Oman first adopted the VL MICA

The European Missile Association MBDA in a press release for the first time officially announced in December 4 2012, that the Royal Guard of Oman became the first customer and operator of the ground-developed version of the MBDA anti-aircraft missile system VL MICA (Ground Based Air Defense - GBAD). The press release reports on the training and firing of the VL MICA air defense system, produced by the Royal Guard of Oman at the Abir proving ground in the central part of this country from the received regular 24 system of September 2012 of the year. The launched MICA rocket with an active radar homing head successfully hit an air target at a distance of more than 14 km from the launcher.

The VL MICA air defense system uses MBDA France’s medium-range modified MICA medium-range guided missiles with active radar or infrared homing heads as its missiles. The maximum effective firing range of the VL MICA air defense system is declared in 20 km.

MBDA officially announced the conclusion of the first contract for the sale of the VL MICA air defense system in June 2009, but so far has not disclosed Oman as a launch customer. Contract parameters were also not reported. In the delivery for Oman, the complex is mounted on the chassis of Rheinmetall MAN vehicles with 8x8 and 6x6 wheel configurations, including four-container self-propelled vertical launchers and a Cassidian TRML-3D radar.

Oman was also the starting customer of the VL MICA airborne SAM system, which is mounted on three Khareef corvettes built in the UK by BAE Systems under a contract concluded in January 2007. However, due to the delayed construction of these ships and a number of shortcomings that appeared on the corvettes during the tests, which required numerous modifications and alterations, all three built ships still remain in the UK and have not been transferred to Omani the fleet.

The anti-aircraft missile system of short-range VL MICA (Vertical Launch MICA) of various versions is used as a means of air defense of ground forces, air bases, command posts and surface ships from attacks of cruise missiles, guided bombs, airplanes, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles during the day and night any weather conditions. The VL MICA ADMS was developed by MBDA on the basis of an air-to-air MICA guided missile. The complex is characterized by compactness, high efficiency and in its combat capabilities it occupies an intermediate position between the Mistral short-range air defense system and the PAAMS long-range air defense system.

Aviation MICA rocket

The modular design of the MICA missile makes it possible to have in the ammunition package of the complex means of destruction with various homing systems and to use their advantages depending on the combat situation. The MICA missile can be equipped with an active pulse-Doppler radar homing head (MICA-EM) or thermal imaging (MICA-IR). Radar GOS provides all-weather capability of the complex and is effectively used against enemy combat equipment with a low IR signature (for example, guided aerial bombs). The thermal variant is preferred when used to hit targets with a small effective dispersion surface, incl. small high-speed surface targets.

The ground version of the complex was first introduced in February 2000. in Singapore at the Asian Aerospace exhibition. The tests of the complex began at the CELM test center (Center d'Essai de Lancement des Missiles - France) in 2001. In February, 2005. The demonstration of the capabilities of the new complex using the standard MICA-IR standard rocket was successfully carried out, and the target was hit at a distance near 10km. By January 2006. The 11 VL MICA missiles were launched in various configurations.

Oman first adopted the VL MICA

Work on the ship's air defense system based on the VL MICA vertical launch missile company MBDA, in its initiative, began in 2000. The offshore version of the VL MICA complex is positioned primarily as a means of defense of surface ships of small displacements, for which the weight and size limitations of the deployed weapons are significant, as well as to enhance the anti-aircraft defense of large ships at close ranges. In April, 2006. In the CELM test center, the VL MICA air defense system was successfully tested from a naval launcher. During the tests, the VL Mica hit the target with a direct hit, simulating a low-flying anti-ship missile at a range of 10km. During test launches in October 2008, a direct hit hit the target (Banshee UAV) at a distance of 12 km.

In 2007 The Oman Navy and the MBDA Company entered into an agreement to supply the VL MICA air defense system for the three patrol ships of the ocean zone (OPV) of the Khareef project (displacement - 2500т, length - 99м). Construction of the first ship of this project began in October 2007. at the shipyard of VT Shipbuilding in Portsmouth. The deadline for transfer to the customer is 2010, the rest - with a six-month interval. The VL MICA complex is supposed to be installed on the Sigma rocket corvettes under construction at the Schelde Naval Shipbuilding Dutch shipyard commissioned by the Moroccan Navy. Delivery of the three corvettes of this project should be completed before 2012. Polish corvettes of the type "Gawron" Ave 621 (the planned series - 7 units) will allegedly be armed with two modules on 16 VL MICA missiles located in front of the superstructure. The first ship of the Slazak series was laid in 2001, the deadline is 2010-2011.

