Red Army assault brigades

75
In recent years, the authorities are talking only about the inadmissibility of falsification. stories World War II, but in fact did not give a finger to move from words to action. As shown on our central channels, Hollywood films about the war, where our soldiers are portrayed as weak-willed masses, capable of attacking, only if there is a machine gun behind them, so they show. The most annoying thing is that many modern domestic films are shot according to a similar scenario. It seems that either the directors of these films simply do not know the real history of World War II, or simply openly lie, keeping silent about the numerous exploits of our soldiers and officers. One of the brightest pages in the history of the Second World War is the so-called Assault Engineering Sainting Brigade Reserve (ShISBr), reporting directly to the Supreme Commander’s Headquarters and inspired fear to the Nazis by one type.



The need to create assault battalions has matured in the 1943 year, when it finally became clear that a strategic change was taking place in the war in favor of the Red Army. Our troops launched an offensive on almost all the main fronts, and new offensive-type engineering units were urgently needed to break through the powerful defensive fortifications of the Nazi troops. It was decided to create such connections on the basis of already existing engineering-sapper units, and by 30 in May 1943, 15 ShISBr were created by re-forming them. Each brigade consisted of a headquarters, command, management and engineering intelligence, several assault engineering battalion engineers and a company of mine detectors.

Since the tasks before the assault battalions were set the most serious, they did not take anyone there. All candidates for ShISBr should have real combat experience, outstanding physical health and be no older than 40 years. The fighters of the assault battalions were equipped with much better and more modern uniforms than the ordinary soldiers of the Red Army. By the way, if you look at the photos of the military chronicles, you can easily distinguish the ShISBr fighters from them. Many of them have light machine guns, sniper rifles, machine guns, flamethrowers in their hands. Some of the attack aircraft were even wearing body armor (armored carts), which in those times was even more rare. Often, the soldiers hid their body armor under protective overalls and thus literally drove the Germans who were shooting at them. The Germans produced a cartridge for a cartridge, but they could not stop the fighters of Shibbr. There is even a curious bike on this subject. Allegedly, one of the fighters dressed in armored cars ran out of ammunition, and he, seizing an empty projectile from the German faustpatron, killed about ten Germans to death. They never understood why weapon does not affect the Soviet soldier. Although it may not be a bike at all, but a situation that actually happened.



Naturally, in addition to good uniforms and weapons, special training was required to solve the most difficult tasks for the fighters of the assault battalions. Much time the soldiers spent studying the basics of hand-to-hand combat, throwing grenades. We learned to quickly and silently overcome various types of obstacles. In some parts there were their own know-how in the field of training soldiers for the upcoming battles. So, for example, in 13, the ShISBR 62 battalion was commanded by Captain M. Tsun, who used combat rounds during training to create a more realistic combat environment.

However, in spite of all this, the first fights of ShISBr cannot be called too successful. The reason is the misuse of the assault battalions. When storming the fortified positions of the Germans, they were used as ordinary rifle units, respectively, receiving their own strip for the offensive. And since the ShISBr often had neither support of artillery, nor heavy small arms, and besides, the infantry simply did not have time for their lightning attacks, they suffered heavy losses during the attacks and could not always fulfill the task set before them. A typical example of how inefficiently used ShISBr forces in the first months after its creation is the unsuccessful assault on the 191,6 altitude near the Kireevo station.

The enemy defense consisted of three lines of trenches with firing points and dugouts. In front of the first trench was a carefully disguised anti-tank moat, which was covered by minefields and wire fences. The right flank of the Germans' defense rested on the river, and the left on the almost impassable swamp. The plan of the attack was as follows: first, the assault battalion was supposed to take a height of 191,6 by storm and wait for the approach there tanks and the main group of forces. Having overcame all three trenches of the Germans in a short time, and, as a result of a difficult battle, occupying high ground, fighters of the ShISBr took up defensive positions and began to wait for the approach of tanks and infantry. However, the tanks could not pass through the anti-tank moat, and accordingly the attack of the infantrymen who followed after them was drowned. To break through the right and left flanks of the German defense also failed. As a result, the ShISBr fighters essentially found themselves on all sides surrounded by the enemy, who, learning about this, began to transfer additional forces to this area. Having suffered heavy losses (236 people) at the cost of incredible efforts, the ShISBr fighters nevertheless managed to get out of the encirclement. This once again proved that the use of assault battalions as ordinary rifle units is far from the best option. Despite the excellent preparation and skills of taking enemy fortifications, such sorties were even beyond their power.



Only in the middle of December 1943, the order of the tasks that the ShIBBR fighters need to perform was clearly defined. The main task for them was still the blocking and destruction of enemy strongholds and fire installations. However, the adopted charter now discussed in detail that a breakthrough through heavily fortified enemy areas required heavy means of suppression and destruction, a detailed plan of action, interrelated actions with infantry and support from artillery. It was established that before attempting to break through the fortifications, it was first necessary to master the main strongholds and nodes of the enemy’s defense. Before the capture, the assault battalion was divided into three components - the assault group itself, the obstacle fencing group and the support group. All this has significantly reduced the loss of personnel and increase the effectiveness of various military operations.

Also ShISBr fighters were often used as tank destroyers. Having quietly crept up to the rear of the enemy, they undermined up to a dozen enemy tanks and returned imperceptibly as well. Their tasks were not limited to this, the soldiers of the ShISBr also carried out engineering duties, that is, they made mine-clearance of especially dangerous routes of the Red Army convoys, or carried out road-bridge works.



