Who nurtured Nazism in Germany

39
Who nurtured Nazism in Germany


In the ruins of an empire


The despondency and defeatism that reigned in the rear struck Hitler (Made in Europe - Adolf Hitler), who was on leave after being injured. It was then that he thought about a career in politics. Hitler considered the defeat in the war of the Second Reich and the November Revolution of 1918 to be the work of the “fifth column”, which stabbed the German army and the Kaiser in the back.



Hitler, after another wound and hospital in December 1918 - January 1919, was sent to serve as an escort in a prisoner of war camp in Traunstein. But soon the prisoners were released, and the corporal was out of work. The army was disbanded, many soldiers and officers survived as best they could on the ruins of the empire. Millions of unemployed in overcoats in the conditions of the collapse of the former life and economy. Some flowed into the revolutionary and counter-revolutionary, right-wing detachments. Others became gangsters or committed suicide without surviving the social catastrophe.

Hitler returned to Munich, to the empty barracks of his 2nd Bavarian regiment. His loyalty was appreciated, they were allowed to live. At this time, Adolf was still fond of art. But he was fascinated by politics. Captain Karl Mayr, head of the intelligence department of the 4th Reichswehr group of troops, took part in the fate of Hitler. Mayr introduced Hitler to Ernst Röhm, a member of a secret right-wing officer's union.

Confusion reigned in the army at that time, new armed forces were being created - the Reichswehr. The officers were looking for an opportunity to evade the conditions of the obscene Treaty of Versailles. Save a full-fledged army. Röhm served in the headquarters of the Bavarian commander von Epp and proposed the creation of courses for educator officers and propagandists. Hitler was sent to these courses. The teachers, as was customary in the Second Reich, held pan-German, nationalist and anti-Semitic views.

Adolf showed himself as a talented orator. He was seconded to the political department of the Bavarian Reichswehr. He had no position or salary. The functions of the political department itself were uncertain.

"The Thule Society"


Political life in Germany was seething. Like mushrooms after a warm rain, new parties arose. True, for the most part, no one knew outside their area and the pub. There were monarchists, nationalists, pagan pan-Germanists, separatists, democrats and various leftists.

The political department tried to follow the new parties in Munich. On September 12, 1919, Hitler's boss, Captain Mayr, sent him to a pub where a meeting of the German Workers' Party was taking place.

The party was founded in early 1919. It was based on the mystical, secret organizations "German Order" and "Thule Society". They stood for the purity of the nation. They say, it is necessary to cleanse ourselves of the representatives of the "lower times", fall to the roots and thereby obtain the magical keys to victory. The official tasks of "Thule" proclaimed the study of ancient Germanic stories and culture. In the future, the ideology of "Thule" became the basis for the ideology of the Third Reich.

The Thule branch in Munich was headed by Rudolf von Sebottendorff (real name Adam Glauer). He was a notorious adventurer and swindler. Lived in Egypt and Turkey. How a Turkish citizen joined the Sufi tradition, local mysticism. He was also a member of Freemasonry, earned money by astrology, lectures on the occult and the organization of relevant clubs. In 1913 he returned to Germany and presented himself as a baron, although he was from a working-class family. Established ties with the German Order.

He turned out to be a good organizer, recruited hundreds of people. Acquired the Munich weekly München Observer (Munchener Beobachter), which was later renamed the People's Observer (Völkischer Beobachter). The editor of the newspaper was the journalist Karl Harrer. He became the first chairman of the German Workers' Party. Anton Drexler became chairman of the Munich group.

Sebottendorff-Glauer himself, due to allegations of negligence, as a result of which the names of several prominent members of the society became known to the government of the Bavarian Soviet Republic, and they were executed, and due to the loss of money, he left the place of the leader of the local Thule department. He went to Austria, then Switzerland and returned to Turkey, where he published several works and worked for German intelligence.

