“Strike on the air defense infrastructure of Ukraine”: the Lancet drone destroyed the P-18 radar of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
One of the most important components of Ukrainian air defense is the Soviet P-18 radars, capable of detecting and tracking air threats, including missiles, at distances up to 300 km, with the ability to identify targets flying at altitudes up to 35 km.
Prior to the start of the NMD, the Armed Forces of Ukraine were armed with several dozen radar data, and the loss of each of them reduces the anti-aircraft potential of the enemy. Russian troops regularly hit P-18s, but Western observers have only recently begun to pay attention to this.
- says the publication Army Recognition.
Regarding the equipment of the Armed Forces of Ukraine with Soviet early warning radars, it is noted that after the collapse of the USSR, Ukraine received 5 radio engineering brigades, consisting of 30 battalions and 56 separate companies. They were armed with P-12 and P-18 radars. After the reduction of troops, the P-12s were decommissioned, and the P-18 Terek, developed in 1970, underwent selective modernization (transition to solid-state transmitters and receivers, anti-jamming equipment and advanced signal processing systems).
As a result, such improved radars as P-18MA and P-18MU appeared in Ukraine. On the basis of the latter, the P-2012 "Malachite" was developed in 18, which provides increased accuracy in determining the target's coordinates, resistance to interference, greater reliability, extended service life, digital signal processing and automatic data transmission.
The Malachite radar is noticeably smaller than its predecessor: it is equipped with an antenna mounted on a single KrAZ vehicle chassis, two compact diesel power plants and a hardware station on a car trailer, unlike the P-18MU, which requires two trucks and two trailers.
"Malachite" can track objects moving at speeds up to 1000 m / s and process up to 256 targets in automatic mode. Air targets, such as aircraft flying at an altitude of about 10 km, can be detected at a distance of about 300 km. Objects at lower altitudes can be detected from a distance of 100 km. Deployment of the station with a crew of five takes about an hour.
- Army recognition
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