Military Review

Vietnamese Air Force

13
Today, the Vietnamese Air Force is one of the 3-s of the armed forces of this country. Their immediate task is to protect the airspace of the state and the adjacent waters. The tasks facing the Vietnamese Air Force are quite significant, while financial resources are significantly limited and should be very carefully distributed. A special feature of the Air Force data is the fact that the official information about the number of aircraft fleet and the deployment of parts has never been disclosed. At the same time, none of the airplanes carries signs of the subunits, which makes establishing the real situation in the Vietnamese Air Force a rather difficult task. Currently, potential opponents of this state can only guess about the real strength and functionality of the Vietnamese Air Force.

Operational doctrine

The most likely threat to Vietnam today is the Navy, as well as the naval aviation China. In addition, the two countries have territorial disputes regarding the ownership of a number of disputed islands located in the South China Sea, in particular the Spratly Islands, which in the past have already caused military conflicts. Given these threats, the Vietnam Air Force is optimized to counter threats from the sea. At the same time, battered Su-22 fighter bombers armed with X-25 missiles still 30 years old cannot act as an effective deterrence factor. The need to hit targets at a considerable distance from its own coast forced Vietnam to buy Su-27 and Su-30 fighters armed with X-29 and X-31 missiles.

To patrol the waters in Vietnam, the Coast Guard, which is part of the Border Guard, was created in 2008 in Vietnam. In service, she received a patrol aircraft CASA C212-400. Currently, the headquarters of the Vietnamese Air Force is located in Hanoi and controls the integrated air defense network, which includes a number of echelons that are connected to each other by a data exchange system. The air defense system includes the 80 radar, the 24 of which are P-18 radars and are installed on the chassis of Ural trucks. All elements of the system are mobile, which allows you to deploy a radar system throughout Viet Nam, making it difficult to destroy.
Vietnamese Air Force
Fighter Su-30MK2V Vietnamese Air Force

In peacetime, most of the radar is located in the vicinity or on the territory of military towns, air bases, warehouses. Radars are associated with significant forces of the air defense system, which have about 3200 missiles of various types. From the Igla-S MANPADS to fully modern long-range air defense systems С-300ПМУ-1. In addition, the air defense units include more than 300 artillery anti-aircraft systems of caliber from 23 to 57 mm.

Personnel selection and training

In Vietnam, there is a mandatory military appeal, all men who have reached the age of 18 must serve in the army for about 18 months. At the same time, those who want to continue their service may enroll in military schools, choosing them in accordance with their preferences. After graduating from college, cadets receive officer ranks and can continue military service. Every year about 3 000 people submit documents for admission to the University of the Air Force, while only 150 people pass this selection. Of these 150, only 1 / 3 achieves its goal and becomes military pilots.

The training of each fighter pilot lasts 5 years. The first 2 of the year with pilots is the study of the theory and political training, and the remaining 3 of the year pilots are engaged in practicing flight skills and practical exercises. The 920 training aviation cam Cam Rahn of Vietnam has 18 training aircraft Yak-52, as well as 10 licensed cars Iak-52 (released in Romania) were donated by Romania in 2009 year. On these machines, future pilots undergo their first flight training.
Combat training aircraft L-39C Vietnamese Air Force

After the successful completion of this stage, the cadets are sent on and transferred to Dong Tac airbase. Here is the 910 training flight regiment "Julius Fucik" and the Air Force Training School. The armament of this regiment is X-NUMX combat training jet aircraft L-23, on which future pilots undergo further in-depth training. These aircraft hit Vietnam in three batches. So in 39, the first L-1984C 24 was received, in 39-2002, more 2003 combat training aircraft were received, and in 10, the X-NUMX of the L-2008C aircraft was purchased. Thus, the total number of L-4C in the Air Force of Vietnam is 39 machines. In 39, Aero Vodochody was able to get a contract to overhaul two L-38C airplanes, as well as to supply the necessary spare parts for the machines from the rest of the fleet.

As soon as the cadets complete the initial and advanced training courses, they are assigned to the combat units. Those cadets who trained on transport aircraft and helicopter pilots start training or on Bell UH-1H Iroquois helicopters from the 917 helicopter regiment “Dong Tap” located on the territory of Tan Son Nhat International Airport, or on An-2 airplanes, which are in service with the 918 Hong Ha transport aviation regiment located on the Gia Lam air base. Currently, at least X-NUMX of An-8 aircraft is in a flying state here.