However, the assault battalions gained real fame during the battles for East Prussia. The Germans carefully prepared for the appearance of the Red Army - this region of Germany was essentially one large defensive structure. This was especially true of the fortress city of Koenigsberg (present Kaliningrad). Who knows what the operation of his assault would end with, if there were no WRAPs in the Red Army, because in many ways it was thanks to their participation that the assault was successful. For the assault of Koenigsberg, the command had prepared special tactics, the main force of which was precisely the fighters of the assault engineering brigades. All brigades and battalions were previously divided into small assault groups, which included three or four sappers, one or two flamethrowers, a tank, and about ten submachine gunners. Under the cover of armor tank to the building where the firing point was located, flamethrowers and sappers moved forward. Flamethrowers hit the embrasures, not allowing the enemy to fire, and the sappers at this time set explosives. Machine gunners also fired at the windows of the upper floors of buildings, thus covering the tank and the sappers. After the explosives exploded, machine gunners entered the building through an opening created by the explosion and destroyed the last pockets of resistance. A similar experience was used by ShISBr also during the storming of Poznan and Berlin.

After the end of the Great Patriotic War and the beginning of the war against Japan, the assault brigades also showed themselves well in the Far East. For this ShISBr had to significantly change their tactics due to the specific local conditions, but despite this, the fighters again showed their best, once again confirming their professionalism and versatility. After the end of hostilities against Japan, most ShISBr, unfortunately, was disbanded. And after a few years, this kind of troops disappeared altogether.



Thus, it is obvious that the assault engineering-sapper brigades of the reserve and the assault battalions within them made a very significant contribution to the outcome of the Great Patriotic War. It was thanks to their experience and skills that they managed to take many impregnable outposts of the Germans, both within the Soviet Union and later, during the liberation of Poland and the capture of Germany. ShISBr were probably one of the most combat-ready units of the Red Army during the war, and most importantly their quality is their incredible versatility, the ability to perform almost any task, ranging from demining the area to storming any, even the most complex enemy reinforcement. And it becomes very disappointing that very few people in our country know about the existence of these brigades, since they are almost never written about in the media and do not make any documentary or feature films, for some reason preferring to talk more about the minuses of the war, forgetting about her real heroes. If you are intrigued by this topic, and you want to learn more about the actions of ShISBr during the Great Patriotic War, then I recommend reading the book of I. Moschansky “Engineering and assault units of the RVGK”. It describes in detail the history of the creation of such units and many glorious victories of storm troopers.
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  1. +23
    February 7 2013
    Everything about the case, article plus.
    It should be added, once again surpassed their teachers. The Germans were the inventors of these tactics back in WWI, it was their "medicine" for a protracted trench war, like the Entente's - the use of tanks.
    In the initial period, the Second World War was already perfected - but at first it was, alas. unnecessarily - retreated. For the first time, the basic principles appeared in the city meat grinder of Stalingrad, and perfected their skills already in the "offensive" 43-45.
    The use of cuirass - from the same place, from the trench battles of the WWII.
    1. Zynaps
      +8
      February 7 2013
      Quote: Mikhado
      The Germans were the inventors of this tactic back in WWI,


      The tactics of sapper assault groups appeared in the Middle Ages, during the capture of fortresses. silent glanders, mines, countermines, hand-to-hand fights in sapper adits - all this has been known since the time of sovereign Peter Alekseevich, if not earlier.

      there was a fortification - there was a sapper war. as in our Fatherland was the case with assault sappers, you can read, well, even a good hudlite who does not sin against the historical truth. I just recommend reading the books "Azov" and, especially, "The Siege of Azov". so the inventors were the first engineering services of the European armies.
      1. +4
        February 7 2013
        tactics of sapper assault groups appeared in the Middle Ages

        Exactly. Later they were called "grenadier".
        1. 0
          February 10 2013
          Thanks to the author, but there are several, (as Comrade Stalin would say) dodging sentiment in the first paragraph of the article ...
  2. 0
    February 7 2013
    The article is good only for some reason the author thinks that the directors are "either-or". Where do the doubts come from? We always lie.Lies are their essence ...
  3. +25
    February 7 2013
    Excellent article.
    Thanks to the author.
    The indicated tactics of conducting street battles could be successfully used in Chechnya ... with success and much less losses.
    It is a pity that they "forgot" the history.
    1. +1
      February 10 2013
      Quote: Z.A.M.
      Thanks to the author.
      The indicated tactics of conducting street battles could be successfully used in Chechnya ... with success and much less losses.
      It is a pity that they "forgot" the history.

      Million pluses ...! ! !
    2. 0
      February 13 2013
      Duc remembered the same, combing greenbacks and the search for bandits by reconnaissance groups of 9-12 people, is this not an appropriation of experience. soldier
  4. predator.3
    +21
    February 7 2013
    "... It seems that either the directors of these films simply do not know the real history of the Great Patriotic War, or they are simply openly lying, keeping silent about the numerous exploits of our soldiers and officers ..."

    These corrupt "directors" work out their grandmothers in front of their overseas masters.
    1. Azaat
      0
      February 8 2013
      I don’t think that in Soviet times the directors, some of them who were in the war, worked out the "grandmothers" of the West, but in films I did not see the soldiers in the "cuirass". Although I saw lies in some war movie.
  5. +19
    February 7 2013
    Precise surgical tool for storming cities. Many thanks to the author for the article.
  6. +14
    February 7 2013
    Well done author! For information, you can add:
    - after the creation of the ShISBr and their running-in in battles, the MShISBr appeared - motorized assault engineering and combat engineer brigades. They did not have a motorized reconnaissance company, but they were completely on wheels.
    - for those who are interested - the book by N. Nikiforov "Assault Brigades of the Red Army". It describes in great detail everything from the moment of creation to the practical use of brigades over the years, as well as a lot of documents and data.
    As for modern cinema ... both assumptions are true. Very often, directors, screenwriters simply do not know about what really happened. And sometimes there is an order, then they work off the headstock. So far with impunity. Let's see what happens next.
  7. +9
    February 7 2013
    The author, thank you for your work and such an excellent review, there would be more such interesting articles, because how much is still unknown or forgot about the Great Patriotic War ... Indeed, in fact, we are the last generation who saw veterans live or listened to stories from childhood eyewitnesses, and today’s children, God knows what textbooks they will study ...
  8. Owl
    +2
    February 7 2013
    During the war, a large number of airborne units were reorganized into assault brigades.
    1. Zynaps
      +3
      February 7 2013
      apparently not. Airborne divisions and corps were reorganized into conventional infantry formations. paratrooper - the same infantryman, Chotam. men up to 40 years of age with full secondary education and experienced in military engineer battalions were recruited to SISB (R). and then they were already completing them under the program of assault groups. nevertheless, for the most part, educated people fell into the engineering services of the Red Army.

