Military Review

Tu-95 celebrated 60 anniversary

63
Legend of domestic far aviation 60 years old. On November 12, 1952, the prototype “95-1” flew for the first time under the control of the crew of test pilot A. D. Perelet. It was the prototype of the Tu-95 serial bomber. Tu-95 (according to NATO classification: Bear - bear) - one of the symbols of the Cold War, the Soviet / Russian turboprop strategic bomber-bomber, is the fastest helicopter in the world. The world's only turboprop bomber adopted and commercially available. The Tu-95 strategic bomber is designed to destroy important objects behind enemy lines with cruise missiles in all weather conditions and at any time of the day. Along with the American strategic bomber, the B-52 is one of the longest-running military aircraft in the world, and has been operated by the Air Force since 1956.

The creation of a high-speed strategic bomber Tu-95 contributed: first, the formulation of new requirements for a manned strategic carrier of nuclear weapons by the Soviet Air Force; secondly, the emergence of new directions in the development of the layout of a transonic bomber and the selection of its main parameters; thirdly, the emergence of new economical and at the same time powerful power plants, created on the basis of turboprop engines.

By the end of the 1940-s, the strengthening of air defense assets, the arrival in service of new fighter-interceptors with transonic flight speeds, which were equipped with on-board radar, made the very existence of strategic bombers with flight speeds at 500-600 km / h, unpromising. It was necessary to raise the speed of flight of strategic bombers to speeds that would be comparable to the speeds of interceptor fighters of the same period.
Tu-95 celebrated 60 anniversary

At the same time, the second, and in some cases, the most important requirement for a significant increase in the maximum flight speed of strategic bombers-carriers of nuclear weapons was the weapon itself, which at that time existed only in the form of free-falling bombs. That is why, after dropping the bomb, the bomber had to leave the impact zone of the damaging factors of nuclear weapons as soon as possible, in which case the flight speed was one of the most important conditions for the survival of the bomber and its crew.

The military conflict in Korea was another turning point and in some ways even a catalyst that clearly demonstrated the futility of further reliance on piston strategic bombers. As a result of this war, programs for the development of piston long-range bomber aircraft were completely stopped in the United States, the release of the piston intercontinental B-36 intercontinental "super-bomber" was shortened, and at the same time the work on the creation of B-47 and B-52 serial bombers equipped with turbojet engines was accelerated. At the same time, the United Kingdom began work on its near-sonic bomber at strategic speed in the “V” series.

In the USSR, they promptly reacted to such a development. In 1950, V. M. Myasishchev appealed to the government with a proposal to develop a strategic bomber with a maximum speed of 950 km / h, as well as a range of more than 13 000 km. The bomber was proposed to equip X-NUMX with the AM-4 turbojet engines, created in the A. A. Mikulin Design Bureau. The proposal to create a new bomber was accepted, and the result of the work was not slow. In fact, over the 3-1,5 of the year, a new strategic bomber was created.

OKB A. N. Tupolev, having conducted a large amount of research work, came to the conclusion that the turboprop is the best for a bomber. Already in September, 1951 had prepared the 2 versions of the aircraft’s draft design under the 95 index in the Design Bureau: with four 2-TV-2F engines (paired TV-2F with 6 power 250 hp each) and four TV-12 (12 000 hp). Both engines were designed by ND Kuznetsov. Already 31 October 1951, the state commission approved a full-size model. N. I. Bazenkov was appointed the lead designer of the new bomber.

The first prototype aircraft under the designation "95-1", equipped with 2-TV-2F engines, was built in 1952 at the plant number 156. 12 November 1952, the aircraft first rose to the sky. In 1954, the second prototype “95-2” was ready, this machine was already equipped with TV-12 engines. This first flight of the bomber performed 16 February 1954, the car flew in the air crew test-pilot M. A. Nyuhtikova.

Serial production of a strategic Tu-95 bomber was deployed in 1955 year. It was originally planned to call it Tu-20, but all the drawings of the car were already released with the designation “95”, so the digital index was retained for the aircraft. Production of the aircraft was deployed at the aircraft plant number XXUMX in Kuibyshev. Factory testing continued until January 18, and 1956 in May of the same year, the aircraft was transferred to the State tests. In August of the same year, the aircraft was shown to the general public, he took part in an air parade in honor of the Aviation Day. In 31, more powerful and sophisticated NK-1957M engines were installed on the bomber, and under the designation Tu-12M the strategic bomber was adopted by the Soviet Army. The first Tu-95 aircraft were delivered to the newly-formed 95 tbad commanded by the twice hero of the Soviet Union A. I. Molodchy.

The Tu-95 bomber was a midplane with a swept (swept angle 35 ° along a quarter-chord line) wing of high elongation (8,8). The aircraft was equipped with XK-4 XDUMX, which were located on the wing in the engine nacelles, which were far ahead. The aircraft engines were equipped with coaxial four-blade propellers of the opposite rotation AB-12 (with a diameter of 60 meters), created in the Design Bureau of K. I. Zhdanov. The glider of the aircraft was made from a specially created aluminum alloy B-5,6. The bomber had a relatively thin and long fuselage (diameter - 95 meters), which gave the car a rapid appearance. The heat-stabilized and airtight bomb bay was located in the center of mass of the bomber (when the bombs were dropped, the centering of the aircraft did not change). The wing of the aircraft was equipped with two-section flaps and three-section ailerons. The wing and the plumage of the bomber were equipped with a special anti-icing system.