Creation of the NSDAP


Hitler should have simply analyzed the new batch. Without the energetic Sebottendorff, the organization degenerated. A few dozen people remained in it. One of the activists spoke about the secession of Bavaria. Hitler was hurt by this, and he made a hot rebuke. Drexler liked his speech. He sent him a postcard that the corporal had been accepted into the party (without a statement from Adolf).

Hitler agreed. He already realized that he had no prospects in the political department of the Reichswehr. Rem supported him. Hitler immediately took over the leadership of propaganda and soon began to determine the activities of the entire party. Hitler's personality attracted people. In October 1919, 100 people listened to him in the Hofbräukeller beer hall, then 200, in February 1920 he already collected 2 for rallies. He began to receive fees for speeches. Soon Hitler pushed Harrer and Drexler from the first positions.

Hitler's trump card was the connection with the army. Rem obtained 60 marks from the funds of the Ministry of War. With this money, the newspaper "People's Observer" was bought out and reorganized, it became a party organ. Röhm's colleagues began to embody the ideas of the "hidden army" - assault squads (German Sturmabteilung, abbreviated SA) are created under the party. Outfit and some weapon came from army warehouses. Form and organization, some prospects - attracted attention, distinguished the party from others.

The party became known as the National Socialist German Workers' Party, NSDAP (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei - NSDAP). Her program, "Twenty-Five Points", was compiled by Drexler, Hitler and Feder.

At the heart of the program were demands: the unification of all Germans into a Greater Germany; repeal of the provisions of the Versailles and Saint-Germain peace treaties; living space for the Germans. Anti-Semitism and xenophobia were promoted. The party opposed "percentage slavery", for a decent pension and the priority of productive activity. For the struggle "against those who, by their activities, harm the interests of society." For a strong centralized government, a people's army, the broad development of public education and the improvement of the nation (protection of motherhood and childhood, the development of mass physical culture).

As a result, the program bore a revolutionary, national-socialist character. She proclaimed the struggle for the welfare of the common people, called for the oppression of the rich, usurers and speculators. The flag was red, but adorned with a swastika in a white circle. Sacred and ancient sign of fire.

The party was small - only 3 thousand people. There were dozens, if not hundreds, of such parties in Germany. They were born and disappeared, not everyone had time to compose a program. But Hitler was already taken into development, they noticed.

What attracted overseas observers? Energy? Pressure? Connection with the occult, ancient teachings? Or connection with the army? But Hitler's anti-democratic ideas did not frighten Washington.

Since that time, the Hitler project began to be supported and financed. The former Chancellor of Germany, Brüning, in his memoirs, which he allowed to be published only after his death, noted:

"One of the main factors in the rise of Hitler ... was the fact that he received large sums from abroad since 1923."


Hitler on a propaganda tour, 1923

To be continued ...
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  1. -2
    8 February 2023 04: 07
    "One of the main factors in the rise of Hitler ... was the fact that he received large sums from abroad since 1923."

    This is really the main factor in the rise of the Nazi ideology on the territory of the Weimar Republic (the former German Empire), everything else is secondary. Yes, in fact, the German Empire itself, when it was created, also had foreign funding, and this should not be forgotten either.
    1. -1
      8 February 2023 05: 43
      Quote: venaya
      foreign financing

      And financed, and patronized, and directed! And look what they created!
      1. -13
        8 February 2023 06: 00
        Quote: Uncle Lee
        Quote: venaya
        foreign financing

        And financed, and patronized, and directed! And look what they created!

        And the Soviet Union did not participate in any way? Yes, tank and aviation schools stopped working after Hitler came to power - but trained specialists already worked as instructors already in Germany. And the supply of strategic goods ended just a few hours before the attack. request
        1. +10
          8 February 2023 06: 40
          Quote: fa2998
          but trained specialists have already worked as instructors already in Germany

          Trained specialists also already worked in the USSR. Only one metallurgy, one of the best in the world, created with the help of Germany is worth something! An aviation plant in Moscow Fili, chemical plants in Saratov and much more, for which there is not even enough time to list ...
          1. -2
            8 February 2023 10: 18
            Quote: Luminman
            Quote: fa2998
            but trained specialists have already worked as instructors already in Germany

            Trained specialists also already worked in the USSR. Only one metallurgy, one of the best in the world, created with the help of Germany is worth something! An aviation plant in Moscow Fili, chemical plants in Saratov and much more, for which there is not even enough time to list ...

