Military Review

Pre-holiday statements by the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces

Not so long ago, a new interesting tradition was formed in the domestic armed forces. A few days before the holiday of one or another kind of troops a press conference is held with the participation of the commander of these troops. At such events, military leaders talk about accomplished deeds and plans for the future. On December 14, on the eve of the Strategic Missile Forces Day, Colonel General S. Karakaev, the commander of this branch of troops, spoke with journalists. Since the Strategic Missile Forces is one of the elements of nuclear forces that deter potential adversaries, this type of troops is given special importance, which in practice translates into a number of positive News about rearmament plans.

The words of General Karakaev fully confirm this conclusion: at the end of the current state program of rearmament of the army in the Strategic Missile Forces there will be 98% new equipment. Over the coming years - before 2016 - the bar will be reached in 60% new weapons. The rocket troops will be updated with the help of new advanced weapons systems, including those that are just being developed. Around the 2018-20 years, Russian rocket launchers will receive at least one new missile system adapted to overcome modern and future anti-missile defense systems. In addition, before the end of the decade, the Strategic Missile Forces are going to take some measures that will allow, if necessary, to quickly increase the impact capabilities, including in force majeure circumstances. The upgrade of the Strategic Missile Forces forces will be conducted in the same directions as now: the troops will continue to receive both stationary mines and mobile ground launchers.

At present, the re-equipment of two divisions (60-I Taman and 54-I Guards) is being completed. These units will be fully transferred to the Topol-M and Yars missile systems. The plans of the command of the Strategic Missile Forces for the next year are even more large-scale re-equipment units. According to Karakaev, next year for the first time in the last twenty years more than two divisions will be re-equipped at the same time. In 2013, three rocket divisions will receive new missiles and related equipment at once, and two more will begin preparations for such re-equipment. Thus, next year all the work on rearming the 39 Guards (Novosibirsk-95) and 28 Guards (Kozelsk) missile divisions will be completed. Also, the new rocket technology will begin to enter the 42 th rocket division near Nizhny Tagil. 29-I Guards and 13-I missile divisions, in turn, will begin preparations for the transition to new missiles, which will begin a little later.

Now the total number of launchers of the Topol-M and Yars complexes is approaching a hundred. Thus, the share of new weapons in the missile forces reached 30% of the total. While maintaining the current pace of rearmament, the plans of the command of the troops on 60% by the 16 year and 98% by 2022-th look quite real.

Until the number of new missiles reaches the declared 98 percent, the troops will have to exploit old weapons for some time. However, on this point the command of the Strategic Missile Forces has its own opinion. At present, the missile troops P-36М2 "Voevoda" continues to be in service with the rocket forces. Its warranty periods have already been exceeded by one and a half times, however, a further extension is also possible, which is able to ensure the performance of these missiles until the 2020 year. Colonel-General Karakayev noted that the timely conduct of relevant work and the extension of the service life continue to be one of the most convenient tools for preserving the combat potential of strategic missile forces. At the moment there is an opportunity to extend the life of the Voyevoda missiles from the current 24 years to 30. The extension of the timeline pursues simple and understandable goals: firstly, to maximize the existing potential of the equipment, and secondly, to ensure the greatest impact capabilities of the units equipped with mine-based missile systems. The extension of the warranty period for the P-36М2 missiles will help to wait for the time when a sufficient number of new missiles will be produced and delivered to the troops.

It is worth noting that the Strategic Missile Forces do not have the ability to infinitely increase the quantitative and qualitative potential. First of all, this is hampered by some international agreements. In addition to the restrictions on the number of missiles and combat units on duty at the same time, the countries participating in these treaties are also required to disclose certain information. According to Karakaev, in September of this year, the latest exchange of information on the number of strategic weapons, as well as on their locations, took place. In accordance with the current START III treaty, Russia and the United States regularly communicate to each other this information, which, among other things, includes the coordinates of the launchers. At the same time, all such information is closed and the parties to the contract do not have the right to transfer it to third parties. It should be noted that the terms of the treaty on strategic offensive arms do not hinder the further development of Russian nuclear forces.

