Military Review

The end of liberalism: what's next?

27
The end of liberalism: what's next?It is a pity that the weak leadership of the USSR at one time did not go to reform the social and state system. If it had done this, then the probability is not excluded that Greece, Spain, Portugal and a number of other countries experiencing rare for times of disasters would join the ranks of the socialist community. Only the global financial and economic crisis fully exposed a number of other problems of global significance.

Fake seers

American political scientist, philosopher, writer Francis Fukuyama in 1989, when the erosion of real socialism began, in the National Interest magazine published an article under the catchy title “End stories". And when the USSR collapsed and real socialism sunk into oblivion, Fukuyama turned the article into a book and published it in 1992, entitled “The End of History and the Last Man.” The book was a stunning success, 20 was reprinted once and in many countries became a bestseller. That is what it means, as they say, to be in the right place at the right time. After all, many wondered: how the world will be arranged after the disappearance of the bipolar social system.

But what did Fukuyama say about this, what caused such a great interest in the article and then in the book? Here, perhaps, is his main conclusion: “The triumph of the West, the Western idea is obvious primarily because liberalism has no viable alternatives left ... we are probably witnesses - not just the end of the Cold War or the next period of post-war history, but the end of history as such, the end of the ideological evolution of mankind and the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of government. " With the victory of the liberal revolutions and the establishment of liberal systems in the leading countries of the world, Fukuyama explained his position, the ground for conflicts for political or ideological reasons disappeared. Thus, these countries reached the level of post-history, harmonious coexistence, and backward, peripheral countries, between which conflicts and wars are possible, still remain in history, but they do not make the weather in world development. Conflicts between historical and post-historical states of Fukuyama are not excluded, but they cannot be significant, since large states are moving to the level of post-historical, that is, liberal development. This is similar to the “transformation” of Maxim Marx.

Only according to Marx, is the history of mankind replaced by real history after it reaches its peak - the building of communism, and according to Fukuyama - history ends with the global triumph of the liberal social system.

A few years later, another close-up theory of another American professor, political scientist Samuel Huntington, whom the younger Fukuyama called his teacher and friend, appeared in America in the Western world. Huntington (who passed away in 2008), like Fukuyama, not only repelled by the fact of the collapse of world socialism, but also acted in approximately the same way. Initially, he published an article entitled “The Clash of Civilizations” in Foreign Affairs magazine in 1993, and a book with the same name in 1996. In a nutshell, after the end of the Cold War as a product of two opposing social systems, the political, ideological and other struggle turns into an inter-civilizational struggle. Of the eight civilizations named by him, he emphasized the Islamic civilization as the most militant.

Well, it is impossible not to mention the "godfather" of modern neo-liberalism Milton Friedman, who received the Nobel Prize mainly for the development of monetary theory, on which the notorious "Washington Consensus" and the policies of the International Monetary Fund, which for many years was influenced by the United States, are built. The world is obliged to Friedman by the concept of “economic fundamentalism”, which follows from his theory.

Totalitarian thinking in a democratic shell

I want to emphasize: both Fukuyama, and Huntington, and Friedman, and their eminent adherents were in great demand by the American establishment and by the centers that are engaged in developing a strategy for domestic and foreign policy of the United States and in fact influence it, as well as public opinion, sometimes very strong. What is common that unites these three prominent Western social scientists and ftorologov? A totalitarian view of the social process and the desire to see the world unified, fitted to the Western and, in particular, the American model at the current stage of its development. Moreover, a glance deprived of not only historicism, an understanding of the diversity of the world, whose different peoples are at different levels of social development and in different ways make an upward movement, but also dynamism.

Let's start with Fukuyama, who in his 60 years is a leading researcher at one of the structures at Stanford University. Firstly, why should the liberal model of social structure become the crown of historical development? And who proved that between countries with such a social system there can be no friction and conflicts of a political, ideological or confessional nature? Moreover, within the framework of these countries themselves, even armed conflicts often occurred, as, for example, in Britain - between Irish Catholics and Irish Protestants.

Secondly, Fukuyama clearly saw the world in statics and did not foresee the rapid economic growth of China and India, which every year have an increasing influence on the course of world events, but which do not live by the laws of liberalism.
While Western serious analysts do not believe that, for example, in China, even in the distant future, the liberal model of social order will prevail. But besides China and India, in recent decades, a number of other Asian countries have made a breakthrough into a developed economy and a new quality of public life, who are not dreaming about the end of their story.

