"Yars-M" and "Aspen-RV". Directions for the development of the strategic missile system

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"Yars-M" and "Aspen-RV". Directions for the development of the strategic missile system
"Yarsy" at the parade, May 9, 2023


At the end of the XNUMXs, the Russian strategic missile forces received and put on experimental combat duty the latest Yars missile systems. In the future, these complexes reached mass production and almost completely replaced the equipment of the previous generation. At the same time, technologies did not stand still, and it was decided to develop projects for the modernization of Yars itself.



With the letter "M"


The decision to carry out the first modernization of the Yars complex was made in the early 2012s. For the first time, the launch of these works was announced in September XNUMX. For obvious reasons, at that time, officials did not disclose the details of all plans and managed only with general formulations. It was reported that the Yars-M complex would show higher performance characteristics and become a more effective means of strategic nuclear deterrence.

In the future, the Yars-M project was repeatedly mentioned in various statements. In addition, curious data about him were present in some officially published documents from the organizations participating in the project. Also, information of an unclear degree of reliability came from foreign sources. All this made it possible to form an approximate picture.

The lead developer of the project, as in the case of the base complex of the family, was the Moscow Institute of Thermal Engineering (MIT). From the published documentation, the designations of new developments and products became known. So, the mobile version of Yars, known as 15P155M, after modernization, was supposed to receive the index 15P180. The mine version 15P165M, in turn, was updated as part of the 15P180 project. The upgraded missiles were referred to under the indices 15Zh80 and 15Zh81.


"Yars" on the patrol route

According to fragmentary data and estimates, the Yars-M project had several main tasks. A general improvement of the rocket and other means of the complex was required, incl. with some upgrades. It was also necessary to reduce to a minimum dependence on components of foreign production.

It has been suggested that new combat equipment be developed based on the existing multiple warhead. So, warheads of individual guidance could get their own propulsion system. Products of this kind, in theory, can improve the firing range and accuracy of hitting targets. However, such assumptions have not been officially confirmed or refuted.

At the test stage


Just a few months after the first mention of the Yars-M project, in April 2013, domestic media reported on the imminent start of deliveries of new missiles. The first product was expected in the troops before the end of the year, but again there was no confirmation. Moreover, for a long time representatives of the Ministry of Defense and industry did not mention the name "Yars-M" at all.

In the absence of official information, foreign sources became more active - foreign organizations that track rocket and space launches. They regularly report on the conduct of certain launches at Russian test sites, and since 2016, the name Yars-M has appeared in their reports. It is not known how much the information of such services corresponds to the real state of affairs.


According to foreign sources, the first tests of the Yars-M / 15Zh80 missile took place in August 2016. In 2017-19. allegedly three more launches of missiles of modifications 15Zh80 and 15Zh81 took place. It was alleged that flight design tests of the new complex were underway, incl. with the development of original combat equipment. The Ministry of Defense, even reporting on the conduct of new test launches, for obvious reasons, did not specify their goals and objectives.

After February 2019, when the alleged fourth launch of the Yars-M rocket took place, there were no new reports on the missile system modernization project for a long time. As it now turned out, this break was not a cause for concern. Work to improve the "Yars" continued and gradually led to the desired result.

According to new data


On May 15, the well-known domestic resource MilitaryRussia.ru again raised the topic of the Yars-M project in its Telegram blog. Its author drew attention to the documents posted by MIT on the Public Procurement portal. According to applications and tenders, the development of a new project continues, and preparations for production are underway.

It is reported that several enterprises involved in the construction of missile systems are modernizing their production facilities. The upgrade program included Votkinsky Zavod, which assembles Yarsy, the manufacturer of Titan-Barricade launchers, the engine manufacturer of the FTSDT Soyuz, and the Federal State Unitary Enterprise NPTsAP, which is responsible for control systems and combat equipment.


Loading the Yars rocket into the silo launcher

MilitaryRussia.ru offers a variant of the appearance of the upgraded missile system. The 15P180 Yars-M mobile soil complex can save the existing 15U200 launcher from the serial Yars. He will receive the 15Zh80 rocket, partially unified with the current 15Zh55 product.

It is assumed that the main differences of the 15Zh80 rocket will be hidden under the head fairing. Instead of "ordinary" warheads, she will receive the so-called. blocks of individual breeding (BIR) - products with their own engines. Such equipment will radically change the principles of guidance and significantly improve all the main combat characteristics of the missile as a whole.