One of the tools to preserve and increase capacity without violating the terms of international treaties, as General Karakayev said, is the automated command and control system (ASBU) currently being created. By 2020, the Strategic Missile Forces should fully switch to digital data transmission technologies and the new versions of ASBU will fully comply with this approach. Karakaev said that now some elements of the new fourth generation ASBU are being introduced into the troops. In addition to the standard for such systems functions transfer orders and reports on their performance of a new hardware and software system also provides centralized missile control. Thanks to the fourth generation ASBU, it is possible to change application plans as soon as possible and to retarget missiles. A characteristic feature of the new ASBU is a triple redundancy of all systems and communication channels, providing high reliability. In addition, it is possible to diagnose equipment with an accuracy of a typical architectural element. All new ASBU is based on unified technical means with the required information reliability and security indicators.

Another aspect of updating the electronic equipment of the Strategic Missile Forces, as their commander said, concerns the issue of the protection of rocket units. At the end of 2012, this issue received special attention. In total, the work on updating security systems this year affected six large objects. Next year, the re-equipment of security systems will continue. Among other things, 2013 year is scheduled for installation on several video system sites. While maintaining the current rate of security equipment upgrade to 2015, about 20% of the RVSN facilities will be equipped with the most modern automated tracking and guard systems.

Nevertheless, the main direction of development and improvement of the strategic missile forces is the creation of new missiles and the modernization of old ones. Currently, according to Karakaev, the development of a new intercontinental ballistic missile with liquid engines and a launch weight of about one hundred tons is underway. It will have higher characteristics in comparison with the available means of delivery of nuclear weapons. In addition, the new missile can carry not only a nuclear warhead. The project that is being created now provides for the possibility of installing non-nuclear warheads on a rocket. Thus, the new intercontinental missile can also be used as a high-precision weapons to perform combat missions at a great distance from the starting point. Karakaev also noted that the energy capabilities of the promising missile, which are higher in comparison with the current missiles, will make it possible to apply new developments in the field of overcoming the enemy’s anti-missile weapons.

The new rocket should be the answer to the work of foreign countries. Currently, the development of space-based strategic missile defense systems is underway in the United States. In connection with this fact, a promising liquid-propellant rocket is initially created to counter such weapons. According to General Karakaev, the potential that solid-fuel intercontinental missiles possess may not be sufficient to break through the enemy’s promising anti-missile systems. For this reason, high hopes are pinned on a hundred-ton liquid-propellant rocket. At the same time, it will have one specific feature: due to the large starting weight, it can only be used with mine launchers.

During the press conference, the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces confirmed the development and testing of another intercontinental missile, this time a solid fuel rocket. Karakayev refused to disclose the details of the project or the technical characteristics of this ICBM. At the same time, he mentioned that in the future, the new solid-fuel rocket will replace the munitions of the Topol-M and Yars complexes, as well as it will make maximum use of the existing developments from previous projects of rockets with a solid-fuel engine. According to the commander of the rocket troops, work on this subject is being conducted in the right direction.

One of the topics of conversation was the safety of missiles and their combat units. According to Karakaev, several experiments were conducted, during which it was found that in the event of an accident, fire, etc. spontaneous undermining of the warhead will not occur. Existing warheads of intercontinental missiles have a sufficient level of protection from external influences. The experiments were carried out to establish the level of safety of both mine and mobile missile systems. As a result, it was found that both are sufficiently safe for people, equipment and the environment. As for the mine launchers, they provide an even greater level of protection for missiles and warheads, including against a nuclear explosion on the surface of the earth or in the air. Thus, various accidents can entail only long and complex work to eliminate the consequences of a technical and construction nature. The elimination of nuclear infections will not be needed.

Finally, the Strategic Missile Forces Commander spoke about the supply of new missile and auxiliary equipment. As it turned out, the supplier companies had already fully fulfilled all the contractual obligations related to the production and supply of equipment, weapons and equipment for the Strategic Missile Forces. There is every reason to believe that this pleasant trend will continue in the future. Last year, the Ministry of Defense concluded several long-term contracts for the supply of strategic missiles. They stipulate the terms of delivery of silo-based missiles up to 2015 of the year and ammunition for mobile ground launchers up to 2020 of the year. Interestingly, the “separation of duties” applied in these contracts. Thus, the Ministry of Defense and the Federal Tariff Service deal with all matters of a financial nature, such as pricing or other similar things, and RVS only carries out the acceptance of finished products.

