Radar Hensoldt TRML-4D in Ukraine

29
Radar Hensoldt TRML-4D in Ukraine

Ukraine receives from abroad radar stations of various types and for various purposes. Since last autumn, it has been supplied with TRML-4D multifunctional radars manufactured by the German company Hensoldt. Such equipment, first of all, is intended for use as part of the IRIS-T anti-aircraft missile system, but its use as a separate means of illuminating the air situation is not excluded.

Small batches





At the beginning of last autumn, it became known that Germany plans to transfer to the Kyiv regime several promising IRIS-T air defense systems developed and manufactured by Diehl Defense. Soon they announced in what configuration and with what composition of funds these complexes will be supplied.

So, as the main means of detection and target designation, the TRML-4D type radar was included in the complex. An air defense system of this composition was demonstrated earlier, and in 2021 it was ordered by the Egyptian army. The radar for the air defense system was supposed to be supplied by Hensoldt under a subcontract. The cost of such a contract was not specified - it was designated as tens of millions of dollars.

By mid-October, the first of the promised air defense systems was delivered to Ukraine. A few days later, on October 20, Hensoldt confirmed the transfer of the first TRML-4D radar of its production as part of this complex. In addition, she recalled that in the coming months, three more new radars will be shipped as part of three German air defense systems.

On January 18, Hensoldt announced the receipt of another contract, this time independent. The customer was probably the federal government of Germany. The contract provides for the manufacture and shipment to Ukraine of two more TRML-4D radars. The exact cost of the equipment was again not indicated. Delivery time - within the next three months.

Thus, to date, Hensoldt has received orders for six new-type radars and is already fulfilling them. Up to four radars intended for IRIS-T anti-aircraft systems were handed over to the customer and sent to Ukraine. Two more such products will be manufactured and shipped in the coming months. How they are planned to be used - as part of the air defense system or independently - is not reported.

Doubtful result


Imported TRML-4D radars are actively used by Ukrainian formations as part of foreign air defense systems. The results of the use of German IRIS-T, like other anti-aircraft systems, are well known. Stations are really capable of detecting various targets and issuing target designation to missiles.


However, due to illiterate operation and improper deployment, the actual “air target” for an attack often turns out to be a residential building or an office building. The real target, in turn, continues to fly along the intended route.

However, such dubious results do not prevent the Ukrainian air defense from declaring the defeat of all targets seen and the successful reflection of strikes. Foreign suppliers, in turn, talk about the high role of their products in protecting Ukraine from Russian high-precision weapons. This is not surprising - both the manufacturer and the operator need to maintain their reputation by any means.

latest model


The TRML-4D product is one of Hensoldt's latest developments in the field of radar equipment. This project was developed during the second half of the last decade. In 2018, at one of the exhibitions, for the first time, information about it was revealed, a layout and promotional materials were shown. Then the work continued, and in 2021 for the first time presented a full-fledged prototype.

The TRML-4D radar is positioned as a mobile multi-functional air situational lighting system with high performance characteristics. The station can work independently and track air targets in a given area, or be used as part of one or another air defense system as the main means of detection.

It is curious that it was the last operating option that was most actively promoted by the development company and subcontractors. Potential customers were offered several options for the IRIS-T air defense system from Diehl Defense, incl. equipped with a new radar from Hensoldt.

An anti-aircraft complex of this composition has already gone into series and is being prepared for shipment to customers. Egypt became the first customer for IRIS-T with TRML-4D at the very end of 2021. He was supposed to receive his radar and air defense systems in the coming years. However, as it became known recently, the implementation of the Egyptian contract was shifted to the right. First of all, Hensoldt and Diehl Defense should produce equipment for Ukraine.

Technical features


TRML-4D is a mobile radar on a truck chassis, capable of independently moving between positions and being on duty for a long time. A housing with electronic equipment and an antenna device is mounted on a chassis with sufficient characteristics.


The radar is pulse-Doppler and operates in the C-band. The station is equipped with an active phased array with elements based on gallium nitride. Scanning in azimuth is carried out by rotating the antenna. Vertical scanning in the sector from -2° (from -10° due to beam redirection) to +70°.

The manufacturer reports that TRML-4D is capable of detecting air targets at ranges from 200 m to 250 km and at altitudes up to 40 km. At the same time, confident recognition and tracking of an object of the “fighter” type begins at a range of 120 km, a “cruise missile” - 60 km. Declared the possibility of simultaneous tracking of 1500 targets. It is claimed that the radar has improved detection characteristics of small and low-altitude targets, such as UAVs or high-precision weapon.

