I will cite key points from the uncommonly frank speech of Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov at the jubilee international conference "Russia in the world of the 21st century", timed to the 20 anniversary of the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy and the 10 anniversary of the Russia in Global Policy journal held in Moscow, December 1 2012 of the year.
"This work contributed to the crystallization of the key principles of the Russian foreign policy doctrine, such as pragmatism, openness, multi-vector, consistent, but without confrontation, upholding national interests. These principles were confirmed in the Decree of the President of Russia, signed along with other directive documents 7 this May, on the day of inauguration, which is devoted to the tasks of implementing the foreign policy course of the Russian Federation. The same principles will be consolidated, developed, supplemented and clarified - taking into account the dnih events - the new version of the Russian Federation Foreign Policy Concept, work on which was carried out In accordance with the said Decree, and now we can report it to the President. "
Actually, we are waiting for this with great impatience. Since the turn in domestic policy and foreign policy are inextricably linked to each other. And the fight against corruption as a way of decoupling from the dollar System simply cannot go beyond the departure from a unipolar world order to a multipolar one.
"First of all, I will say that we really live in a world of profound change, and this is not a figure of speech, but a very concrete reality. Moreover, these changes, as usually happens in storiesThey are developing not according to someone’s invented scenario, and often contrary to any calculations and forecasts. Suffice it to say that the process of globalization has taken quite a different turn, which its adherents hoped for twenty years ago. It was assumed that after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the socialist system, the developed Western states and large corporations would spread their influence throughout the world without any restrictions, and the liberal-democratic system would become the only beacon that all “lagging” peoples would strive for. . In fact, globalization was greatly benefited by many developing countries that created modern industry and significantly improved the well-being of the population, while developed countries experienced deindustrialization processes, a narrow middle-class stratum and increasing social stratification. "
The statement of the fact of degradation of the West by such expressions, which are strictly prohibited in the public diplomatic sphere and which definitely reach the ears of Western demiurges, can be too risky for Lavrov. If you do not take into account the fact that Lavrov says not gag, but opens up part of the very new Concept, which Russia will announce to the world in the near future.
"Now we are talking about the search for solutions that would overcome the deep structural imbalances of the economy in Europe and the USA, and the prospect of China’s exit over the next 5-6 years to the leading economic power. So, apparently, about turning the yuan into the main reserve currency. Until a change in the course of inflationary inflation continues, the Eurozone’s crisis takes a protracted nature. In general, we can expect a fundamentally new picture of the world in the next twenty years, and this believes the painful process of international changeover. "
Do not remind who else from the foreign ministers of the world so directly and frankly spoke about "turning the yuan into the main world currency" and "continuing to pump the American economy"? After all, it is necessary to understand that this is not an outside expert from the side and not the master of geopolitics retired, but a real official of the Foreign Ministry. And this is at a time when, in Western countries, and throughout the world, officials turned into talking heads and have no opinion of themselves, but only sign decisions made by financiers in a narrow circle of favorites.
“A lot of factors indicate that a new historical stage is beginning. If we speak specifically about Russia, then, obviously, there are pros and cons, and risks, and new opportunities. On the one hand, we really don’t know what will turn out for us, processes in the West, bearing in mind first of all the European Union, our main partner in trade, technological and investment cooperation, and as a consumer of Russian hydrocarbons. On the other hand, with such a radical “re-transfer of cards”, much can probably be started A clean slate, and far from all the rules defining the international hierarchy today will be applicable in the future, for example, as noted in the theses prevalent before the conference, what matters is not where certain technologies were created, but the ability it’s better to use them. In this regard, Russia, with its literate, bold population and vast resources, has obvious advantages. "
In general, of course, in a good way this bold assumption about "the ability to apply them better" should be clarified: what exactly is meant? If with a “clean slate” and scrapping of all rules and hierarchies, at least vaguely, but it is clear what the minister means by a daring and competent population, who, using resources, can get more benefits from the ability to apply technologies, but only their creation - here the field of conjecture can be very broad, from alarmist to super optimistic. However, Lavrov at the moment and so said a lot.