British analyst and writer Richard MacGregor, who led the Financial Times in Beijing for twenty years, notes, not without irony, “the development and transformation of a number of Asian states (Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, South Korea) followed the decolonization process after World War II lift for the entire region. As for Japan, this economic giant shook the West and challenged it. And the economic transformation of China, a country with one fifth of the world's population, is an unprecedented global event. China is a true megatrend, a phenomenon that can reshape the global economy sector by sector. And it is headed by the Communist Party, which only aggravates the irritation of the West, which only a few years earlier reveled in the idea of ​​the “end of history” and the final triumph of liberal democracy. ”

Thirdly, any movement forward goes through overcoming the contradictions inherent in nature itself, and in public life - through competition. The existing bipolar social system, on the one hand, provided people with a choice, and, on the other hand, forced each of the two systems to increase their economic efficiency and social attractiveness. After all, it is well known that capitalism in the Western countries began to turn into post-capitalism or social capitalism under the strong influence of the socialist revolution in Russia. Although it can be said in another way: the ruling circles of the West sought to prevent a social revolution in their own countries and therefore began the "socialization of capitalism." And with the disappearance of “world socialism”, the ruling circles of the West, and above all the United States, obviously “relaxed” and did not notice how the money-commodity-money Marx formula was turned into a money-money-money form by no one. .

Experts estimate that the Americans, and after them the citizens of several EU countries, consumed more percent by about 15-20 than they produced.

Finally, is the relationship between the “post-historic countries” harmonious in reality? Probably millions of Greeks, Spaniards, Portuguese, residents of other countries who have fallen into unprecedented poverty over the past decades, not because of their own will, but because of the neo-liberal development model that dominates the European Union, dream of the life they had in “historical time”. ". One cannot but say that in the EU countries most affected by the crisis there is growing discontent with the tough policy of the Federal Republic of Germany and personally Chancellor Angela Merkel, who is demanding an even greater reduction in government spending, which further reduces their growth rates and increases unemployment.

Here it is appropriate to quote the words of another Nobel Prize winner in economics Paul Samuelson (1915-2010), one of the largest American and world economists. It was formed during the years of Roosevelt's activities, knew Friedman well, because they both studied in Chicago, but was opposed to his theory of boundless economic liberalism, believing that it was impossible to completely abandon government regulation. Thus, already in the conditions of the current crisis, he said that “today it is clear how wrong M. Friedman’s idea was that the market system could regulate itself ... The Keynesian idea again became that the tax policy and scarce financing should play an important role in regulating market economy. I would like M. Friedman to be alive and could watch with us how the extremism he preached led to a fiasco of his idea. ” (Samuelson experienced Friedman, born in 1912, for two years.) But the leaders who set the tone for the European Union even under crisis conditions seemed to continue to follow monetary theory, and the result was a deepening crisis in the eurozone.

Samuel Huntington's Megaidea about the transition of the world from ideological and political contradictions and civilizations to conflicts has some external credibility, but also does not stand the test of time.

Having seen quite a bit in his long life journey, Huntington (1927-2008) could personally observe how untenable his concept was. First, if the United States considers China to be its geopolitical rival, not because of cultural and civilizational differences, but because of its rapidly growing economic and military power. Presidential candidate from the Republican Party, Mitt Romney, recently announced Russia a geopolitical adversary №1 not because of some civilizational contradictions, but because it has the second largest nuclear missile in the world.

Secondly, if Islam as a young and, using the expression of Lev Gumilyov, passionary religion carries the threat of Christian civilization, then why is the West so actively involved in the elimination of secular regimes in Arab countries? In Iraq and Syria, at the dawn of the emergence of "Arab socialism" secular regimes were established. In Egypt, Libya and some other countries of the Arab Spring, Islam played the role that religion plays in any country with a predominantly religious population, but radical Islam, the Muslim Brotherhood organization, and even more so Al Qaeda, were resolutely suppressed.

And, thirdly, a few decades ago, the largest European political scientist and sociologist Ralph Dahrendorf introduced the concept of “self-fulfilling prophecy”. This is if something repeatedly and many times repeats, then it eventually comes true. And there is no mysticism here, for it has a scientific basis. The spoken word is not only information, but also energy, and if it is constantly repeated by many, then the combined energy of these many can have tremendous power. You can, of course, argue whether the book by American science fiction writer Morgan Robertson, played by many people, played its ominous role, which in 1898 published the book Vainness or The Death of Titan gave a similar picture of the death of the real Titanic in 1912.

