“It’s not for nothing that all of Russia remembers.” Borodin Day

“It’s not for nothing that all of Russia remembers.” Borodin Day

The Battle of Borodino has arrived on the feast of the Presentation of the Icon of the Vladimir Mother of God.

“Before dawn on August 26th, the first shot was fired from a Russian heavy gun from a battery in front of Semenovskaya, when in the darkness it seemed that the enemy was approaching. But the enemies had not yet moved, and after the first shot everything fell silent,”

- writes a Russian source. History preserved for us the name of the shooter - it was Lieutenant of the 2nd Artillery Brigade of Battery No. 11 Company Dmitry Petrovich Danilov, later Lieutenant General. Here is how this episode is described in his words:

“In Borodino, on the left flank, his first cannon, aimed at him, fired until light, and the French responded with 150 guns. The day before, one officer fired without orders and made a false alarm. As punishment, he was sent to a convoy. Danilov was on guard, as 1/3 of the unit stood under arms, and the artillerymen were at the guns. Having changed, he walked 50 paces behind the boxes, into a ravine, lay down to sleep, and there they began to heat the kettle for him. The left flank battery was Bellingshausen. An officer came from there and woke him up and said:

“I am shortsighted; look, what are these, like bushes that weren’t there yesterday?” Danilov saw perfectly well, but it was not yet dawn. He looked and said: “We have to shoot.” - “That’s right, and you wanted to join the convoy?” – he told him jokingly. But he thought: since he was a brigade adjutant and a young artillery officer, maybe they wouldn’t send him, and, having said this, he took aim at the gun himself, aimed and fired. The noise alarmed us all and they began to fuss; and more than two minutes passed - the enemy was quiet. He thought: “They’ll send me to the convoy!” - like a deafening cannonade rang out from the enemy.”

But no, the return gunfire from the French did not come so soon - they were still just moving, hidden by fog, to the attack position. The French army consisted of 11 corps, 8 of them were concentrated against our left flank. Poniatowski's 5th Corps lined up behind the forest in the area of ​​the Old Smolensk Road, heading towards Utitsa.

Somewhat further, in sparse bushes south of the Shevardinsky redoubt, three cavalry corps of the King of Naples Murat lined up. Davout's corps lined up on the front line of attack between Shevardino and the forest south of this village. Behind him stood the corps of Ney and Junot in echelons. Next was Napoleon's entire guard: Young, Old, Guards cavalry and artillery. Batteries Fouche (40 guns) and Sorbier (24 guns) were installed in front of Davout's corps to fire at the Semyonov flushes. To the right and in front of them, on the edge of the forest, at the tip of the Kamenka ravine, was the Perneti battery (38 guns), also assigned to act against the flushes. And this means that it was at the Perneti battery that Lieutenant Danilov fired “before daylight”, and it was this battery that was seen by the second lieutenant of the 50th Jaeger Regiment of the 27th Infantry Division N.I. Andreev at dawn on the day of the battle:

“On the 25th to 26th, close to us, the enemy sang songs, drums beat, music thundered, and at dawn we saw that the forest had been cut down and a huge battery appeared opposite us, where the forest was.”

The 4th corps of Beauharnais, Viceroy of Italy, together with the cavalry corps of Grouchy and the infantry divisions of Gerard and Morand, transferred from Davout's corps, formed the left wing of the French army and were supposed to act against the center and right wing of the Russian army. Pele writes:

“The front of the French army occupied no more than 1500 fathoms in length from Borodino to the Utitsky forest, not counting the Polish corps, which should be considered separate. The French army consisted of 12 infantry divisions that could operate in the first line; the guard and cavalry corps formed the second line or reserve. An ordinary commander-in-chief could not have drawn up dispositions better than Napoleon’s.”

The French launched an attack on our position from their left flank.

* * *
“The sun hiding in the fog continued to deceptively calm until 6 o’clock in the morning,”

- writes Ermolov. But the peasant from the outskirts of Borodino, due to his everyday closeness to nature, definitely had a more accurate idea of ​​​​the time of sunrise and sunset.