The training activities of the rocket troops planned for the next year imply an increase in the number of test launches of various types of missiles. Over the past year, from December 2011 to the present, only five training launches were conducted. The next 2013 year is scheduled immediately 11 similar events, the purpose of which will be to maintain the level of training of military personnel, testing new missiles and testing the performance of old ones in order to extend their life.

As we see, the Russian strategic rocket forces are coming to the next anniversary of their formation with great experience and good prospects. After a long break, the updating of the Strategic Missile Forces is again improving in quantitative and qualitative terms, and the designers of the core enterprises are already creating new means of delivering nuclear weapons. All voiced achievements of the rocket forces and plans for the future clearly show what priority this branch of service has in the current rearmament program. This means that in ten years, our country will continue to be under the protection of the most effective means of containment, which has only been invented by mankind.

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  1. ShturmKGB
    ShturmKGB 19 December 2012 10: 09
    Indeed, the most destructive weapon in the world is the guarantor of the world ...
    1. beech
      beech 19 December 2012 14: 11
      no matter how many equipment there is updated, the main thing is to accept a new rocket as soon as possible !!!
  2. strannik595
    strannik595 19 December 2012 11: 50
    the clearest answer to Magnitsky’s list would be to keep state secrets about the coordinates of the Strategic Missile Forces launchers .............. our GLONAS is still very weak, and their JPS will quickly indicate where to fly their first missiles
    1. Ascetic
      Ascetic 19 December 2012 13: 07
      Quote: strannik595
      .Our GLONAS is still very lame, and their JPS will quickly indicate where to fly their first missiles

      GLONASS has not been limping for a long time, consumer devices and their software are limping. And the launch of the last satellite from the series Meridian in November will further improve the performance of the system. Suffice it to say that such an organization as MOBTI (what BTI, cadastre, land management and geodetic work does not need to be explained) recently refused to use American GPS and created its own network of base stations tied to the GLONASS SNA, which allows real-time calculations and coordinates to be obtained from accuracy to centimeters. Do you know Americans sometimes hooligans, for example, during the last campaign in Libya, they changed the parameters of their SNA, which led to confusion in the measurements and went overlaying sections of summer residents, courts with surveyors, etc., which prompted MOBTI to create its own modern LNG on GLONASS base.
      A company "Rusnavgeoset" created a domestic high-precision device receiver "Phase +"for high-precision geodetic measurements. At the same time, the circuitry of the devices is designed in such a way that it does not require modernization in connection with the further development of GLONASS and GPS systems, the creation of the Galileo and COMPASS systems.
      1. Festaval
        Festaval April 1 2013 01: 39
        GPS Quote: strannik595
        . our GLONAS is still very lame, and their JPS will quickly indicate where to fly their first missiles ------------------------ GPS (From Russia)
    2. Snake4
      Snake4 19 December 2012 18: 46
      Well, of course, you can't do without politics in the comments, and even in the direction of building up the "vertical of power";)
      Offer to respond to each meeting by launching a new product, but what if "they" arranged it ...
      Yes, as far as mind, the marketing of power has given progress in the social. opinion "either the king or the west"
  3. Ascetic
    Ascetic 19 December 2012 12: 36
    Currently, according to Karakaev, a new intercontinental ballistic missile with liquid engines and a launch mass of about one hundred tons is being developed.