The timing of the start of production of the Yars-M complex and the receipt of serial equipment by the troops remains unknown. However, the fact that production facilities are being prepared indicates that all this will happen in the near future. As for the ten-year-old information about the first rocket until the end of 2013, then we could talk about the first product for certain tests. Now a full series is being prepared.

Cipher "Aspen"


In 2021, information appeared in the open press about another project, the purpose of which is the further development of the Yars family. It was reported that back in September 2019, the Ministry of Defense issued an order to MIT for development work with the Osina-RV code. Its goal was to create a strategic missile system with the index 15P182. It was considered as a modernized version of the product 15P180 / 181 "Yars-M".


Test run

It took a couple of years to design. Flight design tests of the Aspen were required to begin in 2021 and be completed in the shortest possible time. The tests were going to be carried out at the Plesetsk training ground using one of the available silo launchers.

Shortly after the first reports of the Osina-RV ROC, on June 28, 2021, an intercontinental ballistic missile was launched at the Plesetsk training ground. According to domestic media, these were tests of a rocket from MIT, the type of which, however, was not specified. Known information and news from the test site led to the appearance of a version about the start of testing the 15P182 Aspen-RV complex. However, in this context, other MIT developments were also mentioned at the level of assumptions.

Almost two years have passed since the alleged testing of the Aspen-RV product, but new information about this project has not yet been received. Perhaps, as in the case of Yars-M earlier, the design organization continues to work on this project and cannot yet talk about its successes.

Development processes


At the turn of the XNUMXs and XNUMXs, the Russian Strategic Missile Forces received, began to deploy and put on combat duty the latest Yars missile system in mobile and silo versions. Just a couple of years after that, the industry began to develop its modernized version of the Yars-M with a number of important innovations. To date, this project has been brought to the pre-production stage. In addition, another modernized complex, Osina-RV, was developed and tested.

Thus, the development of new modifications and new models of missile technology for the Strategic Missile Forces continues and remains a continuous process. The situation is practically the same with the re-equipment of combat units involved in combat duty. This means that the Strategic Missile Forces and all strategic nuclear forces maintain high combat capability and meet the requirements of the time - and all necessary measures are being taken to ensure this.
33 comments
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  1. -14
    18 May 2023 05: 01
    means of strategic nuclear deterrence.

    A useless weapon ... You can’t use it in local conflicts .... There are too few warheads to destroy a potential enemy. Our preventive strike will not destroy the enemy forces, but will cause such a response that it will not seem enough. And after their preventive strike, we will have nothing to answer with ... And the enemies are inclined to the first strike against us. The only benefit is that the sane, of whom there are fewer and fewer, are afraid of the apocalypse.
    But it is, my thoughts.
    1. +2
      18 May 2023 06: 06
      Reflections? The use of strategic nuclear weapons does not imply local conflicts. And according to tiao, nata nervously smokes on the sidelines
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      And after their preventive strike, we will have nothing to answer with ...

      Yes, there is nothing because all the missiles are already starting and the mines will be empty. Remain just mobile installations already for pinpoint strikes, like the nuclear submarines and the icing on the cake of tactical nuclear weapons throughout Europe to finish off the neo-Nazis
      1. -2
        18 May 2023 08: 22
        Quote from Enceladus
        all the rockets are already starting and the mines will be empty

        A preemptive strike does not have to be delivered by SNW and TNW - Aviation, KR, drones - will demolish missile defense and air defense, control centers, and only then they will smash points with missiles. When the USSR had 50-60 thousand, then there was a fear of a nuclear war .... And now only tickle in the nose (according to the Pentagon)
        1. -2
          19 May 2023 13: 26
          Quote from Uncle Lee
          A preemptive strike is not necessary to deliver SNW and TNW - Aviation, KR, drones - will demolish missile defense and air defense

          You are not writing from the General Staff?
          Have you looked at the map? Where are our positional areas and deployment sites for strategic nuclear forces?
          In the interior of the territory. Before them, your CD will fly ... fly for a long time if the air defense lines slip through and aviation does not knock. So there will be enough time to give the command to start.
          Yes, and they will not harm the CD with a conventional warhead in any way to our mine installations. And with nuclear warheads - they will hurt. Will they just fly.
          Have you even read military doctrine? What is the reason for the retaliatory strike?
          I suggest - incl. mass launch of the CD on our territory. No matter what warhead they are, it will be assumed that the warhead is nuclear.
          Quote from Uncle Lee
          they will demolish missile defense and air defense, control centers, and only then they will smash points with missiles.