      to help the book "Assault brigades of the Red Army in the battles for the Soviet Motherland" - there the history and recruitment of the ShISB (R) is considered in sufficient detail. a very good overview of the assault and sapper services of the Red Army in general is on the armored site of Vasily Chobitka, on the page of the former officer of the engineering troops Y. Veremeyev.

      http://army.armor.kiev.ua/engenear/index.shtml
      1. 0
        February 8 2013
        Thanks for the link, an interesting site.
  9. avt
    +2
    February 7 2013
    Good review article! good + The author is well done - he gave a source, the opportunity to continue the topic. good
  10. +19
    February 7 2013
    "After the end of hostilities against Japan, most of the ShISBr, unfortunately, was disbanded. And after a few years, this kind of troops disappeared altogether."

    Recently there was a film about Stalingrad and a woman - a museum worker told about the actions of assault groups and showed a brochure of the war Stalingrad years "Actions of assault groups" in a museum showcase. The next phrase amazed me. During the Chechen war, they were approached by a military man who had previously seen this brochure in a museum with a request to give them a copy of this book, since they did not have knowledge of the organization and combat operations of assault groups during the hostilities in Grozny and therefore suffered unjustified losses.
    Why is the combat experience of our soldiers in the Second World War forgotten? Once again the unjustified blood and death of our soldiers due to the criminal illiteracy of our higher military.
    1. +14
      February 7 2013
      Nobody forgot anything. They come up with a brochure, like a soldier who scored 10 Germans. The cuirass held a pistol bullet, and then from a known distance.
      The tactics of military operations in the city are described in the Battle Charter and, by the way, are pretty good in the sergeant’s textbook.
      It’s just that in 1995, thanks to EBN and its relatives, there were no longer not only assault brigades, but, in general, combat-ready motorized rifle units. request
      And to storm Grozny, in the military sense of the word, not one b ... from the political and military leadership of the country was preparing. Consolidated detachments were sent to Grozny, who entered the city in columns on New Year’s night. those. in marching orders, not military ones. They did not think about the creation of assault squads and their preparation. They thought, if that, they would shoot a couple of times and the horsemen would run away ... Creatures ...
      And those generals who, realizing the adventurism of this, tried to prove that such a tragicomedy could not be arranged ...
      1. +8
        February 7 2013
        "there were no longer not only assault brigades, but also, in general, combat-ready motorized rifle units" not quite so - for example, the combined detachment of the 8th Army Corps of General Rokhlin fought competently, because Rokhlin did not let him fall apart and was able to prepare for war, it is a pity that he was killed, Russia has lost a good man
        1. +9
          February 8 2013
          Eternal memory and the Kingdom of Heaven Leo Yakovlevich! Russia, in my opinion, did not realize the scale of this loss ...
          1. +1
            February 10 2013
            Gen. Rokhlin is a Russian officer and patriot, this is clear.
            But it sounds
            Quote: Strategia
            detachment 8 army housing
            ! The number of about 3 thousand in / sl.!
            In military language, this means b ... in.
            This means exactly what was not found in the huge association, the army corps. none combat ready combined arms unit.
            And this is what is called the collapse of the army.
          2. The comment was deleted.
      2. 0
        February 13 2013
        So mp-38 also fired pistol bullets, and in hand-to-hand fights in the rooms a sapper blade, a sapper knife, etc. were used. My friend's grandfather (Kingdom of heaven to him) visited the Stalingrad meat grinder, said grenades, a bayonet and a sapper shovel, the only way to fight in the destroyed premises.
    2. +1
      February 7 2013
      About the brochure.
      As far as I know, it is mainly devoted to assault actions in urban areas, work in buildings.
      In the memoir of Commander-62 of Chuikov, she is described in detail. He was also the initiator of the creation and distribution of this brochure in Stalingrad.
  11. zambo
    +1
    February 7 2013
    Unfortunately, the enormous invaluable experience of our ancestors is forgotten and lost over the years.
    1. +6
      February 7 2013
      Quote: zamboy
      the vast invaluable experience of our ancestors is forgotten and lost over the years.
      no one is forgotten, nothing is forgotten
  12. +17
    February 7 2013
    There is even a curious tale on this subject. Allegedly, one of the soldiers dressed in an armored cuirass had run out of ammunition, and he, grabbing an empty shell from the German Faustpatron, beat them to death about ten Germans.

    Obviously, the legs of this bike (or not bikes) grow from this photo.
    1. +26
      February 7 2013
      A little off topic, but a very similar case, with documented evidence.
      On July 13 on 1941 in the battles near the city of Chisinau, when delivering ammunition to his company near the town of Pesets, a machine-gun company of the 389th rifle regiment of the 176th rifle division of the 9th army of the Southern Front, the Red Army soldier D. R. Ovcharenko was surrounded by enemy officers numbering 50 people. At the same time, the enemy managed to seize his rifle. However, D.R. Ovcharenko was not at a loss and grabbed an ax from the wagon, chopped off the head of the interrogating officer, threw grenades at the enemy soldier 3, destroying the 21 soldier. The rest fled in panic. Then he caught up with the second officer and also chopped off his head. The third officer managed to escape. Then he collected documents and maps from the dead and arrived with the cargo in the company.