The landing gear was three-pronged with the front desk. The main landing gear was cleaned in special fairings, which were continuations of the engine nacelles. In the tail part of the bomber fuselage there was a special safety heel. From 1961, the Tu-95 began to install a refueling system in air using the hose-cone method. The crew of a strategic bomber was in 2's sealed cabins. The cabins (except for the Tu-95MS) were interconnected by a tunnel with a trolley on which crew members could move (it was necessary to depressurize the cabs). A chemical toilet was equipped on board the bomber; there was also a galley with a stove for heating and eating. For the emergency escape of a bomber in the air, a special conveyor with a movable belt was used, which threw crewmembers through a hatch into the front landing gear niche. Initially, the defensive armament of the bomber consisted of 3-x paired artillery installations caliber 23-mm.

Before the advent and mass distribution of ballistic missiles, the Tu-95 strategic bomber was the only means of delivering nuclear weapons. During the whole period of operation, a large number of modifications of the machine, which differed in the composition of weapons and equipment, were created. Pure bomber versions (Tu-95 and Tu-95М) were produced only up to the 1959 year. All subsequent versions of the aircraft were carriers of rocket weapons. Bomber production in the Tu-95MS version continued until the 1992 year. At the same time, on the basis of the Tu-95 at the end of 1950-s, a long-range passenger aircraft was created, designated Tu-114, for many years this car served as the flagship of Aeroflot.

The Tu-95 bomber was used as an air carrier for various aircraft and as a flying laboratory (the height of the Tu-95 landing gear made it possible to suspend not only any aircraft engine, but even the small aircraft fuselage) under its fuselage. In 1989, the TN-95MS serial strategists set the 60 world records for flight altitude and flight speed with cargo. In May, the 1990 of the year, this machine set another 3 record: horizontal flight altitude and climb.

The potential that was laid in the Tu-95 strategic bomber allows the vehicle to be actively used by the Russian Air Force. In 2013, the program for the modernization of strategic bombers Tu-95MS to version Tu-95MSМ will begin. During the modernization, the aircraft’s electronic equipment will be replaced, while its airframe and engines will remain unchanged. The Tu-95MSM will be equipped with a new sighting and navigation system, which will allow the use of the latest strategic cruise missiles X-101. Also on the plane should appear navigation complex based on the GLONASS system.

As part of the modernization program, several dozens of strategic bombers will be upgraded, while the rest will be written off. The upgrade will extend the life of the aircraft to the 2025 year, at the same time, experts say that the machine can last up to 2030-2040. Currently, the Russian Air Force is armed with a Tu-32MS 95 strategic bomber, and about 60 vehicles are in storage.

Performance characteristics of the Tu-95MS

Dimensions: wingspan - 50,05 m., Length - 47,09 m., Height of the aircraft - 13,20 m.
Wing area - 295,0 square. m
Aircraft mass: maximum take-off - 187 700 kg., Empty aircraft - 94 400 kg.
Engine type - 4 TVD NK 12M (MV), power 4 x 15 000 hp
The maximum flight speed is 830 km / h, cruising speed is 710 km / h.
Practical range - 10 500 km.
Practical ceiling - 12 000 m.
Armament: two 23-mm guns GSH-23 (GSH-23L), combat load normal - 7800 kg, maximum - 20 800 kg.
Crew: 7 people.

Information sources:
-http: //www.brazd.ru/av/tu-95.html
-http: //www.airwar.ru/enc/bomber/tu95ms.html
-http: //ru-aviation.livejournal.com/2461199.html
-http: //ru.wikipedia.org
Author:
63 comments
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  1. UPStoyan
    UPStoyan 20 November 2012 08: 41
    +8
    The legendary aircraft, which faithfully serves more than half a century. And another 10-15 years will serve at least.
    1. mar.tira
      mar.tira 20 November 2012 09: 08
      +8
      Quote: UPStoyan
      And another 10-15 years will serve at least.

      And how many of the newest bombers were cut!?!? The beauty and pride of the Soviet and Russian armed forces, and the Ukrainian brothers did a good job in this. The Americans thought that the Tu-95 posed no danger to them. And he took it and jumped out like a devil from a snuffbox . And now he is on alert in the Atlantic and in the Far East. Alerting and disturbing our "good, peaceful, neighbors", the British, and the Americans!
      1. FID
        FID 20 November 2012 09: 33
        +5
        I’ll clarify a little. In the North Atlantic, to the south is impossible, but the Pacific - all of it!
        1. Chamber No. 6
          Chamber No. 6 20 November 2012 22: 08
          +1
          Why not?! After all, the northerners worked across the Atlantic, through Cuba and Angola!
          1. FID
            FID 21 November 2012 10: 41
            +2
            Quote: Ward # 6
            After all, the northerners worked across the Atlantic, through Cuba and Angola

            When it was? And now, the questions are not for me, for command and leadership.
        2. voxpopuli
          voxpopuli 20 November 2012 23: 23
          0
          really, why not south?
  2. borisst64
    borisst64 20 November 2012 09: 02
    +3
    Mass of 188 tons, impressive!
    1. sergey32
      sergey32 21 November 2012 00: 27
      +2
      1952 year, 7 years after the Second World War, and what a grand leap in aviation. Not like the current tribe ...
  3. FID
    FID 20 November 2012 09: 15
    +9
    In the second picture, the Tu-142 (anti-submarine version). 0-15 years will last - that's for sure. Now the autopilot update option is ready, using new electronic units, using satellite navigation. It would still be remotorized - there will be no price! In the bottom picture, apparently, after boarding the parking taxi. On this - before take-off
    1. FID
      FID 20 November 2012 09: 49
      +7
      This is the 142nd in Mongohto.
      1. 755962
        755962 20 November 2012 10: 32
        +6
        And this is our nominal .... Kipelovsky.

