Military Review

Stalin: memories of the future

4
Stalin: memories of the futureStalin is relevant not only on significant dates. It is always relevant. And every day more and more.

Is it not surprising that after 133's, since the birth of this person, the name under which he entered history, continues to cause concern, endless debate and discussion? It would seem that the era that gave birth to it is gone, and the new time that he threw forward has long since become old. We do not feel, do not understand this time, his iron breath, his mechanical tread. We grew up in a different world, where we no longer believe in revolution and socialism, where sincere enthusiasm was replaced by complete apathy and an insignificant giggle. The society has changed, the era has changed, the country created by it, therefore any direct appeal to Stalinism as the ideological system that took shape during the reign and thanks to Stalin, is now irrelevant. As a living person of blood and flesh, with his thoughts, feelings, he remained there, and we are unlikely to understand him and the people of his time, the cruel times of strong people. His USSR remained there with a Victory and repression, with the tragedy of the Russian peasantry and the atomic bomb, with pain and pride for their country, with the determination to live and fight further. Stalin is gone. But something remains. It's time to understand that.

We are dealing only with the image of Stalin, projected onto a real person, a social construct that is created here and now, by us and our contemporaries. We cannot but comprehend the world, including the events of the past, on the basis of the existing structures and procedures for understanding man, society, and the world. And these structures are not generated by a separate human consciousness, but by society as a whole. Any understanding is an interpretation of facts, any history is only an interpretation and, if you like, a myth. After all, the criteria themselves are changing for what to consider as a fact, what sense to invest in this concept, how to select these facts and, finally, which of the billion events to direct attention to, and which not, etc. If our society is ready to talk and argue about Stalin, then this figure acts as a marker and symbol of existing social trends and expectations. Who is Stalin now? Stalin is not the past, it is the present and the expected future. Stalin is actualization, a visible manifestation of the mythological structures of the Russian, the painful reaction of the Russian unconscious to the deadly virus of liberalism. Stalin is a longing for a strong state, associated with the difficulties and hardships of life in a great empire.

Stalin is a myth about truth, without which the “state will not stand,” this is the eternal Russian dream of a time when they will live in justice, in an atmosphere filled with faith and hope, clothed in the image of memory, this is the myth of the fearsome Tsar-father, the myth of retribution and punishment, In the Stalinist myth find their place and traditionally characteristic of Russian society, ideas about power, the state, the figure of the king, ruler, the relationship of the sovereign and the people, sovereign and elite, by the way, and the traditional disputes for Russia on all these issues too react ulizirovannye and cling to the image of the leader as a significant symbol for all. Why was he destined to play this role? To answer this question is to unravel the mystery of a great personality, of what made it great, which is hardly possible. The eternal and the modern converge in the image of Stalin together.

The myth is what should interest us, in the myth of Stalin two lines intersect more clearly than ever, one is the idea of ​​a “people's king,” a formidable and just one, the king-patron, punishing the presumptuous elites. The second is the elites' fear of punishment, justice, the prospect of losing everything that “has been acquired by overwork”. The advocates of Stalin only about the first component of the myth, about Stalin, which the people are waiting for, about the type of leader who so corresponds to the national archetypes that he cannot but materialize, and forget about the second. Elite, or to be honest, the rabble, which takes the place of real elites in Russia, is also waiting for Stalin. And for them he is more alive than all the living, he embodies the fear of punishment and the awareness of his own wrongness, the fear and premonition of retribution that will come from the people despised and longing for the "Kremlin highlander" people. How else to explain more 20-years going "de-Stalinization"? With the dead do not fight, especially for so long. De-Stalinize, then wait, De-Stalinize, it means they have a presentiment. They, too, without realizing, bring the materialization of the archetype closer, see the revived ghosts of the past in the future, tensely awaiting retribution.

If overbearing boyars struggle with the king, then this king is real and the people will go under his banner. It is impossible not to feel the hatred and anger that is spread in the masses. Fighting the ghost of Stalin is a sure way to bring your own end closer, to arouse the spirit of revenge. Both this government and the opposition, if they are swept away, will be swept away by the force that makes the image of Stalin so relevant. The whole rush of “de-Stalinization” is an example of extreme thanatophilia, look with what gusto our liberals describe repression, torture, executions, they enjoy grim scenes and prophesy, they call, they can predict.

Surprisingly interesting and somewhat ominous, but not at all in a liberal sense, the interpretation of Stalinist Russia is given by Karl Schmitt. In his work 1939 of the Century of Neutralization and Depoliticization, he defines post-revolutionary Russia as a technological country fascinated by technology, a country based on which the anti-religion technology was introduced, the activist metaphysics of the material world.

