Infantry fighting vehicle AB-13 - the first heavy infantry fighting vehicles in the post-Soviet space

Infantry fighting vehicle AB-13 - the first heavy infantry fighting vehicles in the post-Soviet space

After the Soviet Union ceased to exist, the newly formed Ukrainian state refused to purchase Tanks and military equipment for their armed forces. This led to the fact that the Kharkov plant named after Malyshev, who was one of the leaders in tank building in the USSR, was forced to take up the production of equipment, which in the old days had nothing to do with it.

Thus, in the middle of 90-ies, the design bureau of the plant began to develop the first heavy infantry fighting vehicle. I must say, this company was not the only one who was engaged in the development of heavy infantry fighting vehicles, such work was carried out, for example, in Leningrad. However, it was at the Malyshev plant that this development was translated into reality. It was assumed that this technique will be intended for export. The main task, which was set before the developers, was to create an inexpensive combat vehicle, which at the same time would have high technical characteristics, firepower and enhanced security.

It is noteworthy that the basis for the new machine was not the newest tank of that time, the T-84, or even the T-80, but the British “Centurion” modernized in Jordan, which was called the “Tarik”. This choice was explained primarily by the fact that it was this state that was interested in purchasing BMPs.

The tank fleet of Jordan is armed with the 300 order of outdated British-made tanks, which were modernized in Tariqi. The main results of the improvements were the replacement of the Meteor gasoline engine with AVDS-1790-2А diesel engines, the installation of a Belgian-made SABCA fire control system, which also resembled the Leopard-1 tank system. weapons and stabilization systems for hydropneumatic suspension. Thus, the Jordanian military chose the path of many states that also modernized the Centurions to their own needs: Israel, Sweden, and South Africa.

By the beginning of 2000, the development came to an end. The result of the work of designers was a prototype of AB-13 (it is known as the “AV13 project”). This sample participated in a tender for the supply of heavy infantry fighting vehicles for the Jordanian armed forces.

If we talk directly about the design and technical characteristics of the AB-13, then it should be noted that the tank chassis, as well as rollers, tracks remained almost unchanged. It was explained quite simply: in 1981-1985, Tariq underwent a deep modernization, as a result of which the above-mentioned hydropneumatic suspension was installed. At the same time, the body was largely modified, as a result, the AB combat vehicle began to resemble very much its design features of BDM-1 and BMP-3, albeit many times larger.

In front of the BMP is a department of management. The driver's seat is equipped with three periscopes and a hatch. Nearby is a place for one of the crew members, which is also equipped with periscopes (2 units) and a hatch. In the middle part of the AB-13 is the fighting compartment, which houses the gunner-operator and the commander of the machine. The full revolving tower is made in the shape of a truncated cone. It contains an automatic gun KBA-2 caliber 30 millimeters, which is analogous to the Russian 2А72, as well as 7,62-mm machine gun, ammunition and fire control system. On the outside of the tower are smoke grenade launchers, eight-barrel - in the back and tri-barrel on the sides. In addition, the possibility of installing an anti-tank missile complex, as well as an AG-17 automatic grenade launcher is also envisaged.

The engine compartment is located in the rear part. Between this section and the turret is located the troop compartment. For firing of small arms in the sides of the hull, several embrasures are provided, which are combined with periscopes. In order to ensure a more or less trouble-free landing of the landing force, Ukrainian designers decided to make a continuous passage over the engine-transmission compartment, ending with aft hatches. A small height of the MTO is provided by the installation of a Ukrainian diesel turbocharged 6TD or 5TDF, in which the cylinders are located horizontally.

The entire undercarriage of the combat vehicle has steel bulwarks, which can be quickly dismantled. In addition, the tower also provides for an additional reservation, which is the armor plates, bent around the perimeter. It must be said that in comparison with the Centurion chassis, the reservation of the AB-13 is significantly strengthened, which allows for the protection of the crew inside from both small arms and artillery shells.

Ab_13 weight is about 31 tons, width - 3,5 meters, length - 7,8 meters, height - 2,4 meters. BMP has a specific power in 22,5 horsepower per ton of weight, while the power reserve is 400 kilometers. The crew of the machine is 3 man plus 7 man landing.