    So far, only project this rocket. The question is where and who will create this rocket? MIIT is busy developing a new TT rocket. There is real progress there. Krasmash, together with the Makeev Design Bureau, is capable of its own technologies and developments, but it has an endless edge of work on "Sinev" (according to the Americans themselves, the Russians managed to create a fantastic missile of this class). In their time, Gaidar and Chubais were successfully ruined by Miass, and they have not yet emerged from the ruins. NPO Mashinostroenia alone cannot handle Reutov. Could Yuzhmash, but there only remained that the technical support of the Dnipropetrovsk missiles standing on duty in Russia. Extreme liquid-propellant rockets of the heavy class were manufactured in 1991. in the amount of seven pieces. Then there was only degradation and collapse until 2004, when the leadership took care of the state and development of the strategic nuclear forces. 13 years of nothingness and only 8 years old when something began to be done on the unfinished Americans and the fifth column of the domestic defense industry. But there are already no personnel, continuity has been destroyed, production capacities have been reduced so much that, for example, the Votkinsk plant can rivet no more than five six missiles per year, and in Soviet times, if it does not change memory, at least 50 are not sure, but the order of numbers is correct. Yes, a decision has been made, there is money for the construction of new workshops, but time. Time and staff are trouble ... again, as in the 30s, we needed a Stalinist mobilization economy.
    In the USSR, it took about 7-8 years to create an ICBM of a heavy class. As an example, in 1984, the Council of Ministers decided to create a cooperation of three firms - Yuzhmash, MIIT and NPO Mash - to develop a new heavy-class ICBM to replace the existing ones at that time and even now on the DB. In particular, NPO Mash was engaged in the project of a new promising planning BB (in common parlance it was then called "birdie"). So in 1991 the work was completed (7 years have passed and with the participation of three firms) a prototype was made at Yuzhmash, the launch of which was to take place on December 27, 1991, but was canceled and the project was closed. Not about the resumption of this project says Karakaev? Given the above condition and our potential, I simply don’t see others ... And again, you only have to regret the time lost and catch up.
  4. rudolff
    rudolff 19 December 2012 14: 28
    Most likely, it is Makeev's firm that will be engaged in the development of a new heavy liquid-fuel rocket. It makes no sense to further improve the 29th complex. As Boreyev arrives, 667 BDRMs will be withdrawn in the next decade, which means that R-29RMU / RMU1 / RMU2 "Sineva" / RMU2.1 "Liner" will be out of work. Since Bulava will still not be abandoned, it means that the R-29RMU3 "Sineva-2" project, intended for deployment in Borei, will not be implemented in metal either. The decision to return to the combat strength of Typhoons, on which the Makeevka vehicles could also be located, was not made. So, it is the SRC them. Makeev "God himself ordered" to take up the new complex.
    1. Ascetic
      Ascetic 19 December 2012 15: 19
      By the way, for solid-propellant missiles, it is precisely sea-based that creates a lot of problems - including with the shelf life. From vibration and temperature changes, the TT in the stage casings gradually loses its elasticity and cracks, cracks sharply increase the combustion surface - the pressure jumps and either breaks the stage case or tears out the engine nozzle. This situation is potentially very dangerous - therefore, solid-propellant missiles with SSBNs are always and in all countries launched with a "mortar (torpedo) launch" - that is, they shoot an inoperative rocket from a mine with high pressure of gases (compressed air or from a special gas generator), and only at a certain distance from SSBNs include engines. For liquid-propellant rockets, such wisdom is usually not required - the mine is simply flooded with water, then the rocket starts the first stage engines, and - "let's go!" So the achievement of a similar 20-year warranty operation, which was achieved at the Makeyev Design Bureau for Sineva on sea rockets with solid-propellant engines, is a very difficult task - for example, the Bulava developers are not yet ready for this. Therefore, the RS-54 series is unlikely in the near future in business.
      Rakta RS-54M
      firstly, is an almost perfect sample of a sea-based liquid rocket, its mass and energy indicators (ratio of cast weight to range and to the mass of the rocket itself) the highest in the world. (The Americans admitted this, as I have already said) It is intelligently and inventively arranged, has several warheads as part of an individual guidance homing system, and can also fly quasi-ballistic (so-called "accelerated") trajectory. And it is well developed, has extensive operating experience already in three generations (the first generation is RSM-54, the second is RSM-54M and the third is RSM-54M "Sineva"), commercially available.
      Second, the this rocket close in weight and size parameters to the R-30 Bulava-30 marine solid-propellant missile being developed by MIT - which, by the way, predetermined the extreme similarity of the 995 Borey RPKSNs developed for Bulava to the same 667BDRM.
      So if we compare the performance characteristics of the Bulava with the performance characteristics of the RSM-54M “Sineva”, it turns out that a miracle did not happen, the thrown weight (mass for those meticulous physicists who do not like the word weight) with the same range and similar mass-dimensions of missiles have "Bulava" is much lower than that of "Sineva". It is not yet possible to defeat heptyl with TT.
      Specific figures are as follows:
      The mass of Bulava is 30 tons, Sineva is 40 tons (for SSBNs this is not critical - if only it fits into the carrying capacity of a standard loading crane, which is 50 tons)
      The dimensions of the missiles are very close, the Bulava is literally a meter shorter than the Sineva, with a diameter 10 cm larger, which is not fundamental
      The maximum flight range for Bulava is 8000 km, for Sineva - more than 9000 km (from open sources and there, as they say, KhZ)
      And here is the the main thing: the throw weight of the "Bulava-30" is 1150 kg, the "Sineva" (at a distance of 8000 km) - 2500 kg. Feel the difference in energy.