          Will the rockets in the mines or in the boxes (if these are soil complexes) wait until such happiness arrives?
          Or will they still take off as soon as a mass launch of the CD is detected? How will a mass launch of ICBMs or SLBMs from any waters of the World Ocean be detected?
          Quote from Uncle Lee
          When the USSR had 50-60 thousand, then there was a fear of a nuclear war .... And now only tickle in the nose (according to the Pentagon)

          And where did you get such information from the Pentagon?
          Have you correctly calculated, together with the Pentagon, how much they can tickle the 1550 BBs allowed by the treaty on strategic carriers?
          Actually, there are a few more of them. For example, we agreed to consider that one strategic bomber carries ... ONE cruise missile smile . Do you believe in it?
          I suggest. One Tu-95SMS carries 8 (eight) Kh-102 \ 101 KR, or up to 20 Kh-55 KR. And, in principle, it can carry up to 24 KR X-50 (promising, tests are ending). Tu-160 carries 12 pcs. Х-102\101 or 24 pcs. X-50. Now, calculate the number of CDs on our long-range bombers. In addition, they (if you're lucky) can make more than one sortie, but after reloading at one of the alternate airfields, repeat the courtesy call.
          The number of (allowed) warheads on one ICBM and SLBM under START is seriously (many times) less than the number that they can carry. Do you think that in the THREATENED period the number of APs on ICBMs and SLBMs will be brought to the standard value?
          Think.
          Hint - now we are just going through such a (threatened) period.
          And of course, you forgot about the "last argument of the Kings" - the "Doomsday Torpedo" or simply about bottom sea land mines of special and extraordinary power. Only their impact is enough for any civilized or simply acceptable standard of living to remain on the North American continent and in Europe. The same applies to other possible participants in outrages and madness, such as Japan.
          By the way, if we start with these (sea bottom / deep-sea) instruments, then the whole other arsenal will remain for the subsequent establishment and strengthening of peace throughout the World. And for the targeted destruction of the surviving wicked.
          By the way , England will sink first .
          This is how domestic strategic nuclear forces will "tickle in the nose" of enthusiastic Pentagon admirers.
          Quote from Uncle Lee
          .In local conflicts you can’t apply

          For local conflicts, their own tools . And now THEM have been unjustifiably neglected in the last 30 years.
          And this is already realized.
      2. -1
        18 May 2023 20: 09
        Quote from Enceladus
        The use of strategic nuclear weapons does not imply local conflicts

        By whom does this "do not suggest"?
        In 2000, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the military doctrine of the Russian Federation, according to which Russia
        reserved the right to use nuclear weapons if weapons of mass destruction were used against her or her allies, as well as in response to large-scale aggression with conventional weapons in critical.

        2022 At the end of October, the administration of US President Joseph Biden finally made its fellow citizens aware of the unclassified version of the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR).
        The thesis is clear in the NPR that US nuclear weapons can be used against the full spectrum of threats to America's national security.

        Vt. h.
        2) ensure the security of allies and partners; and 3) achieve US goals if deterrence fails.
        Quote from Enceladus
        And according to tiao, nata nervously smokes on the sidelines

        belay

        1. TNW without delivery vehicles - ballast
        Russian aviation? She will not be able to cope and conquer the sky over Ukraine. It is pointless to meddle in Europe and the USA.
        MLRS artillery and high-precision missile systems - the same as paragraph 1
        2. The European part of the Russian Federation is actually surrounded by "carriers" of nuclear warheads and places of their storage
        The map, although old, does not change the essence


        + soon Finland and Sweden
        + within a month (if required) all the Baltic States, Poland and Norway.
        In 2021, the United States declared
        USA will work with interested allies to ensure that the transition of NATO forces to modern dual-purpose fighters and B61-12 bombs will be carried out effectively and with minimal disruption to the combat readiness of troops

        Outcome: boiler.
        And the United States itself is tiao-on the drum (“a rare dog can run to the middle of Korea”
        3. B61 in the USA produced 3155.
        How much in combat readiness and Biden does not know.

