Operation Behemoth: An important moment in the fate of the strategic submarine fleet of the Russian Federation

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Operation Behemoth: An important moment in the fate of the strategic submarine fleet of the Russian Federation

On August 6, 1991, an important event took place, both for our country as a whole and for the strategic submarine fleet Russia in particular. On this day, the crew of the nuclear submarine K-407 "Novomoskovsk" under the command of the captain of the second rank Sergei Yegorov, did something that no one could repeat to this day.

From the aforementioned nuclear submarine, which was submerged, 16 ICBMs (full ammunition) were launched in succession with an interval of 14 seconds between each launch. This record remains unbeaten to this day. Moreover, carrying out similar maneuvers, American submariners were able to fire a salvo with only 4 missiles.



It is worth noting that the aforementioned achievement was not so easy for the Russian strategic fleet. In fact, the second tests of Begemot-2 were successful.

During the first, which took place in 1989, an accident occurred. As a result, the K-84 submarine was damaged. At the same time, thanks to the professional work of the crew, there were no casualties.

Failed within the framework of these exercises and a second attempt, which did not end in an accident, but still was not counted due to the protracted prelaunch preparation. The official version of the failure was called excessive nervousness of the crew due to the presence of a large number of senior ranks.

But during the tests of Begemot-2, the crew of the nuclear submarine K-407 Novomoskovsk even "overfulfilled" the task. Indeed, according to the conditions, the interval between launches should not exceed 20 seconds. Russian submariners "fit" in 14.

As mentioned above, the launch of 16 ICBMs from a submerged position remains a world military-technical record today. At the same time, it can be said that the success in Operation Behemoth has become the most important moment in the fate of the strategic submarine fleet of the Russian Federation. After all, these tests were supposed to prove the effectiveness of the marine component of the nuclear triad.

Finally, about the records. The previous achievement in this area also belongs to our compatriots. In 1969, 140 missiles were fired from the K-8 submarine. True, the launch was carried out in two series of 4 missiles with a minimum interval between launches.

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  1. -3
    21 March 2023 17: 00
    From the aforementioned nuclear submarine, which was submerged, 16 ICBMs (full ammunition) were launched in succession with an interval of 14 seconds between each launch. This record remains unbeaten to this day. Moreover, carrying out similar maneuvers, American submariners were able to fire a salvo with only 4 missiles.

    Because it is also very expensive.
  2. +1
    21 March 2023 17: 08
    Quote: ZhEK-Vodogrey
    From the aforementioned nuclear submarine, which was submerged, 16 ICBMs (full ammunition) were launched in succession with an interval of 14 seconds between each launch. This record remains unbeaten to this day. Moreover, carrying out similar maneuvers, American submariners were able to fire a salvo with only 4 missiles.

    Because it is also very expensive.

    It is not expensive: unpredictable. Simply put, the Yankees are afraid that something will go wrong and the materiel will be covered with a copper basin.
  3. 0
    21 March 2023 17: 14
    After all, these tests were supposed to prove the effectiveness of the marine component of the nuclear triad.
    fool TO WHOM? The government, so it has almost evaporated. Amer, they made sure and crap one's pants and let our nuclear submarines cut ... fool And if they behaved more modestly, 1-2 nuclear submarines would be more whole. request No, well done guys, it was the nose of the Fathers-commanders that was blocked, they stopped feeling where the wind was blowing and illuminated our capabilities ahead of time.
  4. TIR
    +7
    21 March 2023 17: 23
    Each rocket launch is the risk of an accident. And then a volley. The probability of an emergency situation increases exponentially. We also multiply by a change in the buoyancy of the submarine, roll, and a colossal load on the hull. In short, don’t be everything as reliable as a Swiss watch, tragedy cannot be avoided
  5. +1
    21 March 2023 17: 40
    "Nervousness of the crew due to the presence of a large number of senior ranks" ... Yes, this can be understood. The submarine is quite crowded, and when the admiral breathes down your neck, you lose concentration.
    1. +1
      21 March 2023 17: 49
      For it’s not a damn thing to climb admirals aodldkam, let the pants in the headquarters sit, developing strategies and concepts
  6. +3
    21 March 2023 17: 57
    And why did the author take that the operation was carried out in the Russian Federation ?! The operation was prepared and carried out in the USSR! Apparently, the authors' inability to use search engines also affects here, or they simply wishful thinking. Or maybe everything is simpler - the USE generation ?!
  7. -1
    21 March 2023 18: 04
    China does not boast of anything, they are quietly arming themselves. Were these loud records needed? Be quiet louder about your capabilities, let their intelligence spend money and guess something .. In general, the army and weapons, its capabilities, should be top secret. PR is the last thing.
    1. +1
      21 March 2023 21: 46
      And this is not so much a record as a full-scale test. One rocket weighed 40 tons, 16 rockets - 640 tons. In a short time, "lightening" under water by 640 tons is a very difficult task, I think. And at least once it was necessary to decide on this in order to be sure that, if necessary, everything would work as it should. In combat use, no one will fire 2-4 missiles.
      And, besides, this "record" turned out only on the third attempt. After this launch, a lot of useful information probably appeared
  8. 0
    21 March 2023 18: 43
    . The official version of the failure was called excessive nervousness of the crew due to the presence of a large number of senior ranks.

    Straight official?
    It's very interesting how it was expressed on paper :)
  9. 0
    21 March 2023 19: 01
    The USSR could do a lot in those days.
  10. +1
    21 March 2023 19: 13
    the launch of 16 ICBMs from a submerged position remains a world military-technical record today


    Bogachev and the crew of "Severstal" look at this statement with bewilderment.
  11. 0
    22 March 2023 04: 32
    I'm still trying to understand why Americans are so zealous in ignoring nuclear weapons ...
    Well, let's suppose they have such reasoning. How realistic is this?
    First, track all the submarines at depth, and only then, at a convenient moment, strike first so that they do not have time to surface. Aircraft at airfields are even easier to hit.
    Only mines and mobile strategic nuclear weapons remain. it is very likely that mobile strategic nuclear weapons are already being tracked from satellites and can be imperceptibly hit by drones (they fly unnoticed to airfields).
    As a result, mines remain. Next year, the Americans are already going to mass-produce hypersonics, which means that anti-missiles can become hypersonic and catch up with non-hypersonic Russian strategic nuclear weapons in space.
    As a result, several newest Sarmatians remain.
    And here comes the question. Sacrifice a couple of megacities for the sake of getting the entire territory of Russia?
    1. +1
      22 March 2023 12: 01
      1. Mobile strategic nuclear weapons can be detected from satellites (but not the fact that always and everywhere - under ice, for example, it will be difficult), but guidance and tracking from satellites is currently impossible - reconnaissance satellites do not "hang" above the surface, but constantly are moving. So only shooting at coordinates is possible, which makes little sense for a moving target.
      2. Aircraft at airfields and mines can be hit, but they are located quite far from the borders and during the flight time, you can have time to take the planes into the air and launch from the mines. Unless, of course, conclusions were drawn from the incident in Engels. And you can hit the mines only with strategic nuclear weapons, massive use, and no one will do such things "out of the blue." There will be a stage of growing tension, bringing the SNF to high readiness.
      3. There is no hypersound, just like sound in space. Intercontinental missiles accelerate to several km/s and it is unlikely that anti-missiles will be able to "catch up" with them - only on intersecting courses. The concept of hypersound makes sense in more or less dense layers of the atmosphere. When entering the dense layers of the atmosphere, the warheads are aerodynamically decelerated, conventional warheads - up to a speed of several M.

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