            Strange logic ... when big business from other countries invested in the economy of recovering Germany and fed various political parties (it’s clear for what - future preferences, if it shoots) - this is feeding Hitler for the war with the USSR, and not at all the desire to earn and develop. When the economic, political, military or some other interaction of the USSR with the same structures and individuals is considered, it suddenly turns out that this is for the sake of peace, and it is not considered at all ... it is easy to argue now, knowing a million factors and facts of what happened, but from the same these points are logical and easily explainable (by the way, exactly how they are explained depends on the point of view and “beliefs” of the person himself) the events were not so easily predictable ... it’s like a lottery - when buying a ticket, you never know how it will end, but if a person flares up, everyone will say that he was always an unlucky person and a gamer, and if he hits the jackpot, he was always lucky ....
        2. +2
          8 February 2023 07: 10
          Quote: fa2998
          Yes, tank and aviation schools stopped working after Hitler came to power - but trained specialists already worked as instructors already in Germany.

          That's just who in these schools were instructors. I've read that it was mostly the Germans who taught the Russians.
        3. +5
          8 February 2023 12: 12
          And the Soviet Union did not participate in any way?
          Do you think that the USSR financed the Nazi Party? Were Nazi fighters trained at the training grounds of the "Shot" courses? You do not confuse the economic and military cooperation of countries with the support of the political movement of the country.
          1. +1
            8 February 2023 13: 02
            Quote: kor1vet1974
            And the Soviet Union did not participate in any way?
            Do you think that the USSR financed the Nazi Party? Were Nazi fighters trained at the training grounds of the "Shot" courses? You do not confuse the economic and military cooperation of countries with the support of the political movement of the country.

            The Soviet Union relied on other forces - in particular, on the Communist Party ... when the political stake did not work, military and economic cooperation was not curtailed, but rather strengthened and they continued until the very attack on the Soviet Union ... I don’t say whether this is good or bad - this is healthy pragmatism, a little with an inflection (but the inflection is due, IMHO, to the incorrect calculations of the military strength of the Anglo-French alliance) ...
        4. +2
          9 February 2023 12: 33
          Quote: fa2998
          And the Soviet Union did not participate in any way?

          There is one subtle point here - the Soviet Union did not sign the Treaty of Versailles. smile
          Unlike those countries that first signed this treaty, and then with all their might began to turn a blind eye to its violations.
          Quote: fa2998
          And the supply of strategic goods ended just a few hours before the attack.

          And the USSR received for this raw material what made it possible to prepare for war.
          Here, for example, are the machines ordered for the STZ for the deployment of T-34 production (as of June 1940):
          Among the machines ordered by the Stalingrad Tank Plant as necessary for the production of the T-34, there were:
          - screw-cutting “Heydsireich and Garbeck” 13 pcs., “Beringer” 11 pcs., “Fr. Brown "1 pc.;
          - turning and rotary "Niles" 35 pcs .;
          - turning and multi-cutting “Guishold” 11 pcs .;
          - revolving "Heinemann" 18 pcs .;
          - Dental "Maag" 2 pcs.;
          - gearshakers “Reinecker” 6 pcs., “Lorenz” 3 pcs., “Pfauter” 1 pc.;
          - universal grinding "Schmalz" 1 pc .;
          - intra-grinding "Wotan" 1 pc .;
          - slot grinding “F. Werner "3 pcs.;
          - sharpening "Glisson" 1 pc.
          © Ulanov / Shein
          In general, 40% of the total need for STZ machines was ordered in Germany. And not some kind of consumer goods, but rather sophisticated equipment that the domestic industry either could not make at all, or could not deliver in the required time frame.
          Soviet sword was forged in Germany. smile
    2. 0
      9 February 2023 23: 20
      By the way, the Weimar Republic continued to be officially called the German Empire.
  2. -8
    8 February 2023 05: 57
    Who nurtured Nazism in Germany