“Today, no one argues with the fact that the emerging international system is by definition polycentric. From this, the leading think tanks in Europe, the USA and Russia are repelling themselves in their analysis. It’s another thing that so far no one can tell which contours will take the 21 world order century, how stable and efficient it will be. We regard as one of the main goals of Russia's foreign policy to help the international system to be fair and democratic, ideally self-regulating. this can only be done by truly collective, partner actions of the leading "players" in the international arena. It is also clear that translating this maxim, with which everyone seems to agree, is practical and not an easy process. We are far enough away from the ideas widely used at the beginning of 90-x, that the world is moving towards a certain unified model, which consists of countless replicas of the Western sample with some addition of local folklore. Now it is obvious that, while recognizing the market economy and democratic principles of government as the main channel of the historical process, a plurality of centers of power and influence presupposes a plurality of development models. "
The certainty with which Lavrov speaks not only about the potentially multipolar / polycentric model of the world, but about the ALREADY being formed, cannot but be conspicuous. This is a qualitative change in foreign policy, not only vocabulary, but also the doctrine of Russia. If earlier we spoke of this as a desirable phenomenon, now we are talking about it being formed. The question arises, what makes a person who is not very ill-informed in international affairs make one say so? Perhaps some special information. And perhaps an objective and more than obvious fact of resistance to the Western System by the new centers of Russia and China on the problem of Syria. After all, whatever one may say, this is the first historical international precedent for the last 25 years, when the West dared to prevent the fate of a particular country from being arbitrarily decided by physically destroying it. And it is expensive.
You should also pay attention to the "multiplicity of models of development." This statement will most likely become one of the fundamental ones in the new Concept, which will become destructive for Anglo-Saxon globalization, based on unification according to the patterns of Western society.
“This is one of the principal issues of contemporary international politics, directly related to the topic of the future world pattern. It is not at all that Russia“ by inertia ”opposes Western influence or“ out of harmfulness ”puts the projects initiated by the West into the wheel. that the line on the promotion of democracy by “iron and blood” simply does not work. We are convinced of this in our day, in the past year and a half, and even in a decade. Iraq has everyone who has heard the remaining problems in this country. No one fully understands , what will happen in the Middle East. The danger of the enforced spread of democracy is that it leads to increased elements of chaos and can turn into a serious crisis of manageability at the global level. This danger is now clearly felt by everyone. "
Another peremptory statement Lavrov, which certainly seems to the Western "hawks" insulting and utterly arrogant. However, this is precisely how Lavrov formulates his thoughts. And there is a firm feeling that this will be the way that the new Russia will soon be talking in the international arena with the West. Respectfully, correctly, but very clearly and enduring an honest diagnosis to Western foreign policy.
"We are in favor of agreeing on a basic set of values that can help build the foundation of a system based on a partnership of civilizations. If values are common, then they should be worked out together, giving up the messianism that causes obvious harm in politics. It should be obvious the danger of a recurrence of colonial thinking, when it is proposed, for example, that for the good of the Syrians, the external "players" agree on the principles of a new political arrangement in the SAR. We are convinced that the basis for a common scale of values in the traditions verified over thousands of years, the spiritual and moral denominator common to the main world religions, including such principles and concepts as the pursuit of peace and justice, dignity, freedom and responsibility, honesty, mercy, hard work and morality. "
Um ... I don’t know if, after such a speech, Lavrov once again transparently hints that the idea of morality, higher values and a moral state, formulated and scientifically grounded by the Center for Problem Analysis in the National Idea of Russia, is actually adopted by the leadership country? Should I be reminded of the same expressions and meanings in recent speeches by Putin, Patriarch Kirill, Yakunin? But for me personally, this is more than understandable. Russia has no other way out.
