavy ICBM. In the future, it will have to replace the existing R-36M2 Voevoda products, which are approaching the end of their service life. In order to simplify deployment and operation, the new Sarmatians will be delivered to the formations that currently use the Voevoda.


The main component of the Sarmat complex is the heavy ICBM 15A28. This product is at least 35 m long with a launch weight of more than 200 tons. Throwing weight is up to 8-10 tons or more. Like previous domestic heavy ICBMs, the new Sarmat is equipped with liquid rocket engines at all stages. A significant increase in the characteristics of propulsion systems has been reported, due to which flight performance is improved.

The use of different variants of combat equipment is envisaged. The ICBM will be able to carry both individually targeted warheads of a traditional design, as well as maneuvering warheads or Avangard hypersonic glide units. The delivery range of warheads was stated to be global. It is likely that the exact values ​​of this parameter depend on the class and type of warhead used.

The heavy ICBM 15A28 can only be operated with silo launchers. The product leaves the factory in a transport and launch container, and is placed in the mine in it. According to known data, the launcher is being modified to operate as part of the Sarmat complex, but its nature and technical details have not been reported.

The new Sarmat missile system compares favorably with the existing Voevoda for a number of reasons. First of all, its novelty is important - rockets and other means of new production can be operated and maintained over the next few decades. In addition, modern technologies and components have made it possible to create a missile with higher tactical and technical characteristics and fundamentally new combat capabilities.


The other day, the State Research Center named after. V.P. Makeeva published an interesting review about his project. As TASS writes, “Sarmat” was called a unique development of the Center and its related companies, superior to all similar products in the world. The epithets “engineering miracle” and “crown of rocket technology” have been applied to the new ICBM. In essence, we are talking about the formation of a new direction of missile weapons, significantly superior to those of past decades.

Waiting for the results


Thus, the Russian defense industry continues work on the new Sarmat missile system and is approaching its successful completion. The design of the missile and the complex as a whole is already ready, the production and deployment of all these products has begun, and now it is announced that they will be put on combat duty. The start of the Sarmatov's full-fledged service is getting closer.

Current work is of great importance for the development of our Strategic Missile Forces and the improvement of the entire system of strategic nuclear deterrence. The Sarmat will become one of their main weapons for the next few decades. For this reason, current work requires quality, not speed. However, even in this mode, GRC and its related partners have almost completed their new project, and issues of putting the complex on duty are already being discussed.
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  1. +5
    14 September 2023
    Sarmat is a male name with Greek roots. Translated from Greek, this name means “son of a Scythian.” In addition, the name has other meanings, for example, translated from Persian it means “immortal” or “limitless.”
    1. -2
      14 September 2023
      Sarmat is a resident of Sarmatia. Contrary to what we were taught in school, Sarmatia is Russia.
      On the well-known round map of Fra Mauro 1450. it is directly written: Sarmatia over Russia. Sarmatia or Russia. In this case, Sarmatia in Europe and Sarmatia in Asia are indicated. In both cases it is emphasized that Sarmatia is Russia.
      If you look at a map, keep in mind that on this map south is at the top. This often happens on old maps.
      For example https://skif-swarogich.livejournal.com/363348.html
      1. +3
        14 September 2023
        Quote: boriz
        Sarmatia is Russia.

        Millions of you. We are darkness, and darkness, and darkness.
        Try it and fight us!
        Yes, we are Scythians! Yes, we are Asians!
        With slanted and greedy eyes!
    2. 0
      15 September 2023
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      Sarmat is a male name with Greek roots. Translated from Greek, this name means “son of a Scythian.”

      But, to be honest, these are different peoples :))
    3. +1
      16 September 2023
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      Sarmat is a male name with Greek roots.

      There is nothing Greek there, it is a proper name (for the same Greeks) and a descriptive name for the Sarmatians themselves.
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      "son of a Scythian"

      what Well, you have to try really hard to read something like this...
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      translated from Persian it means “immortal” or “limitless.”

      Which Persian? Farsi? Pahlavi? Is Turkic also very widespread there, especially in the north?
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      Sarmat