      By a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of November 9 of November 1941 of the year "for exemplary execution of combat missions of the command on the front of the struggle against Nazi invaders and courage and heroism shown at the same time, Red Army soldier Dmitry Romanovich Ovcharenko was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and the Golden Medal Star".

      So, the NATO bastards. tongue
    2. Zynaps
      +5
      February 9 2013
      it is possible that the story of the fighter Wataman is not such a button accordion. it was possible to read in the award sheets of soldiers and a greater number of Fritz hammered in melee. During the war against the Kwantung group, there was a case when a platoon of paratroopers captured some monstrous number of Japanese soldiers and officers, just shooting a little and clutching in close combat.

      but in general, in the documentary book about SHISB (R) there are such moments that you just want to howl with delight in your voice. for example, battles with the Germans for Melitopol. one of the assault sappers crawled along the front gardens and planted mines under the tracks of the "tigers", destroying several heavy tanks in one battle. award - Hero of the Soviet Union. or the storming of the German stronghold in the Demyansk cauldron, which the rifle units with tanks could not take. I would have been Nikita Mikhalkov, with his talents and connections - I would not have exchanged myself for any nonsense - I would have filmed a Band of Brothers-style miniseries about our ShISB (R) about the best of the best soldiers of World War II - assault sappers from battalions and brigades of the RVGK.
      1. 0
        February 12 2013
        Now, like Bondarchuk, he is making a film about Stalingrad, maybe that will illuminate about SHISBR (R)
        1. +1
          February 13 2013
          Quote: geo185
          Now, like Bondarchuk, he is making a film about Stalingrad, maybe that will illuminate about SHISBR (R)

          I doubt it! it seems to me again the NKVDeshniki all on uyuy will drive in the film! this topic was bogged down, as the film is so NKVD shnik shit!
  13. +1
    February 7 2013
    Thanks to the author. I did not know about such fighters.
  14. +1
    February 7 2013
    Great article. A good example of the specialization of units. Heavy infantry is both a relief in the offensive and a serious increase in defense. And great news too. Special forces are returned back to the submission of the 2 GU General Staff of the Ministry of Defense of Russia. I hope that in the districts, commands and brigades, the corresponding specialists will also remain.
  15. +3
    February 7 2013
    Yeah. These guys would quickly sort out the Libyan opposition. There were people at that time. And People and Soldiers!

    Yeah. These guys would quickly sort out the Libyan opposition. There were people at that time. And People and Soldiers!
  16. trofim07
    +4
    February 7 2013
    I completely agree with the authors. On channel Russia 2, American films are constantly shown, where RUSSIANs are shown by morons or idiots, and American soldiers are also the savior of the world.
  17. +5
    February 7 2013
    The article is informative, that's what you need to make films about. In the meantime, they are filming "penal battalion", "white tiger" and other crap ...
  18. 416sd
    +13
    February 7 2013
    In the photo: rewarding 1st Separate Guards Assault Engineering Combat Brigade Order of Kutuzov 2nd degree. Right: brigade commander, Hero of the Soviet Union, guard Colonel Aslan Vezirov.

    1. 416sd
      +3
      February 7 2013
      Here is another photo ...
  19. +6
    February 7 2013
    The first time I saw a bulletproof vest with ours back in World War II. And everyone says people didn’t cherish ..
    1. Uncle Serozha
      +20
      February 7 2013
      This thing was called the Steel Chest CH-42. It was produced in large quantities, and not only fighters of the SHISBr were dressed in them. It was made of 2-mm steel 36СГН, with tolerances of 1,8 - 2,2 mm, the weight of the bib 3,3 - 3,5 kg. It looked like this:



      The bullet of the German submachine gun did not even penetrate point blank, and the rifle bullet - only at a distance of less than 150 m. Experienced fighters preferred to put them on the padded jacket even in the summer. The reason was that with a bullet strike subcutaneous hemorrhages were possible, and with a padded jacket everything was normal.
      In addition to the USSR, it was in service with Polish formations, the captured ones were used by the Germans. After the war, an improved model SN-46 with a thickness of 2,7 mm was developed and produced.
      1. Sokolowik
        +5
        February 9 2013
        My father was a flamethrower and told that when receiving these bibs
        decided to check them ..... they put it to the tree trunk, they shot with TT from 10 steps-
        got a hole ..... what’s the most interesting thing, dressed in a sweatshirt and tightly tightened with straps, it didn’t make its way either from PPS or from MP-40 from the same distance .....
        (what was dressed in combat conditions ......)
        1. 0
          February 12 2013
          There was such information that PPSh did not break through two sweatshirts, one of which was saturated with water
  20. +9
    February 7 2013
    there was an article in "Tekhnika-Youth" in 90, the author found a cuirass in Kalinengorad, at first he decided that the Uhlan of the Napoleonic war, then he saw the manufacturer's brand in Russian and the date 1944. the fact of the use of bulletproof vests in the Second World War to save the lives of soldiers, I remember greatly surprised the author, who apparently had already accepted the chernukha as a postulate in the form of crowds of Red Army soldiers who drove commissars to the enemy MG.
    1. +7
      February 7 2013
      But of course, they filled up with corpses, otherwise the "wild Asians" could have won the war. And the cuirasses ... are not American lend-lease)))).
    2. Hon
      +11
      February 7 2013
      Quote: tomket
      apparently already accepting as a postulate Chernukha in the form of crowds of Red Army soldiers whom the commissars drove to the enemy MG.