In December 2005. The DGA Armament Administration (Delegation Generale pour l'Armement) of the French Ministry of Defense signed a two-year contract with MBDA for the supply of an anti-aircraft missile VL MICA for all combat arms. Under the contract, MBDA performs work on the integration of the VL MICA missile defense system with the CETAT and MARTHA command and control systems of the French air and land forces.

8 July 2009. at the CELM test center, a MICA-IR rocket launched from a ground-based launcher successfully intercepted a low-flying target at a range of 15km and an altitude of 10m above the sea. The rocket was controlled from a command post located at a distance of 6km from the launcher. The purpose of the tests, organized by MBDA, DGA and the French Air Force, was to demonstrate the prospects for using the VL MICA complex for coastal defense. It was the last of the 15 series of successful test launches of the VL MICA air defense system.


A typical ground-based VL MICA air defense system consists of four launchers, a command center of the complex and a radar detection system. Launchers of the complex can be placed on various off-road chassis with a lifting capacity of 5.

The MICA rocket is made according to the normal aerodynamic configuration and is equipped with a cruciform wide-chord wing of small elongation. In the forward part of the hull, destabilizing planes are installed, having a rectangular shape in plan. In the middle part of the rocket there is a Protac solid propellant solid propellant equipped with a charge of low-smoke mixed fuel. The engine provides the maximum speed of the rocket VL MICA M = 3. In the tail section there are aerodynamic control surfaces, an engine thrust vector control unit (SUVT) and a data link receiver. SUVT together with aerodynamic control surfaces provides maneuvering of a rocket with an overload up to 50g at a distance up to 7km and with an overload up to 30g at a distance 10km. The warhead is a high-explosive fragmentation directional weight 12kg, the fuse is an active Doppler radar.

The MICA EM rocket is equipped with an active pulse-Doppler homing AD4A (12-18 GHz), developed by "Dassault Electronique" and "GEC-Marconi". The AD4A GSN is capable of capturing a target on a trajectory on its own and ensures target destruction from any direction, at all angles, day and night, in simple and complex meteorological conditions, in conditions of intense electronic countermeasures, against the background of the earth and water surface. GOS AD4A is located in the nose compartment of the rocket under the radio transparent ceramic fairing. The modified version of the AD4A is also used as part of the Aster anti-aircraft missile of the SAMP-T and PAAMS complexes.

SAMP-T anti-aircraft missile system

PAAMS anti-aircraft missile system

The Bispectral Thermal Homing Head (TGSN) of the MICA-IR rocket, operating in the 3-5 and 8-12μm range, was developed by Sagem Defense Segurite. TGSN contains a matrix of sensitive elements installed in the focal plane, an electronic unit for digital signal processing, an integrated cryogenic cooling system for a matrix of a closed type. The cooling system TGSN provides autonomous operation of the receiver during 10 hours. High resolution and complex algorithms allow TGSN to efficiently track targets at large distances and screen out heat traps.

The rocket is launched vertically with the subsequent inclination in the direction of the target using the SUVT. ZL VL MICA is used in the mode of capturing the target GOS after launch and has a maximum range of more than 10km (for a number of sources up to 20km). Before the target is captured by the homing head, the rocket is controlled by an inertial control system up to the data of the primary target designation transmitted to the rocket. The data line is used to transmit missile correction commands in the middle part of the trajectory before the target is captured by the homing head. The use of the principle of "shot-forget" allows you to effectively counteract the saturation of the object's air defense system during massive attacks of the enemy's air attacks. The rate of fire is two seconds. Missiles are launched directly from transport-launch containers (TLC), which are used for their transportation and storage. Each container has a length of 3,7 m and a mass of 400 kg in running order.

For the detection of airborne targets and target designation, optical-electronic means, general-ship detection systems (for the maritime version) or any three-coordinate radar systems of the Giraffe-100 type by Ericsson, RAC 3-D made by Thales Raytheon Systems and TRML- can be used. 3D from EADS (for the land version). The threat assessment (of the enemy’s combat equipment) is carried out by the combat information management system (CMS) of the carrier ship or by the command center of the complex, which then transfers the target distribution data to the missile interface unit.

The VL MICA air defense system in the ground version can be used autonomously or integrated into a single object's air defense system using fiber-optic information exchange lines.

