Military Review

Day of Military Glory of Russia - Victory Day of the Russian squadron at Cape Sinop

17
November 30 - anniversary of the brilliant victory of the Russian fleet in Sinop Bay, on the northern coast of Turkey. On this day 159 years ago (November 18 (30), 1853), a Russian squadron under the command of Admiral Pavel Stepanovich Nakhimov defeated the Turkish fleet.

Background and concept of the battle
Turkey, pushed to the beginning of active hostilities with Russia, its main geopolitical opponents at that time - England and France, marked the beginning of the Crimean War 1853-1856. In November 1853, a squadron commanded by Osman Pasha came out of Istanbul, the Turks planned to land troops on the Caucasian coast of the Black Sea, in the areas of Sukhum and Poti. After a few hundred miles, the Turkish ships embarked on a raid at Sinop. Having learned about the location of the Turkish squadron, Vice-Admiral PS Nakhimov moved his ships in the direction of the bay and blocked it from the sea. Due to the fact that in the conditions of the battle in the open sea, the Turkish squadron could receive reinforcements in the form of ships of the Anglo-French fleet, stationed in the Dardanelles strait and ready to support their Turkish allies at any time. Thus, the time for the attack of the Turkish squadron was more suitable. Nakhimov's intention was to suddenly break into the Sinop raid and attack the Turkish fleet from a short distance in a resolute and bold manner.

I. K. Aivazovsky. “Sinop. The night after the fight 18 November 1853 of the year "


The course of the battle
The naval battle at Cape Sinop began at around noon and lasted almost 17 hours. The first volleys of the battle were made by Turkish ships and coastal batteries - the Turks tried to stop the Russian squadron at the entrance to the Sinop raid. However, the ships of Nakhimov, skillfully maneuvering and using their superiority in artillery, opened a powerful return fire. Shortly after the battle began, the flagship of the Turkish squadron Avni-Allah and one of its main ships, the frigate Fazly-Allah, caught fire and ran aground. The well-aimed Russian cannon fire sank or seriously damaged the enemy's 15 ships and silenced all the coastal artillery of the Turks. Only one Turkish ship “Taif” managed to survive, the commander of which was an experienced English naval officer A. Slade, who served the Ottomans as a naval adviser. However, the matter was not at all in the mastery of the captain, but in the new possibilities that his steam engine gave the ship. The Battle of Sinop is a bright ending of the era of the sailing fleet, soon the sails forever left the masts of warships ...



Battle results
In the battle at Sinop Bay, the Turks lost almost the entire squadron (15 from 16 ships) and more than 3000 sailors and officers. Around 200 the Turks were captured, among them was the commander of the Osman Pasha squadron and the commanders of several ships. Russian losses were hundreds of times smaller and made up 37 people killed and about 230 injured. Damage to the ships were minor.

As a result of the defeat of the Turkish fleet in the battle at Cape Sinop, Turkey was significantly weakened, and its plans for a landing on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus were thwarted.

I.K. Aivazovsky. Storm on the sea at night. 1849. The squadron of Nakhimov before the Sinope battle had to be cruised in the autumn Black Sea, where at that time every third day there was a storm. The Russian fleet endured the same storm on the eve of the battle, which is why the Turks did not expect a decisive attack.

Turkish sailors flee from burning and sinking ships. Fragment of the painting by R.K. Zhukovsky "Sinop battle in 1853 year"


Painting I.K. Aivazovsky "Sinop fight" (1853) written according to the battle


N.P. Krasovsky. Return to Sevastopol squadron of the Black Sea Fleet after the Battle of Sinop. Xnumx
Sinop victory
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  1. vladek64
    vladek64 1 December 2012 09: 26
    +10
    Well done ancestors!
    1. Nick
      Nick 1 December 2012 20: 17
      +1
      Quote: vladek64

      Well done ancestors!