“At this time, the sun rose over Borodino at 5 o’clock in the morning and set at about 7 o’clock in the evening,”

- he says, showing us at the same time the possible boundaries of the time of the battle itself.

It was still dark when our troops rose and lined up in battle formation; they stood at the front of the position in order of corps numbers. At the end of the right flank in the forest, in abatis and fortifications, there were four Jaeger regiments - 30, 48, 4 and 34 under the general command of Colonel Ya. A. Potemkin. Further to the center stood the 2nd Infantry Corps of the city. K.F. Baggovut (4th and 17th divisions) and, in the same line with him, to the village of Gorki, the 4th Infantry Corps of the city. A. I. Osterman-Tolstoy (11th and 23rd divisions). On the right flank, behind the Maslovsky forest, was located the 1st Cavalry Corps of the city. F.P. Uvarov, and to his left is Ataman M.I. Platov with nine regiments of the Don Cossack Army. The remaining 5 Cossack regiments were located at the confluence of the Kolocha and Moscow Rivers to monitor the enemy's movements. 2nd Cavalry Corps g.-m. F.K. Korfa stood behind the 4th Infantry Corps. These troops formed our right flank and were under the overall command of Infantry General M.A. Miloradovich.

The center of the position from the village of Gorki to the Central Kurgan was occupied by the 6th Infantry Corps of Infantry General D.S. Dokhturov (7th and 24th divisions), behind which stood the 3rd Cavalry Corps, which was also under the command of Mr. m. Korfa.

The location of Barclay de Tolly's 1st Army ended here. Its reserve is part of the 5th Guards Corps of the city. N.I. Lavrov and the 1st Cuirassier Division of the city. N.I. Depreradovich was located near the village of Knyazkovo.

Further to the left flank stood the troops of Bagration's 2nd Army - first the 7th Infantry Corps of the city. N.N. Raevsky (12th and 26th divisions), adjoining its right flank to the Central Kurgan and having behind it the 4th Cavalry Corps of the city. K. K. Sievers. At the end of the left flank of the 2nd Army, at the Semenovsky flashes, stood the 8th Infantry Corps of the city. M. M. Borozdin 1st (combined grenadier division of Mr. M. S. Vorontsov and 27th Infantry Division of Mr. D. P. Neverovsky).

The reserve of the 2nd Army consisted of the 2nd Grenadier Division. Prince Charles of Mecklenburg and the 2nd Cuirassier Division of Mr. I. M. Duki.

Five companies of horse artillery were behind the 4th Cavalry Corps. The general artillery reserve of 180 guns was located near the birch grove in front of the village. Psareva. The front of the position, especially on the left wing, was protected by strong batteries. All the Jaeger regiments occupied bushes, villages and gorges in front of the front of the position.

Separately from the general disposition of troops, on the Old Smolensk Road, stood the 3rd Corps of the city. N. A. Tuchkova (1st Grenadier and 3rd Infantry Divisions) and the 10-strong militia corps of Count I. I. Markov. Here, to monitor the movements of the enemy, there were six Cossack regiments of Mr. A. A. Karpova.

The small forest, which stretched for almost a mile between the Old Smolensk Road and the left flank of the 2nd Army, was occupied “for general communications” by four Jaeger regiments of the 20th, 21st, 11th and 41st under the command of Mr. I. L. Shakhovsky.

All infantry corps were located in two lines, in battalion columns, with their own artillery. The battalion, built in a dense platoon column, had a front width of 24 rows and a depth of 24 ranks. The cavalry was lined up behind the infantry in squadron columns, also in two lines: in the first, as a rule, there were dragoons, in the second - light cavalry (hussars and lancers).

The militia warriors who were not “under arms,” that is, not part of Markov’s militia corps, were divided into corps and formed the third rank, assigned to receive the wounded and look after them.

“On this day,” says the official description of the Battle of Borodino, “the Russian army had 95 line troops with artillery, 000 Cossacks, 7000 Moscow and 7000 Smolensk militias under arms. In total, 3000 people were under arms. This army had 112 artillery pieces.”

* * *

From the memories of an old Finnish:

“At dawn it was cold but clear; the sun rose in full splendor and majesty; my soul became more cheerful. This sunrise is memorable for each of us, and for many it was the last: as if the sun was deliberately not hidden, it shone all day long in order to say goodbye to many forever.”

