Viking age weapons

7
Viking age weapons

At the mention of the Vikings, many have a stereotypical image imposed by popular culture of wild bearded people in helmets with horns, with axes and round shields, disembarking from longships and breaking into monasteries and coastal villages and taking everything that can be taken.

However, despite the images presented in many modern TV series and films, the main weapons The Vikings had not an ax, but a sword, which was the most common and very important weapon from a cultural point of view. Archaeologists have found an impressive number of Viking swords. The sword was a very honorable weapon, fanned by cultural and social meanings. A whole layer of legal and religious norms was associated with swords.



Despite the popular belief that metallurgy was in its infancy in the early Middle Ages, this is not true. Modern archaeologists have found more than three thousand swords of that time in Norway alone, which exceeds even the number of swords found from later eras.

The mobilization potential of the Vikings in the 45th century was about XNUMX thousand people, from which it follows that the sword was quite common and was not the privilege of the leaders - any fairly wealthy warrior could acquire it.



The main tool of defense was the shield, necessary for every warrior. In the Scandinavian sagas, the term "skelburg" is found, meaning the form of building an army in the form of a "wall of shields". The Vikings mainly used round shields with a central grip without a belt loop, which made it possible to protect the left side of the warrior, and even use it as an attacking tool. The diameter of the shield reached 90 cm, and the thickness in the central part was up to 10-13 mm, and 5 mm at the edges, which was due to the need to reduce its mass for greater mobility.

Video topic:

Our news channels

Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

7 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. 0
    27 March 2023 17: 55
    And they didn’t have helmets with horns, Hollywood is already to blame ...
  2. +1
    27 March 2023 17: 59
    However, despite the images presented in many modern TV series and films, the main weapon of the Vikings was not an ax, but a sword, which was the most common and very important weapon from a cultural point of view.

    And in my opinion, it's exactly the opposite. In the films, they are mostly with swords, which could not be in real life.
    1. 0
      27 March 2023 23: 14
      Swords are expensive and gay, but spears and axes are harsh and affordable.
  3. 0
    28 March 2023 14: 07
    However, despite the images presented in many modern TV series and films, the main weapon of the Vikings was not an ax, but a sword, which was the most common and very important weapon from a cultural point of view. Archaeologists have found an impressive number of Viking swords. The sword was a very honorable weapon, fanned by cultural and social meanings. A whole layer of legal and religious norms was associated with swords.

    Despite the popular belief that metallurgy was in its infancy in the early Middle Ages, this is not true. Modern archaeologists have found more than three thousand swords of that time in Norway alone, which exceeds even the number of swords found from later eras.


    Honorary weapon - just something that is not everyday.
    It would be nice to give statistics on battle axes, how many of them were found.
    Three thousand swords "of that time" ... is this, presumably, three centuries? And is it really that much?
    The swords were expensive, they had special care (they were protected from corrosion), and therefore they were preserved. More accessible, cheaper and therefore widespread weapons did not enjoy such honor and care.
    So... battle axes and clubs were probably still more common.
    And it’s not a fact that the swords found are of local production, the Scandinavians could also buy swords from their neighbors.
    At that time, the weapons differed little ... so the Viking blades were probably of the standard "Frankish" type.

    Why are fewer swords from later eras found?
    It is precisely because such weapons have become more in demand that the demand for them has grown. And the worn-out weapon went into remelting, new blades were made from it. Waste became smaller, broken and worn out weapons began to be more diligently collected, in short.
    It should be noted that the best steel is obtained from the ore, during the first smelting.
    With each remelting, the quality of the metal deteriorates.
    1. +1
      28 March 2023 15: 03
      With each remelting, the quality of the metal deteriorates.


      Where does such a statement come from, especially since they learned how to melt steel only in the 19th century, before that it was obtained by reforging, the so-called spongy kritsa. And to improve or obtain steel with other properties, they do, for example, electroslag remelting. In the US, more than 70% of steel is remelted from scrap metal.

      the best steel comes from ore


      Steel is generally smelted from cast iron or cast iron with scrap metal. And high-quality cast iron can be obtained from scrap steel. It is possible to smelt ore from ore, but after beneficiation of ore and in electric furnaces, raw material is obtained.
  4. 0
    29 March 2023 08: 59
    Quote: Konnick
    Where does such a statement come from, especially since they learned how to melt steel only in the 19th century, before that they received it by reforging, the so-called spongy kritz.


    And what about cast steel?

    http://lab.bmstu.ru/bulat/Parts1/index.htm

    Although, the Scandinavians were hardly familiar with such technology.
    1. +1
      29 March 2023 09: 21
      Quote: Illanatol
      http://lab.bmstu.ru/bulat/Parts1/index.htm

      From the link we read:

      Damascus steels are weldable. They are obtained by forge welding (in a furnace on coals - both wood and stone) of various carbon steels containing from 0,25 to 0,8 and from 0,8 to 1,5% carbon with cast iron and pure brick iron

      I didn’t master it further, we’ll rzhukonem request laughing

      Afftor is the reincarnation of Shpakovsky. IMHO.

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev Lev; Ponomarev Ilya; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; Mikhail Kasyanov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"