      And so it was, and the detachments began to shoot the barriers immediately, not long ago the soldiers even got out of the trench. In the movie "Citadel" there is such a scene))) It's good that the spiders helped us)))
      1. CreepyUknow
        -7
        February 7 2013
        In my opinion, Mikhalkov in his films tried to show not historical reality; he wanted to make a real movie (with meaning and a large number of images symbolizing one or another that the director would like to convey), and he succeeded. It is a pity that such films are regarded as documentaries and therefore undeservedly dig out a lot of criticism because of unrealism ... But this is only about Mikhalkov; about the White Tiger, which has its own meaning, but is not understandable to anyone at all (probably even to the creator :)) and films that really claim to be a real image of the events of those times, but distorted) I will join those who talk about overseas sponsorship .. After all, each such brigade totaled more than 2 thousand people, and there were about 20 brigades, and not a single film about these heroes ...
    3. AK-47
      +2
      February 7 2013
      there was an article in "Technology-Youth" in 90g, the author ...

      In the distant 60s, I found such a "cuirass" in the forests of the Pskov region, my father who went through the war, when asked what it was, could not answer, and only many years later, when the Internet came to the house, found out its name and purpose.
      There was also a small plate in the form of a shield, I thought it was to protect the back, but I can say with confidence that it was not the lower part.
      The cuirass was rusty, not pierced by bullets, with slots for tightening the straps, they are visible in the photo above.
  21. +2
    February 7 2013
    This topic has always been of interest ... the contribution of SHISBr is huge, but there is not enough material. For example, the story of the storming of the Berlin station where the Germans resisted until they broke the floor and poured the contents of the FOG into the basement ...
  22. +1
    February 7 2013
    The Russian army is the Russian army. By the way, the World War II armor do not remind you of modern bionics? Especially the police and old combined arms?
    1. DrekerexeN
      +1
      February 7 2013
      No. In modern day another principle and they are more convenient to use.
  23. 416sd
    0
    February 7 2013
    As for the assault on Koenigsberg and the actions of engineering and sapper groups - there is a bit on the topic (assault on the forts Charlottenburg and Koenig Friedrich Wilhelm):

    CAPTAIN OF THE RKKA SALIM GAMID OGLY ALIYEV, 183rd SEPARATE SUPPORT BATTALION OF THE 1ST TANK CASE (MEDAL "FOR DEFENSE OF STALINGRAD", TWO ORDERS OF THE BKZ, MEDAL FOR DARE, RED STAR OF THE 1ST STATE OF THE WAR)

    http://yoldash.net/2013/02/01/%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BD-%D1%80%


    D0%BA%D0%BA%D0%B0-%D1%81%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BC-%D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%B4-


    %D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%BB%D1%8B-%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%B5%D0%B2/

    ... Captain Salim Aliyev showed exceptional courage and courage in the battles for Koenigsberg (now Kaliningrad, Russia). In battles on the streets of Koenigsberg, Aliyev acted on the front line, indicating targets for our tanks. On the night of April 5-6, 1945, northeast of Fort Charlottenburg, Captain Aliyev, under continuous enemy machine-gun and artillery fire, led the construction of a crossing across the anti-tank moat for tanks and self-propelled guns of the 117th tank brigade. This task was completed by him on time and the next day during the attack, the brigade’s tanks passed through this crossing built by the 2nd sapper company of captain Salim Aliyev.

    On the afternoon of April 8, 1945, Captain Aliyev received an order to build a crossing in the area of ​​the anti-tank ditch west of Fort “Koenig Friedrich Wilhelm”, which was necessary for the development of the advance of the tanks of the 1st Panzer Corps. The place was viewed and was under continuous enemy fire from machine guns and mortars. Captain Aliyev, managing the work of his sappers, completed the task within an hour. For the skillful command of the company and the assignment of the command of the tank brigade, Order No. 031 / n for the 1st Tank Corps of April 18, 1945, Captain Salim Aliyev was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War of the 1st degree (http://www.podvignaroda.ru /? n = 27052510). In addition, by Order No. 031 / n on armored and mechanized forces of the 1st Baltic Front of June 2, 1945, he was re-awarded the Order of the Red Banner
    (http://www.podvignaroda.ru/?n=27149589).
  24. galiullinrasim
    +8
    February 7 2013
    Well, what do you want from our artists, because somewhere in the Europe, then the worms are eating and lying around in the mud to tear off a million. Prostitutes or a gang of gangsters please. One bumpkin said that we were late for this warrior. the truth about the warrior, even though half the truth will never be known, there is nobody to tell. 12 years ago, 11 veterans lived in the countryside 2 hours ago, and only XNUMX are seriously ill
    1. +1
      February 8 2013
      The film "Brigade" on NTV was launched apparently on the occasion of the murder of Ded Khasan ...
  25. rainer
    -4
    February 7 2013
    Um ... and that the Soviet command could not immediately recall the experience of Finland? Okay, I agree in 1941-1942 there was no time to break through the fortifications, although ... such guys would have come in handy near Rzhev and in Stalingrad .... And at the expense of experience, you know, but the "Yeltsi" military leaders are practically not to blame, but the fucking political officers who, instead of studying real experience of war littered the brains of the people about the "role of the party" look at the Soviet films about the Second World War in staging battle scenes continuous running around the range with shooting ... And about what cases there are PR! An example of the film "If the enemy does not surrender" the very beginning of the Korsun-Shevchenko operation, reconnaissance in force, the battalion commander goes on the attack almost in the first rank and happily catches a bullet from a German sniper ... PANCAK is not 41 years old !!!! Combat regulations of the infantry 1942 PART 2 (BATTALION, REGULATION) I quote:
    "....
    2. According to the requirement of our previous charters, commanders, especially small units (platoon, company), are in battle ahead of their battle formations and even lead them to attack. At the same time, we incur unnecessary losses in the commanders, which often leads to the breakdown of battle formations.
    It follows from this that the requirement of our previous Charter in this area does not correspond to the interests of our army, since it proceeds from an underestimation of the role of the commander as the organizer of the battle, from a failure to understand that commanders are the central figure in battle formations, that maintaining the commander is the key to success in battle and, conversely, the failure of the commander leads to a decrease in the chances of our success. This Battle Infantry Charter requires that the squad leader be directly in the chain of his squad; so that the platoon, company and battalion commanders are behind the battle formations of their units and units, at a place from which they could observe the progress of the battle both of their units and on the flanks of neighbors, see their battle formation and observe the enemy.
    Only in exceptional cases of a combat situation does the Charter allow platoon, company, and battalion commanders to advance in front of battle formations and personally lead their units into battle.
    The regiment commander should be at the command or observation post, where it is more convenient for him to control the battle and from where he can observe the battlefield and the actions of his regiment, at least in the direction of the main attack.
    .... "