The station has a number of necessary functions. She is able not only to accompany the target, but also to determine its class and type. When used as part of an air defense system, a launched missile is determined, the moment of hitting an air target is determined, etc.

The radar's own equipment processes the incoming information and outputs it in the form of ready-made data - target tracks, their coordinates, intended type, etc. The station is equipped with a modern digital radio communication system of NATO standards. With its help, interface with air defense command posts, elements of anti-aircraft systems, etc. is provided.

Advertising and practice


TRML-4D is one of the latest German-designed radars and is distinguished by high performance characteristics. The possibility of effectively solving all the main tasks, both independently and as part of complexes and divisions, is declared. The station is of interest to buyers, which is already confirmed by an export order.

A few months ago, TRML-4D products got the opportunity to take part in real combat work and show their actual characteristics and capabilities. All the details of the use of such radars as part of the air defense system are still unknown, but the main trends have already emerged. In general, we are talking about the low efficiency of the use of technology - due to its own shortcomings or due to illiterate use and other factors.


It seems that the German-made radars cope with the task of illuminating the air situation and give target designation to fire weapons. Nevertheless, the placement of stations among urban areas, the low level of preparation of calculations, etc. do not allow to realize the potential of technology. In addition, all these factors negatively affect the use of air defense systems, which include TRML-4D stations.

A separate problem is the small number of complexes and stations. All 4-6 German-made radars, despite their high performance, will be able to cover only certain areas, and more radars are needed to create a full-scale radar field. At the same time, the Russian army regularly knocks out radars and other radio equipment of Ukrainian formations and systematically destroys any air defense centers.

As far as is known, the Ukrainian IRIS-T air defense systems are still working and causing damage to surrounding objects. The defeat of such targets has not yet been reported. However news this kind may appear already in the near or medium term. How exactly the Russian army will decide to hit the German air defense systems and radars is not yet clear. It is armed with electronic warfare equipment to suppress enemy radars, as well as a wide range of fire weapons with different characteristics and capabilities. In the meantime, apparently, a search for suitable weapons and tactics is underway, as well as appropriate plans are being drawn up.

It should be noted that the defeat or destruction of foreign radars and anti-aircraft systems will have special consequences. So, the Kyiv regime will be left without the next elements of the already not the most numerous air defense. In turn, its foreign partners will suffer reputational damage, and the position of IRIS-T or TRML-4D products on the market will worsen.

Risk Tests


The events of recent months have shown that foreign partners view Ukraine as a training ground for solving several basic tasks, and this affects the nature of military-technical "assistance". Thus, the Kyiv regime is mainly given the old materiel, which otherwise would have had to be disposed of on its own.

Also, modern samples of various kinds are transferred in limited quantities: as it is now clear, for additional tests and for advertising. However, a few "advertising" equipment faces active opposition from the Russian army, cannot show its full potential and often dies under Russian blows. Probably, the "tests" of the new German TRML-4D radars will not be easy either. A well-known sad fate awaits them, as well as a deterioration in the image and problems on the international arms market.
Our news channels

Subscribe and stay up to date with the latest news and the most important events of the day.

29 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. +23
    January 29 2023
    The article is full of contradictions ... on the one hand, we are convinced of the low efficiency of the German radar, on the other hand they say that the same radar copes with its task of detecting and aiming at a target ... wonderful, however. what request
    1. +23
      January 29 2023
      They write that only clumsy people are fighting against us and their weapons are ineffective and incorrect. It would seem that such an enemy can be dealt with easily! However...

      And the story is like this. Propaganda showed a comical cartoon image of the enemy depicting the Germans. And it was during the most difficult period of the Second World War. Then everything got better. Both at the front and in lighting. And the Germans already
      shown as a smart and skillful enemy.
      1. 0
        January 30 2023
        Quote: Stas157
        And the story is like this. Propaganda showed a comical cartoon image of the enemy depicting the Germans. And it was during the most difficult period of the Second World War.

        Moreover, problems with propaganda then were not only with us. Remember Basilone's speech in one of the semi-documentary series The Pacific about the hat-shaking attitude of future marines in training to the enemy - Slap a Jap?
        A Japanese I know, a Japanese soldier, fought while you were in diapers! He is a combat veteran and is skilled with weapons. He can live for weeks on wormy rice and muddy water and endure suffering that you would not have dreamed of in your worst dream! A Japanese soldier doesn't care if he's wounded or killed as long as he kills you.
        You can call them whatever you want, but never... never stop respecting their desire to send you and your buddies to an early grave.
    2. +5
      January 29 2023
      It is unfortunate that you can not rate articles. I don't recommend reading this author at all. He has everything Western outdated or useless. When it came to the m113, the picture developed, but when it comes to the latest weapons, I'm sorry, I don't believe it.
      1. +2
        January 29 2023
        Quote from Falcon Buster
        When it came to m113, the picture was

        M113 is a wonderful car, the more they give it, the better for the APU.
      2. +1
        January 29 2023
        I don't recommend reading this author at all. He has everything Western outdated or useless. When it came to the m113, the picture developed, but when it comes to the latest weapons, I'm sorry, I don't believe it.