      RSM-54M rocket mine on RPKSN pr.667BDRM
      1. Ascetic
        Ascetic 19 December 2012 15: 22
        In the photo of the mine, the marine specificity is clearly visible - almost the entire surface of the mine is lined with rubber-hydraulic shock absorbers trying to hold a 40-ton rocket cigar during rolls and wave impacts. The bottom of the RSM-54 is supported by a sophisticatedly damped plate. The purpose of this entire system is to weaken the transmission to the rocket of shocks and vibrations acting on the SSBN during its operation. Nevertheless, the storage conditions of the sea rocket in the RPKSN mine are very difficult. The rocket’s even more difficult conditions at the time of launch - to understand this, imagine that, say, the Topol-M rocket does not have to take off from a horizontal machine standing on the supports - but from a platform swinging in all directions, located under water at a depth of 50 meters (where it weighs 5 kg per centimeter of skin), and even after the start, fly these 50 meters through the water, pushing it with your head fairing, and then break the ice on the surface with this fairing (after all, our SSBNs go to northern latitudes). And even when nearby, literally two meters away, 15 more such missiles start and fly. Feeling is not for the faint of heart.
        Actually, the situation is similar for American rocket launchers with their marine solid fuel Trident D5 - their rocket is also seriously inferior to Sineva in terms of energy, according to various estimates - by 1.3-1.4 times. Moreover, in order to narrow the gap, the Trident designers took a rather risky step - they reduced the binder and plasticizers content in the fuel by several percent (compared to the Trident C4), which gave an increase in energy, but raised questions about the reliability of this fuel during long-term storage of missiles on the SSBN . The glamorous official statistics of successful Trident D5 launches doesn’t solve the problems - cunning penguins launch fresh rockets during exercises, and prefer to write them off for old ones with expiration dates.
        True, they are ahead of us in terms of efficiency and reliability in technologies for utilizing TT missiles
        1. Alvin
          Alvin 19 December 2012 16: 02
          But is there really real sense in installing a non-nuclear combat unit on such an expensive thing ???
          1. Ascetic
            Ascetic 19 December 2012 18: 50
            Quote: Alvin
            But is there really real sense in installing a non-nuclear combat unit on such an expensive thing ???

            And who said that? SNF Strategic Nuclear Strength. Let's say the modernization of "Sineva" to ICBM "Liner" costs about 40-60 million rubles. If the "Sineva" can carry four warheads, then the "Liner" is already 10. It should thus be obtained that the boats of the project 955 "Borey" go under the "Bulava" and its further modifications. Project 667 boats will go under the "Liner" True, the service life of these boats will expire in 2020 and it seems that they are not going to build new boats for these missiles yet. Although with timely repair, these boats can be operated for longer than 2020.

            SSBN 667project. Visible open shaft cover
        2. Snake4
          Snake4 19 December 2012 18: 53
          Under-ice launches by the product are not carried out, the rocket will collapse upon breaking through the ice crust, this is not a steel blank of the shell.
          It was assumed that the penetration would be carried out either by the cruiser’s bullet, followed by a surface launch, or controlled by a torpedo.
          1. Ascetic
            Ascetic 19 December 2012 22: 17
            Quote: Snake4
            Under-ice launches by the product are not carried out, the rocket will collapse upon breaking through the ice crust, this is not a steel blank of the shell.
            It was assumed that the penetration would be carried out either by the cruiser’s bullet, followed by a surface launch, or controlled by a torpedo.

