Military Review

"Tomahawks" in the Black Sea, 30 minutes flight to Rostov and Krasnodar

"Tomahawks" in the Black Sea, 30 minutes flight to Rostov and Krasnodar

According to the official report of the US Navy Europe-Africa Command, the destroyer USS Arleigh Burke (DDG 51) made its passage to the Black Sea in December 2021, ostensibly to practice interaction with NATO allies and partners in the region, in reality it was banal "gunboat diplomacy". USS Arleigh Burke is the lead ship of the Arleigh Burke missile destroyer class. These ships were the first destroyers in the world to be equipped with AEGIS guided missile systems.

NATO and Black Sea Security

The destroyer USS Arleigh Burke was the first US Navy ship in the series. Originally intended to protect against the Soviet aviation, anti-ship cruise missiles, and nuclear submarines, this higher-capacity ship was to be used in high-threat areas for anti-air, anti-submarine, and strike operations.

The actions of the ship in the Black Sea, according to the Americans, supposedly should strengthen interaction with allies and NATO partners and demonstrate a collective determination to ensure the security of the Black Sea.

The US Navy generally operates in the Black Sea in accordance with international law, including the Montreux Convention. "Arleigh Burke" should replace the same type of colleague - the destroyer "Porter", which has been patrolling in the Black Sea for two weeks now, rubs its side against the sea border of Russia. Both destroyers and two more of the same type "Ross" and "Roosevelt" are part of the 60th URO destroyer squadron based at the Rota naval base, also known as NAVSTA Rota. NAVSTA Rota has been in use since 1953, while Spanish dictator Francisco Franco was strengthening relations with the United States in a way that eased international sanctions imposed by the United Nations since 1945.

In the early 1960s, the Rota naval base was chosen as the location for the US Navy's 16th nuclear submarine squadron (SUBRON 16). American SSBNs from the 16th Squadron began combat patrols in the Mediterranean in March 1963. The US Naval Operations Command placed SUBRON 16 on a permanent basis in "Rota" from January 28, 1964 with the participation of the USS Proteus (AS-19) submarine mothership. The first to carry out combat patrols in the Mediterranean Sea based in Rota was the SSBN USS Lafayette (SSBN-616). In total, 10 SSBNs of the Lafayette type were based in Rota. On board the boats in the 1960s were 160 Polaris A-2 missiles, in the 1970s-1980s the same number of more modern Poseidon S-3s.

Destroyer Squadron 60 (DESRON SIX ZERO) was formed on February 19, 2003. The creation of the 60th destroyer squadron provided the Sixth the fleet - CNE / COMSIXTHFLT (permanently assigned) destroyer squadron, increasing the Sixth Fleet's capabilities in performing missions in the South European theater of operations. In fact, the squadron is the strike group of the US Sixth Fleet.

On October 5, 2011, US Secretary of Defense Panetta announced that the US Navy would deploy four Aegis warships in Rota on a permanent basis to enhance its presence in the Mediterranean and NATO missile defense as part of the European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA). As of 2015, four American destroyers, including USS Arleigh Burke (DDG-51), USS Ross (DDG-71), USS Porter (DDG-78) and USS Roosevelt (DDG-80), are permanently stationed at the naval base A company as part of a missile defense system.

All four destroyers are actively used in combat operations in the Middle East and North Africa. In particular, on April 6, 2017, 59 Tomahawk missiles were launched from the USS Ross (DDG-71) and USS Porter (DDG-78) destroyers at targets in the Syrian Air Force Shayrat airbase near Homs. On April 14, 2018, US destroyers USS Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) and USS Roosevelt (DDG-80) launched 66 Tomahawk cruise missiles at Syrian targets near Damascus and Homs.

On board the destroyers with standard missiles of 90 missiles, in addition to SAMs and PLURs, there are 56 KR RGM-109E Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM Block IV / V). The four destroyers carry 224 Tomahawk missiles together.

According to the Montreux Convention, the total tonnage of warships of non-Black Sea states in the Black Sea should not exceed 30 thousand tons (with the possibility of increasing this maximum to 45 thousand tons in the event of an increase in the naval forces of the Black Sea countries) with a stay of no more than 21 days. That is, in principle, 3 of the four destroyers of the squadron can be in the Black Sea in peacetime, and in wartime - all four.