From Kutuzov’s report:

“On the 26th, at 4 o’clock in the morning, the enemy’s first desire was for the village of Borodin, which he sought to capture in order to, having established himself in it, provide the center of his army and action on our left wing, which was attacked at the same time.”

Barclay writes that even before dawn, a report was received from the commander of the Life Guards Jaeger Regiment, Colonel Bistrom, about movement in the enemy position against Borodin. Kutuzov at this time was already standing on a hill near Gorki with his entire headquarters. By his order, the 1st Jaeger Regiment of Colonel Karpenko from the 4th Corps of Osterman-Tolstoy was immediately transferred to the right flank of the 6th Corps of Dokhturov closer to the village. Borodino. Kutuzov, as usual, was “in a frock coat without epaulettes, in a white cap with red piping without a visor; scarf and whip draped over shoulder" Lieutenant Grabbe, Barclay's adjutant, writes:

“Barclay de Tolly found it dangerous and useless to hold this village and decided to immediately recall the rangers from there. Duke Alexander of Württemberg defended the opposite opinion. Kutuzov listened to both of them silently. Suddenly, battle rifle fire from many French columns showered Borodino and the rangers with bullets.”

In the predawn twilight, only rifle fire was visible, but not the superiority of the enemy forces. It was Delzon's division, hidden by twilight and fog rising from the river, that rushed to Borodino: the 106th Regiment attacked the village from the Great Smolensk Road; the other part of this division, having crossed Voina above the village, burst into Borodino from an unexpected direction. It was impossible for the life rangers to stay here due to the superiority of the enemy forces; after a fierce half-hour battle, they were forced out of the village and retreated to the opposite bank of Kolocha, finding themselves on the bridges, where they were forced to crowd together, under deadly enemy fire. The regiment's losses in this battle amounted to 27 officers (5 of them were killed, 3 died from wounds) and 693 lower ranks killed and wounded. Among those killed in this battle on our side was Colonel of the quartermaster unit Gaverdovsky, who was very valued in the army.

The French rushed after the retreating life rangers and “forced to remove the battery defending the bridge" Kutuzov ordered Colonel Nikitin to immediately go with reserve artillery to the village. Borodin and support the counterattack of the 1st Jaeger Regiment, thrown to the rescue of the Guards Jaegers. Here, the chief of staff of the 6th Infantry Corps, Colonel Monakhtin, also sent the light artillery company No. 46 of Lieutenant Colonel Efremov, which “held back the enemy's efforts with grapeshots", who had already crossed to the right bank of the Kolocha. This united counterattack of our troops was a complete success - the French were thrown back across the river.

The commander of the 1st Jaeger Regiment, Colonel Karpenko, says:

“Preparing to repel a strong enemy, I immediately notified the then commander of the regiment [life rangers] Colonel Bystrom and the commander of the rifle chain, Captain Rahl, so that they would speed up the retreat across the bridge; when the retreat began to be carried out, I, with three columns of my regiment, deployed one to the front, ordered everyone to lie down with the intention of showing my indecision to attack. The French, not seeing any obstacle from my side, rushed to the bridge with the beating of drums and began a quick crossing: when the head of the 1st column stepped onto our side, I opened strong rifle fire, after which, without hesitating at all, so as not to let them time to close ranks, I rushed with bayonets.”

The battalion commander of the 1st Jaeger Regiment, Major M. Petrov, complements what has been said:

“Colonel Karpenkov with my battalion, who had a gun at the ready, quickly ran up to the hillock, fired a well-aimed volley with his entire front at the enemy, and when the smoke of the shots was still swirling in front of the enemy and their people, amazed and puzzled by the volley of my battalion, were in confusion, the rangers ours, rushing headlong after the bullets at the enemy, struck with bayonets. And as the guards, who wanted to destroy the bridges behind them, managed to remove about ten bridges in the middle of the upper, high bridge standing on stilts, then we pressed the French to this gap and the steepness of the bank of the muddy river, and how at the same time the 3rd Our battalion, Major Sibirtsev, turned half a turn to the right, rushed from behind me onto the lower, floating bridge, located near the high one, 40 steps away, and also hit the triangular salvo of the front division, then we destroyed all the enemy detachments with their general, headquarters and chief officers and, moving to the left bank of Kolocha in the village. Borodino, they attacked the enemy united by the entire regiment.”