To place the VL MICA air defense missile systems on surface ships, original launchers, vertical launchers of the VL Seawolf air defense system and the SYLVER vertical launch system (SYSteme de Lancement VERtical) developed by DCNS can be used. The SYLVER system is designed to launch various types of rockets: anti-aircraft (Mica, VT1, Aster-15, Aster-30), PRO (Standard – II Block IV), and drums (SCALP Naval, Tactical Tomahawk). Four system sizes are available: A-35, A-43, A-50 and A-70. To accommodate VL MICA missiles, modules from 8 cells A-43 or 4 cells A-35 can be used. Each module has its own gas exhaust channel. Deck plate, hatches of the cells and the hatch of the exhaust channel - armored, airtight. Module A-43 has a length of 5.4 and weighs 7.5. The VL MICA air defense system is paired with the vehicle's motherboard BIOS by means of a digital channel of the local network using a special electronic interface unit. On 8 launch cells, the installation of one interface unit and 4 ship-to-vehicle data link antennas are required.

Performance characteristics
Maximum firing range, km 10 (20)
Maximum flight speed, M 3
Combat ceiling, m 9000
Rocket dimensions, mm:
- length 3100
- diameter 160
- wingspan 480
Launch weight, kg 112
The mass of the warhead, kg 12
Rate of fire, rounds / s 2
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  1. +4
    18 December 2012 08: 56
    If I don’t confuse anything, the first western vertical-defense air defense system, in size and range, is a direct competitor to our ASEZ, although it differs in a radically different guiding principle - thermal GOS, ours has a radar method.
    Only specialists can compare, probably the Frenchman has stronger electronics, but also not a fact in comparison with our modernized version.
    But we are definitely "first", so to speak, 30 years difference. Needless to say, with the constant NATO threat from the air, air defense issues have always been a priority for us, they were written more from our tanks laughing
    1. Dr.M.
      18 December 2012 10: 42
      At the end of 2011, South Korea adopted the KM SAM, designed and manufactured with the complicity of Almaz-Antey. The main electronics partner on the Korean side was Samsung Electronics, with the complicity of the French Thales. As a result, Samsung did not produce anything, but simply bought it by placing orders at the enterprises of Almaz-Antey. Military microwave electronics is not the same as mobile phones, here Samsung is not Copenhagen, and Thales is at the same time.
      1. Akim
        18 December 2012 14: 31
        Quote: Dr.M.
        KM SAM,

        KM SAM, not that class of air defense systems.
        1. Dr.M.
          18 December 2012 16: 55
          It's not about the class of air defense systems, but about the ability of Samsung or Thales to do something on their own, to the question of the Mikhado replica that electronics is stronger. However, Samsung not only didn’t do anything himself, but didn’t order from Tales either, because there’s nothing for nothing that it’s his official partner in the radar project. As a result, the radar was collected in Nizhny Novgorod.
    2. PLO
      18 December 2012 13: 43
      If I don’t confuse anything, the first western vertical-defense air defense system, in size and range, is a direct competitor to our ASEZ, although it differs in a radically different guiding principle - thermal GOS, ours has a radar method.

      We don’t have a direct competitor at the moment, they will have a 9M100 missile (10-15km, the exact range is unknown) with an infrared seeker from the Redut air defense system, they say they will finalize it in 2015

      In addition, Thor has radio command guidance, and he is not a direct competitor
    3. Akim
      18 December 2012 14: 28
      The radar method, like any active guidance system, has the disadvantage that it can be quickly detected. heat is better, but we always had problems with it. That's what the French were able to adapt an aircraft missile, then plus and minus. She has small critical angles of attack than conventional ZR. He cannot maneuver like that.
      1. beard999
        18 December 2012 16: 16
        Quote: Akim
        The radar method, like any active guidance system, has the disadvantage that it can be quickly detected. thermal is better

        You're wrong. Firstly, the primary target detection, VL MICA SAMs, by any means, occurs using radar. And in general, in the composition of this air defense system there are missiles with an active radar seeker and with a topical missile launcher. As stated in the article: “The radar seeker provides all-weather use of the complex and is effectively used against enemy military equipment with a low infrared signature (for example, guided aerial bombs). The thermal imaging option is preferred when used to hit targets with a small effective scattering surface. " Secondly, the detection of attacking missiles by aircraft is no longer a problem, and completely regardless of the type of GOS. For example, using the L-136 heat direction finder, or more modern UV direction finders from the SPRA BKO L-370 or 101 KS-U from the OEIS on the T-50. Thirdly, at this time, highly effective means of jamming missiles with TPV GOS (including bispectral, like the MICA missiles) have appeared. For example, the Russian LSEEP from the same Vitebsk
        1. Akim
          18 December 2012 16: 27
          Now, for medium-range missiles, combined GOS are actively being introduced. Apparently for short-range missiles have not yet reached.
          1. beard999
            18 December 2012 19: 33
            Quote: Akim
            for medium-range missiles, combined GOS are actively being introduced

