Military Review

The beginning of the revival of the Russian icebreaking fleet laid

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So it's time for the revival of the icebreaker fleet in Russia. First time in stories an independent Russian state at the Baltiysky Zavod in October 2012 of the year saw the laying of the icebreaker LC-25, a large linear diesel-electric ship with a displacement of more than 22 thousand tons and a capacity of 25 MW. Prime Minister of Russia D. Medvedev took part in the ceremony of laying the keel of the icebreaker LK-25.

First of all, it should be noted that the LC-25 is a fully-fledged icebreaker, which is designed to guide ships along the Northern Sea Route, both independently and in group with other icebreakers. It is bipartisan, that is, it can be used not only in high water, but also in river conditions, which is an undoubted advantage over icebreakers that have a large draft. The draft of this icebreaker can vary within eight meters, depending on how full the ballast tanks with water are. Thus, it is quite possible to abandon the icebreakers of small precipitation. Incidentally, the LC-25 is also equipped with a cargo crane having a load capacity of 150 tons, which is designed to perform work under water during the laying of pipelines and in those regions where drilling and mining platforms are installed. In addition, the vessel is planned to be equipped with a special system designed to extinguish fires on oil and gas and drilling platforms. And also on the icebreaker the possibility of placing special equipment to eliminate, if necessary, oil spills.

On the ship, moreover, very comfortable conditions are provided for accommodating passengers and crew, which will make it possible to use the vessel for passenger and expeditionary flights.

On October 17, a week after the launch of the LC-25, a ceremony of laying another icebreaker LC-16 21900М was held at Vyborg Shipyard.

LK-16 is a diesel-electric icebreaker, equipped with a thruster and two steering wheels with full-turning columns, equipped with a helipad. This vessel is a modernized project 21900, according to which the 2 icebreaker, St. Petersburg and Moscow, were built. A number of changes were made to the new project, in particular, there were opportunities for accommodating special personnel and equipment, the helipad was moved to the bow of the vessel, a crane with increased payload was installed, the hull structures were strengthened to reduce vibration, the propulsion complex had more power. In addition, the steering rotors are replaced by Icebreaker7 (previously used by Icebreaker6). Plus, the ship has installed systems and equipment that must ensure compliance with international requirements for ballast treatment and reduction of harmful emissions. The icebreaker has a displacement of about 14 thousand tons. Its main purpose is to independently guide and tow large-tonnage vessels, extinguish fires, assist ships in the event of a disaster, and transport payloads. In total, it is planned to build an icebreaker 3 for this project, which should be put into operation before October 2015. It is assumed that the main place of work of the courts will be the Baltic Sea basin.

It is worth noting that these icebreaker projects are not the only ones. Earlier, in April of this year, the first steel cutting was carried out at the Yantar Baltic Shipyard for the innovative project of the unique icebreaker P-70202. The customer for this project was Rosmorrefflot, with whom a contract was signed in early October of 2011.

The laying ceremony for the icebreaker took place at Yantar plant in July 2012, but since the Russian shipbuilders are working on this project together with the Finns, the construction will be completed at the Finnish company Arctech Helsinki Shipyard Oy (Russian capital in it is 50 percent of shares and is under the jurisdiction of United Shipbuilding Corporation).

This vessel is the only icebreaker in the world that is designed to carry out rescue operations and combat accidents involving oil spills. A characteristic feature of the icebreaker is an asymmetrical body and three windshield columns. Thus, the vessel can work both in the rear and in the forward course, and in addition, lateral movement is also provided, if necessary, for posting vessels in ice conditions. The very idea of ​​a navigable vessel was developed by the Finnish company Aker Arctic Technology back in the 90s of the last century.

The equipment for the icebreaker will be delivered by Transas, which has signed a contract with the Finnish plant Arctech Helsinki Shipyard Oy. Among this equipment will be supplied a set of integrated navigation system and navigation equipment, GMDSS equipment, an optical-electronic night vision and video surveillance system, navigation systems, equipment designed to ensure the landing and take-off of aircraft. In addition, it is supposed to install modern satellite systems that most meet the technical requirements, presented to the vessels of this class.

Thus, the icebreaker will be used to extinguish fires, eliminate emergency oil spills, and will also carry out environmental monitoring.

But that's not all. Soon, as the head of the United Shipbuilding Corporation stated, steel cutting will begin to lay the project for the nuclear icebreaker 22220 LK-60Я. Recall that the nuclear-powered icebreaker, the construction of which was started back in the Soviet years (in 1989 year) - “50 Years of Victory” was completed and put into operation only in 2007 year.

The new icebreaker is a completely new vessel, on the protection of the project of which many organizations worked, in particular, the Krylov Central Research Institute, TsNIIMF, Iceberg Central Design Bureau. Note that at the time when the project existed only on paper, many did not believe that domestic shipbuilders were able to “pull” such a serious project. However, at the beginning of 2012, the successful tests of the new nuclear power plant Rhythm-200 passed, and the icebreaker itself is planned to be laid in 2013. The new vessel will be equipped with new hull lines that will improve its ice resistance and ice carrying capacity.