The killed French general was Brigadier General Plozonne, who, as Jomini writes, "fell victim to the passion of his battalions"; from him our huntsmen were "epaulettes were removed and sent immediately to Barclay de Tolly».

Staff officer N.N. Muravyov witnessed how at this time

“One young huntsman came to the village of Gorki to the commander-in-chief and brought a French officer, whom he introduced to Kutuzov, giving him a sword taken from a prisoner. Complete happiness was depicted on the huntsman's face. This French officer announced that when they were taking the bridge, this huntsman, rushing forward, grabbed his sword, which he took away, and dragged him by the collar; that he did not offend him and did not even demand his wallet. Kutuzov immediately put the St. George’s Cross on the young soldier, and the new gentleman ran into battle again.”

Muravyov also sees how the murdered second lieutenant Prince Gruzinsky is carried past him, whose dead body, thrown over two guns and covered with a bloody overcoat, folded almost in half, so that his arms and legs, hanging on the sides, almost dragged along the ground. This picture so struck him with its incongruity with the image of the one whom he had recently known as a kind and beloved comrade in the regiment that it took possession of his soul..., however, not for long - he soon had to get used to such scenes and look calmly at the dead and wounded , worn all over the field.

Borodino was already half occupied by our rangers when General Ermolov, who arrived here, ordered them to leave the village and destroy the bridges behind them, which the rangers, as Major Petrov writes,

“It had to be carried out under strong close fire from the enemy, who fired at us from eight guns from the hillocks of the village and guns from the outermost houses and fences.”

It is reported that sailors of the Guards crew under the leadership of midshipman M.N. Lermontov also took part in the destruction of the bridges. At the same time, 4 sailors were killed and 7 were seriously wounded (two of them later died).

“After occupying Borodin, the enemy moved their batteries closer and began firing cannonballs and grenades,”

- writes artillery officer Mitarevsky. Further action in this sector turned into an artillery duel, which did not cease. And although the convenience of the location of our batteries silenced the enemy’s guns more than once, they themselves suffered a lot. In the horse battery of Colonel Hoven, which operated against the bridge over Kolocha, "within one hour the loss of people and horses was so great that it could no longer be used"; Colonel Efremov, commander of the light artillery company No. 46, was wounded; under Colonel Nikitin, a horse was killed, which also crushed him, so that the huntsmen had to remove him from under it. Our huntsmen, entrenched in the lodgement of the bridge on the right side of the road,

“they continued to exchange fire with the French until it was dark, not allowing them to approach from the streets of the village. Borodino to the shore of Kolocha."

“The action at this point was limited to one skirmish,” writes Ermolov, “and the number of troops used by the enemy from this side showed that this was not where the real attack should take place.”

Or, as F. Glinka writes:

“The enemy’s night orders were revealed when it became lean.”

From Kutuzov’s report:

“Meanwhile, the fire on our left wing intensified hour by hour. At this point the enemy gathered his main forces, consisting of the corps of Prince Poniatovsky, Marshals Ney and Davust, and was incomparably more numerous than us.”

Preceded by the fire of 102 guns, including many 12-pounders, the divisions of Compan and Desseux moved to attack the flushes. At the same time, Poniatovsky’s corps walked through the small forest towards the Old Smolensk road to attack Tuchkov’s corps, located near Utitsa.

“The artillery fire was very strong,” writes Saint-Prix, “and although we had only fifty guns on the left flank, they were answered energetically.”

Approaching the flushes was very difficult for the French, who first had to go through the forest and bushes in order to form columns for the attack already at a distance of almost a grape shot. Therefore, the heads of their columns, appearing in front of our fortifications, were driven away by the murderous fire of our artillery and the Jaeger regiments occupying the forest. Already during the first attacks of the French flushes, all the commanders of the assault column were put out of action one after another: generals Compan, Dupellin, Dessay, Rapp, Test. Davout was thrown from his horse and was considered killed, but he was only shell-shocked and returned to duty.