But recently, in a speech on TV, one Russian science fiction writer said that he refused to write fantastic scripts with a tragic end, as they began to come true in his eyes.

In other words, if instead of looking for the reasons for the growth of the same radical Islam and to eliminate them as much as possible, rather than multiplying, as happened after the aggression of the US troops and their allies against Iraq and their troops in Afghanistan, write and talk in the media the inevitable struggle of different religions, cultures and civilizations, it is likely that it can happen. And it will be, I emphasize, in the vein of not esotericism (which also deserves to be studied), but a scientific conclusion to which such an authoritative scientist as R. Dahrendorf came.

Does the world have an ideal model of social development?

When the USSR developed faster than the capitalist countries of the West, socialism was a social ideal for a considerable part of the advanced social forces of many countries. And after the launch of the world's first artificial earth satellite in 1957, and especially the world's first manned space flight in 1961, the number of learners of Russian in many countries has increased dramatically. But most vividly about the popularity of the idea of ​​socialism in the world is the fact that most of the countries that have liberated themselves from colonial dependence in the late 80's - early 90's of the last century declared their orientation towards the socialist way of development. But the lack of political competition, the desire of Soviet leaders for life-long rule led to the intellectual impoverishment of the top leadership of the state, to the loss of their ability to keep up with the times. This prevented him from adequately responding to the challenges associated with the beginning of the scientific and technological revolution (STD), on the one hand, and the changing balance of forces in the international arena and the growing role of humanistic values ​​in advanced countries, on the other. The inability to transform the long-obsolete Stalinist economic model and political system turned into a progressive backwardness of the USSR from the advanced countries of the West and discredit the so-called real socialism in the eyes of not only the world, but also a considerable part of Soviet citizens.

The West, using the growing achievements of scientific and technological revolution and the possibilities of globalization that is gaining pace, gained high and rare growth rates of production and on this basis managed to build social-market relations and a social state, to expand the scope of democracy. As a result, it became the center of attraction for other countries, including the former socialist countries.

The voice of those analysts who have seen that the prosperity of the West is largely based on financial speculation, the creation of economic and financial “bubbles” did not rest on the so-called “mainstream” until the banking sector began to collapse.

And when Western countries shake the demonstrations of hundreds of thousands of "outraged" who have lost their jobs and homes over their heads, unprecedented in the post-war history, the leaders of those countries that still rush to the European Union are surprised.

As the already mentioned P. Samuelson said, the complete recovery of Western economies and, in particular, the American, will not come soon. “The difference in the modern destruction of the financial basis,” he stressed, “is that according to the devilish financial projects of the“ brilliant ”graduates of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Wharton School, we built such a“ skillful ”house of cards, which will take a lot of time, to sort out this mess and restore confidence in the financial system. ”

It is obvious that the existing model of rapid growth has exhausted itself, but the new one has not yet identified itself. It is necessary to bring the standard of living in line with the level of production and services, which, naturally, causes a protest of citizens. It is necessary to reduce government spending, because US sovereign debt already exceeds GDP, and in some European countries it is even more. And nobody knows how to do this without lowering the purchasing power and production growth. In the European Union they started talking about the fact that they recklessly donated many industries to other countries, and above all to China, and it would be necessary to return them in order to get new jobs. But nobody knows how to do this either, because no one has yet succeeded in successfully competing with China in the production of consumer goods.

Whose development model was the most viable? Perhaps, above all, the Chinese.

Despite the fact that it placed great emphasis on the export of goods, consumption of which has greatly decreased in Europe and America, during the crisis years, China continues to grow rapidly: 2008 g. - 8,6%, 2009 g. - 8,7%, 2010 g. - 10,3%, 2011 g. - 9,2%. The reduction in exports to Europe and the United States, China has compensated for its sharp increase in the countries of Latin America, Africa, and neighboring countries, as well as the expansion of domestic demand due to the growth of incomes of its citizens. Frequent conversations about the decline in production in China, if not the result of weak awareness of their authors, then pursue some political goals, since even in 2012, GDP growth is expected to be within 8%. We would have such a "fall" and such a range of goods produced!