The USSR created a brilliant technique and an insignificant philosophy (not counting Losev, a man from another, clearly not the Soviet world). The first attempts of the Russian religious philosophy to think in Russian were crushed by reinforced concrete slabs that terrified Western Marxists of official "scientific communism." Socio-humanitarian sciences and philosophy seemed something unimportant and insignificant, at best an outlet for dissident intellectuals. The heroes were other people, techies, military, astronauts. Deprived of this ideological framework, deprived of its own philosophical project, the Soviet Union collapsed as soon as Marxism mutated on Soviet soil decided to "return to its roots." However, the magic of numbers, numbers, technicalist calculating reason survived the Stalinist project and comfortably unfolded in liberalism by the dictatorship of economists, financiers, happiness from seeing new gadgets, all the same rampant faith in progress.

Is there not now in the Stalinist myth of this former intoxication with technology, factories, the greatness of power, atomic bombs, as an end in itself? Is the most important question, the question of purpose and idea, of principles of a spiritual and superhuman character, lost in the general wave of state-oriented reasoning? The technicalist, titanic optimistic spirit of the Stalinist project, like any project of modernity, precedes and prepares the way for the logistics triumph of technology in the modern world, where it replaced everything, and of course ideas and policies. The uprising requires a completely different concept, anti-modern, existential, radical, and other heroes. If they are needed at all.

Leaving aside Schmitt's fears that this dark force will be able to subdue Europe (like any European he was a Eurocentric), we also note his admiration for self-reliance of the Stalinist empire, its calmness and ability to see conflict behind the curtain of neutrality, live this conflict, live politics . Schmitt sees Russians as referring to the images of Weber from the “Protestant Ethic” of the new “ascetics”, who are able to discard the comfort of the present in order to gain control over the future. And criticism and tribute must be comprehended.

Understanding Stalin not as a past, but as a future, will require an answer to this last question. We will be required to resolve the most important problem, to understand what could be the idea that will force the Russians to start fighting for power over the future again, what will express this confidence and power, what a truly new metaphysics will make itself known by a new, Russian breakthrough there, for the brink of the unknown and dangerous.
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  1. smel
    smel 25 December 2012 06: 44
    +15
    Stalin is the great past of our country, in many ways a role model. And many politicians would like to be like him and leave a trace in history similar to that of this great man.
  2. Normal
    Normal 25 December 2012 08: 03
    +2
    I’m afraid that we can’t wait for a new Stalin. There is no need for such a leader in society. We are too preoccupied with the little joys of life. We, as a society, are not ready to abandon the petty bourgeois small for the heroic and great. To demand landings and executions for a thief, to shoot the thief themselves - no. Moreover, the non-alternative is not against stealing, the main thing is that they are loyal to the authorities. So we will slowly arrange our world, but we don’t care much about the state. Well, except at the next corruption scandal we are indignant, they say Stalin is not on them
    1. Deniska999
      Deniska999 25 December 2012 08: 56
      +1
      It turns out, we crushed and there were only empty dreamers?
      1. Normal
        Normal 25 December 2012 18: 12
        +1
        Quote: Deniska999
        It turns out we chopped

        Perhaps .... But maybe not everything is so bad? Well, they steal - so what?

        Rustling limousines, sparkling wine.
        Grub in stores like dirt is full.
        Investments are growing, power is gaining ground.
        And even in the province there is something to steal.

        We live in chocolate, and what about the ruble.
        So not for profit, but for joy.
        Triumph of creativity, upgrade of minds!
        And most importantly - beer 120 varieties.

        T. Shaov

        That's when oil and gas run out. When the capitals turn off electricity. When in supermarkets there will be a shootout for the last bag of cereal. And then there will be a need for a really strong leader.
    2. valokordin
      valokordin 25 December 2012 09: 58
      +4
      Normal, you are normal, It is impossible to be Stalin now, for the following reasons, the social situation is not ripe. In the minds of ordinary people, a protest against the current situation is growing, the authorities how can they fight this mood with the help of completely corrupt media, as well as "soft" repression. There is no day without spitting on the Soviet Union. However, it is interesting that the more the authorities criticize Stalin, the more his authority grows. I lived under Stalin, but most of the people of the country deified him. In 1953, it was possible to change and correct the consequences of the rule of Joseph Vissarionovich in the new conditions, without resorting to frenzied criticism, which, however, damaged relations with China. It was possible to strictly observe party unity and strictly ask violators, especially money-grubbers. The country at the end of the 80s was not in an economic dead end. With a planned economy under the leadership of Baybakov, we would have overcome those difficulties, but Gorbachev broke the backbone of the code of the builder of communism, the principles of spirituality were changed to the principles of enrichment. Comparing with China, we can say that the appearance of oligarchs there will also lead to the collapse of the Communist Party, if it does not strictly monitor its members. To be Stalin, one must not strive for enrichment, one must remember about one's people, uncompromisingly fight against criminals, especially among one's loved ones, and not defend traitor thieves and demand from the Ministry of Internal Affairs. prosecutors, FSB uncompromising prosecution of traitors even abroad.
    3. Ross
      Ross 25 December 2012 11: 05
      +2
      Normal,
      This is you in vain! The need has not only matured, it is already overripe! And such a Leader will inevitably come.
      1. baltika-18
        baltika-18 25 December 2012 12: 47
        +1
        Quote: Ross
        The need has not only matured, it is already overripe! And such a Leader will inevitably come.