    And what is asked such films can make a positive difference?
    1. xan
      -12
      February 7 2013
      I read statistics somewhere that the Germans had one officer for almost 300 soldiers, and ours had 50. Therefore, their officer was better prepared than ours, whatever one may say.
      And the German command took care of both the officer and the soldier.
      It is especially striking that they even retained discipline and respect in captivity - this is military training. And ours have uncovered them.
      1. rainer
        +3
        February 7 2013
        Wehrmacht Rifle Company Staff:
        Consider the state of the rifle company state number 131c start from the bottom. The smallest unit is the department.

        Shooting Division (Scuetzengruppe). It has 10 people.
        The squad leader in rank from Obergefreiter to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a machine gun (submachine gun).
        Seven shooters (Shuetze). Ranks can be shooter (Shuetze), senior shooter (Obershuetze), gefreyter (Gefreiter). Armed with rifles.
        Two machine gunners (MGShuetze). Titles can be a machine gunner (MGShuetze), a senior machine gunner (MGObershuetze), gefreyter (Gefreiter). Armed with both pistols. They serve a light machine gun. MG 34 was considered to be a service machine gun, but machine guns of other brands, including captured ones, were widely used.

        Total in the department are 2 pistols, 1 automatic, 7 carbines and 1 light machine gun. No vehicles are available.

        Rifle platoon (Scuetzenzug). It has 49 people. Of these, 1 officer, 6 non-commissioned officers and 42 soldiers. Of the vehicles, there is 1 single-axle horse-drawn carriage with a horse and 1 hand truck, which can be attached to a horse-drawn carriage. In total, in the platoon of weapons - 12 pistols, 5 assault rifles, 33 carbines, 4 light machine guns and 1 light 50 mm. mortar.

        The base of the platoon is 4 rifle squads. In addition to them in the platoon there are:

        * Platoon commander with the rank of leutnant - oberloitnant. Armed with a pistol and machine gun.
        * A groom for a horse-drawn carriage with the rank up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with a carbine.

        * Office of Management (Zugtrupp).
        It has 4 people.
        The squad leader, he is also the deputy platoon commander in rank from Obergefreiter to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a pistol.
        Three messengers (Melder) in ranks up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with carbines. One of them also acts as a mountaineer, the second as a signalman.

        * Department of light mortar (leichter Granatwerfertrupp)
        It has 3 people. Armed with one lightweight 50 mm. mortar.
        Commander of the calculation in rank from Obergefreiter to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a carbine.
        Two mortar testers (Granatwerferschutzen) up to and including the Gefreiter. Armed with pistols.
        In addition to rifle platoons, the company has auxiliary units:
        There are three rifle platoons in the German rifle company.
      2. +2
        February 7 2013
        Quote: xan
        I read statistics somewhere that the Germans had one officer with almost 300 soldiers, and ours had 50.

        The Germans had a slightly different army structure. They have a lot of tasks that our officers solved, non-commissioned officers. And our sergeants-foremen had no such tasks and functions. So, there was parity on the command staff. Although, it seems, they had even more non-commissioned companies. IMHO.
        1. xan
          +2
          February 8 2013
          Germans had one killed officer per 300 killed soldiers, and ours 50
          1. 0
            February 11 2013
            This suggests that the German officers, sitting in the trench, drove their soldiers to attack. And ours went on the attack with everyone !!!
  26. rainer
    +1
    February 7 2013
    Support Branch (Gefechtstross).
    This department was engaged in cooking, medical care, transportation of company property, repair of small arms and office work.

    There are 17 people in the department. Of these, 3 non-commissioned officers and 14 soldiers.
    This unit included the foreman of the company, or, as the Germans called this post, Hauptfeldwebel with the rank of Stabsfeldwebel or Oberfeldwebel. However, he did not command this unit. He led all matters of support and was the head of all the rear divisions of the company. Armed with a pistol. For movement, he was provided with a bicycle.
    Commander of the Support Branch (Fuehrer des Gefechtstrosses) in rank from Obergefreiter to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a carbine. It is also provided with a bicycle for movement.
    The clerk (Schreiber), up to and including the Gefreiter. Armed with a carbine. It is also provided with a bicycle for movement.
    Two coachmen (Fahrer vom Bock) up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with carbines. They drive carts for company property, each of which harnesses two horses.
    Non-commissioned Medical Officer (Sanitatsunteroffizier) in rank from Sanitaterobergefreiter to Sanitaterunterfeldwebel. Armed with a pistol. It is also provided with a bicycle for movement.
    Four wounded porters (Krankentraeger) up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with pistols.
    Assistant Weapon Master (Waffenmeistergehilfe) up to and including the Gefreyter. Armed with a pistol. Actually, this is a specialist in the repair of small arms, but since the specialists of the artillery armament service have their own system of posts, at the company level such a specialist is called not a master, but only an assistant master.
    Two chefs (Koeche) up to and including the Gefreiter. Armed with carbines. One of them also performs the duties of a wagon in an equestrian field kitchen.
    Two riding mounts (Fahrer vom Sattel) up to and including the Gefreyter. Armed with carbines. They control two horses while riding on them. These horses are assigned to the field kitchen and are designed to deliver food to infantry platoons
    Two shooters (Shuetze) up to and including the Gefreiter. Armed with carbines. At the same time they are riding for two horses harnessed to the field kitchen.
    Thus, for the field kitchen there are four horses

    There are three horse-drawn carts in the department (one of them is a field kitchen), four bicycles, eight horses. Armament - 7 pistols and 10 carbines.