    Who fed him, no one knows to this day. In the West, some believe that Stalin was Hitler's main breadwinner. Soviet propaganda blamed the monopolies for everything ... There is another opinion that the Americans secretly helped the Nazis in order to weaken their two competitors - France and Britain. I think that's how it was...
    1. old
      +4
      8 February 2023 08: 31
      In the West, some believe that Stalin was Hitler's main breadwinner.

      They also believe that the Soviets dropped atomic bombs on peaceful Japan and provoked peaceful Americans into peaceful interventions around the World, and also forced them to build military bases in all countries of the World, except for Russia, China, North Korea and Antarctica
  3. +2
    8 February 2023 08: 22
    Who nurtured Nazism in Germany

    There are two interesting films on youtube:
    1. Economy of the Third Reich: I.G. Farben;
    2. Economy of the Third Reich: Krupp.
    hi
    1. -3
      8 February 2023 08: 27
      Quote: Gomunkul
      There are two interesting films on youtube:
      1. Economy of the Third Reich: I.G. Farben;
      2. Economy of the Third Reich: Krupp

      If you are talking about industrialists, then the last thing they wanted was Hitler's coming to power, as well as the communists. Thiessen is a small exception, but then he realized where he had gotten himself into ...
      1. +1
        8 February 2023 10: 15
        Quote: Luminman
        If you are talking about industrialists, then the last thing they wanted was Hitler's rise to power.

        Can you substantiate your statement? Fascism is "an open terrorist dictatorship of the most reactionary, most chauvinistic, most imperialist elements of finance capital." This is Dmitrov's definition, "Fascism is the most reactionary political trend that arose in the capitalist countries during the period of the general crisis of capitalism and expresses the interests of the most aggressive circles of the imperialist bourgeoisie", this is from the BES 1949-1958, edited by S.I. Vavilov. Fascism is precisely the most beneficial for the domestic bourgeoisie, under fascism trade unions are prohibited, any struggle of workers for their rights is prohibited, any dissent is prohibited, etc.
        1. +1
          8 February 2023 11: 17
          Quote: aleksejkabanets
          Quote: Luminman
          If you are talking about industrialists, then the last thing they wanted was Hitler's rise to power.

          Can you substantiate your statement? Fascism is "an open terrorist dictatorship of the most reactionary, most chauvinistic, most imperialist elements of finance capital." This is Dmitrov's definition, "Fascism is the most reactionary political trend that arose in the capitalist countries during the period of the general crisis of capitalism and expresses the interests of the most aggressive circles of the imperialist bourgeoisie", this is from the BES 1949-1958, edited by S.I. Vavilov. Fascism is precisely the most beneficial for the domestic bourgeoisie, under fascism trade unions are prohibited, any struggle of workers for their rights is prohibited, any dissent is prohibited, etc.

          But in Germany it was not fascism, but National Socialism ... of course, they have a lot in common, but there are no less differences ... so in Germany there was the GTF, which very successfully fought for the rights of workers in the midst of WWII, and the factories in the occluded Western countries (Czechoslovakia, France, etc.) were quite private and carried out state. The order, often snatching contracts from the hands of German companies (especially often they got contracts from the SS, because they bought anything there, trying to keep up with the army, but the Czechs were actively working with their light tanks and vehicles at the base) ...
          1. -3
            8 February 2023 11: 44
            Quote: parma
            They have a lot in common, of course, but there are no less differences ...