            The strategic nuclear submarine cruiser of the Russian Navy at 15:20 Moscow time today carried out a combat training launch of the RSM-54 "Sineva" intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) from under the ice near the North Pole in the waters of the Arctic Ocean. This was reported to ITAR-TASS in the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.
            "before the launch of the submarine swam up in the western hemisphere near the North Pole. "

            My webpage

            R-39UTTH ("Bark")
            The design of the rocket provided a special system of passage through the ice, providing launch from under the ice shell of the northern latitudes
            Development has been conducted since 1986 at the Design Bureau named after Makeeva In 1998, after the third unsuccessful launch (from the Nenok test site [4]), the Ministry of Defense decided to stop work on the 73% -finished complex.
            The Moscow Institute of Heat Engineering, the developer of the “land” ICBM Topol-M, was instructed to develop an alternative, less expensive and smaller overall solid-fuel SLBM, called the Bulava.

            Of Wiki

            Of course, training launches are not carried out from under the ice, usually the boat searches for a gap in the pack’s head and quietly floats up like Ekaterinburg in 2006. Too risky. No one will risk the crew and the boat. But if necessary launch from under the ice is possible.... At one time you watched a secret film about the world's first ICBM launch from under the ice, which was carried out in 1984? if memory serves the year. In the internet there is almost no information about this launch, only a mention. There was a photo in the AIF, by the way, where allegedly "Sineva" starts from under the ice in 2009, but now the photo is not available, removed
            1. Snake4
              Snake4 20 December 2012 10: 20
              Today, missiles on duty cannot carry out such a launch, only experimental samples (the same Sineva 1984 and the late Bark)
  5. rudolff
    rudolff 19 December 2012 15: 52
    I agree, Ascetic. I wrote about this before and just didn’t want to repeat myself, and you have already told us quite enough. I also think that the R-29RMU2 is the best car in its class to date. And this was recognized not only by the Americans, but also by the Germans and the French. Mace, this is not its equivalent replacement!
    1. Ascetic
      Ascetic 19 December 2012 16: 38

      It's just that "Bulava" has various tricky Solomon gadgets and bells and whistles, therefore, it is promoted as the main one for SSBNs, although in fact, as a rocket, it is inferior to the Makeev Design Bureau. By the way, the Americans have not learned how to "body" heptyl, so their Tridents are all on TT, although they cunning claim that this is done for the safety of the crews.
      1. Snake4
        Snake4 19 December 2012 18: 59
        Ascetic, I respect you very much as a "correct" informant, a positive person with integrity, but even so here you gave a blunder.
        US solid-fuel rockets not because there were problems with heptyl, but because the foundations of creation (or "school" as they say now) were created in the 50-60s, when technologies for the safe storage and ampulization of liquid radioactive waste were not developed, which is why they chose the path of greater reliability at that timeТитан_(РН)
  6. Misantrop
    Misantrop 19 December 2012 22: 57
    A dumb thing is to shoot from under the ice. Where we went, the ice was often 20m thick ... It’s better to torpedo and then to push apart the wreckage with the hull, there are ice reinforcements on our submarines (unlike the American ones)
  7. the USSR
    the USSR 20 December 2012 23: 37
    Taking this opportunity, Hello to all fighters of the Strategic Missile Forces. And especially DMB91 RF 08342.
  8. Svatdevostator
    Svatdevostator 21 December 2012 13: 02
    On another governor for another 10 years you can live in peace smile
  9. Mr.Fox
    Mr.Fox 21 December 2012 22: 15
    Pre-holiday statement of the Strategic Missile Forces commander:
    On New Year's Eve, the Strategic Missile Forces of Russia will begin broadcasting the international show "Merry Starts" laughing
  10. SANAY
    SANAY 4 February 2013 15: 31
    Oh, Good People, I love my division !!! For reference: favorite division - 7RD.
  11. Festaval
    Festaval April 1 2013 01: 48
    I turn to ameropidoroid. Your false appearance gives at the sight of a Soviet tank. The tower is a super IP. Boards from BT, Cannon from a modern tank, ... You still have a lot to learn Russian ...