      Sar is the king.
      Sarmat - “having a king”, or simply “royal”. In the sense - "royal Scythian". Sometimes they were called just that (in chronicles, geographical descriptions, maps). For not all Scythian clans were united under the hand of the king. There were also free Scythians - the Skolotes, who had a military democracy (everything was decided by the “Cossack circle”). There was a military class - the Saki.
      Sac-saber strike, cut, cut. Otherwise - grunts.
      From the word “sak” comes the word “kaisak” or simply “COSSACK”.
      Sarmatians and Sarmatia in ancient times (according to written history) were called the habitat of the NORTHERN ARIES.
      The word "Aryan" in Sanskrit and Avestan (the language of "Avesta") means - PIOUS, RIGHTEOUS ... as well as "Indigenous inhabitant of the Earth" ... what "Earthling". bully
      Ra - God, Heaven.
      Ar - Earth.
      Aryan is an inhabitant of the earth, an earthling.
      Other peoples of the earth - DRAVIDS - other\other species (of people). Newcomers... foreign. According to the Avesta, the Dravidians were considered “impure”, “wicked”, with damaged human genetics.
      "Avesta" is translated as "News" or "Good News" ... or "First News".
      It was simply about the meaning of WORDS.
      According to DNA, the following haplogroups belong to the Aryans: R1A1, I, N.
      So Sarmatia, And Scythia, and Tartaria, and Russia (Russia - that’s what we are called in the south and the classical East - “light” ... in our meaning “fair-haired” - for the color of hair, skin and eyes) - this all means one is the habitat, the area of ​​habitat of the fair-haired, light-skinned Aryans.
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      "immortal" or "limitless".

      This is rather a characteristic of our character and the area itself.
      hi
      1. 0
        16 September 2023
        Quote: bayard
        There were also free Scythians - the Skolotes, who had a military democracy (everything was decided by the “Cossack circle”).

        "There were also free Scythians - Skolots, Sakas, who had a military democracy ..."
        I didn’t have time to correct/add.
        By the way, the Turkic word “thief” means the same as “sak” - to flog, to chop. Meaning military class (Sakis, Kaisaks, Cossacks).
        The derivative word "thief" is the word "Tatars" - warriors of the Earth. Also a military class. Definitely Aryan. Warriors of the Great Empire of the North... and before that of the whole Earth. Before the Dravidians (peoples with distorted genetics spoiled by Iblis).
        How Iblis spoiled the genetics of the inhabitants of the Earth is written in the Avesta, in the legend of the wicked Zhak.
        So the term “Iblis”, which Ramzan often uses, referring to the infernal principle, the source of all Evil... is not from the Koran, but from the Avesta. From an earlier source.
  2. 0
    14 September 2023
    There must be confusion in the data to mislead the enemy. Although...with modern reconnaissance capabilities, the real state of affairs one way or another becomes known to the enemy.
    The shift of deadlines “to the right” is quite understandable.
    Mastering the production of such a complex product, absolutely comparable to space technology, was a rather complex scientific and technical problem, solved in the “new economic conditions”, when funds are limited by contracts and there is no Soviet bottomless barrel from which you can draw money, regardless of anything .
    But the development period has come to a successful end, which is encouraging.
    Now the industry has to work hard to produce the series.
  3. +3
    14 September 2023
    Thus, the Russian defense industry continues work on the new Sarmat missile system and is approaching its successful completion.

    However, even in this mode, GRC and its related companies have almost completed their new project, and The issues of putting the complex on duty are already being discussed.

    What's it?
    Politics, 01 Sep, 13:30
    "Sarmat" complexes are on combat duty
    Yuri Borisov: Sarmat strategic systems have been put on combat duty
    Read more at RBC:
    https://www.rbc.ru/politics/01/09/2023/64f1bc4e9a79474dafc0a44a
    1. 0
      16 September 2023
      Quote: ROSS 42
      What's it?