        Tu-142M bn 97 Vologda, permanent base - 73 OPLAE, Kipelovo, the name "Vologda" was given to the aircraft on October 16.10.2004, XNUMX.
        1. Col.
          Col. 20 November 2012 11: 46
          +7
          Quote: 755962
          And this is our nominal .... Kipelovsky.

          And our (Navy aviation) Tu-95rts 392 odrap of the Northern Fleet Air Force was also based in Kipelovo. At one time, they "furrowed" the entire Atlantic, regularly performing the tasks of opening the surface situation, detecting and monitoring the AMG, KON, DESO and other groups of the US Navy. The airfields of San Antonio (Cuba) and Luanda (Anogola) were systematically used. We flew to the region of the North Pole ... Oh, there were times!
          And the T-114 passenger liner is generally handsome! I happened to fly it to Kamchatka in the 60 years. Posh plane, though it makes a lot of noise. By the way, this is the only aircraft in history in which even before the completion of state tests in the United States, a government delegation led by Khrushchev flew — the car was so reliable. One Tu-114 long time after leaving the tracks stood on a pedestal at the Domodedovo airport, but several years ago, the airport owners barbarously destroyed it with an excavator to make way for a parking lot. Burn them in hell for it!
          1. VAF
            VAF 20 November 2012 13: 31
            +10
            Quote: Colonel
            By the way, this is the only aircraft in history in which even before the completion of state tests in the United States, a government delegation led by Khrushchev flew — the car was so reliable.


            +! But a little prehistory: due to the delay in accessing the Tu-114s network, and the visit was initially scheduled for 1958 ... two serial Tu-95s were converted, or rather, were converted to transport VIP passengers and their accompanying persons.
            The aircraft received the code Tu-116, and later Tu-114D (diplomatic).
            But Nikita refused. he was not satisfied with the lack of the ability to "communicate with the crew", and secondly, the entrance to the salons is like the Yak-40 lol

            Therefore, the visit was "postponed" to 1959, when they managed to make the first Tu-114 and Nikita flew on it, and the plane did not even pass the state stage! fellow





            Your humble servant had the opportunity to "try it out" on his way back from Yelizovo to Diaghilevo and Chkalovsky many times.

            And back to the Far East, he transported the flight crew after retraining in the pulp and paper industry from Ryazan Lipetsk Savostleiki.

            The most important and "unpleasant" lol for K.K. there was a briefing, so that they would not drink or smoke. after all, he himself could not control it, but saw something for 9 hours, well, of course .... the hatch is closed and ... drinks
            Upon arrival, according to the standard, it was desirable to serve buses. many were simply not able to get on board cars ... to get in, but to throw it like firewood. you know .. it could be too much, and people with serious posts and titles flew wink

            1. Col.
              Col. 20 November 2012 15: 49
              +1
              Quote: vaf
              But a little background:

              Sergey, thanks for the essential addition. Your comments on aviation topics are the most complete, professional and interesting, not only for "citizens", but also for us, servicemen. The real pro is immediately visible.
        2. Cadet787
          Cadet787 21 November 2012 19: 46
          0
          Happy jubilee!
      2. VAF
        VAF 20 November 2012 12: 51
        +3
        Quote: SSI
        This is the 142nd in Mongohto.


        Exactly Seryoga ,! +! drinks M3 and MP, and in the left front in the debris also 3s stand ... or rather .. stood crying



        Emblem of the 568th Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment, Kamenny Ruchey airfield / Mognokhto
        1. FID
          FID 20 November 2012 13: 00
          +6
          Hi pilot! This is 2005 the triplets were still!
          1. VAF
            VAF 20 November 2012 13: 35
            +3
            Quote: SSI
            This is 2005 the triplets were still!



            Hello, Seryozha, +! So I wrote .... THREE wink

            1. Lieutenant colonel
              Lieutenant colonel 21 November 2012 06: 57
              +1
              Beauties !!!!!!!!! What is the first, what is the second ++++++++
  4. Mikhado
    Mikhado 20 November 2012 09: 18
    +3
    Still a formidable old man !!!
    And somehow it is more elegant than the B-52.
    Let the veteran serve further!
  5. sanyabasik
    sanyabasik 20 November 2012 09: 23
    +6
    Happy Birthday Veteran!
    When this ship in the sky is from coaxial propellers, from this power, the sound is such that the insides begin to tremble .. Always at the same time I was proud of the ETERNABLE AND LEGENDARY. When I remember - already goosebumps ...
    1. mamba
      mamba 20 November 2012 12: 50
      +2
      During the modernization, the aircraft’s electronic equipment will be replaced, while its glider and engines will remain unchanged.
      Those. engines do not change anything. And no one works on lowering the acoustic pressure from the screws:
      Quote: sanyabasik
      from coaxial screws, from this power the sound is such that the insides begin to tremble

      Not a bomber, but downright roaring dragon, warning the enemy in advance, from afar: "I'm coming to you! Wake up!"
    2. merkel1961
      merkel1961 20 November 2012 13: 26
      +4
      Not just an ordinary workaholic rarity, here is the weight of the combat load and the range with duration. I landed in Mozdok in the 88th, when Tu-95 was flying, even through the ZSh-5 I felt the power of the engines, I had to close the Su-7 lamp. Strength! Good luck to the veteran of the Air Force !!!
    3. VAF
      VAF 20 November 2012 13: 50
      +3
      Quote: sanyabasik
      from this power the sound is such that the insides begin to tremble ..