The Chinese development model, if I may say so, was continued in the former non-European socialist countries, such as Vietnam and Laos. Some of its components are used in Kazakhstan, other countries of Central Asia and in Cuba. The first signs appeared that they began to look closely at her in North Korea.

By the way, the Belarusian model is close to the Chinese one by the nature of the economic system.

In all those countries which they began to call "new industrial" (South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, etc.), at the initial stages of development of a transitional economy there was a model of state capitalism. If wild capitalism came to Russia after the collapse of the USSR, with oligarchy at the head, state capitalism came to Belarus. The only difference is that the current “new industrial countries” were for the most part richer in Belarus with resources and had access to the sea. And the West, first of all the USA, treated them well. Washington turned a blind eye to the presence of dictatorial regimes in them, sometimes very cruel, as in South Korea, for it looked on them as its allies and helped them in every possible way to get on their feet. (After all, even now the West "does not notice" the violation of human rights in those Arab countries that are its allies.)

But the West “crushes” Belarus, wants one of the liberal Westernizers to take the place of Alexander Lukashenko, who would take this country away from Russia. Lukashenko can be blamed for the lack of flexibility, diplomacy (which, of course, harms his image), but not that he stands in the way of the liberal opposition coming to power. It is very weak there, unpopular, in principle not capable of governing the state. In the West, this is well known, but they continue to bend their line. Western circles are attacking the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych, who replaced their favorite Russophobe Viktor Yushchenko, who turned out to be an incredibly weak leader. Demanding the release from prison of Yulia Tymoshenko from Yanukovych, they are ready to give a damn about the fact that Ukraine has the principle of separation of powers, and, in particular, there is an independent court, which only has the right to decide such issues. (I would like to see what would happen to the President of the United States or France if, bypassing the existing procedures, he would release the convicted high-ranking official by will. And I remember 1996 the year when the presidential elections were held in Russia. There were so many violations bordering on crime that in any western country there would have been very many high-ranking individuals in the dock. The West, however, was interested in the election results and remained silent about the violations). But if you look, as they say at the root, then Western strategists are asleep and see Ukraine and Belarus unequivocally in the orbit of their influence, and the fact that this does not succeed, makes them very angry.

And more.

Western governments, especially the European Union, even in the midst of the deepest crisis, confused, making blunders and greatly delayed in taking the necessary anti-crisis measures, in fact, they themselves need competent advice from outside, continue to teach other countries how to live.

They are still trying to impose the Western model of democracy on countries with strong feudal and patrimonial remnants. We, Russians, are trying to - in a rush of "high spirituality" drawn from their "deep religiosity" - make love to homosexuals and lesbians, force the country with an endangered population to legalize same-sex marriages, etc. It would be nice for those who want to teach others first look carefully in the mirror.

Unlike China, the development model of Russia, alas, did not become a role model on the part of the former socialist countries not only in Europe, but also in Asia. As is well known, our liberal reformers, with the permission of President Boris Yeltsin, were "presented" by America, who was "generous" also to advisers headed by Harvard professor Jeffrey Sachs. Together with the team of E. Gaidar - A. Chubais, they, following the postulates of M. Friedman, reformed the country in such a way that in its development it was thrown back many years ago. At the same time, large-scale (and often irrecoverable) losses were incurred by industry, high technology, science, culture, education, and health care, and the phenomenon of “extinction of Russia” appeared.

And the logic of our former “brothers in socialism” is simple and clear: why should they imitate a country with undeveloped, wildly and thievish capitalism, if there are countries in the world with developed and more or less civilized capitalism that did not suffer such losses as Russia suffered during shock reform ?!
I remember well how our Western liberals, and after them, sinners, shouted ":" America will help us! ". This, obviously, was her help, which we have no right to forget.

But this requires clarification. Russia is the successor of a mighty power, and it has military power, political influence in the world, natural and financial resources, and it is needed by very many. Otherwise, there would have been neither the SCO, nor BRICS, nor the CSTO, nor the EurAsEC. Nobody needs just her development model.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.stoletie.ru
27 comments
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  1. 8 company
    8 company 6 December 2012 10: 43
    -16
    Is the West rotting again? So this is not news since the 19th century.
    1. Ustas
      Ustas 6 December 2012 11: 52
      +10
      Quote: Company 8
      Is the West rotting again?

