“The organ of the Boardwalk Concert Hall (Atlantic City, USA) is the largest and loudest musical instrument ever made. It has 7 manuals, 455 registers and 33 pipes...”
One of the characteristic criteria of military conflicts of our time is the use of high-precision weapons (WTO) long range. For example, during the American operation "Desert Storm", according to the "Summary Report on the Air Force in the Gulf War", 297 Tomahawk cruise missiles (CR) were fired, of which 282 successfully hit their targets, 6 missiles were denied immediately after launch, and the launch of 9 missiles did not take place due to failures on board the carrier ship.
The launch of the Tomahawk cruise missile from the Virginia-class nuclear-powered missile cruiser Mississippi during Operation Desert Storm (left), the cruiser Mississippi (right)
The next blow in 1995 was delivered during Operation Resolute Force, only 13 Tomahawk missiles were fired, of which 5 were shot down by Serbian air defense. However, it was not a war, but rather a "warm-up".
During Operation Desert Fox, which can be considered a logical continuation of Operation Desert Storm, 370 Tomahawk CDs were used.
This was followed by the "Allied Force" - the barbaric bombing of Yugoslavia, during which 218 Tomahawk missile launchers were fired by NATO countries.
Invasion of Libya - about 200 Tomahawk missiles were fired.
The invasion of Iraq in 2003 - the bloody denouement of the long-term war of the Western countries against Iraq - in addition to the Tomahawk missile launcher, AGM-86D CALCM air-launched missiles were used, the latest Storm Shadow missile launcher at that time, which are British accomplices, more precisely - rather ideologists of Nazism, now supplied to the armed forces of Ukraine, operational-tactical missiles MGM-140 ATACMS and many other WTO samples were used. The exact number is unknown, most likely something in the region of a thousand strokes.
History the use of the Storm Shadow CD began back in Iraq, in 2003
And finally, already during the presence of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (RF Armed Forces) in Syria, the United States used 165 Tomahawk missiles against Syrian facilities.
All these figures pale in comparison to the number of long-range precision weapons used by the Russian Armed Forces in the course of a special military operation (SVO) in Ukraine.
WTO in NWO
The Russian special military operation began with a massive strike with long-range precision weapons. The exact number of Kh-101 air-launched cruise missiles and sea-launched Caliber cruise missiles used in the first strike is unknown, presumably hundreds of units. Subsequently, the intensity of strikes decreased, although from time to time information appeared in the media about the next use of Russian missiles.
Sea-based cruise missile of the Kalibr complex
In addition to cruise missiles, the RF Armed Forces actively used Iskander operational-tactical missile systems, as well as for the first time in the world hypersonic missile system "Dagger".
Periodically, during the course of the NWO, many "experts", including high-ranking Ukrainian officials and the military, made the assertion that Russia's long-range WTO was over. Each regular launch of the KR or OTRK missiles refuted these words, although, of course, the reserves of long-range high-precision weapons in the RF Armed Forces are not endless.
Suddenly, the armed forces of Ukraine (AFU) have a new misfortune - the characteristic crackle of "air mopeds" has become a nightmare for the Ukrainian military - simple and cheap unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) - kamikaze "Geran-2" with Iranian roots.
How many UAV-kamikaze "Geran-2" was released is also unknown - presumably several thousand units.
Lately, on the eve of the widely announced "counteroffensive" of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the RF Armed Forces again began to deliver massive strikes with long-range precision weapons against targets in enemy territory, while the effectiveness of strikes, apparently, has increased significantly.
It can be assumed that during the course of the NMD, the RF Armed Forces used several thousand units of long-range high-precision weapons.
From what carriers is the WTO applied during the NWO in Ukraine?
The missiles of the Kalibr complex are launched from surface ships, the U.S. and NATO intelligence structures kindly inform the Armed Forces of Ukraine and all other interested parties about their entry into the sea. The Kh-101 cruise missiles are launched by strategic bombers of the Aerospace Forces (VKS) of the Russian Federation, information about the take-off of which is also not long in coming. Only modest "Geraniums", launched from ground launchers (PU), do without fanfare. Iskander OTRK missiles are launched from ground-based mobile launchers (PU), and Iskander-K cruise missiles can also be launched from them. A hypersonic missile of the Kinzhal complex is launched from a modernized MiG-31K interceptor or from a Tu-22M3M long-range missile-carrying bomber.