      Hi Sanya, +! fellow Yeah "Bear's voice2 ... what you need fellow and after 12-14 hours in the air in the head for another two days is "wow-wow-wav"! wink

      1. FID
        FID 20 November 2012 14: 07
        +7
        Quote: vaf
        and after 12-14 hours in the air in the head for another two days is "wow-wow-wav"!

        I was always curious to look at the stern cabin crew. After all, when starting the engines, the tail of the aircraft describes an eight with a range of several meters. People absolutely immune to seasickness should sit in the stern. But leaving the plane (God forbid, of course) is best for them! And wow wow - yes! In general, it is very nice to watch the flights of this car. It would be nice if our revision on autopilot and helm would go into series. Moreover, they have satellite navigation .... there will be no price!
        1. VAF
          VAF 20 November 2012 15: 17
          +2
          Quote: SSI
          It would be nice if our revision on autopilot and helm would go into series. Moreover, they have satellite navigation .... there will be no price!


          Seryozha, + in those not so distant times, he was closely familiar drinks with the head of the LIK on Dimitrov in Taganrog, and so, despite his position, he always flew for tests after the CWR and, as a rule, performed several "extra" flights. there were constant problems with AP, he said. that the whole flight. and this is 3-4 hours in the "seafood2" pose and with a screwdriver ... the slots are removed at night wassat

          1. FID
            FID 20 November 2012 15: 26
            +2
            + Many times I had to turn the URM (power steering). You will infuse with cancer or crab. The nastiest place is next to the navigators, where the BDG "box" is (the block of damping gyroscopes is not a decoding for you, people take offense at specific abbreviations). In flight, navigator, he accidentally kicks and the buildup starts - it means that the dampers are well tuned!
            1. VAF
              VAF 20 November 2012 16: 13
              +2
              Quote: SSI
              people are offended by specific reductions).


              So that's why I stopped writing technical terms and names at all. and so in general +! laughing
        2. saturn.mmm
          saturn.mmm 21 November 2012 00: 29
          +1
          Quote: SSI
          Moreover, they have satellite navigation .... there will be no price!

          When compared with the B-52, it seems to be losing in terms of performance characteristics, explain the charm of this machine. Thanks in advance
          1. postman
            postman 21 November 2012 02: 11
            +1
            Quote: saturn.mmm
            what is the beauty of this car

            Not her, only that domestic
          2. FID
            FID 21 November 2012 08: 49
            +3
            They are a little different, even in combat load. I’m not a pilot, I didn’t pilot, I worked with AP. Can you explain why some women like roses and others like tulips? The charm of this car, for me, lies in the beauty of take-off, in the peculiar elegance of flight ..... purely subjective sensations. Each plane is good in its own way, what else can I say.
            1. saturn.mmm
              saturn.mmm 21 November 2012 17: 59
              +2
              Quote: SSI
              They are a little different

              I also like the Tu-95 from an aesthetic point of view, and its characteristics are quite good even for the present. Just hoping to learn something new about the plane.
              1. FID
                FID 21 November 2012 20: 31
                +1
                I can say that cars from Engels have both a toilet and a kitchen. The filling is still old (aiming-navigation and navigational systems), but some work has been done to finalize it, it has already flown around in ZhLiDB, soon, if they give money, they will check-fly over the military unit. The term will be extended for another 10 years. An old man will fly!
  6. Blad_21617
    Blad_21617 20 November 2012 10: 13
    +3
    Beautiful plane!
    1. Dr. Pilyulkin
      Dr. Pilyulkin 20 November 2012 10: 54
      +3
      Handsome ... Hardly. Although, the taste and color, as they say. Rather, menacing, graceful and, as they say, with a timeless design. Like the 21st Volga. Somehow they are even similar. smile
      The NATO rightly christened him the Bear. When a bear sucks a paw, it causes extremely positive emotions. But if you wake him, then hide, maybe you're lucky and they will not notice you. wink
  7. Narkom
    Narkom 20 November 2012 10: 17
    +2
    Clear sky "Bear" !!!
  8. Shkodnik65
    Shkodnik65 20 November 2012 10: 23
    +5
    Already on the skin of frost !. He served at the time as a NS squadron at TU-95ms. So with love and gratitude I’ll say - pure Naba BROTHER! You will still work!
  9. Poppy
    Poppy 20 November 2012 10: 49
    +2
    Extremely beautiful and proportionate.
  10. Oles
    Oles 20 November 2012 11: 29
    -17
    absolutely useless, but in my opinion ... only for the war with the Papuans and massive hecatombs of the civilian population .. a "roaring cow" which is found even by submarines without any radar ... such a carcass gets lost at once .. a dinosaur ... it's time for him to retire .... but it flies only because there are no other planes in Russia ... that's all ....
    1. FID
      FID 20 November 2012 11: 36
      +6
      Excuse me, but how are you going to shoot down, uh, "roaring cow"? By the way, the Americans gave him the nickname "bear". "Howling cow" - did you think of it yourself or who helped? And he flies through the sky, if again it is not clear. And what other planes are not in the Russian Federation (the names of states are written with a CAPITAL letter, just in case, remember, okay.)?
      1. postman
        postman 21 November 2012 02: 41
        +2
        Quote: SSI
        Sorry, but how are you going to shoot down