    Food Delivery Office (Verpflegungstross).

    There are only two in the department, the commander, he is also a supply specialist and coachman. Both ranks up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with carbines. In the department there is a carriage cart in which two horses are harnessed.
    Rear equestrian clothing compartment (Gepaecktross (besp)).

    The main task of this department is to repair uniforms and shoes and to provide combat units with these things.

    There are only 5 people in the department. Of these, 1 non-commissioned officer and 4 soldiers.
    The commander of the department, he is also the bookkeeper in the ranks from Rehnungsfuhrer to the unit-officer. Armed with a carbine. Moves by bike.
    Tailor up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with a carbine.
    Shoemaker up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with a carbine.
    2 coachmen in ranks up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with carbines. They drive 2 carport wagons for the property. Two horses are drawn into the carts.
  27. rainer
    +3
    February 7 2013
    management group (Gruppe Fuehrer).

    It includes:
    * Company commander (Kompaniefuhrer) with the rank of Hauptmann. He is armed with a machine gun and a pistol. Moves on a riding horse.

    * Company Management Department (Kompanietrupp)
    There are 12. people in the department. Of these, 3 non-commissioned officers and 9 soldiers.
    Commander of the Department of Management in rank from Obergheyfeiter to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a carbine.
    Head of transport companies in the rank of Obergeyfraytera to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a carbine. For movement is equipped with a bicycle.
    Non-commissioned non-commissioned officer in the rank of Obergefreyter to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a carbine.
    Four messengers up to and including the Gefreiter. One of them at the same time I am a bugler, the other a signal light. Armed with carbines.
    Two cyclists in a rank from to Gefreiter inclusive. Armed with carbines. They move on bicycles.
    Two coachmen in the rank up to and including Gefreiter. They drive a heavy horse-drawn cart into which four horses are harnessed. Armed with carbines.
    The groom for an officer horse in a rank to a gefreyter (Gefreiter) inclusive. Armed with a carbine. For movement is equipped with a bicycle.

    * Anti-tank compartment (Panzerabwehrbuchsentrupp)
    There are 7 people in the department. Of these, 1 non-commissioned officer and 6 soldiers. Group weapons are three anti-tank rifles.
    Commander of the department in rank from Obergheyfeiter to Unterfeldwebel. Armed with a carbine.
    Three arrows from anti-tank rifles in ranks up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with pistols.
    Three assistant shooters in ranks up to and including Gefreiter. Armed with carbines.

    Summary table of personnel, vehicles and weapons of the company:

    Control group 1 platoon 2 platoon 3 platoon Separated. provide Separated. delivery of food The rear equestrian stowage is separated. Total
    Officers 1 1 1 1 - - 4
    Non-commissioned officers 4 6 6 6 3 - 1 26
    Soldier 15 42 42 42 14 2 4 161
    Total personnel 20 49 49 49 17 2 5 191

    Riding horses 1 - - - - - - 1
    Draft horses light 2 1 1 1 2 2 4 13
    Heavy draft horses 2 - - - 6 - - 8
    Total horses 4 1 1 1 8 2 4 22

    Pistols 4 12 12 12 7 - - 47
    Assault rifles (submachine guns) 1 5 5 5 - - - 16
    Carabiners 16 33 33 33 10 2 5 132
    Light machine guns - 4 4 4 - - - 12
    Anti-tank rifles 3 - - - - - - 3
    Mortars caliber 50 mm. - 1 1 1 - - - 3

    Four-horse carts 1 - - - - - - 1
    Parkoon wagons - - - - 2 1 2 5
    One-horse carts - 1 1 1 - - - 3
    Field kitchens - - - - 1 - - 1
    Total horse-drawn vehicles (including kitchen) 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 10

    Hand carts - 1 1 1 - - - 3
    Bicycles 4 - - - 4 - 1 9

    Source of Disgrace: Wehrmacht
    Shooting company c
    (Schuetzenkompanie c)
    State No. 131c dated 1.2.1941
    (K.St.N.131c (1.2.1941)) taken from http://army.armor.kiev.ua/hist/rota-131c.shtml
  28. EDW
    EDW
    +6
    February 7 2013
    Thanks for the article, I didn’t know much.
    (I repeatedly met such bibs near Vitebsk but there were no shots through, only with dents and cracks from fragments sometimes)
  29. +1
    February 7 2013
    Soldiers from the RVGK were also dressed, a colleague at work served in such a unit, went through the whole war. Had medals "For Courage" and "Military Merit", and a set of medals "For Defense", "Liberation", "Taking"
    t; from north to south ... they didn’t sit constantly in motion ... they were the last argument in the battle, to hold or break through. They only had one privilege, after being wounded they returned only to their unit.
    1. 0
      February 7 2013
      Quote: Strashila
      Also dressed fighters from RVGK

      That they were. All SHISBr were included in the reserve
  30. +1
    February 7 2013
    As shown on our central channels, Hollywood films about the war, where our soldiers are portrayed as a limp mass, capable of attacking only if a machine gun is behind them, are shown.

    Yes, Hollywood film also shows its Americans at a glance: "Saving Private Rain", "Thin Red Line", "Pacific Front", where the infantry necessarily attack the well-fortified positions of the Germans (Japanese) in a crowd under a shower of machine-gun fire, without art and air preparation and somewhere at the end of the attack, when most of the people have adorned the landscape, a pair of fighter-bombers appear for a nodding analysis.
    Well, to be offended by the fact that Hollywood portrays Russians as idiots is stupid.
    They are enemies and we are enemies for them, on the screen for their psychopaths killing children, the image of the enemy is hammered and this enemy is Russian. And this is more relevant than ever in Matrasia.
    1. mamba
      0
      February 8 2013
      Quote: GOLUBENKO
      the infantry will necessarily attack the well-fortified positions of the Germans (Japanese) with a crowd under a machine gun fire, without art and air training, and somewhere at the end of the attack, when most of the people were decorated with a landscape, a pair of fighter-bombers appear under cap analysis.