        Quote from Enceladus
        Yes, there is nothing because all the missiles are already starting and the mines will be empty.

        And if not?
        Trident D2 (for proactive) can fire from 3-3500 km.
        Flight time in this case is <9-15 minutes.
        Sprn will notify you in 1-3 minutes about the launch, after the start
        Approvals, checks will begin, then the search for a decision maker (maybe sleep, be in the shower)
        -5 minutes
        Next, you need to bring combat orders to calculations 1-5 minutes
        Total?
        In stock <1-5 minutes
        If at any stage it fails...
        no time for buildup

        TNW cannot finish off the "Nazis" in Europe. Aviation will not let you lie
        1. +1
          19 May 2023 01: 52
          Quote from Digger
          . The European part of the Russian Federation is actually surrounded by "carriers" of tiao

          Colleague hi Thank you for the detailed picture of the situation around Russia! And then some sleep peacefully under the supposed cover of a "nuclear umbrella" ... And we have not yet been demolished by a nuclear strike, they are afraid that one or two rackets will not be destroyed by them and will spoil their timely delivery of Coca-Cola and ice cream. !
          1. -2
            19 May 2023 11: 08
            And then some sleep peacefully under the alleged cover of the "nuclear umbrella" ..

            There is also the question of "whether they will fly."
            Judging by the 1,5 million warriors who were never found, and by Prigozhin's speeches about shells ....
            As if "vague doubts torment me"
            1. 0
              19 May 2023 12: 30
              Quote from Digger
              "vague doubts torment me"

              I'm not an alarmist, but in the light of recent events, I thought about it .... Unlike some. That's what TV does to people!
              1. -2
                19 May 2023 13: 14
                No one is talking about panic.
                Panic is different.
                Faced at night with gopota in a deserted yard.
                A sane person will not tell that he has a firearm, a trauma and a baton at home.
                A smart one will not come into this yard at all (especially if the fame of him is bad)
                And if he has already gone, he will decide in advance whether to run or fight.
                And if you decide to fight, you cut down (you try) the main one, and not the mongrel who offers to buy a brick for 1000 rubles.
                Well, even when they beat you, he doesn’t offer nishtyaki (candy, bread) to either a mongrel, or a godfather, or sixes, but causes them the maximum possible material, physical, moral damage.
                But if you threaten with a nuclear club every week and renew grain deals once a quarter, then the danger from the club decreases to zero and respect for you strives to the same place.
                / but this is my opinion. I do not impose on anyone
                1. 0
                  19 May 2023 14: 47
                  Quote from Digger
                  A sane person will not tell that he has a firearm, a trauma and a baton at home.

                  Moreover, they will not help him in any way! Not at all! So in the current confrontation with NATO represented by Ukraine...
    2. +5
      18 May 2023 06: 20
      uncle lee
      You write nonsense. During a preventive strike, the enemy's retaliatory missiles are fired almost simultaneously.
      1. +1
        18 May 2023 07: 46
        Quote: Andrey Moskvin
        launched almost at the same time.

        I would like your optimism!
      2. 0
        18 May 2023 20: 25
        Quote: Andrey Moskvin
        During a preemptive strike, enemy retaliatory missiles are launched almost simultaneously

        No
        2019 Chief of Staff of the 15th Army of the Aerospace Forces (Special Purpose) Anatoly Nestechuk:
        The top Russian leadership has several tens of minutesto decide on a retaliatory nuclear strike.

        A few dozen, that's 20 and 30
        In fact, after the separation of the bb
        1. +1
          19 May 2023 10: 25
          Quote from Digger
          2019 Chief of Staff of the 15th Army of the Aerospace Forces (Special Purpose) Anatoly Nestechuk:
          The top Russian leadership has several tens of minutesto decide on a retaliatory nuclear strike.