        Well, I suppose I would have "shot down" him and the Me-262, if it flew over Germany in 1945 (if you do not take into account the RC and, but even if there was no R4M)
        "Berhard" (or Type EB1 i) would detect altitude at 400km / 5000m or 120 km / 500m
        would send h / sx FuG.125 (FuBl2) or and "" Berhardine "FuG.120K would print the position in cockpit 262 with an accuracy of - / + 0,5 deg (in azimuth).
        Next is a matter of technology.
        Agree
        Quote: SSI
        "bear"
        quite "easy" to detect (even by means of the end of WW2)

        Quote: SSI
        "Howling cow" is you

        I once was not far (450 m) when landing .....
        "cow" is not true, mammoth on the rut.
        Let him call what he wants. WHERE HERE AMERICANS THAT?
        1. FID
          FID 21 November 2012 10: 39
          +1
          Vasily, what do you want from me? Or do you simply shine with knowledge of the technical characteristics of foreign technology? The missile launch range from the Tu-95 is 3000 km, which Albatross will get it? The Americans called the project 667 a roaring cow. Do you need to shine? Shine on your health. To teach literacy is not part of my interests. Sorry if that.
          1. lelikas
            lelikas 21 November 2012 14: 41
            0
            Quote: SSI
            667 project
            -And you, Sergey, do not offend 667, etc. - he was never a roaring cow stop

            675th maximum. laughing
            1. FID
              FID 21 November 2012 16: 24
              +2
              I apologize, I will not be marine, if I am mistaken, then out of ignorance. I accept your amendment and apologize. Just a shame for the plane.
              1. lelikas
                lelikas 21 November 2012 17: 48
                0
                -I'm not out of envy, I am so,
                for the sake of justice and only. ©
                laughing
            2. bistrov.
              bistrov. 21 November 2012 20: 55
              0
              This sub was called "Roaring Lyra"!
          2. postman
            postman 21 November 2012 18: 31
            0
            Quote: SSI
            Vasily, what do you want from me?
            absolutely NOTHING. A question was asked, the opponent did not answer, I allowed myself to be impudent. Is there something wrong?
            Quote: SSI
            Or do you simply shine with knowledge of the technical characteristics of foreign technology?

            I argued my answer, cited 262 (as a hyperbole)
            there was a question:
            Quote: SSI
            and how are you going to shoot uh
            .I answered.
            And here "shine"? If we are really upset ... it would be better to write "are you just promoting?" So savory
            Quote: SSI
            The missile launch range from the Tu-95 is 3000 km, which Albatross will get it?
            - Someone asked something about the launch range of the X-rocket?
            And where does the launch range of weapons and "shoot down" the aircraft?
            The B-52 dp AGM-109H / K has the same approx. 2500 km, here it will not reach 262, for the reason "it will not reach"

            Quote: SSI
            The Americans called the project 667 a roaring cow. Do you need to shine?

            You do not read well what they write to you. let a man even call him a "roaring mammoth". WHY ARE THE AMERICANS HERE AND HOW They call something?
            / Note Something pulls you all to the brilliant, like a magpie straight. /

            Quote: SSI
            To teach literacy is not part of my interests.

            I don’t need it, and it’s unlikely that you can, but the question is, where to do your culture / correctness?
            Is everything on SJ-SJ -Serego VAF gone? (God forbid I do not pretend, but more politely nevertheless)
            HONOR LESS, and without narcissism.
            They answered you with facts and facts, and you immediately try to pour slops .....
            It would be better if they wrote right away: NOT LOW, I would understand.
            1. FID
              FID 22 November 2012 07: 19
              +1
              I apologize if I offended you. I never try to pour slop on anyone, but you also gave it ... To compare the military (WWII) and even the last century, but new technology is not serious. Do you want to show that I am a narcissist? You are wrong, I never stick out my knowledge, although I could. And LTH to shine and special. abbreviations, such as ABSU-145 p.3-2 or ASHU-16, but realizing that apart from me and some (not only VAF) "consumers" this is not clear, I am not writing. Now regarding BLOODY. I didn't want to, but I have to. You vyaknuli in this here comments, sorry, but I will not communicate with you anymore.
              1. postman
                postman 22 November 2012 12: 50
                +3
                Quote: SSI
                I apologize if I offended.
                , but the "tone" of the answer was still the same, you at least read your own.

                Quote: SSI
                but you also gave ..
                But what did the cell give?
                I repeat the question was "This is a monument, who will plant it?", well i.e. how to bring it down. Well, I wrote that the Germans could shoot it down at 45 (using TU Radar and TE fighters), and this follows ONLY FROM the TTX 95 and the hunter / radar guidance fighter. 262 is taken as "hyperbole".

                Quote: SSI
                You are mistaken, I never stick out my knowledge, although I could. And LTH shine and specials. reductions

                I did not stick out, I write as is. If you write SO, THAT DOES NOT MEAN THAT EVERYONE SHOULD WRITE SO (this is your manifestation of narcissism).

                Quote: SSI
                Now regarding BLOW. I didn’t want to, but I have to. You blinded
                Are not they so limited that you cannot read what is at stake and WHAT CONTEXT mentions "vkanye", slow down while gaining points by the number of comments (reach 100 and so), JUST READ what is written, in Russian, after all.