        IMHO, of course, but if the author writes such news without saying "it's unnecessary, too late and will be destroyed in one way or another", then he will write from Europe as a refugee journalist. Or not write at all.
        There is news, no matter what. Even the performance characteristics of the author tried to find. And the fact that the form of the articles is unusual - so we do not live in 2021, but in 2023; this must be understood.
        1. The comment was deleted.
      3. +1
        January 31 2023
        Cyril "spars" according to the training manual. Although maybe Cyril is just an artificial intelligence that is set to write texts with the same meaning, replacing the characteristics of weapons.
  2. +3
    January 29 2023
    I don’t believe that Bundeswehr vacationers or even regular warriors are not sitting at the controls of this prodigy!
  3. +2
    January 29 2023
    Well, if the calculations of these stations are not destroyed in time, then in the end they will learn.
    Do we have means of suppressing these balalaikas and how effective are they?
  4. +1
    January 29 2023
    If, mob. phones detect, then radar with megawatt pulses and even more so.
    Geranium in their liver!!!
    1. +11
      January 29 2023
      Until Geranium flies to them, they eat there, slowly curl up and leave. The complexes and radars located in the depths of the country are currently invulnerable. For the Aerospace Forces blew all the action with the "Wild Weasels" and normal PRRs, with which you can enter the zone of active air defense work.
      1. -2
        January 29 2023
        Quote: donavi49
        The complexes and radars located in the depths of the country are currently invulnerable.

        Still, it must be clarified that Kyiv is not the depth of the country. From the Republic of Belarus you can get the PRR, so what are there.
        1. -1
          January 29 2023
          As I understand it, the issue with Belarus is political. While Old Man was confident in the victory of the Russian Federation, Russian missiles flew from there, and troops entered. But after 11 months of brilliant success, he became cautious.
          1. 0
            January 29 2023
            Quote: Yaroslav Tekkel
            But after 11 months of brilliant success, he became cautious.

            The work of aviation seems to still allow. Land is unlikely - the likelihood that Tikhanovskaya's tank divisions will appear in response is growing every day.
            1. +1
              January 29 2023
              It seems to allow aviation flights over the territories of the Republic of Belarus, but not strikes on Ukraine. And what can she strike there if she doesn’t fly from LBS.
              1. +2
                January 31 2023
                Quote: Yaroslav Tekkel
                And what can she strike there if she doesn’t fly from LBS.

                We do not live in the early 40s of the last century in order to throw one cast iron. Air-based missile launchers fly from there - the same X-59s. And for a long time and regularly. And anti-radar X-31s fly from there, knocking out enemy radars and air defense systems.
                Or why in / on since the end of summer / autumn imported air defense systems are being pulled in an increasing stream? But they alone had S-300s with 31 divisions as of February 24.02.2022, 125. , not counting the military "Buks", "Arrows", "Osa", "Tunguska", "Tora", and a large number of old, but modernized S-XNUMXs. Now only a few units remain of all this wealth, which is why Western air defense systems are being pulled at an increasing pace And they were also promised the old "Hawks" ... but so far they haven't heard about such ones.
                So our aviation worked all these 11+ months. And she knocked out almost everything (at least 90%) of the air defense of THREE former Soviet districts! From 24.02.2022. not a single fighter without the Kh-31 (PRLR) took to the air.
  5. -1
    January 29 2023
    Kirill has a question for you. What makes you think that Banderlogs need "a continuous field, layered air defense, etc."? The Armed Forces of Ukraine do not need this. Firstly, it's expensive. they don’t give a damn about civilians for a long time). Thirdly, you correctly wrote the level of banderlog training is low, and the mercenaries will not solve the problem, the equipment is too specific, fourthly, sooner or later we will pick up the keys to these systems, and this is a reputation and the question is whether Egypt will want to after that to buy, the fifth complexity of operation means the elimination of non-critical shortcomings (the complex is new and has not been tested in real combat operations.
  6. +6
    January 29 2023
    Judging by the pictures, the mobility of the radar is somewhat better than the Ukrainian 35D6 and 19Zh6, the latter are located on semi-trailers, which, in width of 2,8 meters, do not fit into the traffic rules. Plus, electric power plants come in separate cabins in trailers. The presence of large radiators on the left and right of the equipment compartment indicates a high power pumped through the antenna, and the absence of doors indicates a high density of the internal layout of the equipment. This means that the calculation jobs are located in the driver's cab. The method of exchanging information with interfaced systems is not entirely clear (there are no external cables or communication antennas), although the C-band suggests the possibility of controlling missiles directly from the radar. I liked the product...
  7. +6
    January 29 2023
    However, due to illiterate operation and improper deployment, the actual “air target” for an attack often turns out to be a residential building or an office building.