        I probably agree with that. It’s just that you don’t need to think that there will be a copy of Stalin. Every time it gives birth to its heroes. Maybe it will take a lot from the previous arsenal, but I think the personality will be a completely new plan.
        1. Normal
          Normal 25 December 2012 17: 58
          0
          Quote: Ross
          This is you in vain! The need has not only matured, it is already overripe!

          Quote: baltika-18
          I probably agree with that.

          Good evening, Eugene. Good evening, Nikolai.
          And I do not agree. The need has ripened on the vast expanses of the Internet. but in real life everyone needs stability. No one wants to change anything. Well, maybe a little bit so that, God forbid, the standard of living does not decrease.
          Quote: baltika-18
          And such a Leader will inevitably come.

          Quote: baltika-18
          Every time gives birth to its heroes.


          "And when a saint comes, we are persecuting with the whole crowd.
          Yes, we laugh with light.
          Take it out of the loop, throw a handful of earth.
          Let's get drunk for the memory .... "

          Yes, and estimate for yourself; Well, how will he come? Anyone who encroaches on Putin’s monopoly on power will be defamed, spat upon, and most likely imprisoned — they will be found for what.
          Against the background of corruption scandals in the Ministry of Defense, even the most staunch supporters of VVP have moderated their ardor. But try here to speak out for Putin's resignation - you will immediately see what starts here. Lack of expressions with the general meaning: "How can this be thought, it is possible!" "Let your tongue dry out!" “It is necessary to kill such people!” - will not.
          So - wait, sir, our president is quite young, but while he is in power, no one will appear.
          Sorry for the pessimism .... I’ll go, get drunk vodka
      2. Normal
        Normal 25 December 2012 17: 23
        0
        Quote: Ross
        This is you in vain! The need has not only matured, it is already overripe!
  3. omsbon
    omsbon 25 December 2012 08: 08
    +3
    Great man and his great deeds!
    59 years have passed since Stalin died, and we all can’t calm down, we are discussing his affairs and accomplishments.
  4. donchepano
    donchepano 25 December 2012 08: 12
    +4
    Of course, like any person had flaws, And who is not without sin?
    But Stalin is a great statesman. He gathered the country, unlike destroyers and annihilators, and made it great
  5. alexng
    alexng 25 December 2012 08: 15
    0
    Our trouble is that We have not yet learned to appreciate the present, but we always rely on the past, like, "Yes, there were people in our time, Not like the current tribe: Heroes are not you!" And so in everything. They have already turned their neck, looking at the backside, but all the same, as religious fanatics repeat: "... in the time of Adam it was amazing, and the last judgment is ahead, but now atone for your sins." Others, on the contrary: "... in the past it was very bad. And now it is not a fountain, but under Communism we will live, and no one promised to feed you along the way." But life goes on right now. Not in the past. Not in the future. Namely here and now. That we do not care about our life during our lifetime. Stuck in dreams of the past and illusions of the future. We scold people during their lifetime and begin to praise them only after death. What did this Western philosophy do to people? When will We learn to rejoice in what is now? Let it be small, but it is. But it turns out that some are ready to break their throats for the sake of something that has not been there for a long time and will never be. Life flows only forward and has no reverse gear. Others feed breakfast or nod to the side "beyond the horizon" that they say they live better there. The whole problem is in ourselves. Do not pay attention to those who hait us. Let Hayat. Let them take our bad karma for themselves. It is their destiny to waste their lives slinging mud at others. This is their dirty life. Russia has a different path, its own path and must be followed.
    1. Wertynskiy
      Wertynskiy 25 December 2012 12: 59
      +1
      Quote: alexneg
      Our trouble is that we still have not learned to value the present