                Quote: SSI
                but I won’t communicate with you anymore.

                For God's sake. I will not go broke. I say goodbye to the sim.
                READ CAREFULLY! Business then for 2 minutes.
        2. saturn.mmm
          saturn.mmm 21 November 2012 18: 18
          -1
          Quote: Postman
          Well, I suppose I would have "shot down" him and the Me-262, if it flew over Germany in 1945 (if you do not take into account the RC and, but even if there was no R4M)
          "Berhard" (or Type EB1 i) would detect altitude at 400km / 5000m or 120 km / 500m
          would send h / sx FuG.125 (FuBl2) or and "" Berhardine "FuG.120K would print the position in cockpit 262 with an accuracy of - / + 0,5 deg (in azimuth).
          Next is a matter of technology.
          Agree

          The dimension of the Pacific Ocean is several orders of magnitude larger.
          1. postman
            postman 21 November 2012 18: 57
            +1
            Quote: saturn.mmm
            The dimension of the Pacific Ocean is several orders of magnitude larger.

            What does the Pacific Ocean have to do with it? Arctic, the same is not tidy, so what?
            The question was:
            Quote: SSI
            how are you going to shoot down, uh, "roaring cow"

            TK did not stipulate Ocean or Sahara or Taiga.
            Speed, practical ceiling, ability to detect is important.
            So I cited (as an example) that 262 could.
    2. Alekseev
      Alekseev 20 November 2012 12: 21
      +2
      He spent a long time in the submarine without any radar, listening to the noise of flying planes!
      laughing
    3. VAF
      VAF 20 November 2012 13: 37
      +3
      Quote: Oles
      absolutely useless, but in my opinion ... only for the war with the Papuans and massive hecatombs of the civilian population .. a "roaring cow" which is found even by submarines without any radar ... such a carcass gets lost at times .. a dinosaur



      They wrote such bullshit, or rather, EAT, that I don’t even want to comment! am
      1. postman
        postman 21 November 2012 02: 48
        +4
        Quote: vaf
        Such a ravine was written
        ..
        Quote: vaf
        I don’t even want to comment!

        Sergey would you better comment .....
        I don’t want to offend anyone (who created, flew, served), BUT ...
        it seems to me that it was just "our", Schaub as they had: Strategist, and size. It did not work with the turbojet engine, let it be with the theater.
        Did you have to?
        It’s easier (and more efficient) to have 100-22x than 2 95x.
        No?
    4. Bronis
      Bronis 20 November 2012 13: 42
      +4
      Quote: Oles
      only for the war with the Papuans
      Nope, you didn't guess - all current Tu-95s are missile carriers with a range of several thousand kilometers. 6 to 16 X-55 are carried. And give the Papuans a B-1 Lancer with freely falling and corrected bombs. Such nishtyaks are somehow better for them ... For the Navy, the Tu-142 is also not a bad option. The range is huge, it can hang in the same area for a long time. And for an PLO aircraft and target designation, a very high speed is more likely a disadvantage, not an advantage. The United States also has an "old man" of '57 in the Navy - the P-3 Orion. That is still a machine, only the LTX is more modest ...
      B-52 is really a peer in development with the Tu-95. But only B-52 are not released with 70's. And the Tu-95MS is the end of the 80's. The resource they have is huge. About 20 years, subject to proper operation, is real. B-52, for example, in service at least until 2034.
      Yes, and more. "Roaring Cows" is about the first 667A. So it's good that, remembering the ad, "cows don't fly." And I would also like to clarify why the submarines should detect the Tu-95 and how to do it. Through binoculars or what? Or jumping?
      1. VAF
        VAF 20 November 2012 13: 57
        +2
        Quote: Bronis
        And for a PLO and target designation aircraft, a very high speed is rather a disadvantage, not a virtue.


        You +! But about the "shortcomings" as PLO and CU I do not agree radically, tk. amers are very afraid of Korshunov and Berkutov, because. they are "any submarines" at a time !!!

        We don’t have better and no one has all the criteria !!! soldier



        1. Bronis
          Bronis 20 November 2012 17: 35
          +3
          No, I agree on PLO and CU, I meant that supersonic is not needed here. And the Tu-95 for these purposes is the platform itself. In general, such "patrol" aircraft are produced with turboprop engines better than with purely jet (supersonic) ones. Only now I don’t know what they did with the Naval Aviation in the days of Serdyukovism. Tu-22M, it seems, was excluded from the combat composition ... How is the Tu-95-e ...
          1. VAF
            VAF 20 November 2012 18: 48
            0
            Quote: Bronis
            meant that supersonic is not needed here. And Tu-95 for these purposes is that platform itself.


            +! drinks

            Quote: Bronis
            there with the Navy heaped up during the time of the Serdyukovschiny. Tu-22M, it seems, was expelled from the military personnel ..