          A few dozen, that's 20 and 30
          In fact, after the separation of the bb

          Who else would give these 20-30 minutes. sad
          The general is considering the traditional option for the transition of the war to a global nuclear phase, when ICBMs leave the US mainland, and SLBMs from positional areas near the US coast. After that, the launch is detected by the HID.
          The problem is that, given the current state of our Navy, USN SSBN position areas can be moved with impunity to the regions from which they were squeezed out in the 60s - near our borders. And then from the detection of the launch to the finish of the SBC there will be ten minutes.
          1. 0
            19 May 2023 11: 05
            Well, I'm about the same.
            US Navy KOH>50
            10 Ohio class and 1-2 (british con less) Vanguard is enough to make a preemptive move from 3000-3500 km. And here at the same 11-15 minutes before arrival
            The early warning system of the space group will detect the launch when they are at an altitude of> 10 km, well, etc.
            PySs are only naive think that the "Daryals" burn 50 MW around the clock, spitting on the time between failures and routine shutdowns
          2. 0
            21 May 2023 13: 21
            Alexey RA (Alexey)
            SSBN areas ... And then from the detection of the launch to the finish of the SBC it will be ten minutes.

            Here you need to understand a little that the adversary has solid fuel BR. Ever since the Polaris tests, the problem arose of turning off this very solid-fuel engine. Turns off badly, accuracy is low. And then, the rocket flies, burning all the fuel in all stages, and the trajectory is flexible. This is to ensure that there will not be 10 minutes, even if it cracks. The time for max and min distances will be approximately the same.
    3. +4
      18 May 2023 08: 41
      Quote from Uncle Lee
      A useless weapon ... You can't use it in local conflicts.

      Stupidity. His appointment, first of all, is to discourage any desire to carry out democratization in our country according to the American scenario. If it wasn't for him, we wouldn't exist anymore. All history teaches this. I understand that in Ukraine to learn history is to be a Muscovite, but life punishes for this.
      1. -4
        18 May 2023 11: 25
        Quote: qqqq
        Don't be him

        Is it not leisure to move the brain? I repeat for the especially gifted: 1600 warheads will not solve the problem with NATO, but we will get the answer in full, that mother do not cry. When we had 50-60 thousand warheads, then we were feared and respected. And now the Pentagon is hatching a preemptive strike and is not very afraid of our response .... And in the light of recent events, I don’t really believe in this response: partners, agreements, grain and ammonia deals ....
        PS And about Ukraine - let the pan-heads learn history, and I am a native Far East. hi
        1. +4
          18 May 2023 11: 41
          Quote from Uncle Lee
          1600 warheads will not solve the problem with NATO, but we will get the answer in full, that mom do not worry.

          Actually decide. It's just that usually the results of a strike are evaluated only by direct damage, and the subsequent indirect damage is omitted.
          And the difference between them can be like in Fukushima. Direct damage from the tsunami is formally minimal - all that needs to be repaired or replaced is part of the switchgear, standby generators, batteries and pumps. But then indirect damage began - damage to auxiliary systems in a day brought the situation at the nuclear power plant to a radiation accident of the "Chernobyl" level 7.
          1. -2
            18 May 2023 18: 30
            Quote: Alexey RA
            And the difference between them can be like in Fukushima. Direct damage from the tsunami is formally minimal - all that needs to be repaired or replaced is part of the switchgear, standby generators, batteries and pumps. But then indirect damage began - damage to auxiliary systems in a day brought the situation at the nuclear power plant to a radiation accident of the "Chernobyl" level 7.

            Do you mean "the press made a hype, and politicians and officials did stupid things"? Because something in common between Chernobyl and Fukushima can only be in this aspect.
            1. 0
              19 May 2023 10: 19
              Quote: Negro
              Do you mean "the press made a hype, and politicians and officials did stupid things"? Because something in common between Chernobyl and Fukushima can only be in this aspect.

              I mean the IAEA classification - International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale. According to which both Fukushima and Chernobyl are considered the 7th level - Major accident.
              Because Fukushima blocked quality with quantity - four power units, three meltdowns, three explosions. As for the scale of pollution .... the Japanese were very lucky that they could safely pour LRW into the ocean. wink
              1. -3
                19 May 2023 17: 44
                Quote: Alexey RA
                I mean the IAEA classification - International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale

                So, the IAEA is hyped.
                Quote: Alexey RA
                four power units, three meltdowns, three explosions. As for the scale of pollution .... the Japanese were very lucky that they could safely dump LRW into the ocean

                Explosion, yes.
                Water from cooling pools was released into the ocean. ZhRAO is called only with a strong desire.
        2. +1
          18 May 2023 16: 37
          Quote from Uncle Lee
          Is it not leisure to move the brain?