“The enemy’s stubborn resistance led to unforeseen situations,”

- writes Feng.

Ney with his three divisions - Ledru, Marchand and Razu - came out to reinforce Davout. Next came Murat with the cavalry corps of Nansouty, Montbrun and Latour-Maubourg.

Bagration, "seeing the complete superiority of the enemy's forces", brought closer to himself "almost all“the second line from Raevsky’s 7th Corps, as well as the 2nd Grenadier and 2nd Cuirassier divisions from the reserve; in addition, he ordered Konovnitsyn’s 3rd Infantry Division to immediately follow from Tuchkov’s 3rd Corps. Not believing these forces to be sufficient to repel the concentrated enemy, Bagration asked Kutuzov for reinforcements. Three regiments of the 1st Cuirassier Division under the command of Major General Borozdin of the 2nd and eight guns of the Guards artillery of Colonel Kozen were sent to him, as well as the Izmailovsky, Litovsky regiments and the 1st Combined Grenadier Brigade from the Guards Infantry Division with battery companies of His Highness and Count Arakcheev. Following this, Kutuzov ordered Quartermaster General Tol to hastily transfer the 2nd Infantry Corps of the city from the right to the left wing of the army. Baggovuta. Before his arrival, our left wing was reinforced with numerous artillery from the reserve. The most terrible cannonade thundered.

“Her strength made her fear that Napoleon would destroy our troops before launching the attack itself,” writes Prince Eugene of Württemberg. “What happened is different: his masses, having moved forward, themselves suffered incomparably more from the Russian batteries, the countless muzzles of which stretched in an almost continuous row along the edges of all the elevations, between Gorki and Semenovsky.”

Under this terrible fire from Russian artillery and infantry, the enemy lined up and moved his columns, regardless of losses. It seemed that the resistance offered only increased the valor of these troops, who did not know defeat.

“We must give justice to the French,” writes artilleryman Lyubenkov, “their onslaught is extraordinary; Their first attacks are extremely swift, it seems that only the Russians can withstand them. Usually they make false movements, concentrate all their forces at one point and rush furiously to break through the line, but this does not last long, then they soften, become more friendly, and then the Russians, more consistent in strength of character and fearlessness, rush and crush them. »

Ermolov writes:

“Terrible enemy forces moved on the left wing, but having encountered equally terrible resistance, they slowly advanced towards success. However, they reached our fortifications, took them, and just as many soon lost them. The enemy regiments, collapsing against our batteries, were destroyed by bayonets. The excellence of this weapons in the hands of a Russian soldier, one could continue the confrontation.”

From Kutuzov’s report:

“The enemy, under the cover of his batteries, appeared from the forest and headed straight for our fortifications, where he was met with solid shots from our artillery, commanded by Colonel Boguslavsky, and suffered the greatest damage. Despite this, the enemy, forming in several dense columns, accompanied by numerous cavalry, furiously rushed towards our fortifications. The artillerymen, with courageous composure, waited for the enemy for the next shot of grapeshot, opened strong fire on him, evenly, and the infantry [met] him with the most ardent rifle fire, [but the defeat of] their columns did not deter the French, who were striving for their goal and had not previously turned to flight, when Count Vorontsov with his combined grenadier battalions attacked them with bayonets; The strong onslaught of these battalions confused the enemy, and he, retreating in great disorder, was destroyed everywhere by our brave warriors. During this attack, Count Vorontsov received a severe wound and was forced to leave his division.”

From the Notes of General Vorontsov:

“On the 26th, at dawn, the battle, or rather the massacre, began at Borodino. All the forces of the French army were thrown against our left flank, namely, against the flushes defended by my division; more than a hundred artillery pieces fired at our position, and a significant part of the selected French infantry under the command of Marshals Davout and Ney attacked us frontally. Our flushes were taken by storm after stubborn resistance, then were repulsed by us, again captured by the French, and again repulsed, and soon, in the end, we lost them again, due to the superior forces that the enemy threw at them. I was wounded in the thigh by a musket ball during our first counter-attack on the flushes, my gallant division was completely overwhelmed...”