            Generally excluded as a branch of the MRA, only Kipelovo da Kamenny Stream in the 142's. Well, on the Northern IL-38, and there are a couple in the same Kamenny. and so some transporters remained request
    5. Lieutenant colonel
      Lieutenant colonel 21 November 2012 07: 05
      +2
      "Roaring cow" was nicknamed a series of diesel submarines, nicknamed by our submariners as self-irony (which by the way is very useful) - this does not apply to the aircraft. I would like to see how you find the plane by a submarine, even "without any radar". Before writing, take the trouble to get your head out of there ..... py, and use it a little. And so in the Russian Air Force there are other aircraft, if you did not know.
  11. toguns
    toguns 20 November 2012 11: 47
    +10
    drinks 60 years old polar "bears" who would have thought.
    Nikolay Anisimov. THE BEARS
  12. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 20 November 2012 12: 10
    +5
    Happy birthday and long life, "Bear"! drinks
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 20 November 2012 21: 47
      +2
      Well, how could it be without a traditional air art in a theme! .. smile

      Tu-95RTs accompanied by a US Air Force fighter ... (By the way, this art itself, the deed of a foreign artist. I don’t know his name, but it was very cool! ..)
  13. Yuri11076
    Yuri11076 20 November 2012 12: 17
    +3
    An excellent handsome plane, it will also serve for the good of the Motherland, happy birthday !!!
  14. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 20 November 2012 12: 36
    +2
    The line of strategic bombers / missile carriers of the 95 series ...
  15. Edya
    Edya 20 November 2012 13: 48
    +3
    Great car ..... Until now they are afraid of it))))
  16. Brother Sarych
    Brother Sarych 20 November 2012 15: 11
    +3
    I hadn’t really thought about it before, but relatively recently in the Red Star there was material on behalf of a meat-digger in which this plane was butchered like a turtle! That, they say, this is not a plane, but a complete misunderstanding, and a product of internal engineering disassembly, that they shoved it only thanks to the authority of Tupolev himself ...
    There was a lot of interesting things, everyone could search on the site of the Red Star ...
    The reliability of the material itself was not to be appreciated, although everything seemed to be quite convincing in the case as well - that would be one of the recognized authorities who clarified the situation ...
    1. FID
      FID 20 November 2012 15: 40
      +5
      The situation then was .... that still. The country needed a plane to deliver the Bombs. Two design bureaus - Myasishchev and Tupolev butted. Myasishchev - M-3 (M-4), Tupolev - Tu-95 (at first there were ridiculous projects to improve the Tu-4, etc.). M-3 - reactive, but the declared range of 10000-15000 did not give. Tu-95 - at first, too, did not give, but after improvements .... Well, and the administrative resource, how could it be without it. This is the M-4.
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 20 November 2012 20: 11
        +2
        "Bison" (Myasishchevskaya M-4 and 3M) were far from the worst in their class. Even in comparison with his other "classmates", including the Tupolev "95" ... At least, when faced with the memories of the pilots who worked on them, I noticed that they speak of these machines with some special warmth and love .. ...
        And with a difficult fate was a car ...

        The line of aircraft series M-4 / 3M KB Myasishcheva ...
  17. Num lock U.A.
    Num lock U.A. 20 November 2012 15: 24
    +2
    All post-war aviation was photographed against the background of the Bear, and he continues to fly laughing
    a great plane though a veteran
  18. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 20 November 2012 16: 40
    +3
    Quote: SSI
    The situation then was .... that still

    the range was not enough. starting from the arctic airfields, the crew had to perform a combat mission over the territory of the United States and go to the "given" area of ​​the ocean, where our submarines were waiting for the pilots. It looks like a kamikaze, but the USSR was vital to achieve nuclear parity, to be able to retaliate . I have no doubt: I would sit down and fly.
  19. bandabas
    bandabas 20 November 2012 18: 38
    +2
    Men. “Bears” are now flying over the Kola Peninsula. The rumble is heard, but not visible:;
    1. VAF
      VAF 20 November 2012 18: 55
      +3
      Quote: bandabas
      “Bears” are now flying over the Kola Peninsula. The rumble is heard, but not visible:


      Once there, it means the Seryshevskys ..... go to 9100-9600 therefore it is not visible. Although there should be an inversion trace if the weather is good, then you can see
      He has a very characteristic force from below .. you can’t confuse anything with that! +! wink


  20. Sleptsoff
    Sleptsoff 20 November 2012 19: 26
    +2
    Don't live so much
  21. flanker7
    flanker7 20 November 2012 21: 59
    +1
    Pure heaven to you, veteran !!
  22. Chamber No. 6
    Chamber No. 6 20 November 2012 22: 36
    +2
    As a friend of mine who flew on them in Khorol said, jokingly, "An airplane taking off exclusively due to the curvature of the earth's surface!"
    Handsome man! The last of the Mohicans ...
  23. DDA
    DDA 21 November 2012 06: 44
    +1
    Not a bad plane for its time, but just for its own. Now I can recognize the right to exist for the TU-142 as a fighter against submarines, and consider the Tu-95 as a missile carrier - forgive me, but this is nonsense, especially in the naval theater of military operations. It was said here about the Kh-55 missiles with a range of 2000-3000 km, you are going to attack the enemy's AUG with a subsonic racket with a DTRD, and if not, then the X-22 has a launch range in active guidance of 350 km in a posive 550 km (the last option with YABCH). The tactics of using these missiles was designed for the use of Tu-22 (in particular Tu22M3), the breakthrough of ea supersonic into the launch zone (350 km to the target), the launch of the rocket and the departure at supersonic was not yet stuck. On a quiet Tu-95 you will not have time to fly up and you will not be able to fly away because you will be knocked down by the AUG air defense (includes air defense of escort ships and an air wing). Yes, I forgot to explain that when calculating the number of launches necessary to defeat an aircraft carrier, taking into account overcoming air defense, 20 X-22 missiles are needed, of which 1-2 missiles will reach the aircraft carrier with a probability close to 4, and these are 20 sorties with 1 rocket (suspension under the fuselage ) or 10 (suspension under the planes). Believe me, I know what I am talking about when I graduate from TOVMI named after S.O. Makarov "electronic weapons of cruise missiles of naval aviation".