      Modern journalists always write clumsily... perhaps due to the state of the fish's brain and memory.
      Most likely, it was meant that the Sarmatians previously put on duty were from an experimental series, but now we are talking about the start of deliveries of serial samples.
  4. -8
    14 September 2023
    A dozen Sarmatians will not scare anyone, because there is no point in using them - the damage will not be catastrophic, and they will create a compelling reason for complete destruction. We need a new concept of nuclear weapons, not the current one from the middle of the last century. as a last resort, we need a superbomb that will turn the oceans into a nuclear swamp, otherwise we can share the fate of the Indians.
    1. 0
      14 September 2023
      With a payload of 8 tons and declared global
      1. 0
        14 September 2023
        With a payload of 8 tons and declared global
        - stupid editing system... and you can't even delete a bad comment. No.
        Given the stated range and payload, even 10 missiles is a very compelling argument. And when all more than 50 Voivodes are replaced, and even more so.
    2. -3
      14 September 2023
      We need a new concept of nuclear weapons, not the current one from the middle of the last century.
      - agree! You need to use, for example, torsion fields and psychokinetic energy of the enemy! Let's not forget about the hafnium bons!
      1. +4
        14 September 2023
        A colleague suggests that instead of all this nonsense, simply use 2nd level magic.
        Yes
    3. +4
      14 September 2023
      How to say. Remember Hiroshima and Nagasaki, was there an effect or not? The world is still scared. And if you strike the NATO headquarters in Brussels with a mono head with a not very powerful charge, will there be an effect or not?
      And "Sarmat" in the USA with 10-12 heads?
      There were 300 “Voevod” in the USSR, now there are 50 left. We need to make 200 “Sarmatovs” in order to sleep peacefully.
      It is also possible to make other missiles with different ranges and payloads from each stage of the Sarmat. soldier
      1. +1
        14 September 2023
        The effect was quite significant. The Americans wanted to declare with this bombing that the USSR was NO LONGER the most powerful power in the world (which in fact it was).
        Thus, our work on nuclear weapons received a new impetus for development, which led to the creation of our bomb in record time.
      2. +1
        14 September 2023
        >>>In the USSR there were 300 Voevods, now there are 50 left. We need to make 200 Sarmatovs in order to sleep peacefully.<<
        Should we also make 150 additional mines with all the infrastructure? These are at least three new missile divisions. Of the 300 “Voevod” in the USSR, 250 were located on the territory of Kazakhstan.
        1. +3
          14 September 2023
          Sergey. Good afternoon. Of the 308 launch sites, 104 were located on the territory of Kazakhstan and 204 on the territory of Russia.
        2. +1
          14 September 2023
          "Voevod" -300 never existed, a total of 1988 units were deployed from 1992 to 58, the remaining 250 silos remained with R-36M UTTH missiles
      3. -3
        14 September 2023
        But just now NATO has deployed air defense and a lot of air defense plus destroyers with Aegis must launch at least 500 missiles in order for 50 to reach the target
    4. +3
      14 September 2023
      Quote from Constantin N.
      a dozen Sarmatians will not scare anyone, because there is no point in using them - the damage will not be catastrophic
      1. if it were pointless, they would not be accepted into service.
      2. BB IN ICBM 15A28 are not intercepted by current missile defense systems of partners: they are inconspicuous, maneuver, their disengagement area covers all missile defense zones, they are covered by electronic warfare equipment and fly in the TLC cloud;
      3. one Sarmat carries 10 BBs with a total capacity of 8,0 Mt. What if there are 50 of them? Well, okay... let's take 0,8 of the unit. ICBMs in a salvo, we get: 40x8,0 = 320 Mt (!).
      According to Brown's criterion -- determining the damage to the United States is the defeat of 35-40% of the economic power sector, 20-25% of the country's population. This is unacceptable damage! Yes
      According to the method of assessing functional damage for the US economy and population - this is critical damage (!!!) which affects 30% of the UES and 20% of the country's population.
      But after the Sarmatians (the echelon of the “missile defense breakthrough”) the Yars, Liners-Sineva-Bulavas will follow... In short, it won’t seem enough!
      The Yankees know this and try not to rock the “barrel of shit” so as not to end up in a childish surprise from head to toe.
      IMHO.
      1. +1
        14 September 2023
        Alexander. Good afternoon. Of the six variants of the Sarmat's combat equipment, only one has maneuvering BBs - this is the variant with two Avangards, the rest are conventional ballistic warheads.
      2. +2
        14 September 2023
        The maximum number of Sarmat ICBMs that can be deployed is 46 units. It’s just that there are no more silos, there were 58 in total from “Voevoda”, 12 were occupied by UR-100N UTTH with “Vanguards”. We will not be able to build new silos; for this we need to return to the planned economy. abolish private ownership of land for the means of production and restore much of what existed under the USSR. The Soviet planned economy was two orders of magnitude more efficient (100 times).
        1. 0
          14 September 2023
          Well, it turns out we can build a rocket, but we can’t build a mine for it without a planned economy. Just like an airplane shelter
        2. -1
          15 September 2023
          Quote from sergeyketonov
          The maximum number of Sarmat ICBMs that can be deployed is 46 units. It’s just that there are no more silos, there were 58 in total from “Voevoda”, 12 were occupied by UR-100N UTTH with “Vanguards”. We will not be able to build new silos; for this we need to return to the planned economy. abolish private ownership of land for the means of production and restore much of what existed under the USSR. The Soviet planned economy was two orders of magnitude more efficient (100 times).