On March 17, 1944, one reconnaissance Ju 88B-0 from squadron 3 (F) 121 took off from the airfield in Simferopol, climbed 6 meters, flew along the route laid over the Sea of ​​\u200b\u500bAzov, more than XNUMX km to Rostov-on-Don, made detailed panoramic shots of the city and calmly and safely returned back along the same route.

Despite the fact that Rostov was liberated from the Germans 14 months ago. And the front during this time rolled back far to the west (the reader can imagine the front line on March 17, 1944). It was impossible to say that all the fighters were at the front at that time, and there was no one to cover the rear cities, the city was covered at that time by the 83rd Guards Air Defense Fighter Aviation Regiment, the photographs taken by the Germans show 12 fighter units in front-line aviation of the 1st Ukrainian Front).

Most likely, these are P-40 Kittyhawk fighters, they were in service with the regiment at that time. In general, it should be noted that the quality of images taken by German cameras Zeiss Reihenbildkammer Rb 10/18, Rb 21/18, Rb 30/18, Rb 50/18 and Rb 75/18 is so low that it is basically impossible to make out anything there. Our AFA-33 cameras gave a much clearer picture.

Not a single fighter ever rose to intercept the reconnaissance aircraft, the air defense simply did not see it. The absence of radar posts around the city is having an effect; a radar network of posts around Moscow already existed at that time. The entire flight route of the reconnaissance aircraft passed over the waters of the Sea of ​​​​Azov, the armored boats of the Azov flotilla, which could visually detect the aircraft, were transferred to the Dnieper at the end of summer - the beginning of autumn 1943, civilian ships were in "winter hibernation", navigation for them will open in a month.

In general, there was no one to even visually detect an air target. Neighbors from the Baku air defense region - the 82nd IAP, armed with British Hawker Hurricane fighters, did not blunder, they discovered and shot down their intelligence officer: on August 14, 1942, lieutenants Borisov and Shcherbinok, in the area north of the city of Qusar, intercepted and shot down a German intelligence officer Junkers Ju 88B- 0.

After the war, the 83rd Giap remained in Rostov to guard the sky above it, only it was transferred from a civilian airfield on the eastern outskirts of the city to the northwestern outskirts of the city to a military airfield. In 1951, instead of the pretty worn-out P-40 Kittyhawks, the regiment received brand new MiG-15s. Five years later they were replaced by the MiG-19P and MiG-19S. In 1972, the regiment was one of the first to receive the latest MiG-25Ps at that time - 40 units. The last four years before its disbandment in 1998, the regiment was armed with the MiG-31.

US Tomahawks in the Black Sea

The new 2018 Nuclear Posture Review outlines plans by the US Department of Defense "to provide US Navy submarines and surface ships with more flexible nuclear response capabilities in line with the changing defense environment," Department of Defense and Energy officials said. At a press briefing on February 2, 2018 at the Pentagon, Deputy Secretary of Defense Patrick M. Shanahan said:

“Sea-launched cruise missiles with nuclear warheads will return to the fleet. None of the recommendations require the development of new nuclear warheads. Neither will increase the size of our nuclear arsenal. They (missiles) do not violate the treaty. They are consistent with our nonproliferation obligations. They are strengthening American deterrence."

One option for NEVs is a new sea-launched cruise missile (SLCM-N) nuclear warhead that has been lobbied and promoted by the Trump administration. Congress funded the R&D of this weapons, and NNSA plans to start production in 2029, but it remains to be seen if the new Biden administration will support the program. If so, the missile could be fitted with a modified W80 cruise missile warhead (possibly a modification of the W80-5). In the early 80s, the W-80-0 warhead for the nuclear Tomahawk TLAM-N was created on the basis of a specific W-61-3 device with a capacity of 0,3–170 kilotons.

A total of 545 such devices were produced. 200 of them in the form of tactical air bombs B-61-3 are in service, and up to 345 more are disassembled in the warehouses of the energy department. They, most likely, will be installed after the conversion of the rocket to serial Tomahawk Block IV / V. With the denunciation of the INF Treaty, out of 350 naval Tomahawks, 400-XNUMX can receive nuclear warheads.

Despite the fact that US President Biden and his supporters from the Democratic Party generally do not favor the SLCM-N program, the program is not closed, but only slowed down. Suddenly, in March of this year, the SLCM-N program had a new, very influential patron. General Anthony Cotton is the new head of the US Strategic Command, which is responsible for the country's nuclear arsenal, and an ardent supporter of arming the fleet with nuclear tomahawks.