MiG-31K with a hypersonic missile of the Kinzhal complex
Long-range precision weapons are expensive. This cost is superimposed on the costs of operating the carriers that launch it, and the risks of losing these carriers as a result of enemy attacks or emergencies are added to them.
Considering the high cost of high-precision long-range weapons, there is an objective need to minimize the cost of creating and operating their carriers, while simultaneously increasing the efficiency of using the HTO DB.
Cost of delivery
According to open information, one hour of Tu-160 / Tu-160M flight (without combat use), according to 2008, costs 580 thousand rubles or about 23,3 thousand US dollars, taking into account inflation at the moment, the cost of one hour of Tu-160 / Tu-160M flight -1,5 / Tu-1M should be over 60 million rubles (for comparison, an hour of flight of an American B-31B bomber of a similar type costs about 22 thousand US dollars). The launch of the Kinzhal hypersonic missile from MiG-3K or Tu-XNUMXMXNUMXM carriers will not be cheap either.
Modern combat aircraft are not the most economical means of delivering weapons.
The missiles of the Kalibr complex are used from combat surface ships and submarines. The cost of their operation, of course, is lower than that of combat aircraft, if we compare the hour of going to sea and the hour of flight, but in general, combat ships are a very expensive resource to build and operate. Placing high-precision long-range weapons on small ships made sense at the time of the INF Treaty, however, in connection with the withdrawal of the United States and Russia from this treaty, it makes sense to place the WTO database only on large ships of the first and second rank, capable of operating far from their own shores.
Missiles of the Iskander complex are launched from a special automobile chassis. Of course, the cost of acquiring and operating such a chassis is much lower than that of aircraft and ships, but the Iskander OTRK carries only two missiles. And this means that for a massive launch of such chassis there should be a lot. A lot of chassis - the cost of their operation begins to grow, the requirements for their camouflage and combat protection are becoming tougher.
In fact, long-range precision weapons are just cargo. The cargo that needs to be delivered to a specific point.
To some extent, any ammunition is cargo, but the difference between the WTO DB is that its delivery vehicle is most often “unloaded” outside the enemy’s impact zone, that is, it does not require armor or any other active or passive protection systems. Often, even a particularly high delivery speed is not required. You just need to get to the launch line.
What vehicles provide the minimum delivery speed?
The answer to this question is known to anyone who was engaged in freight transportation, logistics, or even simply the acquisition of something heavy or large with delivery from afar - this is rail and sea transport. For the time being, we will put maritime transport out of the brackets, but we will dwell on railway transport in more detail.
"Organ" on the railway platform
The issue of creating missile trains carrying high-precision long-range weapons with a conventional warhead was previously raised by the author in the material Strategic conventional forces: carriers and weapons in August 2019. Since then, the RF Armed Forces have not received rocket trains, although the need for them has increased significantly.
The proposed missile train format includes railway cargo platforms carrying containers with long-range high-precision cruise missiles. Such containers were developed by the Morinformsystem-Agat concern, but for some unknown reason this direction did not receive support and further development. The motivation for this is unclear, because the container version of the Caliber complex could be extremely useful for our country, for example, by providing the possibility of a quick transfer of offensive weapons, the problem of the geographical disunity of the Russian fleets could be partially solved.
Caliber-K complex (export version CLUB-K)
The length of a rail freight train can reach and even exceed 110 wagons, but freight trains of approximately 60–70 wagons are most common. For example, from a missile train, which includes 60 wagons, 10 wagons will be assigned to the command post, means of entering target coordinates and support services. One container per platform, four missiles per container - then the total ammunition load of the missile train will be 200 cruise missiles. Once again - two hundred (!) cruise missiles. This is twice as much as on any of the existing missile cruisers. This is more than on all Tu-160 strategic bombers available in the Russian Aerospace Forces.