    Not a bad plane for its time, but just for its own. Now I can recognize the right to exist for the TU-142 as a fighter against submarines, and consider the Tu-95 as a missile carrier - forgive me, but this is nonsense, especially in the naval theater of military operations. It was said here about the Kh-55 missiles with a range of 2000-3000 km, you are going to attack the enemy's AUG with a subsonic racket with a DTRD, and if not, then the X-22 has a launch range in active guidance of 350 km in a posive 550 km (the last option with YABCH). The tactics of using these missiles was designed for the use of Tu-22 (in particular Tu22M3), the breakthrough of ea supersonic into the launch zone (350 km to the target), the launch of the rocket and the departure at supersonic was not yet stuck. On a quiet Tu-95 you will not have time to fly up and you will not be able to fly away because you will be knocked down by the AUG air defense (includes air defense of escort ships and an air wing). Yes, I forgot to explain that when calculating the number of launches necessary to defeat an aircraft carrier, taking into account overcoming air defense, 20 X-22 missiles are needed, of which 1-2 missiles will reach the aircraft carrier with a probability close to 4, and these are 20 sorties with 1 rocket (suspension under the fuselage ) or 10 (suspension under the planes). Believe me, I know what I am talking about when I graduate from TOVMI named after S.O. Makarov "electronic weapons of cruise missiles of naval aviation".

    Not a bad plane for its time, but just for its own. Now I can recognize the right to exist for the TU-142 as a fighter against submarines, and consider the Tu-95 as a missile carrier - forgive me, but this is nonsense, especially in the naval theater of military operations. It was said here about the Kh-55 missiles with a range of 2000-3000 km, you are going to attack the enemy's AUG with a subsonic racket with a DTRD, and if not, then the X-22 has a launch range in active guidance of 350 km in a posive 550 km (the last option with YABCH). The tactics of using these missiles was designed for the use of Tu-22 (in particular Tu22M3), the breakthrough of ea supersonic into the launch zone (350 km to the target), the launch of the rocket and the departure at supersonic was not yet stuck. On a quiet Tu-95 you will not have time to fly up and you will not be able to fly away because you will be knocked down by the AUG air defense (includes air defense of escort ships and an air wing). Yes, I forgot to explain that when calculating the number of launches necessary to defeat an aircraft carrier, taking into account overcoming air defense, 20 X-22 missiles are needed, of which 1-2 missiles will reach the aircraft carrier with a probability close to 4, and these are 20 sorties with 1 rocket (suspension under the fuselage ) or 10 (suspension under the planes). Believe me, I know what I am talking about when I graduate from TOVMI named after S.O. Makarov "electronic weapons of cruise missiles of naval aviation".
    1. Bronis
      Bronis 21 November 2012 14: 05
      +3
      Well, the Tu-95 is, first of all, a strategic missile carrier designed to work on ground (stationary) objects. Here the X-55 with its range is to help him. Tu-95 is clearly not a naval missile carrier. And then everything is clear. The chances of such a target surviving at a distance of a couple of hundred kilometers. from AUG - none. Subsonic anti-ship missiles with a range of 1000 km or more. the carrier did not have an air base (correct if I am mistaken). Was in the early nineties X-65 (mod. X-55), but did not go into the series. So the Tu-95 is a vehicle that is relevant for long-range (strategic) aviation, anti-aircraft defense and control center. And for aircraft carriers - 100% not her already 30-40 years. So on the Tu-95, no one is going to "hero" against the AUG air defense ...
      However, the problem of countering AUGs now cannot be resolved by the naval aviation in principle. The Tu-22M missile carriers are no longer there. And when they were - the number, to put it mildly, was not pleasing in recent years. To oversaturate the air defense and at the same time to survive was not very realistic. On the other hand, the attack of AUG Tu-22M in the last decade is a fantasy. The brink of nuclear war. And there will no longer be aircraft carriers ... So you can break a lot of copies, but what is done is done.
      1. FID
        FID 21 November 2012 16: 28
        +2
        Very true noticed. What AUG and Tu-95? This is a strategist with nuclear weapons.
  24. Konrad
    Konrad 21 November 2012 14: 12
    +3
    This is what I came across in one article: “When upgrading the Tu-95 strategic bombers, the NK-12 engines can be replaced by the D-27 engines, which have a significant advantage in thrust. The range of the Tu-95, according to experts, will increase by about 15%. "
    Propeller-driven installation as on the An-70. No one knows, empty words or something being done? With them, "BEAR" should not growl so menacingly.
  25. Corporal
    Corporal 21 November 2012 16: 11
    +2
    I observed in the late 90s the flight from Mozdok to Engels of these Bears. Like cranes ... And refueling from the ground and to the IKO ...
  26. phantom359
    phantom359 22 November 2012 01: 33
    +1
    Wonderful plane. Last climbed 89m in Mozdok on the MS. I think that avionics should be changed to a newer one. Yes, and it is desirable to transfer the rescue system to catapults, the escalator is somehow not very convincing. I doubt that with a flat corkscrew someone will be able to escape.
  27. f44823olympus.ru
    f44823olympus.ru 24 May 2019 20: 00
    0
    Give the way NK-93 !!! Upgrade TU-95 from NK-12 to NK-93. His thrust is higher by 3t, less noise, efficiency is more economical and higher in height (due to bonding).