      The main idea of ​​this article is not that the West is rotting, but that there is no absolutely perfect model for building an economic and political society. And all these prophets, starting with Marx, and ending with Fukuyama and Friedman, were deeply mistaken, posing as wishful thinking.
      There is no final model for the development of society, nor capitalism, nor communism, nor liberalism. The world is not homogeneous and not in static. The world develops, denying the conquered, returning to past experience, and then again denying.
      And there will be no speculation in the framework of liberalism, because in liberalism itself contradictions arise.
      Dialectics, Mlyn!
      1. 8 company
        8 company 6 December 2012 12: 21
        -4
        Quote: Ustas
        The world is not homogeneous and not in static.


        That's right! In some countries, the average salary is $ 4000, in others - 10. What will we do? Raise all to 4000, or lower all to 10? Otherwise, no equality, fraternity and justice! wink
        1. crazyrom
          crazyrom 6 December 2012 16: 47
          0
          Lower to 10 of course! Can’t you see that it has already begun a long time ago? half of Europe is already starving. Read the article carefully on the same site. Better yet, aftershock.su often shows real charts with simple and understandable explanations.
      2. aksakal
        aksakal 6 December 2012 22: 57
        0
        Aksakal (instead of Alex) - Eustace - Greetings! I agree, plus.
        Here's a thought. If we consider neoliberalism in a very simplified way, then this is the priority of the rights of the individual over society. The individual is a minority in comparison with society, according to this logic, the rights of minorities are protected in neoliberalism. And if we consider the ultimate goals of neoliberalism and compare it with the same communism, we will see literally brothers, if not twins. Just replace the word "man" with the word "working", and you will not distinguish these ideologies. But it is no longer possible to discuss communism - just ask the question "what did you smoke today?", And neoliberalism continues to be implanted in all seriousness.
        Now I will venture to say such a thing — I will venture, because it is based on observations, but I have not yet seen any scientific papers on this topic. Liberal democracy to a more or less complete extent is possible only in rich states. Where the per capita GDP exceeds $ 50 per year, and the structure of the economy must be determined - some significant, higher than some critical value, percentage of the share in the total product of high-tech, high-tech products or similar services. This is possible in the presence of some significant, above a certain critical value, percentage of a highly educated population. In short, there must be a certain level of development of productive forces and production relations in a given country, only then can liberal democracy be possible (in short, L-D). And all attempts to introduce L-D in poor countries have failed. gorzado softer in comparison with Nazarbayev Akayev arranged an L-D orgy in Kyrgyzstan. All INOSMI wrote - take an example from Kyrgyzstan. Recently they wrote - take an example from Georgia, also a poor country. How did it end? What cockroaches opened?
        Yes, and Western countries are not enough, they can not afford L-D. Is this the crisis? The USA is a pseudo-liberal country, there is only political rhetoric from liberalism. It is already not necessary to prove this on this forum. Western powers under the umbrella of the United States do not need to spend money on weapons.
        Finns Putin with a northern stream bent with wood. Do you think the Finns would not have lived without wood? They would have lived; they would not have died of hunger. But with the loss of an important sector of the economy, their L-D would not have been pocketed. This was scared. Thus, Russia pays for the maintenance by the Finns of its LD. Although I could establish production of good products at my BCC for a long time. Notice, even under such conditions, when for Western Europe, someone contains an army, and someone supplies raw materials at sparing prices, even under these conditions, Western Europe is in crisis. It is too expensive! One can speak of liberalism and neoliberalism in the same way as communism! Both that, and another - equally unrealizable. Not a single power has reached either communism or liberal democracy. Partly the most developed countries of Western Europe lived on, but it turns out they lived on credit. Their children are now paying off their debts. If the current Western Europeans do not write off debt in a blood bath.
        And now I ask myself a question - why are they so unfair to communism? IMHO
        And the article is a plus. Unambiguous. In the "white notebook" we will write - Aleskei Kiva. Normal, I praised, you can not read. laughing
      3. Che
        Che 7 December 2012 15: 11
        0
        Ustas,
        8 company is not adequate. Fukuyama to the junkyard of history. The ideas of equality and freedom will never disappear. Even under the sworn liberalism. The ideas of socialism, but in a different package, will prevail over imperialist consciousness.
    2. ShturmKGB
      ShturmKGB 6 December 2012 12: 07
      +9
      Well, if the Soviet Union lasted to this day, it would be a triumph of socialism! Gorbachev was a weak and short-sighted leader!
      1. Middle-brother
        Middle-brother 6 December 2012 12: 20
        +14
        ShturmKGB
        R “РѕСЂР ± Р ° С З РµРІ СЃР» Р ° Р ± С ‹Р№ Рё недР° Р» СЊРЅРѕРІРёРґРЅС ‹Р№ РѕРєР ° Р · Р ° Р» СЃСЏ руководитеР!