Despite the fact that the Ukrainian development was quite interesting and promising, the Jordanian military preferred their own-developed BMP, which was all based on the same Tariq tanks. This combat vehicle is known as the Thames. The reason for the rejection of the Ukrainian infantry fighting vehicles, according to some sources, was the lack of security of the tower, which in terms of protection was largely inferior to the hull.

Note, the AB-13 infantry combat vehicle never entered service ...

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    1. +3
      26 November 2012 09: 33
      Why can’t you go along the Jewish path and make a normal passage in the stern? It will be especially fun to land on the MTO's red-hot roof as a result of a fire. The same applies to our bmp3.
      1. +1
        26 November 2012 09: 39
        Quote: rkka
        Why can’t you go along the Jewish path and make a normal passage in the stern?

        You can do everything, just run into money, transfer the engine into the nose, change the layout of nodes and mechanisms and much more, it will be easier then to design and build from scratch.
        1. 0
          26 November 2012 10: 02
          Quote: kotdavin4i
          transfer the engine into the nose, change the layout of nodes and mechanisms and much more, it’s easier then to design and build from scratch.

          so the fact of the matter is that the Jews did not rearrange anything, but just stuck a smaller engine and cut the door from the back
          1. Common sense
            26 November 2012 19: 15
            they cut out the front passage for the soldiers in front, put armor in the back, moved the driver's cab and turned it over.
      2. 0
        26 November 2012 10: 27
        so yes, this spectacle will look sad.
        1. 0
          26 November 2012 13: 21
          engine at Centurion. true It is in Israel
      3. vladsolo56
        26 November 2012 18: 32
        The whole question is in height, with such a height, landing can only be at the top, of course, the higher the machine, the easier it is to get into it. and the harder it is
    2. 0
      26 November 2012 10: 29
      And what if you make two power plants and the passage between them that ends with a ramp?
      1. +1
        26 November 2012 12: 13
        Quote: cth; fyn
        And what if you do
        Geometric dimensions will not allow, an engine that is too compact is low-power, the cooling system, fuel lines, etc. to the engine should be carried out 2 times. Like Israel's Akhzarit, they changed the Soviet engine to a more compact gasoline engine and made a narrow passage. In general, the front-mounted engine provides additional protection for the crew and troops in the front projection.
      2. 0
        26 November 2012 13: 18
        this is a centurion without engine space enough
        1. +1
          26 November 2012 15: 33
          Quote: igor67
          enough space

          Enough for what? its width is 3390 mm - for a normal soldier to come out in full gear it is necessary to see so 60 at least - 2,7 meters remain - in principle, now you can pick up the engine - but still the front layout seems to me preferable.
    3. 0
      26 November 2012 16: 37
      And that this small hole in the stern is a hole for landing? And why is a BMP.
    4. 0
      26 November 2012 18: 05
      About MTO in the front end and protection, as the article says, this unit is positioned as a heavy BMP. therefore, she will have to act on the "front line" and most likely from the main battlefield, therefore the risks and threats of such a vehicle will be tank-based. If you look at the photo of the nose of the car, you will notice that its front armor plate is located almost 90 degrees. and judging by the driver's hatch, he sits immediately behind the front armor plate. given the lack of rational angles of inclination of the armor and the likelihood of hitting the "forehead" - I do not envy the driver mechanic. If there was an MTO in front of him, then in this case the threats to his life would be less. At the same time, if you pierce the forehead, for example, with a cumulative ammunition, then, it seems to me, not only the driver will suffer, but also other members of the crew and the landing force due to the fact that the driver's seat is hardly protected by any kind of armor plate from the combat and landing branches. but here I can be wrong
      1. OvsyannikovVA
        26 November 2012 21: 33
        you would at least look at Wikipedia for decency or look at the photo.
        57 degrees is not 90 at all.
        completely behind the front location of the MTO, the inclusion is probably bmd.
    5. balyaba
      24 December 2012 15: 57
      Oops! 300 "Tariks" were bought, modernized, equipped with dry rations with bacon, and the Arabs refused to buy, well, are they bastards? crying

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