So, September 2 ended World War II. In it, naturally, there were both winners and losers. And, accordingly, immediately after the end, the first began to judge the second. Three processes were carried out: Nuremberg (20 November 1945 through 1 October 1946 of the year), Tokyo (3 May 1946 through 12 November 1948 of the year) and Khabarovsk (25 through 30 December 1949 of the year).
I brought the Khabarovsk trial only because war criminals were tried there. But we were tried by Stalin’s bloody executioners, so apparently no one was sentenced to death.
Next, let's look at the main points of accusations against war criminals.
1. Murder and ill-treatment of civilians in the occupied territories and on the high seas.
2. The removal of the civilian population of the occupied territories into slavery and for other purposes.
3. The killings and cruel treatment of prisoners of war and soldiers of countries with which Germany was in a state of war, as well as persons who were sailing on the high seas.
4. The aimless destruction of large and small cities and villages, devastation, not justified by military necessity.
5. Germanization / Japonization of the occupied territories.
The points are absolutely fair, the punishments suffered by the defendants, too. It is indisputable and I do not intend to discuss it. However, I really want to give a list of events that, under a certain scenario, could not be discussed by opponents of the Axis countries, but on the contrary, by their participants.
For what? But for what. There are a lot of resources on the Internet where the atrocities of the Soviet army are discussed avidly. I will give examples of war crimes taken from the Internet using an elementary search. He entered the search for "Soviet war crimes" and looked at what they imputed.
1. Katyn. Mass killings of captured officers of the Polish army and citizens, carried out in the spring of 1940. According to published archival documents, all were shot 21 857 Polish prisoners.
2. The massacre in Naliboki is a massacre perpetrated by Soviet partisans on the civilian population of the Belarusian village of Naliboki (in Nalibokskaya Pushcha, now the territory of Belarus) 8 in May 1943 of the year. As a result of the massacre, a 128 man died, including three women, several teenagers and a 10-year-old boy. The cause of the attack was the collaboration of the local population with the Polish Home Army.
3. "Mefkura" - Turkish two-masted sailing-motor schooner, capacity 53 brt, displacement 120 tons, was built in 1929 year. During the transportation of Jewish refugees from Romania, 5 August 1944, was sunk in the Black Sea by a Soviet submarine, 315 Jews were killed from 320.
4. The massacre in Przyszowice is an event in the village of Przyszowice, in the Geraltowice commune, when from January to January, November and February, soldiers of the Red Army killed dozens of villagers.
According to a number of modern Polish researchers and publications based on the findings of the investigation launched by the Polish Institute of National Memory in 2005, this event is a war crime. Various information on the number of victims is reported, which varies from 52 to 60 or possibly 69. On the memorial plaque installed in 2005 - the name 44.
5. The massacre in Kanyukai - the massacre of Soviet partisans over the Polish population of the village Kanyukai (Polish. Koniuchy: Grooms) 29 January 1944. On that day, a group of Soviet partisans, led by G. Zimanas, entered the village and persecuted the local population, killing 46 people of Polish nationality, including 22 under-aged. All those killed were local residents, which the guerrillas incriminated collaborationism.
How do you? Me too. You can continue the list, but I do not see the point, because for some reason there are no thousands of figures.
I already wrote about the “successes” of the Japanese in this field, now I would like to look at our allies. Moreover, I will try to do it fairly impartially. I, for example, do not consider the war criminals of the American infantry who captured Dachau, and, seeing what was going on there, simply peremochki all guards. I will repay, no more. But there are points to which it would be worth paying attention.
1. Fight in the sea Bismarck.
Japanese convoy from Rabaul was discovered aviation Allies March 1, 1943, the first air attack, he suffered March 2. As a result, one transport was sunk, and two more were damaged. On March 3, the massive allied air attacks repeated. This time they were more successful, only four Japanese destroyers managed to avoid damage, four more destroyers and all remaining transports were sunk or badly damaged. On the night of the third to the fourth of March, 8 torpedo boats approached the site of the defeat of the Japanese convoy, which discovered and sank burning vehicles. On March 4, aviation finished off two seriously damaged Japanese destroyers.