      I think here you are a little wrong. The essence of the Russian man (purely in my opinion) lies in the fact that he does not value the present, it does not matter to him, but what matters is that he leaves behind him, that as a result of his life, he hopes to do at least something to life on earth was JUST! He does not need a soft sofa, a warm apartment and a car, he needs a long and difficult journey, full of hardships and difficulties, but which leads to justice, to a better life, according to other laws of life. For some, these laws are Orthodox, for others, communist. And Stalin very clearly understood this original feature of the Russian people and embodied it in himself and in his affairs.
  6. evgenm55
    evgenm55 25 December 2012 08: 26
    +11
    My maternal grandfather was repressed, dispossessed at 37, defeated in his rights. At 41 he went to the front. At 42m he was diagnosed with lip cancer. And here he is, an ordinary soldier, even repressed, in the most difficult time when the country was bleeding on the Volga and the Caucasus, when the hospital was beaten up by wounded people - they treated and cured cancer. My grandfather died in 98 at the height of collapse, theft and betrayal. As he was indignant and spit, looking at what was happening. He spoke, remember - more justly, calmly and more honestly than with I didn’t live with Stalin. It’s a pity that he didn’t transfer all the enemies, now we’re crying. I say you’ve been repressed too. But he did it like that, otherwise it wasn’t possible then. mouth
    1. valokordin
      valokordin 25 December 2012 10: 16
      +4
      Eugene, I lived under Stalin, the repressions of our family were touched a little, but not very much, my paternal grandfather was expelled from the party and from work because he was in the Socialist Revolutionaries in 1911, although in 12 he became a Bolshevik. My maternal grandfather served a year for violating the technology of making the foundation for the machine, but he never heard that the leader was scolded. The principles were different, I remember very well how we were taken care of in kindergarten, at school, how proud my parents were, that they were workers, how funny and sincere demonstrations were on holidays, and the church wasn’t touched then. True, under Khrushchev, the nuts of the church began to tighten. There was always a feeling that the leader takes care of us and does not give us offense.
  7. Kaa
    Kaa 25 December 2012 10: 22
    +9
    “No matter what they say about this person, it is impossible to forget his role in our past. A leader cannot act in emptiness. It is not he who determines the nature of the time in which he lives, but the people who inhabit the space around him. If they are cruel, if atamans like Makhno or the Old Man of the Angel become the ideal for them, then they can be pacified only by the same powerful means. Joseph Dzhugashvili, who began his political career by robbery for a party of bank offices, who studied a common man in prison and exile, did not suffer from Russian intellectual complexes, and very realistically (perhaps even too much), looked at what he called the masses.
    Of course, it is a pity that he missed the mark with cybernetics. But, what prevented her from developing the same Gorbachev? Stalin could not do everything for the political managers of the future, leaving them only the opportunity to ski in Bukovel and wander around the boutiques in Milan? The myth of Stalin’s ignorance is broken up into facts. Joseph Vissarionovich attended a full seminary course. He was expelled only before the final exams. According to one version - for Marxist propaganda. On the other, for disobedience to teachers. The proud ambitious young man was poorly subordinate to strict seminary routines, for which he suffered. Stalin was much better than any of us, guided in theological issues, studied ancient languages, history. And diligently studied! The report card of Joseph Dzhugashvili from the time of his studies at the Gori Theological School has survived. There are almost only five - even in calligraphy and the Russian language. Fours only - in arithmetic and Greek. Thanks to Stalin, in 1934 the Soviet school returned to the principles of the pre-revolutionary gymnasium. In fact, each Soviet child was given the same education that only children from the upper echelons of society could receive before the revolution. It is impossible to relate to Stalin unambiguously. It sees the destroyer of pre-revolutionary Russia and the restorer of the empire, in which it reached its highest power.. He is reproached for connivance with anti-religious politics in the 20s, when priests were repressed, and churches were almost completely closed, and right there they glorify him as restorer of Orthodoxy, who again allowed to elect a patriarch during the war. The Great Patriotic War won and millions of victims, the Gulag and the possibility of a state career for yesterday's workers and peasants, censorship and universal literacy for the first time in Russian history, a tarpaulin boot and nuclear weapons - all this is Stalin! He said to himself: "A lot of garbage will be put on my grave, but the wind of history will dispel it." http://www.segodnya.ua/ukraine/ictorii-ot-buziny-dni-rozhdenija-ctalina.html
    1. Middle-brother
      Middle-brother 25 December 2012 11: 05
      +2
      Kaa
      +++ 100500.
      I wanted to leave my humble opinion, but there is nothing more to add.
    2. 11Goor11
      11Goor11 25 December 2012 22: 08
      0
      Kaa
      Of course, it is a pity that he missed the mark with cybernetics.