        Р “РѕСЂР ± Р ° С З РµРІ РѕРєР ° Р · Р ° Р» СЃСЏ предР° телем
        1. fern
          fern 6 December 2012 14: 23
          +2
          Yes, there are many reasons, not only Gorbachev. Although he, of course, is also a corrupt girl. On the whole, many hundreds of years will still have to pass until humanity itself comes to an ideal system. At least all nations must merge into one. Well, or nations will destroy each other. This is natural evolution. I believe that the highest point of evolution is connection. Only here people do not understand this. Or they understand, but they set their goals above this. And so, of course, peoples have become much closer recently. And the process of rapprochement (or mutual absorption) is in full swing
          1. Summer
            Summer 6 December 2012 16: 50
            +2
            Quote: Farn
            I believe that the highest point of evolution is connection.

            As soon as they unite, disintegration, division and general hatred will immediately begin. Unfortunately, humanity is so arranged.
    3. datur
      datur 6 December 2012 15: 29
      0
      ldyk so at erope her mine !! and nah !!
  2. baltika-18
    baltika-18 6 December 2012 11: 22
    +1
    A dead end and collapse is the natural ending of the economy of loan interest. Capitalism is running in a circle, stumbled, fell, ran again, again to the same point of decline, even at a higher level. The famous spiral, it is not infinite, I hope humanity will understand that there is a simpler one the path is in an ascending line.
  3. Atlon
    Atlon 6 December 2012 11: 31
    +3
    A very good article. Author plus! Strange, why so few comments?
  4. IRBIS
    IRBIS 6 December 2012 12: 02
    +2
    They began to consume more and the availability of natural resources came to the fore in modern development. Consequently, the situation in the world will be determined by the struggle for these very resources. And the models of state structure will change, adapt to the emerging realities. But, most likely, the viability of state systems will be determined by tough government, tough foreign policy and will rely on military power. All this exists now, but in the future such concepts and phenomena as "democracy" and "liberalism" will become contraindicated in states that want to survive.
    1. Odessa
      Odessa 6 December 2012 13: 50
      -2
      IRBIS,
      Consequently, the situation in the world will be determined by the struggle for these very resources.

      That's right, the struggle for resources (oil and gas).
  5. Sasha 19871987
    Sasha 19871987 6 December 2012 12: 06
    +2
    so that all kinds of economic crises shy away less, we need to invest in agriculture, food will always be appreciated ...

    thanks to the author, especially the first paragraph I liked)))))
    1. haron
      haron 6 December 2012 12: 42
      +3
      Quote: sasha 19871987
      need to invest in agriculture,


      It is necessary to invest in people and, more correctly, their education. At the initial stages, to teach children that "seeds and beer" are the lot of the poor, and the ability to grow 40 cents per hectare of wheat or the ability to cook semi-millimeter aluminum with argon is an art.

      Without an educated peasant or worker, there will be no food or tractor ... sheer crisis, pivas and seed. and there won’t be any good doctors either.
      1. Jaromir
        Jaromir 6 December 2012 13: 12
        +5
        Neither Abramovich, nor Karabaska, nor Serdyukov and his woman can cook aluminum with argon, and about 40 centners per hectare they have a very vague idea, and it is they, their level of material support, that serves as an example of a young shoot. , You won’t live by one ideology today.
        1. haron
          haron 6 December 2012 15: 27
          +3
          Quote: Jaromir
          Everything rests on money; today you cannot live by ideology alone.

          Well it is smile
          The meaning of all the fabrications mentioned in the article by the authors, as well as the meaning of all concepts of government, is reduced to this.

          Material component + moral (ideological) component = well-being of a certain degree.
          One caveat - the number of variables is equal to the number of people (cultures, etc.) involved in the scheme, respectively, bringing the result to a positive value is harder and harder.

          Norway, before tons of emigrants began to be received there, was a really balanced and prosperous country, for all members of the society played one game ... and here they poured another blood type on you .. here and got what we have.