            In principle, fascism is not much different from National Socialism.
            Quote: parma
            so in Germany there was a "GTF", which very successfully fought for the rights of workers

            GTF say fought for the rights of workers? ))) Read here or something http://www.hrono.ru/organ/ukaz_g/1933getrud.php
        2. 0
          8 February 2023 11: 29
          Quote: aleksejkabanets
          Fascism is

          In fact, there are a great many definitions of fascism. Based on your preferences, you can choose any ...

          Quote: aleksejkabanets
          Fascism is precisely the most beneficial for the domestic bourgeoisie, trade unions are prohibited under fascism, any struggle of workers for their rights is prohibited

          Just, fascism is not beneficial to the bourgeoisie, because it equalizes the rights of all sections of society. Under fascism, no trade unions are simply needed, since the very ideology of fascism ensures free labor. Under fascism, which completely rejects classes, no workers fight for any rights - they are provided by the same ideology. If you do not touch the bad features of fascism, then the ones I have listed are good features ...
          1. +4
            8 February 2023 11: 57
            Quote: Luminman
            Just, fascism is not beneficial to the bourgeoisie, because it equalizes the rights of all sections of society.

            Doesn't equalize! Equalize the rights of Krupp and his workers? How many "owners of steamboat newspaper factories" were, for example, in the trenches of Stalingrad? Could workers fight for their rights? * "From now on," he (Hitler) said, "May 1, which until now has symbolized the class struggle, is turning into a symbol of national unity." Hitler assured that the new Germany would no longer know social conflicts, but "become one family, working with all its might for the implementation of common tasks. It will again become a powerful and respected state by the peoples." The day after these celebrations, SA troops occupied the premises of the trade unions and confiscated all their property, including membership dues. The editorial offices of trade union newspapers and magazines were closed, hundreds of trade unionists were arrested, who were immediately replaced by commissars from the Nazi trade unions. All trade union organizations were required to make a declaration of full and unconditional obedience to the directives of the NSDAP. The government issued a law that abolished the right to conclude tariff agreements, won back in the period of the empire. Now the labor commissars determined "the conditions concerning the signing of labor relations". Workers and employees were obliged to follow the orders of the "enterprise commander", who, as a rule, was its owner. The workers' councils were abolished, the right to strike and to conclude collective agreements were abolished. The illusion of "smoothing out" class and estate differences was created. Later, on January 16, 1934, the so-called. Labor Charter (entered into force on May 1, 1934), which determined the new order of labor relations. *, this is from here http://www.hrono.ru/organ/ukaz_g/1933getrud.php
            Quote: Luminman
            If you do not touch the bad features of fascism, then the ones I have listed are good features ...
            As you can see, fascism does not remove class contradictions, on the contrary, it exacerbates them to the limit.
            1. +1
              8 February 2023 12: 21
              As you can see, fascism does not remove class contradictions, on the contrary, it exacerbates them to the limit.
              Alas, your opponent does not see this and cannot see it, because:
              If you do not touch the bad features of fascism, then the ones I have listed are good features ...
              1. +1
                8 February 2023 13: 02
                Quote: kor1vet1974
                Alas, your opponent does not see this and cannot see

                Fascism completely rejects classes, as well as the class struggle! Read on this subject at least. You could even read it in Soviet propaganda pamphlets if you can read between the lines... wink
                1. +2
                  8 February 2023 13: 13
                  Quote: Luminman
                  Fascism completely rejects classes, as well as the class struggle!