At the same aviation base, there is an An-15 military transport aircraft (the remaining machines from 26 aircraft that were purchased back in the 50-1981 year), as well as a PZL Mielec M-1984B Bryza 1R aircraft from 28. In 1, Vietnam acquired the 2005 of such aircraft, but one car was lost as a result of a flight accident. 2 CASA C3-212 aircraft of the Vietnamese Coast Guard was subsequently added to this aircraft.
An-26 transport aircraft of the Vietnamese Air Force

Prospects

Today we can fairly accurately assume that the origins of the program of military modernization of the Vietnamese air force had the task of balancing Chinese military power, which, given the long-standing border disputes between Vietnam and the PRC, is still very relevant. In 1992, the Chinese Air Force received all the X-NUMX Su-1991SK / UBC fighters ordered in the 26 year. The conclusion of this contract was a kind of warning for the Vietnamese leadership, as a result of which, after just 27, Rosvooruzhenie was awarded a contract for 2 million dollars, which provided for the supply of 200 fighter jets Su-5SK and one combat training Su-27UBK. These machines were the first multifunctional fighters in the Air Force of Vietnam.

The cost of this contract also included the training of fighter pilots and ground personnel and technicians in the territory of the Russian Federation. In December 1996 of the year, a new batch of fighters was added to the first six of the Su-27, which included the 4 Su-27K and 2 Su-27SK. These aircraft were able to strengthen the defensive capabilities of the Vietnamese Air Force in the face of 22 Chinese fighters Su-27SK / UBK, which were obtained a year earlier.

At the same time, the threat from the Chinese Su-27 only increased. In December, the first J-1998 fighter jets were assembled in China, which were the licensed version of the Su-11SK. At the same time, the aviation company Shenyang Aircraft Company planned to manufacture at least 27 of similar machines. And in May, 200, the first flight of the Su-1999MKK fighter, which could use high-precision weaponunavailable for Vietnamese Su-27. Three years later, according to the requirements of the PLA Navy, a version of the Su-30MK2 fighter was created. One of its features was the possibility of using anti-ship missiles X-31, which put the sovereignty of Vietnam over the surrounding waters under great threat. Between February and March, the PLA Navy 2004 received the X-NUMX Su-24MX30 fighter.
Fighter-bomber Su-22 Air Force of Vietnam

Soon, Russia realized that the market for sales of new Su-30MK aircraft could be expanded, primarily geographically. The People's Republic of China acquired Su-30MKKK / MK2, India Su-30MKI, and Malaysia acquired Su-30MKM. At the same time, a version for the Vietnamese Air Force was created. At the Russian plant, KnAAPO created a slightly modified version of the Su-30MK2, which met the Vietnamese requirements and received the designation Su-30MK2В. As early as December 2003, the first contract was signed for the supply of 4-x fighter data to Vietnam, the amount of the transaction was 100 million dollars. The aircraft were shipped to the customer after 11 months. After that, in January 2009, a new deal was finalized for the purchase of an additional Su-8MK30В 2, four of which were delivered to the customer in 2011 year. After another 5 months, a new order was received for the 12 Su-30MK2В fighters. Supplies under this contract are likely to be completed in 2013. The total amount of the transaction, including airplanes, weapons and ground equipment, will be about 1 billion dollars.

Currently, the Vietnamese Air Force is armed with more than 20 Su-27 / Su-30 fighters. At the same time, the Main Command of the Air Force has ambitious plans for modernization, which provide for the deployment of 4-fighter regiments armed with Russian Su fighters. The fighter data park is planned to be brought to 45 Su-27 / 30. These machines should become the backbone of the defensive and shock forces of the Vietnamese Air Force. However, if everything goes according to plans, another brainchild of the Sukhoi Design Bureau, the Su-34 bomber, may be added to these aircraft. So far, there are no orders for this front-line bomber, but the Vietnamese Air Force has a desire to replace the outdated Su-22 with modern vehicles. To use the Su-34 is planned mainly as a naval strike aircraft.

Currently, the most numerous aircraft of the Vietnamese Air Force are MiG-21 fighters, but their operation is scheduled to be completed within 5-10 years, after which they are planned to be replaced by other types of light fighters. Perhaps it will be the JAS-39 Gripen, which is already in service with the Thai Air Force.
Fighter MiG-21 Air Force of Vietnam

At the same time, it is planned to replace the L-39 combat-training aircraft with more advanced machines - Russian Yak-130. It is precisely to the choice of Jacob that the government of Vietnam is currently leaning. In the period from 2015 to 2025, Vietnam expects to acquire 12 UBS Yak-130. However, this combat training aircraft of the in-depth training of flight personnel was not approved by the Vietnamese pilots, who in 2011 got acquainted and studied its capabilities in Russia. On this basis, in this segment there is a competitor in the face of an upgraded version of L-39 - L-159 ALCA. His chances of winning look quite preferable.