A salvo of 168 KR Tomahawk from three destroyers of the 60th squadron from the Black Sea or the eastern regions of the Mediterranean Sea and the launch of 48 KR LRASM air-based from only two B-1B bombers (in the fall of 2021, a massive strike of KR LRASM, conditionally launched from two B-1B bombers against ships of the Black Sea Fleet in the Sevastopol Bay, was practiced during the exercises) only as a local operation of NATO forces on the southern flank - this is already a very serious threat. There are 216 missiles in total, of which 10-15 are nuclear-armed Tomahawks.

As of February 24, 2022, the 51st Air Defense Division, covering civilian and military facilities from air strikes in the Southern District, had at its disposal three anti-aircraft missile regiments armed with S-300PMU1 and S-400 systems - the 1536th anti-aircraft missile regiment (Rostov-on-Don), the 1537th anti-aircraft missile regiment (Novorossiysk, Krasnodar Territory) and the 1721st anti-aircraft missile regiment. But, as they say, “God saves the safe”, it would be nice to impose “Shells” around the perimeter of the borders of the large million-plus cities of Rostov and Krasnodar. The cities are actually not that big in area, Rostov is no more than 30 km long and no more than 12 km wide. Four "Shells" along the perimeter of the city will block the detection zones of each other's low-flying targets and the zones of destruction with a vengeance. I am more than sure that all this has already been done.

It will not be easy, in the event of a massive strike by cruise missiles from NATO ships and aircraft, to our operators of the S-300 PMU / 400 SNR systems - the airspace over the Black Sea coast will be oversaturated with targets, not just a large, but a huge number of low-flying, inconspicuous targets, nor one of them cannot be missed, even one broken "nuclear Tomahawk" will demolish half the city, even such a large millionaire as Rostov or Krasnodar.

At present, I hope, yes, I am simply convinced of this, the Southern Military District has everything necessary to repel a massive attack by cruise missiles on military and civilian targets on the territory of our country.

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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 23 March 2023 03: 11
    That is why a fleet is needed to accompany these "doves of peace" with weapons, at least RTOs, if there is nothing harder. And yes, in the Mediterranean Sea, NATO ships, even sometimes, will not be particularly looked after by aviation.
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 23 March 2023 03: 39
      It won't be easy, in the event of a massive strike by cruise missiles from NATO ships and aircraft, our operators of the S-300 PMU / 400 SNR systems - the airspace over the Black Sea coast will be oversaturated with targets, not just a large, but a huge number of low-flying, inconspicuous targets, none of they cannot be missed, even one broken "nuclear Tomahawk" will demolish half the city, even such a large millionaire as Rostov or Krasnodar.

      not just "not easy", but not possible. but so that the "partners" would not be tempted, they must firmly know that this is the end of the world. The Strategic Missile Forces will enter the last game.
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 23 March 2023 04: 40
        Quote: Aerodrome
        they must firmly know that this is the end of the world.

        Smearing-erasing red lines does not give such knowledge!
        1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Arisaka
        Arisaka 24 March 2023 00: 13
        Unfortunately, there are a lot of doubts, to be honest. Too many people are involved in this decision chain. Someone may falter, someone may think to the last that all signals are a mistake and a failure like in 1983. And so on and so forth. where there are people, there will be a human factor. I will not even cite potential traitors or simply broken systems as arguments.