          Here is one of two things:
          1. Either the data on the calculation of forces and means of the Strategic Missile Forces are unclassified, and all real data on the state of the Russian nuclear shield can be easily found on the Internet or the Speed-Info newspaper...
          2. Either you are General Karakaev.
  5. -4
    14 September 2023
    We would like to rejoice at the Barguzin BZHRK at the new base, with new missiles, it seemed like there was something, but they refused, it died down. It's time to return
    1. 0
      14 September 2023
      We would - yes. But work was stopped at an early design stage.
      There are two reasons, in my opinion.
      1. The size of the required financing is unaffordable for the economy - the issue was resolved in favor of Yars-Sarmat.
      2. Changing the concept of vision of the need for BZHRK in modern conditions. Like, they are not so secretive now and, accordingly, protected. With high operating costs
      I don’t agree with the second one, but who am I?..
      1. +4
        14 September 2023
        Modern satellite reconnaissance and tracking tools make it possible to eliminate the problem of tracking such trains. This means that its most important advantage is lost. Otherwise, such mobility only causes inconvenience for various reasons. From security and preparation of the canvas, to maintenance and requirements for compactness and safety of transportation.
        Simply put, the pros have disappeared, only the cons remain.
        1. -1
          14 September 2023
          You will definitely inform the Americans about this, otherwise they, apparently, are not aware... What has fundamentally changed in “modern” satellite reconnaissance means?
          1. +7
            14 September 2023
            For example, the data transfer rate is now in real time. Data processing speed - now a home computer is akin to supercomputers of the 70-80s. The amount of memory, which even on a satellite can be huge. The emergence of AFAR technologies for radar reconnaissance satellites. The capacity and reliability of batteries has increased. We can continue.
            1. -9
              14 September 2023
              “There’s an elderberry in the garden, and there’s a guy in Kyiv...”) What is the relationship between the data transfer speed and the stealth of the BZHRK? “now a home computer is akin to the supercomputers of the 70s and 80s” - no need to talk nonsense. Just read about the usual commercial system IBM370 (our analogue is ES Computers, row 2). At one time, I myself programmed in assembler on the SVM OS (that is, the Virtual Machine System (in their dialect - VMS)) in the late 80s.
              1. 0
                17 September 2023
                As I understand it, the downvotes are mainly “children” (or, conversely, “elders”) who do not understand how this whole thing works and were brought up on Hollywood films about “military” technologies) I mean, “miracles” does not happen in the world...")
            2. 0
              14 September 2023
              Quote: URAL72
              The emergence of AFAR technologies for radar reconnaissance satellites.

              Synthetic aperture, you meant.
  6. +1
    14 September 2023
    That's how it is, I thought they had already been in service for several years. In recent years, I have seen several times in comments that the Sarmatians will crush all their enemies into powder. But it turned out that they were only adopted into service. This means how the information background works, but if you dig deeper, everything is wrong
    1. +1
      14 September 2023
      Well, yes, “everything is gone..” And the fact that the R36M2 can grind anyone into powder is no longer so important)
  7. +1
    14 September 2023
    Can the decommissioned Voivode be used for peaceful purposes?
    1. +1
      14 September 2023
      Yes, it seems the satellites are leading her out... for a long time now
      1. +1
        14 September 2023
        The satellites were deployed. And there is even a video of the launch. But the “Dnepr” version was manufactured by YuzhMash from Dnepropetrovsk.
        At the moment, this problem is solvable in principle, but technically unsolvable.
        May God grant KrasMash to produce serial products.
        Again, comrade. I. Musk took the lion's share of launches from Russia, Europe, the Japanese and his American competitors.
        So the only way to lure customers to Voevoda is by dumping prices.
        The economic effect will not cover the costs of converting ICBMs into a space carrier.
        1. +1
          14 September 2023
          Customers cannot be lured because the United States will punish them if their satellite contains even one American nut, and not because Musk took away
  8. +2
    14 September 2023
    The other day, the State Research Center named after. V.P. Makeeva published an interesting review about your project. As TASS writes, “Sarmat” was called a unique development of the Center and its related companies, superior to all similar products in the world. Epithets applied to the new ICBM “an engineering miracle” and “the crown of rocketry”.

    Commenting like this will only spoil... lol
  9. 0
    15 September 2023
    What did you experience when launching at a target at the Kura training ground? It was necessary to test it with a launch at the Kyiv test site...
  10. 0
    15 September 2023
    Maybe the “lesson” with optimizing the army, aerospace forces and navy will be instructive enough for the country’s leadership to at least maintain the Strategic Missile Forces in sufficient combat condition.
    Two full-fledged divisions of 50 Sarmat complexes each would become the main striking force of the Strategic Missile Forces.
    50 units Sarmat ICBM (Division 1) with Avangard hypersonic units for the preventive destruction of missile defense and command infrastructure of the US/NATO Armed Forces, as well as 50 units. Sarmat ICBM (Division 2) with high-power warheads aimed at the 50 largest cities in the United States.
    The remaining targets on the territory of the “probable enemy” will be targeted by three hundred Yars mobile and silo complexes and almost two hundred Bulava ICBMs deployed on 12 Borei nuclear submarines.
    1. 0
      16 September 2023
      I won't reveal a big secret.
      The priority targets of ICBMs are enemy ICBM position areas, large naval bases, large headquarters and other “decision-making centers,” but not cities as such.
      So if a missile hits, for example, San Diego, it will hit the naval base, but not the city center.

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