                  You can also reject the Sun with your mouth, but this will not stop it from shining.)))
                2. +2
                  8 February 2023 13: 52
                  Fascism completely rejects classes
                  Yah.. laughing Fascists in Italy, Nazis in Germany, Francoists in Spain, built a classless society? Communism? laughing Oh, no .. they only managed, or rather, just began to lay the foundation for the transition period between capitalism and communism, socialism .. laughing
                  1. Fat
                    +1
                    8 February 2023 15: 20
                    hi Greetings. Fascism implies in all cases an empire. The empire must develop extensively or effectively, that's not the point. They did not build a "classless" society, but built a society united by "one impulse" for expansion. At a certain stage, Franco realized the utopian nature of the idea and took a cautious, almost neutral position in World War II ... This is only part of the "reasons". Details need to be collected and excellent material for the article will turn out.
                    1. 0
                      8 February 2023 15: 50
                      hi
                      Fascism implies in all cases an empire.
                      The Russian Empire in the 20th century, is it fascism?
                      1. Fat
                        +1
                        8 February 2023 18: 39
                        hi Cornelius I don't know. Here you have to think! Most likely no. At each stage - different ... Yes, and it’s weak for me, alternatives to breed ... Could have become under Kolchak ....
                      2. +2
                        9 February 2023 12: 38
                        Quote: kor1vet1974
                        The Russian Empire in the 20th century, is it fascism?

                        Ahem... just because fascism implies an empire doesn't mean that all empires are fascist. No need to transfer the properties of a private to an integer.
              2. -4
                8 February 2023 13: 11
                Quote: kor1vet1974
                Alas, your opponent does not see this and cannot see it, because:

                What if he reads something and sees it.))) In general, there is a very disturbing tendency to look for good features in fascism. Focus on secondary attributes such as swastikas or torchlight processions and ignore such things as the complete subordination of the courts to the ruling party in power, the abolition of the rights and freedoms of citizens, the persecution of trade union leaders, etc., etc. Any coincidences such as "no wobble", "network case", persecution of Kiril Ukraintsev are accidental and do not reflect the real state of affairs in the state of the Russian Federation.)))
                1. 0
                  8 February 2023 13: 58
                  And suddenly he reads something and sees.
                  Very well read smile He only sees the tops, not the roots .. Yeah, to see good features in fascism - Nazism and shout "Down with fascism!", Not about our opponent already, but in general, this is already a clinic.
  4. 0
    8 February 2023 09: 34
    The strategy of indirect action in all its glory. Raise Gither, pit with Britain. No matter who wins, the main beneficiary is the United States. If the winner in the fight turns out to be too strong, pit against Russia. And that's it ... the new "king of the hill" is ready, that is. USA.
    In principle, both World Wars had a similar concept and scenario. Not everything worked out, something turned out clumsily, we had to unleash another war ("cold"), but for a short period we still managed to create a unipolar world.
  5. +1
    8 February 2023 13: 32
    The author, strictly following his creative credo, pulls an owl on the globe, simultaneously openly cheating to dramatize the story.
    Mayr introduced Hitler to Ernst Röhm, a member of the secret right-wing officers' union.

    No "secret officers' union" existed in nature. Eiserne Faust (Iron Fist), where Hitler and Röhm met, was a completely legal informal society, a kind of officers' club that united nationalistic Reichswehr officers and existed from 1919 to 1934.
    The party (German Workers' Party) was formed at the beginning of 1919. It was based on the mystical, secret organizations "German Order" and "Thule Society".

    At the heart of the German Workers' Party (DAP), which later became the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), was the Munich section of the "Free Workers' Committee for the Struggle to Achieve a Good Peace", founded by Drexler.
    The Deutscher Orden had nothing to do with the creation of the DAP at all. With the Thule Society, the issue is somewhat more complicated. Members of the "Thule Society" Drexler, Harrer, Feder, Eckart actively participated in the creation of the DAP, but almost immediately fundamental disagreements arose between these organizations and the "society" quickly withered and ceased to exist. True, later hacks like Samsonov around him lied mountains of all sorts of mysticism.
    But the author did not bother to say anything about the role of the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve System in the revival of the German economy and the formation of the Third Reich.
    1. +1
      8 February 2023 13: 55
      Quote: Ruyter-57
      No "secret officer union" existed in nature

      In fact, in Germany there was a whole plethora of parties and various alliances, both covert and overt, fighting against the Versailles system. But the author is unlikely to be able to name at least one of them ...

