BMP-2: Improved version of the world's first mass-produced amphibious infantry fighting vehicle

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BMP-2: Improved version of the world's first mass-produced amphibious infantry fighting vehicle

The BMP-1966, which entered service with the Soviet army in 1, is the world's first mass-produced amphibious infantry fighting vehicle.

Despite the very impressive performance, the brainchild of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant. IN AND. Lenin also had a number of shortcomings. The latter, however, were forced, because due to the mass production, the car had to be “cheaper” as much as possible.



Meanwhile, in the mid-70s of the last century, the development of a modernized version of the BMP-1 started. At that time, there were two options: Object 675 of the Kurgan Machine-Building Plant and Object 769 of the Chelyabinsk Tractor.

As a result, in 1982, during the parade on Red Square, the BMP-2 was shown. Preference was given to the development of the Kurgan plant.

One of the most obvious improvements in this version was the armament. The BMP-1 was equipped with the 9K11 Malyutka anti-tank system, capable of hitting objects at a distance of 500 to 3500 meters. In turn, a 500-mm smoothbore gun was used to destroy targets at a distance of up to 73 meters.

Thanks to the appearance in the USSR of more advanced anti-tank systems, in particular the ATGM 9K111 "Fagot" or 9K111-1 "Competition", which were installed on the BMP-2, it was possible to get rid of the "blind zone" problem.

As a result, the 73 mm smoothbore gun has lost its relevance. Instead, a 30-mm 2A42 automatic cannon with a coaxial 7,62-mm machine gun was installed in the upgraded version of the vehicle.

It is worth noting that the BMP-2 received a wider turret, which simultaneously housed the squad leader and gunner-operator. In turn, there was a driver in front of the car, and 7 fighters in the back.

Tellingly, the BMP-2, like the first version, called the "doomsday machine", could for some time provide protection to the fighters when the radiation background increased.

In general, equipped with a 6-cylinder diesel unit UTD-20S1, which made it possible to accelerate on the highway up to 65 km / h and swim at a speed of 7 km / h, the BMP-2 turned out to be a very worthy machine. Until now, the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation have more than 6 thousand units of these weapons.

However, the issue of weak armor, which became the subject of criticism of the BMP-1, despite the use of rolled steel, remained open.

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7 comments
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  1. -3
    28 March 2023 15: 29
    "...amphibischer Schützenpanzer...s


    Wenn der Arbeitstitel schon "amphibischer Schützenpanzers"
    heißt, dann sollte man in einem solchen Beitrag zumindest
    ansatzweise auch etwas zu den amphibischen Fähigkeiten
    des Panzers erwähnen, was hier leider vollkommen fehlt...;
    ergo null Punkte für diese nicht-Information...!! wassat
  2. -3
    28 March 2023 16: 00
    And this notorious ability to swim, is it needed at all? Or rather, is it really necessary and important? Maybe normal armor is preferable to buoyancy?
    1. -2
      28 March 2023 21: 54
      Quote: Alexey Alexandrovich
      And this notorious ability to swim, is it needed at all? Or rather, is it really necessary and important? Maybe normal armor is preferable to buoyancy?

      Sacrificing armor protection for the sake of buoyancy was initially a mistake for which our soldiers had to pay with their lives. When forcing the Seversky Donets, almost no one took advantage of this opportunity. Everyone stood and waited for the crossing to be made.
      Of course armor protection is more important than buoyancy! Initially, it was necessary to focus on body armor, and not combine incompatible things.
      Now, taking into account the experience gained during the CBO, this is finally understood. Therefore, both BMP-2 and BMP-3 began to be equipped with additional armor protection kits.

  3. -2
    28 March 2023 22: 09
    Is it really the first in the world? Haven't forgotten anything? Or is it the first such machine in this world in 2000. Previously made ones did not have this, even Italian ones in World War II.
  4. -1
    28 March 2023 22: 10
    Combining incompatible things (buoyancy and armor protection) was originally a mistake! When forcing the Seversky Donets, almost no one took advantage of this opportunity. Everyone stood and waited for the crossing to be made. Initially, it was necessary to focus on armor protection. Now, taking into account the experience gained during the CBO, this is finally understood. Therefore, the BMP-2 finally received sets of additional body armor.
  5. 0
    30 March 2023 10: 40
    I think the Marshals of Victory knew better than you what was needed for a war with "partners" and the industry of the USSR can provide this. And modern lamps and industry can’t do anything. Only cat cries
  6. 0
    April 27 2023 23: 44
    3 meters for "Baby" ... It seems like it was less?

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