At first glance - the usual battle, very good for the Allies and ended in disaster for the Japanese. Where are the war crimes here? I will quote the official American historian, Harvard University professor Samuel Eliot Morison. With the support of US President F.D. Roosevelt and having access to any archives, he wrote a fundamental work "History United States Naval Operations in World War II, considered one of the best and most detailed studies of the actions of the US Navy and the forces that support it. In the sixth volume, describing the events that took place 4-5 March in the Bismarck Sea, he writes: “Meanwhile, the planes and torpedo boats engaged in the destruction of the surviving Japanese, who were on rafts, boats and wrecks of ships. The fighters ruthlessly bombarded everything that was on the surface on a low-level flight ... The torpedo boats launched their guns and dropped depth charges in three boats that sank, having more than a hundred people on board. ”The Japanese lost more than three thousand people. Today, it is probably impossible to calculate how many people they lost in battle, and how many died during the brutal and contrary to the norms of international law, the destruction of people fleeing from sunken ships.
If this is not a violation of Section 1 of the Nuremberg List - I apologize.
But this is me ... for starters.
A series of bombardments of the German city of Dresden, carried out by the Royal Air Force of Great Britain and the United States Air Force 13 — 15 in February 1945 of the year during the Second World War. As a result of the bombing, about a quarter of the industrial enterprises of the city and about half of the remaining buildings (urban infrastructure and residential buildings) were destroyed or seriously damaged. According to the US Air Force, traffic for several weeks was paralyzed through the city. Estimates of the number of deaths varied from 25 thousands in official German reports from the war to 200 and even 500 thousands. The bombing of Dresden was used by Nazi Germany for propaganda purposes, while the number of dead was inflated by Goebbels to 200 thousand people, and the bombing itself seemed completely unjustified. In the USSR, an estimate of thousands of victims in 135 was adopted. 1946 (Report of the Joint Relief 1941-1946) data from the International Red Cross from 275 thousands of dead.
This is not a crime under p. 4?
A series of "carpet bombing" of the city, conducted by the Royal Air Force of Great Britain and the US Air Force on July 25 - August 3 1943, as part of Operation Gomorrah. As a result of the air raids more than 50 thousand people died, about 200 thousand were injured.
Bombing of the Japanese capital by the US Air Force 10 March 1945. The X-NUMX strategic bombers B-334 participated in the air attack, each of which dropped several thousand tons of incendiary bombs and napalm. As a result of the firestorm formed, fires quickly spread to residential areas built up with wooden buildings. At least 29 thousands of people died, more likely death toll - over 80 thousands.
The death toll from the direct impact of the explosion ranged from 70 to 80 thousand people. By the end of 1945, due to the effects of radioactive contamination and other post-explosion effects, the total number of fatalities ranged from 90 to 166 thousand people. After 5 years, the total number of deaths, taking into account deaths from cancer and other long-term effects of the explosion, could reach or even exceed 200 000 people.
The death toll at the end of 1945 was from 60 to 80 thousands. After 5 years, the total number of deaths, taking into account deaths from cancer and other long-term effects of the explosion, could reach or even exceed 140 000 people.
So, dear. Is not the Truman Nobel Peace Prize for Hiroshima and Nagasaki worthy? And Lamey for Tokyo? And Harris for Dresden? It is worthy, these respected peacemakers. Honor and praise them, oblivion from Nuremberg and The Hague.
But all this pales in comparison with the last item.
7. Heilbronn, Koblenz and many others.
On this subject, oddly enough, almost complete silence. Well, there was this, though you burst! We are talking about the dead German prisoners of war in the Allied concentration camps for the Wehrmacht.
It is nothing less than a million. Although of course, this figure has been challenged several times. And maybe not quite true. But, having rummaged enough in the stories and facts of the Second World War, I definitely take it for granted. And that's why:
Canadian writer James Buck, in his book Other Loss, stated: in April – September 1945, the Allies starved Million German prisoners of hunger. This accusation caused a flurry of complaints of “negligence and fraud”. At the same time, the most tough critics of Buck admit that the camps were very poorly supplied with food. The ration of the US soldier was 4 thousand kilocalories per day, and the captured German - only 1,2 thousand kilocalories, that is, three times less. Although this rule was not fulfilled: the prisoners did not receive food and water on the 3-4 of the day. At the same time, the warehouses of the US Army in Germany were overstocked with food: corn and canned food were sent back - with the postscript: "We have no place." This fact gives Baku the right to say: the Allies killed the captured Germans intentionally - especially since, according to the new DEF status (“the disarmed forces of the enemy”), they did not fall under the Geneva Convention - they were not allowed the Red Cross and strictly prohibited receiving food parcels. The official biographer of the commander-in-chief of US troops Eisenhower, Stephen Ambrose (died 2002), acknowledged in his interviews that the prisoners were starving, and the food in the warehouses was. “But we were afraid of a stronger famine and cannibalism in Germany, and that was why we took care of food,” he gives an absolutely fantastic excuse. Ambrose said: The US Army confiscated 13,5 million tons of food from the Red Cross warehouses. It’s not clear where they went - the Germans didn’t get ... a single gram.