          Now these "supreme minds" are trying to force the whole world to play according to the same rules.
  6. merkel1961
    merkel1961 6 December 2012 12: 21
    +4
    The current Western liberals in Russia knew well and know the economic rationale for pro-American reforms - to hammer us into the stone age. There is no smell of any politics, any sovereign and strong state is a threat to US national interests and as long as the conductors of their policies on our land exist - Apart from the emptiness of speeches of high officials, there will be no further destruction of the country. There is not a week to either hear the well-worn idea of ​​attracting a Western investor in the economy and further denationalization, or the President’s message will finally announce the rejection of vicious dogmas imposed by the liberals.
  7. ironman
    ironman 6 December 2012 12: 21
    +4
    The writer writes.
    ЧWhich development model was the most viable? Perhaps, first of all, Chinese.
    The Chinese development model, if I may say so, was continued in the former non-European socialist countries, such as Vietnam and Laos. Some of its components are used in Kazakhstan, other countries of Central Asia and in Cuba. The first signs appeared that they began to look closely at her in North Korea.

    A complete misunderstanding of the basic fundamentals of the economy, even 3- will not pull.
    The basis of the Chinese economy is the cheap labor of peasants moving to the city. (About the same time as the times of industrialization of the USSR, the same rapid growth.)
    But reserves are depleted and China will have to deal with a significant share of salary in the cost of production. Simply put, no one will want to buy uprooted Chinese goods. How then will China's economy change, no one will tell you.
    1. Jaromir
      Jaromir 6 December 2012 13: 16
      +4
      Quote: ironman
      The basis of the Chinese economy is cheap labor of peasants moving to the city

      The question is, how much more will the Chinese have? How much more will they agree to plow for a bowl of rice? It seems not for long. The maximum is another generation. And this is 10-12 years no more. And then we’ll see what the Chinese model is worth.
    2. Bigriver
      Bigriver 6 December 2012 14: 54
      +3
      ironman
      ... reserves are depleted and China will have to deal with a significant share of salary in the cost of production. Simply put, no one will want to buy uprooted Chinese goods.

      With the advent of solvent citizens, domestic demand also appears. And this is a significant resource.
      Right in the main - the potential for flow from the village to the city is almost exhausted. But another thing is worse - an imbalance between youth and the elderly. In 15-20 years he will become menacing.
    3. Z.A.M.
      Z.A.M. 6 December 2012 15: 12
      0
      Quote: ironman
      China will have to to deal with


      Quote: ironman
      uprooted Chinese goods


      You are NOT LITERATURE ... or in a hurry?
      Do not, my language, although written, RUSSIAN, send ... or, as the government does - DESTROY.
      I'll be offenced request and remember ... sad
      Beware of writing incorrectly ... fool
  8. sq
    sq 6 December 2012 12: 27
    +3
    The spiral or pendulum of history is a well-known concept. Now all over the world there is a rethinking of the development path, where we go further is a question.
    For Russia, the end of the Time of Troubles ends (I think that I’m not mistaken, it really ends) and the SEARCH FOR THE WAY begins. Accordingly, the surrounding peoples and states choose their paths. The main thing now - DO NOT DROP AT EXTREME, but also not to delay decision-making. And decision-making depends not only on leadership, but also on each person individually.
  9. Gregazov
    Gregazov 6 December 2012 12: 46
    +1
    There will never be a balance between social protection of citizens and the possibility of private initiative. There will be equilibrium states that are constantly disturbed by external factors. And by this, the history of the development of mankind will end only with the second coming.
  10. vezunchik
    vezunchik 6 December 2012 13: 24
    +3
    Whose development model was the most viable? Perhaps, above all, the Chinese.

    Why Chinese? Yes, because Comrade Den developed an exit program based on the work of Lenin and under the leadership of the Communist Party, without departing from the goal of building a socialist society! And our leaders are afraid of losing the loot - this is where all the undulating body movements come from. Both pleasure to receive and to observe innocence.
  11. Rus2012
    Rus2012 6 December 2012 13: 29
    +1
    Quote: Ustas
    There is no final model for the development of society, nor capitalism, nor communism, nor liberalism. The world is not homogeneous and not in static. The world develops, denying the conquered, returning to past experience, and then again denying.
    And there will be no speculation in the framework of liberalism, because in liberalism itself contradictions arise.
    Dialectics, Mlyn!

    Quote: GregAzov
    There will never be a balance between social protection of citizens and the possibility of private initiative. There will be equilibrium states that are constantly disturbed by external factors. And by this, the history of the development of mankind will end only with the second coming.