        I want one thing - that this simply never happened. So that everyone was afraid to show off each other for real.
        1. Iris
          Iris 27 March 2023 15: 03
          Decisions are made in our country by one person. Everyone else can have an opinion. But keep it to yourself. The decision is made on the basis of the information that is sifted by the environment and comes to the table under a green lampshade. And it is far from a fact that those who report are reporting reality. I do not believe that no one knew about the true situation in Ukraine regarding flowers. They knew for sure, but it was reported quite differently.
    2. smart ass
      smart ass 24 March 2023 16: 26
      30 minutes flight?! And how many from Finland to St. Petersburg did anyone count ?? You can gasp with Haimars! That's how we deftly pushed back the borders of NATO!
  2. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 23 March 2023 06: 44
    which has been patrolling in the Black Sea for two weeks now, rubbing its side against the sea border of Russia
    Figuratively, and most importantly, the author correctly displayed the situation in the Black Sea. NATO ships (USA) rub against the sea border of Russia, reconnaissance aircraft and UAVs against the air (though one has already flown off). And every day the situation becomes more tense because of the completely frostbitten Americans.
    It will not be easy in the event of a massive strike by cruise missiles from NATO ships and aircraft
    Who said it would be easy? It is not easy, but I hope our country is ready for this.
  3. Lykases1
    Lykases1 23 March 2023 06: 53
    It is clear that you need to have funds. Only the impact of 168 axes will not be reflected by any air defense system. Even in clean, laboratory conditions, twice as many anti-missiles are needed to hit targets. That is, about 10 C400 complexes. And in non-laboratory ones, if you also take into account the detection range, it’s generally sad.
    1. smart ass
      smart ass 26 March 2023 15: 18
      Why do the Americans have 100 axes on ships, and we have 16 calibers each. Who is in the subject?
      1. Lykases1
        Lykases1 April 16 2023 18: 35
        Ship class. Compared to theirs, ours are more like boats. "Admiral Nakhimov" will be comparable. Well, the tasks of the fleet - they had shock ones, we had anti-ship ones. What tasks are now - it is not clear, and the fleet, of course, is powerful to the point of impossibility.
  4. Million
    Million 23 March 2023 08: 53
    Our missiles and other weapons of mass destruction should be located off the coast of the United States and England.
    Is it there or do we still trust "partners"?
  5. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 23 March 2023 15: 55
    Why enter the Black Sea, if you can start from the Mediterranean? And there are no mines and strategic forces in the South. plus - Turkey is a NATO member, from its territory you can launch a missile launcher with a B52
  6. Sergey39
    Sergey39 23 March 2023 22: 14
    A hit by "Tomahawks" will immediately cause a retaliatory strike with ballistics, and this is already the elimination of Our civilization! The Perimeter- "Dead Hand" system has not been canceled by anyone, but only improved.
    These are all arguments about nuclear strikes, a terrible fairy tale, people have lost their sense of self-preservation, That's what's scary! (((
  7. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 23 March 2023 23: 29
    Some kind of alarmist article ... No, the author's concern is understandable. The one-sided approach and ignoring a number of factors of our air defense are not clear. Somehow:
    1. in a southerly direction, up to the African coast of the Middle Sea, all airspace is monitored (carries a round-the-clock database) over-the-horizon radar Container. The detection and identification range of the VTs is 2700-3200 km ... Given the vertical launch of the Tomahawks, they will be detected ... over 3000 km.
    2. For some reason, the author reduced all the air defense forces of the Southern Military District to two air defense systems ... And where did the IA go?? Su-30 and Su-35 are very good at escorting and bringing down CRBDs, both sea-based and air-based ... Calculations show that on average 1 of our Su-30SM / 35S will have 3-4 CRBDs. And! They must definitely reach the reference points (noticeable landmarks) in order to become attached to the flight route using TERKOM ... Here you can even meet them with MANPADS: they are subsonic!
    3. the author recalls air defense systems, such as the S-300, / S-400 ... But about a specialized system specially created to combat enemy missile defense, such as the S-350 "Vityaz", he is modestly silent ... Not ICE!
    4. a massive raid is a serious thing, don’t say it ... But our electronic warfare system is also not a bastard! And she proved this when repulsing a massive missile attack on the Shayrat Air Force Base in Homs, Syria. This is the Yankee singing that all the Ks hit the targets ... But in fact
    Syrian military airfields, industrial and research facilities were subjected to a missile and bomb attack. At the same time, the air defense systems of the SAR successfully repelled the strikes of both ALCMs and SLCMs, intercepting 71 of the 103 missiles used (68,9 percent). In repelling the attack, the Syrians used the S-125, S-200, Buk, Kvadrat (export version of Cuba) and Osa air defense systems ... The air bases of the Syrian Air Force were also the targets of the strike. The data of the objective control of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation indicate the following: four missiles were fired at Duvali and all of them were shot down, Dumayr - 12, all shot down, Blay - 18 missiles, all shot down, Shayrat - 12 missiles, all shot down. The airfields were not damaged.
    Of the 9 rockets fired at the unused Mezze airfield, 5 were shot down (55,5 percent). Of the 16 rockets fired at the Homs airfield, 13 (81,25 percent) were destroyed. The enemy did not cause serious damage to this object. 13 rockets were fired at targets in the settlements of Barz and Jaramani. Of these, 7 were shot down (23,3 percent).
    But it's all air component. But what about sea strikes?
    Sea strikes were carried out by American and French-made SLCMs. The US Navy used 66 Tomahawk SLCMs: 30 from the cruiser URO Monterey, 7 from the destroyer URO Labun (both were in the Red Sea), 23 from the destroyer URO Higgins from the Persian Gulf and 7 from board of the nuclear submarine with missile and torpedo armament (PLAT) "John Warner" from the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. According to the slides presented by the Pentagon, the PLAT launched strikes from a point located 250-300 kilometers southwest of Cyprus.
    And what is the result?
    If we evaluate the distribution of various types of missile defense systems by targets and their effectiveness using American and Russian data, we get the following. In the Damascus region there are objects from the list of the Russian Defense Ministry: the airfields of Blay, Duvali, Doumeir, Mezze, Nasriya and a complex of buildings in the Barzeh and Jamarani regions. According to them, 73 KR were assigned to strike (the figure correlates with Pentagon data). Of these, 46 missiles were shot down (63 percent). In the province of Homs, 28 rockets fired at the airfields of Shayrat, Homs, of which 25 (89 percent) were shot down. In the area of ​​​​the Doumeir airbase, all the missiles were detected and shot down by the Buk air defense system in a timely manner, while the most distant target was intercepted at a distance of 26 kilometers, the closest - 12 kilometers from the airfield.
    And this despite the fact that the specialized S-350 was not used ...
    Therefore, not everything is as bad as it may seem to some.
    1. Arisaka
      Arisaka 24 March 2023 16: 45
      I recall the flight of unmanned carcasses not so long ago and enemy helicopters in the area of ​​the Kursk region. In addition, the efficiency of any air defense is not even close to 100%. Heard about 40% in reality. And in the case of nuclear badminton, this is critical. Therefore, no one fights vigorously with loaves.
    2. Vikxnumx
      Vikxnumx 29 March 2023 12: 49
      Given the vertical launch of the Tomahawks, they will be detected ... 3000 km away.