            Could you give at least a couple of examples of anti-aircraft missiles, on which “combined GOS are actively being introduced”?
            1. Akim
              18 December 2012 21: 04
              Not anti-aircraft, but air-to-air missiles. Such GOS began to be installed on the French MICA, on the American AIM-120 AMRAAM, on the Israeli Rafael Derby, on the experienced Ukrainian R-27M and there is an experimental head in Russia for the R-77. Yes, you can put a combined head on any missiles like "fire and forget". It won't work on semi-active systems. These GOS are not yet massively implemented because aircraft have a large image intensifier. But for the fight against aircraft of the 5th generation or the 4th with a reduced radar surface - this is it.
              1. PLO
                18 December 2012 21: 10
                the radar surface - that’s it.

                something I strongly doubt these combined GOS
                IMHO get neither fish nor meat, because their layout is incomprehensible

                the effectiveness of ARLGSN and IKGSN directly depends on the area of ​​the radiation receiver and how it is not clear how to assemble both GOS in a small diameter short-range and medium-range SAM
                1. Akim
                  18 December 2012 21: 17
                  The Israelis made a head with three channels!
                  1. PLO
                    18 December 2012 21: 25
                    The Israelis made a head with three channels!

                    yes you can do it, the question is whether such a GOS is better than one pure ARLGSN or IKGSN

                    By the way, what kind of third channel and what kind of rocket?
                    on Rafael Derby plain ARLGSN
                    1. Akim
                      18 December 2012 21: 34
                      Quote: olp
                      By the way, what is the third channel?

                      optical-electronic, as on the ground "Spike".
                      It doesn’t matter to a modern airplane what its head will capture. But promising means of suppression can easily lead away a radar and infrared guidance missile from the target, and only a cool maneuver will save from optics, and even if you're lucky. Pure OE GOS is used on short-range missiles, where it is almost impossible to dodge it.
                      1. PLO
                        18 December 2012 21: 43
                        It doesn’t matter to a modern airplane what its head will capture. But promising means of suppression can easily lead away a radar and infrared guidance missile from the target, and only a cool maneuver will save from optics, and even if you're lucky. Pure OE GOS is used on short-range missiles, where it is almost impossible to dodge it.

                        honestly don't understand what you mean
                        IR seeker is the optoelectronic guidance channel, and if you mean an ordinary television channel, then this is the first time I hear that it is used on missiles and air-to-air missiles, in addition, it is just as disabled by lasers as IC GOS
                      2. Akim
                        18 December 2012 21: 51
                        Optoelectronic channel operates on ultraviolet. In such a GOS, a non-raster target coordinator is used and this allows for a rosette scanning. In order not to throw smart words and get away from such a rocket, but it is much more complicated.
                        For any tricky ass, there is a screw with a screw.
                      3. PLO
                        18 December 2012 22: 03
                        Well, this is the usual UV GOS, there is no fundamental difference between them (IR GOS)

                        The principle of operation of the ultraviolet homing head is similar to the principle of the infrared seeker, with the difference that significantly smaller wavelengths are used. This allows you to recognize a significant number of heat traps for infrared-guided missiles, but reduces the range of detection / capture of the target and introduces a dependence on weather conditions

                        Generation IV infrared seekers allow heat traps to be recognized as efficiently as ultraviolet ones, and at the same time they do not have their drawbacks. This reduces the attractiveness of ultraviolet seekers for military equipment developers. The only used MANPADS with ultraviolet seeker remains FIM-92 Stinger
                      4. Akim
                        18 December 2012 22: 11
                        Stinger just has a combined two-channel head. And heat traps have long been no problem for MANPADS. I once laughed great when the Americans in the film used a rocket launcher to defend themselves against the Needle.
                      5. PLO
                        18 December 2012 22: 24
                        The stinger just has a combined two-channel head

                        true, but these are actually the same GOS, only the spectra are different, and the focusing optical system itself is one, making it not a problem

                        but I didn’t hear exactly the optoelectronic (in the general case) and radar seeker on short- and medium-range missiles, it seems they only did them on large missiles against BR, but there the torch of the BR engine is huge and the diameter of the missiles is large
                      6. Akim
                        18 December 2012 22: 31
                        On small rockets and I did not hear. But the average range is already there. I’m honestly confessing how it works, I don’t know.
              2. beard999
                19 December 2012 01: 06
                Quote: Akim
                Such GOS began to bet on