      Quote: Ruyter-57
      But about the role of the Bank of England and the Federal Reserve System in the revival of the German economy and the formation of the Third Reich

      The Dawes Plan was supposed to finance the German economy, but not the Nazis. Who really paid for the beer of the stormtroopers and the maintenance of the party offices has not been explained so far ...
  6. +2
    8 February 2023 14: 56
    And if so: Everyone fed the Beast, secretly hoping to set it on a neighbor ... until they realized that the grown beast does not lend itself to training and strives to devour the breadwinners ... what
  7. +2
    8 February 2023 17: 24
    Quote: Gomunkul
    Who nurtured Nazism in Germany

    There are two interesting films on youtube:
    1. Economy of the Third Reich: I.G. Farben;
    2. Economy of the Third Reich: Krupp.
    hi


    But this is already about the period after Aloizych came to power.
    IS Farben consistently supported the left-liberal opposition until their leadership got fucked up.
    See the 1930s article in Pravda (!!) "The Tragedy of Dr. Faber".
  8. 0
    8 February 2023 22: 19
    Now all the same is being repeated in Ukraine, only the local Fuhrer looks like a clown from a traveling circus, but the Nazis are real ..
  9. 0
    15 February 2023 13: 45
    When, at the Nuremberg trials, the ex-president of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics, Hjalmar Schacht, offered justice for the sake of putting on the dock those who nurtured the Third Reich, while mentioning the American corporations General Motors and Ford, as well as the personally Governor of the Bank of England Norman Montague , - the Americans made a deal with him, promising freedom in exchange for silence. And the International Military Tribunal fully acquitted Shakht, despite the protests of Soviet lawyers.
    The secret of Anglo-Saxon assistance to Hitler at the initial stage of his party career was taken with them to the grave by two people - the seemingly inconspicuous Swiss financier Wilhelm Gustloff (it is no coincidence that the Fuhrer will posthumously assign his name to Germany's largest cruise ship) and NSDAP treasurer Franz Schwartz. Hjalmar Schacht called Gustloff, who was killed in Davos in 1936 in Swiss Davos, a "permanent mediator" between British and American corporations, on the one hand, and the Nazis, on the other (according to some sources, Gustloff mediated from 1925 to 1929). As for SS-Obergruppenführer Schwartz, he died no less strangely than Gustloff: on December 2, 1947, he was supposed to be released from the filtration camp in Regensburg, but the general did not go free. I had breakfast, felt bad, and after an hour and a half died - "due to problems with the stomach," as noted in the medical report. In April 1945, Schwartz burned in the “brown house” (NSDAP headquarters in Munich) all financial documents that could compromise representatives of the victorious countries, and for this reason naively counted on indulgence.
  10. 0
    15 March 2023 19: 30
    An interesting start ... Under the conditions of the signing of a peace treaty by Germany after WWI, the beginning of WW2 was laid. No self-respecting country will live in such conditions for a long time. When the masses mature, it will be necessary to plant a charismatic leader in society who meets the aspirations of the people and give him money. I had a chance to read a good book about the personality of Hitler (Werner Maser "Adolf Hitler"), where the author managed to get around the question of who brought Hitler to power and how. It is clear that the Anglo-Saxons needed him to try to return the resources of Russia / USSR, which were slipping out of their hands after Stalin came to power. Hope to fill in the gaps! Hitler is a petty tyrant of the Stalin era!
  11. Eug
    +1
    April 20 2023 13: 55
    England and the USA - against each other. There is a magnificent book by N. Starikov - "Who made Hitler attack Stalin" - and an equally interesting video by Fursov "When China is thrown against Russia" on YOUTUBE. I highly recommend to those who are interested.
  12. 0
    April 27 2023 19: 55
    Germany was formed only in 1871. Until that time, it was kept in a state of feudal fragmentation. Who suddenly needed to create Germany? Who allowed the principalities to unite, and most importantly, why? So, someone needed both Wilhelm 2 and Hitler. A united Germany will always be a thorn in the body of Europe. This artificial state is Frankenstein. These are different peoples with different religions and it is not clear why they are united in one country.