    "Progressive Humanity" - rested against the limits of growth, the absence of the Idea of ​​further growth. "Consumer society" is pernicious from the outset, putting only whims and bodily pleasures at the forefront ...

    The "free market" - which was the engine for building up production forces and trade - in principle cannot be free, otherwise everything will slide only into financially and speculatively profitable games of "blowing bubbles" out of the blue. And super-profitable types - the arms trade, drugs, the promotion of violence against entire nations ...
  12. ironman
    ironman 6 December 2012 15: 05
    +1
    [quote = Jaromir] The question is, how much more will the Chinese have? How much more will they agree to plow for a bowl of rice? It seems not for long. The maximum is another generation. And this is 10-12 years or less. That's then we'll see what the Chinese model is worth. [/ Quote

    I agree about 10-12 years. Or maybe even a little less.
    And I agree that it is not known where they will go with their economic course. The question is dark.
  13. Igarr
    Igarr 6 December 2012 16: 46
    +1
    The article is good.
    Comments are good.
    And, as was correctly noted, development proceeds in a spiral (not a pendulum, but a spiral).
    Dialectical materialism interprets development just like that ... whether it is society or civilization. Even a specific person - and then everyone will find in himself .. return to similar levels, but higher in class (or qualification). Yes, just an old book. re-read - and then the new opens.
    Therefore, I believe that even the collapse of the USSR itself was set historically. As well as the collapse of colonialism, apartheid, and any social system.
    Capitalism ..... at a very tricky mechanism ... with a gigantic ability for variation. Well, maybe it doesn’t fall apart - it mutates like that. What is he doing - social capitalism - what is this? This is socialism with a capitalist face.
    In any case, it changes.
    China does not end well. Sooner or later, it will fall apart like the rest. If you don’t have time to evolve.
    The collapse itself already contains growth grains. Embryos of evolution and further development.
    To find, support, cultivate the most promising is the task of mankind.
    For us (in Russia), it is so far so bad. But I hope.
    Pol Pot got it worse. Therefore, he has long had nothing to hope for.
    ...
    I believe in Russia. I believe in the common sense of my long-suffering nation.
    Moses Jews 40 years LED in the desert.
    We - the entire 20th century, 100 years - the world community - destroyed. And for the last 20 years we have been destroying ourselves. With fierce zeal.
    ...
    It's time to end this circus.
  14. 916-th
    916-th 6 December 2012 19: 25
    0
    Farn: ... of course, nations have become much closer lately. And the process of rapprochement (or mutual absorption) is in full swing

    Globalization of globalization - discord. Today globalization is underway according to the Western (Anglo-Saxon) scenario and, accordingly, in their selfish, selfish interests. Tomorrow according to the Chinese or Muslim script? And also in the narrow selfish interests of the next hegemons?

    The viciousness of modern attempts at globalization is given by the viciousness of the very paradigm of the economy of market relations. Humanity has not yet grown to universal integration into a single civilization. This will happen later, after the collapse of the economy of market relations, possibly in the post-capitalist era, on the basis of a different socio-economic formation. But not now.

    And the Russian, Ukrainian, Kazakh and Belarusian authorities need to clearly understand this and integrate in mutual interests, possibly giving up their own narrow selfish interests. Otherwise, we will be "globalized" according to other people's scenarios - Anglo-Saxon, Chinese, Muslim, etc. According to the scenario and right of a strong man in the world market.
  15. homosum20
    homosum20 6 December 2012 21: 37
    0
    While we are discussing the prospects of development models here, the higher school teaches management science in the American model. At the daughter himself at the Higher School of Law (intern. And what to do?
  16. Magadan
    Magadan 7 December 2012 04: 57
    0
    Quote: Company 8
    That's right! In some countries, the average salary is $ 4000, in others - 10. What we will do

    4000 dollars !!!
    $ 4000 sounds proud! Only once you are not in the know, is it virtually 4000 dollars. In reality, it’s 500 dollars that remain after taxes, insurance and various accounts. Here I took into account a mortgage of $ 1500 per month. Ie for a hut, 20 km from the nearest store.

    We have an average pain than 500 bucks a month comes out. And our huts in 50% of families are free from the Communists, so there is no mortgage.
    So enough about the "prosperous west" to fill in. That is why in the resorts only Russians hang out and Germans. So the west is rotting and this is a diagnosis.