                And here the air-to-air missiles, when the conversation was about missiles, did not quite understand. However, of the five missiles that you listed, the first three, most certainly no combined GOS, have: MICA - long ago existed in two versions (MICA-IR with a thermal imaging GOS and MICA EM with an active radar seeker); AIM-120, including the latest modifications "C" and "D", have only an active radar seeker; just like the Israeli “Derby” is issued with an active radar seeker. In general, where did you get the idea that these missiles have combined GOS? Can you bring links to such information? I will not say anything about a certain “Ukrainian R-27M”. Google doesn’t find anything like this, the site of the Ukrainian GACH “Artem”, which is engaged in the production of R-27 missiles, also does not report anything about such a modification of the rocket. Can you indicate the source where it says “R-27M with Combined GOS”?
                As for the R-77, it is reliably known that there were missiles with active radar seeker and thermal imaging seeker in development, but there was only the first one in mass production. Not any combined GOS on the R-77 was not. If you want to challenge - be so kind as to immediately provide a confirmation link.
                1. Akim
                  19 December 2012 08: 01

                  You immediately went to the search engine. Believe me, not everything is available there. I have foreign acquaintances laughing at such "specialists". This is how Tarasenko Bulat compared to Leopard
                  Do not be offended, but Google does not provide fresh data on either our or foreign developments. And if someone posted - immediately this info with open availability will disappear. .
                  1. beard999
                    19 December 2012 15: 36
                    Quote: Akim
                    Believe me, not everything is available there

                    This is not an answer. “Google doesn’t give” it’s okay, but this information is not on the website of the Ukrainian manufacturer R-27 (SJSC “Artem”). At the same time, it’s not even about any technical characteristics of the product, but at least simply about confirmation of the designation “R-27M” you named. Your words are completely unconfirmed. And given that you never answered - where did you get this information from, I don’t see any reason to believe that the “Ukrainian R-27M with combined GOS” exists at all. In addition, it is absolutely certain that the western missiles you listed - MICA, AIM-120, Derby - have never had and do not have any combined GOS. And there are no plans to equip these missiles with similar GOS. Western manufacturers have never made secrets from such works. For example, the American UR AIM-120D was known even before the start of work on this modification. And there are enough such examples. Here you will not be able to hide behind a certain “secrecy”.
                    In view of the foregoing, it is obvious that the SDs you listed do not have any “combined GOS”. You have nothing to confirm your words with. Thus, your statements are fiction - and nothing more.
                    1. Akim
                      19 December 2012 15: 47
                      Quote: beard999
                      You have nothing to confirm your words with. Thus, your statements are fiction - and nothing more.

                      Does it make sense for me to invent that I sell them like air? And on the site "Artem" they sell ready-made, not experienced GOS. However, as elsewhere
                      As for the American rocket - I hope there are no problems with English: http: //
                      And in Russian:

                      No need to catch me on the bullshit!
  2. -2
    18 December 2012 09: 09
    Quote: Mikhado
    probably the Frenchman has stronger electronics

    Electronics .... send them aunt EMR and u. laughing
    Although his very appearance does not bring joy. Someone would post a comparative analysis. Our and the Frenchman. TTX, survivability and cost.
  3. MilaPhone
    18 December 2012 09: 11
    Here is a foreign example, when weapons are first sold to a foreign state, and then still only considered for delivery to their own army.
    1. Dr.M.
      18 December 2012 10: 49
      this is due to wretchedness, the countries of the first world have better products in service. and for the natives a cool toy.
    2. +1
      18 December 2012 10: 55
      Not certainly in that way
      VL Mica uses the air-to-air Mica missile that has been ordered by the French Air Force and Navy for Rafale and Mirage 2000 fighter aircraft and by the air forces of UAE, Greece and Taiwan for the Mirage 2000.
      In February 2005, the system, mounted on an ACMAT multi-role vehicle of the French Army, was demonstrated for the Indian Air Force. MBDA and Bharat Dynamics Ltd are proposing VL Mica for the Indian requirement for a low-level quick reaction air defense missile.
      In May 2006, VL Mica was successfully fired from a navalised launcher. VL Mica destroyed a target representing a sea-skimming anti-ship missile at a range of 10km. In October 2008, a 14th test firing from a navalised launcher took place, hitting the target at a range of 12 km.
      In July 2006, VL Mica was selected by the Royal Navy of Oman to equip its three new Project Khareef ocean patrol vessels to be built by VT Shipbuilding. The system has also been ordered by an unnamed export customer.

      Mica Vertical Launch Short-Range Air-Defense System, France
  4. +2
    18 December 2012 10: 28
    It does not compete with TOR. It is difficult to imagine this MIKU as military air defense.