      Here's another "one ruble in a piggy bank"
      The official "date of birth" of Soviet computer technology should probably be considered the end of 1948. It was then that in a secret laboratory in the town of Feofania near Kiev, under the leadership of Sergei Aleksandrovich Lebedev (at that time - director of the Institute of Electrical Engineering of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and part-time head of the laboratory of the Institute of Precise Mechanics and Computing Technology of the USSR Academy of Sciences), work began on the creation of a Small Electronic Counting Machine (MESM) ...
      Design, installation and debugging of MESM were carried out in record time (approximately 2 years) and carried out by only 17 people (12 researchers and 5 technicians). A trial run of the MESM machine took place on November 6, 1950, and regular operation on December 25, 1951.

      http://cccp-revivel.blogspot.com/2012/05/sovetskie-komputery-predannie-i-zabytie
      .html
      Here's another:
      Director of the Institute of Mathematics and, concurrently, vice-president of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR Lavrentiev wrote a letter to Comrade Stalin about the need to accelerate research in the field of computer technology, about the prospects of using computers. Stalin, who was well versed in promising areas of science, reacted immediately: ITMVT was created by his order
      So the frames were formed. Such was the “persecution of cybernetics”. But the country has not yet recovered from the hardest war.
      In the same 1948, under the supervision of a doctor of physical and mathematical sciences S.A. Lebedev begins work on the creation of MESM (small electronic computer) in Kiev.
      At the end of 1948, employees of the Energy Institute. Krizhizhanovsky Brooke and Rameev receive copyright on a computer with a common bus, and in 1950-1951. create it. In this machine, for the first time in the world, instead of electron tubes, semiconductor (cuprox) diodes are used.

      http://clubs.ya.ru/4611686018427406496/replies.xml?item_no=767
  8. taseka
    taseka 25 December 2012 11: 14
    +1
    Stalin's figure is controversial - everything was great and bloody!
  9. Vlaleks48
    Vlaleks48 25 December 2012 11: 31
    +5
    The article encourages everyone to comprehend their attitude to I.V. STALIN!
    Today, ordinary people return to this PERSONALITY, precisely through the fault of those in power. Seeing how Russia is robbed by people who have appropriated the right to belong to the so-called "national treasure", the people inevitably remember a man who leads a modest lifestyle and mercilessly punished embezzlers!
    This is one of the reasons for the return and rise of the name STALIN!
    It has already been said that according to Article 58, those nomenklatura and party leaders who could not be imprisoned for banal theft were imprisoned, thereby undermining the authority of the ruling party!
    STALIN is a nightmare of Medvedev, Putin, Abromovich, Deripasok and other owners of "national treasure!"
    1. Kaa
      Kaa 25 December 2012 13: 02
      +4
      Quote: Vlaleks48
      Under article 58, they planted those nomenclature and party leaders whom it was impossible to plant for banal theft, thereby undermining the authority of the ruling party!

      For example, the post-war "Leningrad affair" with Kuznetsov and Voskresensky in the main roles: liberoids have long assured that it was organized as a result of some kind of enmity of Stalin towards Leningraders. What turned out to be? The "group of comrades" was going to organize the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, then withdraw the RSFSR from the USSR. In fact, Yeltsin continued their work, to which it led - we all see and felt, and then "bloody Stalin", in fact, only with the blood of these people prevented the fact that we all went through the 90s, including the armed conflicts, extinction million population, unborn children, the collapse of everything and everything. So you think about the real background of repression ...
  10. Wertynskiy
    Wertynskiy 25 December 2012 13: 05
    +2
    The debate about Stalin does not subside also because it was a kind of supreme censor, a righteous judge with unlimited power, who understood what power was and what it was for. He could ask each of his subordinates on the highest bar, regardless of any personal relationships, he could clearly keep in mind the ultimate goal and did everything to achieve it.
    also, the whole life and work of Stalin is very well characterized by his phrase uttered at the moment when his son was captured:
    "We are not changing soldiers to Field Marshals!" - how many will be able to say so?
  11. engineer74
    engineer74 25 December 2012 14: 20
    0
    Under Stalin, Russia reached the peak of its power, then there was only sunset. And in this sunset, there is also the Leader’s fault, he did not create a system of power that could withstand self-degradation. Or maybe just did not. sad
    1. Geokingxnumx
      Geokingxnumx 25 December 2012 14: 47
      0
      Quote: engineer74

      Under Stalin Russia reached the peak of its power, then there was only sunset.

      not Russia but the USSR)
      1. engineer74
        engineer74 25 December 2012 15: 01
        0
        The USSR is only ~ 70 years in the history of Russia. smile