    Author. It is necessary to reduce the sturgeon.
    1. +3
      January 29 2023
      The author, by assuming that the APU radars are located in residential areas, was disgraced in earnest. And it’s a no brainer that the radars are located on a hill, away from anything that interferes with the view of the sky.
      1. 0
        January 29 2023
        Quote: Torvlobnor IV
        The author, by assuming that the APU radars are located in residential areas, was disgraced in earnest. And it’s a no brainer that the radars are located on a hill, away from anything that interferes with the view of the sky.

        You know, I know, and 99 percent of readers are still pulling the trigger.
        And, perhaps, in topics that I don’t understand ...... Because "you can’t trust anyone" And since I can’t even superficially check that cloud that is falling down ....
  8. +3
    January 29 2023
    strange article. it seems like a good technical part of the article, but to put it mildly, the author’s stupid conclusions about the ineptitude of using radar data.
    it is interesting that it was ineptness that caused the fact that the work of the Russian Aerospace Forces was completely suppressed, or is the air defense efficiency 85%?
    Well, then we cannot defeat the inept enemy, but on the contrary, we retreat. then we get even more inept?
    Ukraine's sky protection is probably the highest in Europe among all countries. heavily echeloned and from dissimilar components
  9. +1
    January 29 2023
    Quote: Lech from Android.
    The article is full of contradictions ... on the one hand, we are convinced of the low efficiency of the German radar, on the other hand they say that the same radar copes with its task of detecting and aiming at a target ... wonderful, however. what request
    Yes, easily recognizable and incorrigible author's style:
    Probably, the "tests" of the new German TRML-4D radars will not be easy either. A well-known sad fate awaits them, as well as a deterioration in the image and problems in the international arms market.
    winked
  10. +2
    January 29 2023
    Tales of the grandmother "Arina". A good complex, if possible, such should be destroyed as quickly as possible. If possible.
  11. +2
    January 29 2023
    How exactly the Russian army will decide to hit the German air defense systems and radars is not yet clear. It is armed with electronic warfare equipment to suppress enemy radars, as well as a wide range of fire weapons with different characteristics and capabilities. In the meantime, apparently, a search for suitable weapons and tactics is underway, as well as appropriate plans are being drawn up.


    I somehow, sinfully, thought that such plans should be drawn up long before the war. And it looks like ... While we plan how to hit IRISs, the APU will have much more dangerous Patriots and SAMP-Ts, and again we can plan for another year.
    1. -3
      January 29 2023
      Quote: Kirill Ryabov
      How exactly the Russian army will decide to hit the German air defense systems and radars is not yet clear.

      Quote: Yaroslav Tekkel
      While we plan how to hit IRISs, the Armed Forces of Ukraine will have much more dangerous Patriots and SAMP-Ts, and again we can plan for another year

      What he said... hmm... journalist - he said that something was not clear to him. To conclude from this that this is not clear to people directly related to this problem is somewhat reckless, isn't it?

      Quote: Yaroslav Tekkel
      I, by a sinful deed, thought

      You are mistaken. Try again Yes
  12. -1
    January 30 2023
    Quote: Lech from Android.
    However, due to illiterate operation and improper deployment, the actual “air target” for an attack often turns out to be a residential building or an office building. The real target, in turn, continues to fly along the intended route.

    I won’t quote the article, I also noticed inconsistencies - on the one hand, the advertising is positive, on the other hand, they immediately write that they are not competently exploited, or maybe the third is natural low efficiency?
  13. 0
    January 31 2023
    Cyril in his repertoire
    it is about the low efficiency of the application of technology
    Of course, there will be no facts. Absolutely empty text with numbers from Wikipedia.
  14. 0
    March 31 2023
    The visibility range of the radar depends on the height of the object, the lower the closer, the laws of the globe.

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"