In addition, in order to take advantage of the conduct of network-centric hostilities and more productive confrontation with China, the Vietnamese air force is considering the possibility of buying at least 2-X AWAC planes. Not so long ago, the CASA EC-295 aircraft that appeared could attract the attention of the Vietnamese Air Force.

Information sources:
-http://periscope2.ru/2012/10/18/6422/
-http: //vpk.name/news/61246_istrebiteli_semeistva_su2730_v_vvs_vetnama.html
-http: //www.rg.ru/2009/05/14/vjetnam-anons.html
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  1. sasha.28blaga
    sasha.28blaga 25 December 2012 10: 00
    +4
    Those who do not know how many planes in the Vietnam Air Force should ask the author of the article. But in general, I’m happy for the Vietnamese, otherwise you don’t look at them so much you want to cry.
  2. vyatom
    vyatom 25 December 2012 12: 19
    +8
    Well done Vietnamese. Well, just respect.
    I haven’t learned to respect the Chinese yet, especially when they tried to attack a country ravaged by war and received a decent amount of money.
  3. Lucky
    Lucky 25 December 2012 13: 34
    +1
    Handsome, they know what they need, more they would have to buy more planes)
    1. Dr. Pilyulkin
      Dr. Pilyulkin 25 December 2012 17: 20
      +2
      That's just interesting why they did not like the Yak-130? Is the cabin too spacious? smile
      1. Alexey Prikazchikov
        Alexey Prikazchikov 26 December 2012 07: 13
        0
        For the training is too expensive and uneconomical.
        1. Dr. Pilyulkin
          Dr. Pilyulkin 26 December 2012 09: 15
          +1
          Quote: Alexey Prikazchikov
          For the training is too expensive and uneconomical.

          This should not confuse ordinary pilots, and it was they who were against, judging by the information in this article. At the same time, the Vietnamese government is leaning toward buying Yaks. I am sure that they certainly considered the economic issue among the most important.
          1. sniper
            sniper 26 December 2012 18: 45
            +1
            So this question puzzled me very much .... What is wrong with the Yak-130? I would like to listen to our experts ....
      2. kolokir
        kolokir April 8 2013 18: 19
        0
        accustomed to the Czechs in this segment since the time of the Warsaw Pact they held strong positions
  4. Alex 241
    Alex 241 26 December 2012 18: 56
    +1
    Hi, Alexei is absolutely right, UC for advanced training, and for the initial, so-called flying school desk, the L-39 is quite enough.
    1. sniper
      sniper 26 December 2012 19: 13
      +1
      Quote: Alex 241
      , UC for advanced learning,

      Thank you, Sasha ! But somehow it became uncomfortable after reading, now there are no questions ... But I believe that the Yak-130 can carry out combat missions, or am I confusing?
  5. Alex 241
    Alex 241 26 December 2012 19: 17
    +2
    Yes, like the L-39, the use of the L-39ZA training aircraft as an "anti-guerrilla" aircraft. In addition, the operation of the L-39 is many times cheaper than combat aircraft. The L-39ZA differs from the regular L-39 by the presence of a 23 mm cannon. There is a possibility of using bombs (up to 250 kg) and NURS (S-5, 57 mm).
    1. sniper
      sniper 26 December 2012 19: 29
      +1
      Sasha, so under your wise guidance, I’ll soon go somewhere and be smart !!! Thank you! You would often make comments for dummies ... wassat
  6. Alex 241
    Alex 241 26 December 2012 19: 40
    0
    If I try in the language of housewives anyway, then how do we get together, how do we begin to curse in our own way, even if I take out the saints. laughing

    .............................................
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 26 December 2012 19: 43
      0
      ......................................
  7. Andrey77
    Andrey77 3 January 2013 15: 01
    0
    What kind of junk they have in service ... All the operating periods are exceeded. 21st MiG! You can’t see this in museums either.
  8. Scythian abuzyarov in
    Scythian abuzyarov in 2 July 2014 22: 59
    0
    if someone is interested in the video of the launch of the rockets x-23, x-25 and x-29, look here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f-jnkHW8ngg
    there are also many launches of unguided missiles, dropping bombs on targets and destroying a target with a direct hit.
    video assembly is completely new, you have not seen it yet.
    or go here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NsyuWznVPxo
    Scythian Abuzyarov Vladimir.