          Moved. Even with 50-60 warheads, we would have received a response that did not suit us. In the same situation, and the West, even with our 1600, little will remain of them. But to maintain all these 50-60 thousand, still that hemorrhoids and, most importantly, finances. As for the answer, there is no need to worry, if they gasp at us, then there will be no choice, and it makes no sense to hold back either, all the same, our entire elite is waiting for the fate of Saddam and Kadafi. Therefore, they will answer, this is their only chance.
        3. 0
          9 September 2023 17: 09
          [/quote]The Pentagon is planning a pre-emptive strike and is not very afraid of our response....And in light of recent events, I don’t really believe in this response: partners, agreements, grain and ammonia deals....[quote]


          So “Katz offers to surrender”?
          I don’t know how it is in the Far East, but I want to live in both Moscow and Minsk.
          I hope that not only “uncle miners” can count and do analysis.
    4. +2
      18 May 2023 12: 28
      Well, you are talking nonsense. The presence of nuclear weapons excludes any massive attack by the enemy. It is nuclear weapons that are considered the most peaceful, since they exclude war. Russia has 1500 nuclear warheads ready for use, which means more than 500 destroyed cities, bases, plus about 4500 more in the arsenal. After a preventive strike, neither we nor the West will have the strength to go to war, there will be only one thought: to survive.
      According to Pentagon analysts, Russia is destroying the United States with its strike, but the United States is not us, the territories are different.
      1. 0
        18 May 2023 12: 39
        Quote: Victor Sergeev
        Russia is destroying the United States with its blow,

        And what ? Victory ? England, France, Germany, Japan and the rest of the NATO pack will sit quietly and wait? Rush from all sides! So think about whether you should rely only on tactical nuclear weapons and strategic nuclear weapons that we have and in what condition it is.
      2. 0
        11 August 2023 14: 39
        Nuclear warheads are all calculated. Where did you get another 4500 from? This is not Akm, which the ensign in Chechey could quietly sell to the left ...
    5. 0
      19 May 2023 07: 45
      Well, imagine that he is not there and there is the same war with 404 or 080808 ... and the Democratic peacekeepers immediately make a no-go zone
  2. 0
    18 May 2023 07: 55
    As the professor said, a brick does not just fall on your head.
    Missile launches don’t just happen from the bay, even if you want to deliver a preemptive strike, for this certain measures must be taken to protect their territories and governments. And the enemy will always know about it.
    But what is the purpose of this article? Like, maybe someone in the comments will blurt out something superfluous?
  3. +1
    18 May 2023 19: 46
    But looking at yars, two things surprise me. What kind of hydraulic lift quickly lifts this fool up vertically, and why are fire extinguishers hanging on the red cabin in front. Koreans have been painting them green for a long time, the color of the complex. Can we then paint the whole yard in Red?
    So that from the Korean taiga to the British seas
    Red yards are redder than all?
  4. 0
    2 July 2023 18: 16
    Yuri Semenych Solomonov in the region of the 10s made his way through the military-industrial bureaucracy, revived cooperation with great difficulty, the Yars was born, and not in the form of an "analogue-non-one thing", but a series that made it possible to re-equip strategic nuclear forces. As a result, we are still on the sidelines of global nuclear annihilation.
  5. 0
    11 August 2023 14: 35
    In the 80s in the United States, in the concept of nuclear weapons, 80% of the targets were assigned to missiles from mines and submarines. The remaining 20% ​​were planned for strategic aviation. Every summer, Global Shield exercises were held, when about 150-200 B52 and B1B strategists were raised and they walked from different directions towards the USSR, fully loaded. Our people then never knew whether they would give a command to turn around at the last moment and we were sitting in a full combat database. Not far from the borders, they were deployed, and they walked back in complete radio silence, imitating the Tu95
  6. 0
    21 August 2023 16: 59
    Russia should have ten thousand atomic bombs. And all of them will be on missiles.
    They will be launched from mines, from trucks, from wagons, from hidden containers on a transport truck and on a ship. Cruise missiles from aircraft, submarines, ships, mobile and stationary ground batteries.
    Three thousand intercontinental missiles.
    They will be sent to the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, in the medium term they will be sent to Europe, Japan, South Korea and anyone else who interferes in the Far East.
    and five thousand tactical nuclear missiles for use against the army on the borders and against battleships. Deterrent and destructive force