      And if the launch is made from 200 km?
      They must definitely reach the reference points (noticeable landmarks) in order to be tied by TERKOM to the flight route ...

      Have we already dropped the GPS satellites from orbit?
  8. viktor_ui
    viktor_ui 24 March 2023 12: 39
    If the USSR had not been ruined, then something fast and armored would have stuck to this Burke, with a bouquet of various weapons and electronic suppression ... and even if it had been planted in the stern with a bow to say goodbye - but that’s how it was with guests at the time.
  9. Leontrotsky
    Leontrotsky 24 March 2023 15: 13
    Well, let's start with the fact that any of the ships of the US Navy, located in the Black Sea, is a potential suicide bomber. For, the mentioned sea, than only does not shoot through, starting from the Bastions. To a volley of antiquity, called tamahawks, flying at the speed of a passenger liner, we still have something to answer, remembering the Yars, Sarmatians and poplars. For, that stupid person who decides to bombard the territory of the Russian Federation with nuclear weapons must understand what this means personally for his country. By the way, we did not respond to the death of Moscow. Maybe it's time to take on the destroyers after the drone?)
  10. Lis_Domino
    Lis_Domino 24 March 2023 16: 26
    everything goes to the fact that there will be a war, no matter how much we would like to think that it will cost.
    Russia is a huge country and you need to use this advantage. It is necessary to move decision-making centers deep into the territory. It is necessary to provide for the possibility of evacuation and "smearing" of the civilian population over the territory in case of inevitability. In general, the old rule "if you want peace, prepare for war" is more relevant today than ever. The SVO revealed both for us and for the enemies that in the last 20 years we have not been preparing, but only imitating this process, celebrating the victories of our grandfathers and making films about the wars of the last century, but we need to prepare for the wars of tomorrow and even the day after tomorrow. Of course, with our current command, you won’t step into the new century ... as the circus performers say, “you can’t teach an old dog new tricks.” I really hope that in 2024 we will elect a new, worthy President, otherwise, for the sake of the future children, we will have to leave.
    1. Victorovich
      Victorovich 25 March 2023 22: 32
      The fact that the Black Sea is shot through with anything is proved by our cruiser MOSCOW.
      Caught a couple of suitcases .. and truncated
  11. Nemorum
    Nemorum 24 March 2023 16: 26
    So far, one thing is clear - the states will wage war at any cost, since it will not be their country and not their population that will pay this price. So the option of hitting the cities of southern Russia is quite possible. And it will be very tragic if we act after the fact again. And given Medvedev's speech to representatives of the military-industrial complex, we may simply not be able to proportionally respond to blows.
  12. Void
    Void 25 March 2023 14: 48
    What a crazy article. And if yes, if only, then I would give birth to a grandfather and not a woman