      As they say, there is something to be proud of! ... An example to follow the current generations.
  2. Sakhalininsk
    Sakhalininsk 1 December 2012 09: 36
    +9
    A beautiful, impressive victory ... and unfortunately the last high-profile victory of the Russian fleet.
    By the way, this was one of the few victories that were achieved not only by courage and skill, but also thanks to technical superiority.
  3. omsbon
    omsbon 1 December 2012 09: 37
    +7
    Sinop is not only our pride in the glorious victories of our ancestors, but also a reminder to the Turks how the searches of other people's planes and the arrest of another's cargo usually end.
    Glory to the valiant Russian sailors and soldiers!
    1. AK-47
      AK-47 1 December 2012 11: 04
      +5
      Quote: omsbon
      Glory to the valiant Russian sailors and soldiers!

      Better not say.
  4. snek
    snek 1 December 2012 10: 28
    +7
    A beautiful conclusion to the history of the sailing fleet.
  5. sergo0000
    sergo0000 1 December 2012 13: 34
    0
    What else can be said about this victory of the Russian fleet and sailors!
    So many articles and books written! Entered into all textbooks of history and special operations at sea.
  6. Lissyara
    Lissyara 1 December 2012 15: 05
    +3
    To the glory of the Russian fleet! drinks
  7. homosum20
    homosum20 1 December 2012 15: 18
    +3
    Where are you? Nakhimov, Aivazovsky, Osman Pasha? The sad pride of our history.
    Why sad?
    Well, with Aivazovsky everything is clear. We do not have Aivazovsky.
    I’m afraid that instead of the Nakhimovs they are Christmas. And the state aug is not an Osman Pasha fleet.
    The past is too proud when there is nothing proud in the present.
    And the future depends on us.
    1. MilaPhone
      MilaPhone 1 December 2012 17: 25
      +1
      Perhaps in the future someone will admire the artists and admirals of our era, about whom we do not even know.
  8. Brother Sarych
    Brother Sarych 1 December 2012 15: 23
    +4
    A magnificent victory, however, did not give the winner anything but a headache in the near future ...
    1. Astrey
      Astrey 2 December 2012 13: 24
      0
      It is a full victory, a full country.

      The Crimean campaign, as a continuation of the southern epic, is the only campaign of the entire period that did not end with high-profile acquisitions, but established relationships with partners in the international arena. If the Russians had won the Sixth Theater in a row, the world gendarmerie would have decided on the First World War, back in the XNUMXth century.
  9. Ross
    Ross 1 December 2012 15: 40
    +4
    The last battles of the sailing fleet, the Russian Fleet was on top.
  10. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 1 December 2012 17: 29
    +1
    We beat the Turks! And how they beat !!! drinks good drinks
  11. toguns
    toguns 1 December 2012 20: 56
    +3
    drinks
    remember we honor
    Gangut 1714 year
    Chesma 1770 year
    Sinop 1853 year
    1. Bykov.
      Bykov. 2 December 2012 10: 49
      0
      Quote: toguns
      remember we honor
      Gangut 1714 year
      Chesma 1770 year
      Sinop 1853 year

      Yes, the ancestors made a "rustle".
  12. bart74
    bart74 2 December 2012 00: 47
    +1
    And battleships are just handsome! Glory to the Russian fleet!
  13. Bykov.
    Bykov. 2 December 2012 10: 54
    0
    (.... However, it was not at all the skill of the captain, but in the new opportunities that his steam engine gave the ship ....)
    In a sense, dumped "at full steam", perhaps the adviser-Brit?
    It's a pity. It was necessary to "present" the kernel in his head.
  14. Papakiko
    Papakiko 2 December 2012 22: 47
    0
    For more than two hundred years, fighting the Turks and not wanting to see the "Saxons" behind their backs led to 1917 and subsequent, including modern events. That the king, that the Party is one, thank you! hi
  15. Alex
    Alex 2 December 2013 17: 04
    +2
    Glorious victory! But after this, luck turned away from the Russian fleet. I wonder what happened? Maybe technology really decided everything: the dreadnought is not a sailing frigate ...