In his memoirs, Vorontsov writes that when he was wounded,

“It was almost 8 o’clock in the morning, and I had the fate of being the first in a long list of generals who were out of action on this terrible day.”

According to "Reports of the killed, wounded and missing in the 8th Corps during the Battle of Borodino", in the combined grenadier division of Vorontsov on the eve of the battle there were 4059 people, after the battle - 1560.

The cavalry of the 4th Sievers Corps, which Bagration sent here to reinforce our infantry, also took part in these initial battles near the flushes. Novorossiysk Dragoon and Akhtyrsky Hussar Regiments of this corps

“The honor of initiating cavalry battles with enemy infantry and cavalry belongs. These two regiments had great forces against them, but repelled all attacks.”

Details of the actions of these regiments, which give us an idea of ​​​​the fierceness of the struggle that ensued from the very beginning among the flushes, are contained in Sivers' report:

“The Novorossiysk Dragoon Regiment under the command of the regiment commander, Major Terenin..., having been met with grape shots and rifle fire, cut in and overturned the enemy infantry columns; Captain Count Sivers, with the squadron he commanded, with excellent courage, was the first to cut into the enemy columns, climbed onto the enemy battery, consisting of 12 guns, which, however, the regiment was not able to take away, because the advancing enemy cavalry, reinforced by a large number of infantry, was emerging from the forest , prevented this enterprise; On this battery, the brave captain Count Sievers was seriously wounded by a bullet in the leg and a saber in the head, the horse under him was killed. The regiment, under the cover of its flankers, retreated in order, covering the retreat of the infantry and being forced to leave to the enemy with the most fearless courage the booty acquired [for] their glory; The entire regiment, upon retreat, stopped behind our first batteries, and then was left in the first line on the left flank of the position covering the batteries, and until the very end of that day, the regiment was in a brutal cannonade against the enemy: during the course of the day, it lost a very significant number of killed and wounded.

Colonel Vasilchikov of the Akhtyrsky Hussar Regiment ordered two squadrons of this regiment to shoot down the cavalry, which surrounded the front flush on the left flank and was already occupied by the enemy, and he himself with two squadrons reinforced it; Major Prince Kastriot bravely rushed at the enemy cavalry, knocked it over, and then, putting the infantry to flight, took the flush. Our infantry did not support this attack, and Colonel Vasilchikov was forced to retreat behind the rear flush, where he held back the enemy cavalry, which attempted several times to bypass the flush in the mentioned place. Major Duvanov with four squadrons rushed with excellent courage towards the enemy foot column, knocked it over, but was met by strong rifle shots from another column, where he was seriously wounded. Colonel Vasilchikov, seeing the enemy cavalry, which was advancing strongly, struck the flank with four squadrons, overturning it, pursued to the enemy batteries, retreating with a regiment back to our batteries.”

Vorontsov's grenadier Bagration sent the 27th Infantry Division of Neverovsky as reinforcement, who writes that

“I entered into fierce fire and several times the division and I fought with bayonets together, destroying the enemy’s intentions to take possession of the batteries.”

The story of the St. George Cavalier from the Neverovsky division about his participation in the Borodino affair has been preserved:

“Near Borodino, we hit the Frenchman with bayonets and drove him away. There were some bushes here, we were pushing through them: I was walking, I had my gun at the ready, and I got out right in front of an entire French battalion. The French jumped up to me, ordered me to drop my gun, take off my belt and sword belt, but, I don’t want to lie, they didn’t touch my backpack. And then a little later, more of our people were brought in: a dragoon, an artilleryman (his head was badly bruised), a grenadier, and several infantrymen. They sent us to Wagenburg. We came to Shevardin, we saw: Bonaparte himself was sitting on a chair, frowning. Now someone jumped up to us, his uniform was all embroidered with gold, and asked: “What division are you, brothers? Which regiment? We are silent. He said to me: “He says, dear, aren’t you wounded?” I was overcome with anger. I think to myself: the vile soul is selling the Fatherland, and flaunting it in a golden uniform! I told him: “Why are you so sad about us! Are you going to die yourself too? As the devils pull your soul through your ribs, you will learn how to betray God and the Fatherland.” And he grinned and said: “Don’t scold, my dear: I’m not yours, but I just lived in Moscow for a long time; but you must answer, this is the order in all armies: even ours will come to you, they will also be interrogated by you.” I see it speaks volumes. And then another one jumped up and said: “What kind of regiment are you? How many soldiers are in the regiment? Who from your generals has been killed? I see that the Pole is a traitor, so I told him: “Here’s what, venerable man, I’ll ask you: where can I urinate here?” Bonaparte was close, otherwise I wouldn’t be alive: the Pole turned red, I see he wants to burst. “Gitsel, shouts, katsap! I’ll teach you how to answer to your superiors!” - “Okay, I think, teach, but you ate yours from me!” They drove us to Valuevo: there were more than 200 people. My heart rejoices: I see them leading and carrying their wounded all over the field, I can’t count how many! “What did you say, my dears, or did you run into yourself?”
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  1. +2
    20 September 2023 08: 01
    The skirmish between the rangers and the French at Borodino in the prologue of the battle seemed to highlight its course and result - the French settled, ours held back, but of their own free will they left the field in the name of the Main Goal. The unparalleled selflessness of the Russian soldier is the grateful memory of descendants...
  2. +2
    20 September 2023 08: 39
    “It’s not for nothing that all Russia remembers”
    She remembered, while all of Russia was learning M.Yu. Lermontov’s poem Borodino at school, now Lermontov, Pushkin, Gogol have been deleted from the Federal Registration Standards System
  3. -1
    20 September 2023 10: 43
    They forced Kutuzov to fight, although Barclay was right from the very beginning to the end, it would be better if a third of the army were sent to the partisans and completely cut off Napoleon’s rear. We killed tens of thousands of troops, many of them out of stupidity (they stood in formation under artillery fire) and we are proud. Although I agree that we did not lose Borodino, breaking the morale of Napoleonic’s army and raising our own, although something tells me the very next day this spirit fell among ours, and after leaving Moscow it completely precipitated until it was consolidated in Tarutino.
    1. 0
      20 September 2023 19: 58
      “It would be better if a third of the army were sent to partisans” - but how to feed them? I’m not saying that neither officers nor soldiers were trained for partisan actions. By the way, partisan actions were understood then as completely different than they are now.
  4. 0
    20 September 2023 10: 46
    "The French army consisted of 11 corps" - the Guard, 1, 3, 4, 5, 8 and four cavalry. It turns out 10.
    1. 0
      20 September 2023 23: 24
      The Old and Young Guards are 2 corps
      1. 0
        23 September 2023 18: 41
        No. Formally, in 1812, the imperial guard consisted of FOUR corps - guards grenadiers, guards rangers, guards cavalry and guards artillery. But only formally. At the same time, the guards corps was divided into old, middle and young guards, which included units of all branches of the military. In practice, the guard was consolidated into four divisions - the old guard, two divisions of the young guard and guards cavalry, and guards reserve artillery (both foot and horse). But both the foot and horse units had their own guards artillery units. The Polish Vistula Legion, consolidated into one division, was assigned to the guard. Throughout life, the Imperial Guard existed autonomously from the rest of the army as a kind of corps.
  5. +2
    21 September 2023 18: 58
    Unfortunately, thanks to both Soviet and post-Soviet propaganda, the overwhelming majority firmly believe that the war between Russia and France began with the crossing of French troops, the Russian border. And that the vile and insidious French, simply because of their fierce hatred of the Russians, decided to march all over Europe and attack.
    And no one even thinks, why the hell did Napoleon need this?!
    And even fewer people know that the reason for the attack and death of hundreds of thousands, and maybe millions of Russians, was the stupidity, arrogance and indifference to the lives of ordinary people of the then Emperor Alexander 1. Well, and his sidekick, the Emperor of Austria, Franz 2nd. Well and fraud, on the part of the Emperor of Britain. Because of which everything started to spin, but which never showed up for the war. As a result of the fraud of the British Emperor, in the Battle of Austerlitz, Prussian and Russian soldiers fought against Napoleon. And Britain was frozen.