Characteristics of railway freight wagons
Yes, a missile train with a WTO database will not be able to strike at our opponents located on other continents, but this is not required of him. The range of the long-range WTO is about 1–000 kilometers, that is, most of Europe will be within reach from St. Petersburg, missiles will reach the countries of North Africa from Sevastopol, shoot through Turkey, most of the Persian Gulf, Afghanistan will be shot from Makhachkala . Missile trains can have no less potential in the east of the country - all existing and potential opponents of Russia will fall within their reach.
The conditional range of the use of the HTO database for targets in the south-west of the Eurasian continent - in fact, the reach area can be much larger
In addition to the missiles of the Kalibr-K complex, other systems of long-range high-precision weapons, for example, Geran-2-type UAV kamikaze launchers, can also be deployed as part of missile trains. Presumably, 2 launch containers can fit on one railway platform, with 5 kamikaze UAVs in each. That is, the total ammunition load of a missile train of 60 wagons, of which 10 support wagons, will amount to 500 (!) Kamikaze UAVs - the most inexpensive high-precision long-range weapon on the most economical carrier of all that you can imagine.
Launch container UAV-kamikaze type "Geran-2"
Probably, now it is clear why the project is called "Organ" - few weapons can be compared with it in terms of the number of "pipes".
Missile trains carrying kamikaze UAVs can be an ideal means of delivering massive strikes within the framework of the previously considered concept. UAV storm. According to this concept, missile trains should run along the route of the kamikaze UAV manufacturer - firing position, shoot ammunition, return to the factory, and so on until the war is over.
Rocket trains carrying cruise missiles and kamikaze UAVs could become basic weapons Strategic Conventional Forces on the continent.
Stealth and security
Russia has a unique experience in the use of combat railway missile systems (BZHRK), which in the recent past were used to supply the Russian Strategic Missile Forces (RVSN). It was believed that these BZHRKs were practically invulnerable to the enemy as a weapon of retaliation, since it was simply impossible to track them in the vast country.
However, nowadays this is no longer the case. Numerous Earth remote sensing satellites may well detect a rocket train in the parking lot, at least the zone of its last location. And here lies the key difference between the BZHRK, which is a retaliatory strike weapon, and a missile train carrying a WTO database as an attack weapon.
In the event that the BZHRK is tracked and the enemy decides to inflict sudden disarming strike, the alleged location of the BZHRK will be attacked using nuclear warheads (YABCh). No one will launch a nuclear attack on the alleged parking lot of the missile train carrying the WTO database, since it is clear what will follow.
And if you destroy the rocket train with high-precision weapons?
It is enough to look at any large junction station to understand that it is almost impossible to do this - not a single high-precision weapon, even equipped with optical guidance in the final section, will be able to isolate a missile train from dozens of other railway freight trains, especially since the "Organ" periodically it is possible to move a shunting diesel locomotive from one track to another - the main prey of the enemy in the event of a strike may well become wagons with rubble.
An example of what railway junctions look like
Thus, the security of the trains of the Organ project from enemy attacks by any non-nuclear weapons will be much higher than that of strategic aviation aircraft at airfields or ships and submarines of the Russian Navy in their bases.
As for the secrecy of advancing to positions, it will in any case be higher than that of strategic aircraft aviation The VKS of the Russian Federation or ships and submarines of the Russian Navy, the take-off of which from airfields or the exit from their bases almost always becomes known to the enemy.
Project "Organ" - missile trains carrying high-precision long-range weapons, is a logical development of the UAV-storm concept - the manufacture and use of long-range kamikaze UAVs in quantities of hundreds of thousands - a million units per year. Missile trains are the most economical and reliable means of delivering them from manufacturers to firing positions for the daily delivery of massive strikes against the enemy as part of the activities of the Strategic Conventional Forces.
Now we have neither hundreds of thousands of long-range kamikaze UAVs, nor missile trains of the Organ project, nor the Strategic Conventional Forces, but who knows how the situation in the NMD zone will develop in the future and what decisions it will require.