"Russian political science has, I think, now greater intellectual freedom, and this advantage should be used to the maximum, trying to understand what path the historical development will take in the medium and long term. Although, of course, making forecasts on a steep historical turning is an extremely difficult and ungrateful business. It seems that a constant in our thinking about the place of Russia in the world politics of the 21st century should be the confirmation of an independent political The course of our country. Independence of Russia's foreign policy is our achievement, won by the preceding centuries of historical development and experience of the last 20 years. I am convinced that our country simply cannot exist as a “sticking” to one or another world leader. a recent statement comes from the former European Commission President, former Italian Prime Minister R. Prodi, that in today's world only three states have fully retained sovereignty - the United States, China and Russia. Exaggeration, of course, but remarkable. "
Someone may find the optimism in assessing Russia's place in the world too high and even unrealistic, but even if we assume that Lavrov embellishes, the very desire and understanding of Russia's role as one of the world’s leaders, as a country that cannot be "sticking" worth it dear. Especially if you remember the compromising and comprador policies of Kozyrev and the then Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
But in what I completely agree, it is with the assessment of greater intellectual freedom and non-indifference of Russian political science and diplomacy in analyzing the state of affairs in the world and making decisions. After the Soviet period, we are not bound by any dogmas and theoretical commitments based on the "commandments of Marxism-Leninism", and therefore we can form the most appropriate domestic and foreign policy based on real civilizational features and needs of Russia. Of course, provided that if we completely get rid of the world parasitic system.
"We see ourselves and really are one of the centers of the new polycentric world. This status of Russia is determined by its military, geographical, economic opportunities, its culture and human potential. It is also determined by the fact that in international affairs our country firmly stands on the positions of law and justice The rule of law must be ensured in the international arena as well. This enables Russia to play a balancing, stabilizing role, which is increasingly in demand by our international partners, and even those of them who do not think of themselves outside allied relations with the United States or NATO. Of course, this thesis was repeatedly stressed by Russian President Vladimir Putin - this approach has nothing to do with isolationism. We are already deeply integrated into global processes and are determined I’m sure that we are still aware in practice that Russia's accession to the WTO does lead to profound changes in the "rules of the game" and the general atmosphere in the Russian economy. "
Equality, justice and openness - these are the key postulates of the future Concept of Russian foreign policy, the outlines of which can be seen in the words of Lavrov now. Justice is the key message of Russia throughout its life in the world community. The return of this principle as a fundamental one, the proclamation of it by Russia to the whole world will in itself be a great breakthrough in international relations.
At the same time, it should be understood: justice in the external program of a country cannot exist without the proclamation of this principle inside the country. One attracts another, and all together is the integral policy of the state. Compradors and corrupt officials are not so much a domestic political problem, but a foreign policy one.
As for the words about the WTO, here I shut up and give the floor to Mr. Kurghinyan.
"We see ourselves as a country that is consistently deepening integration ties with its neighbors. This, of course, is primarily about Eurasian integration, which we see as a long-term and mutually beneficial project. But not only. We consistently express considerations in favor of reaching goals of rapprochement with the European Union. Recently, President V.Putin put forward the idea of creating a common economic and human space.We assume that there is no alternative parallel course to be embedded in Asia-Ti Khokean region ... From a civilizational point of view - and its importance, as I said, in our opinion, is increasing - Russia is part of the “big” European civilization, together, of course, with North America. Therefore, for us there is no problem that concerns the implementation of the “European choice” through real mutually respectful interaction and integration. ”
Here it is - the wise and the only correct self-perception of Russia in this world - Eurasian integration and at the same time feeling like a part of “big Europe”. The union of the West and the East with our own unique civilizational identity. This is the only way Russia can remain the mainland and the ocean, which is the most important stabilizing factor in this fragile and such a small world.
“In conclusion, I will say a few words about“ soft power. ”Obviously, this is one of the main components of the international influence of states. It is impossible to argue with the fact that Russia is still seriously lagging behind in this area. The Russian world is a huge resource for strengthening Russia's authority in the world , we need to work actively and purposefully on its preservation and development, on a daily basis ... Russia's share in the global information space is really small for now, but the first steps have been taken. Russia Today and Russia Al-Yaum are successful projects. In the UK, Russia Today has come in third place in popularity. Modern technologies, including the Internet, make information flows more democratic. We need to actively use this. But in general, we have opportunities to be heard, and they are expanding. "
Lavrov vzolzd touched a topic about which you can talk long and diversified. And not only talk, but also to do. The Russian world is in itself a tremendous resource. It is only necessary to understand it yourself, formulate and disclose for others. This is our bestweapon". A weapon that does not kill, but" conquers. "
Do we need to say that the Internet is the kind of toy that was not invented by us, but which will eventually play for us and for us? Truly - God gives the mind to those who want to create and think about the future, and not only whine about the past and sprinkle ashes on their heads.
The outlines of the new Concept of Russian foreign policy from Lavrov