“We were only guarded,” recalls the former Wehrmacht soldier Michael Pribke in an interview with Gennady Zotov (“AiF”). 65 years ago, he hit the camp at Koblenz. - All the prisoners slept in the rain, in the wind, lying in the mud like pigs. True, even pigs fed! Sometimes they brought food - they gave potatoes a day. Later I met my uncle, and he told me - and you know, in Berlin, the Russians fed Germans porridge from their field kitchens! This really surprised me. ”
All the survivors of the special camps of the US Wehrmacht in Germany, with whom Zotov managed to communicate, claimed: the death rate in captivity was very high, and the official figures of 10 thousand deaths of prisoners were complete nonsense. Even the Weekly PW & DEF Report for September 8, 1945 (it is stored in the archives of Washington) publishes other report figures: in the first week of autumn alone, 13 German prisoners died in the camps.
In addition, there is a letter from the head of the Red Cross, Max Huber, to the Commander-in-Chief of the United States troops, Eisenhower. Huber asks for permission to bring canned food to the camps, to which the refusal follows: "You are forbidden to transfer food to enemies." “Many captives and civilians from West Germany died of starvation in May – December 1945, which was not observed in the USSR’s occupation zone,” writes historian Richard Dominic Wiggers. - I can not say whether it was organized by the US occupation authorities. Perhaps the military chaos is to blame. ” Military experts from Germany said: the figure in MILLION of the dead Germans can be disputed, but the juggling of data by the US Army is a fact that is beyond doubt. Konrad Adenauer (Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949-1963) raised a question in the US Department of State: what happened to the 1,5 million prisoners? He received no answer. American historian Albert Koudri, criticizing the findings of Buck, calls the number in 56 285 starved German soldiers. But even they are higher than the official five and a half times!
Notice, this is not written by the Germans. Not Russians. This is written mainly by Americans. Who had their own concepts of honor and conscience. Who had a look at the war. If a German had written it, I would have thought. But when the Anglo-Saxons write to themselves in this way ... I spread my arms.
From an interview with M. Pribke (contained in Heilbronn) G. Zotov: “I think everyone in Russia has seen the shooting of SS concentration camps. The Germans treated the Russians inhuman, monstrous. And I can understand your soldiers, if they are not almond with us. But what did we do to the Americans if they simply starved us like rats? ”
According to statistics, 57,5% of prisoners from the USSR died in Nazi captivity. 35,8% Germans have not returned from our camps. These have often reproached in newspaper articles. There, of course, it is not mentioned that the majority of the Nazis were captured in 1941-1944, at the most hungry time, and the majority of Germans remained in the USSR until 1953 by the Nazis didn’t die of hunger - the ration of prisoners in the USSR was 2533 kilocalories : twice as many as in US camps. And if you believe the evidence the author of "Other losses" in US custody in just six months buried in the same number of Germans, as we have for eight years!
Propaganda is a great thing. We only do what we are justified for the victory. In the war that surpassed all the previous cruelty, anything happened. But when not even opened, but just looking at the facts, you see -, there are many who still catch those who teach you morality condemns behaved prisoners and civilians even worse ... This is not only against the British and Americans as possible ( and I will definitely do it). And then immediately it is distributed: “It was a long time ago, it is not confirmed by documents, why stir up the past at all?” Indeed, absolutely nothing. For them, rewriting the story, brazenly and unprincipled. But there are still those who ruffled, ted, and will continue to stir up the past, for the edification of the future.
And it is not always necessary to judge only the vanquished.
Yes, it is written somewhat messy, but that's how it happened.
"AIF" №№ 36,37,38 for 2010