      In the wars of the future, amateur filmmakers film military operations in the same spirit. Suffice it to recall the stupid and delusional fantasy like "Starship Troopers".
  31. +4
    February 8 2013
    Our filmmakers are closer to the topic of sniffed Soviet infantry :)
    Why bother about the attack aircraft? And it turns out that the Soviet leadership sometimes thought :) And what about the corporate stamp on satraps, bloodthirsty tyrants and tyrants at the same time?))
  32. +1
    February 8 2013
    Learned a lot, thanks to the author
  33. zemlyak
    +1
    February 8 2013
    Thanks to the author! Especially for the photo. And the '' armored cuirass '' is generally great, this is the first time I read about them. Looking through the photos you see how the events of those years are superimposed on modern reality. You just have to mentally replace the '' Studebakers '' with '' Urals '' in the photo.
  34. +1
    February 9 2013
    Thanks to the author for the article. I used to hear that they used bronics in the Red Army, but thought it was from the realm of myths.
  35. SHARK
    +2
    February 9 2013
    Good article and comments, a lot of interesting things.
  36. 0
    February 10 2013
    Thank you for the article.
    And Mikhalkov, for his "talent" to the wall is time.
    1. vilenich
      0
      February 10 2013
      Quote: Firstvanguard
      And Mikhalkov, for his "talent" to the wall is time.

      Yes, he is an ordinary conjuncturist who will never come out of the 80-90s!
  37. Ermolaich
    +8
    February 10 2013
    In almost all parts of the Active Army during the war years, assault groups were created from small small groups of 5 - (?) Soldiers led by an officer. I want to quote verbatim the memories of my father, in that period of private 7 company 155 guards. Pomeranian joint venture, 52 guards. Riga-Berlin SD about the battles for the capture of the mountains. Linda in Germany in January-February 1945

    Assault group.
    On the third day of the fighting in Linda, we reached the intersection, more precisely, to the fork of two streets. Here stood a corner of a large three-story house. We lost our guys decently, but could not take the house. Scouts in the evening found underground an old sewer that passed under this house.
    At night, before dawn, they formed an assault group of 15 people from our battalion, who are quicker. I hit too. Each group of five was commanded by an officer. They set a task for everyone, explained everything. Our five was to take the 3rd floor, commanded by ml. lieutenant from another company.
    The sappers were the first, then the group of the 3rd floor (that is, we), followed by the second and first floors. There was no water in the sewer. Went crouched. The air was very heavy, it smelled of damp. The sappers blew up the upper part of the passage in the courtyard of the house and a hole was formed. As soon as they got out of the sewer, I and another soldier were put in the windows of one of the rooms. They put me in one window, comrade in another. We were just lucky. After a few seconds, all 15 of our guys were in the room. It was already dawn. Just went out into the corridor, the Germans sensed us on the landing and went to meet us. I immediately jumped back into the room. But from behind someone threw a grenade. Ml Our lieutenant was running, we followed him up the spiral staircase. The main thing was to act on all floors simultaneously. We ran through the second floor and jumped out on our own, the third. Our battalion at this time launched an attack on the house. The Germans opened fire on them from machine guns from the windows of the house.
    My task was to throw grenades into the rooms. I was given one anti-tank and four anti-personnel grenades. Following me, an assault rifle from our company was supposed to shoot from an assault rifle. The commander of the "five", ml. the lieutenant at that time was holding a corridor at gunpoint.
    I run along the corridor and throw grenades at the rooms. I throw grenades into two rooms, then without stopping at the 3rd room. Behind the guys flies and shoot at machine gunners. In the 3rd room, the Germans understood everything and started shooting at us. We did not succeed in doing everything in 1-2 minutes. Lucky, at this time, soldiers from our battalion burst into the house. Further we continued to throw grenades and shoot in the following rooms. Some Germans surrendered.
    None of the 15 soldiers and officers of all three assault fives were killed ...
    That day we took 3-4 more at home. You run to the house, throw a grenade inside and inside. Two days later, we took the city of Linda completely. In general, the city took five days our 155th and part 153 regiment of our division.

    PS By the way, none of the participants in this operation was awarded. In any case, according to the award documents 155 guards. SP and 52 guards. SD no information. Father is 87 years old ...
    1. vilenich
      0
      February 11 2013
      Quote: Ermolaich
      I want to quote my father’s memories verbatim

      Great post !!!
      Now the memories of the real participants in the hostilities are very dear, there are so few of them left! I recall with pleasure when in the 70-80s veterans came to us on part day to share their memories of the conduct of hostilities during the Second World War.
      Your father’s words once again confirm that during the final periods of the war, combat experience was accumulated and the troops learned to act skillfully and efficiently, organize interaction and at the same time with minimal losses!
  38. Pere lachaise
    0
    February 13 2013
    Yes, the article is excellent. it is more valuable not just how it is written, but about what is written.
    more material is needed to optimize the site more efficiently. then more people will learn not only about Syria, etc. then, perhaps, some of the people following the idea of ​​WP will learn to finally understand WHO was paying the price for their freedom. I'm talking about "Hitler brought liberation from Jewish oppression to Russia" and about "ROA".
  39. 0
    November 20, 2013
    Museum "Battle for Kiev"
    Maskhalat "amoeba" and steel breastplate SN-42 soldiers of the ShISB (assault engineer-sapper brigades)
    http://reibert.info/forum/album.php?albumid=6804
  40. alligator-2017
    0
    December 9 2013
    I am delighted with the SHISBr, I did not even know about them.

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