We also note that the new icebreaker will be the largest of all nuclear icebreakers ever built in the world. Its capacity will reach 60 MW (while Taimyr has a total of 32,5 megawatts, and Arctic one has a little more 29 megawatts). The ship's width will be 32 meters (against 28 meters for the above icebreakers), length - 172 meters (for Taimyr it is 150 meters, and for the Arctic - 148 meters). The ice run will be on the order of 2,9 meters (versus 1,95 and 2,25 meters on two other vessels). In this case, the draft will vary depending on the tasks and conditions, the ballast tanks will be able to receive up to 9 thousand tons of water. Thus, it can be said that the icebreaker LK-60Я is capable of replacing both vessels — the Taimyr and the Arctic — for escorting ships to the northern ports.

It should be noted that the revival of the icebreaking fleet and the construction of new icebreakers, which are necessary for the resuscitation of the Northern Sea Route, are needed not only for the transportation of mineral resources that are mined in the north of the country. There are other reasons besides the increasing importance and role of the Northern Sea Route as an international transport line. In particular, the warming that is currently observed will make the transportation of goods economically viable, and in addition, this sea route that connects Asia and Europe lies in the territorial waters of Russia. And if we take into account that the prospect of turning North Africa and the Middle East into a large continuous zone of instability is increasingly noticeable, the use of icebreakers will be of great importance in terms of transport safety. This is understood in many states, in particular, in Japan, which has developed a joint program with Norway to develop the Northern Sea Route and is already conducting trial pilotage for its vessels.

In Russia, certain measures are also being taken in this direction: a program called “Basics of Russian state policy in the Arctic” is at the implementation stage, new icebreakers, railways and ports are being built, but the Arctic grouping of troops is also being created. And this is right, because the fact that the Arctic is becoming increasingly important requires an increase and its security.

Materials used:
http://www.odnako.org/blogs/show_21325/
http://neftegaz.ru/news/view/104909
http://www.sdelanounas.ru/blogs/10488/
Author:
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  1. Lavrik
    Lavrik 10 November 2012 08: 31
    +4
    Due to warming, the role of sowing. sea ​​route will increase dramatically. It is necessary to deploy troops in the North to protect it from the encroachments of "neighbors". Icebreakers and ice-class ships are very necessary for this.
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 10 November 2012 19: 38
      +6
      The appearance of the icebreaker
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 11 November 2012 21: 36
        +3
        This is not a LK-25. In general, this is not an atomic ship. This is a model of a diesel-electric icebreaker (pronounced exhaust system). And judging by the developed system of thrusters, this is most likely not a linear icebreaker, but an auxiliary one ...
        1. Alex 241
          Alex 241 11 November 2012 21: 40
          +3
          Vasily good evening, following our tradition a little humor.
          1. Alex 241
            Alex 241 11 November 2012 21: 57
            +4
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            1. Chicot 1
              Chicot 1 11 November 2012 22: 28
              +1
              Hello, Alexander! Glad to see you in good health! drinks
              Alas, for all my touching sympathy for the icebreaking class ships, I could not find anything furious on this subject in my archives ...
              I answer with turntables. I have them (relatives !!!), like a lifesaver for all occasions ... laughingYYY
              1. Alex 241
                Alex 241 11 November 2012 22: 34
                +1
                Thank you Vasily for your kind words, I’m contributing a modest contribution to your collection, I hope that they won’t be offended by me
                1. Alex 241
                  Alex 241 11 November 2012 22: 34
                  0
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                  1. Alex 241
                    Alex 241 11 November 2012 22: 35
                    0
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                    1. Alex 241
                      Alex 241 11 November 2012 22: 36
                      0
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          2. crambol
            crambol 12 November 2012 15: 26
            +1
            Now even the last dumbass will know what an icebreaker is on its own steam!
        2. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 11 November 2012 22: 01
          0
          Quote: Chicot 1
          This is not a LK-25. In general, this is not an atomic ship. This is a model of a diesel-electric icebreaker (pronounced exhaust system).

          The article says:
          "..... For the first time in the history of an independent Russian state, the icebreaker LK-2012 was laid at the Baltic Shipyard in October 25, large linear diesel electric shipwith a displacement of more than 22 thousand tons and a capacity of 25 MW ..... "

          I took the picture from here http://bastion-karpenko.narod.ru/VVT/22600.html

          CHARACTERISTICS
          Displacement 22258 t
          Maximum length 146.8 m
          Length between perpendiculars 132.8 m
          29.0 width m
          Speed ​​approx. 17 nodes
          Power plant power 25 MW
          Draft is the smallest 8.5 m
          Draft is the largest 9.5 m
          Autonomy 60 day
          Icebreaking 2 m
          38 crew
          Special staff 90 people.
        3. crambol
          crambol 12 November 2012 15: 48
          +1
          judging by the developed system of thrusters ...

          In fact, thrusters are only visible on his nose. But on the feeder like turning pylons with screws. I could be wrong. Moreover, it is not clear how he will meet ice with open blades?
  2. scrack
    scrack 10 November 2012 10: 34
    +1
    Icebreakers are not only for the Northern Sea Route, but also for the development of the Arctic. It can certainly be equipped with research equipment
  3. Gemar
    Gemar 10 November 2012 12: 24
    +1
    Harboring! fellow
    172 meters! Yes, this is "our way"! good
    Eh, they would have taken and developed a project for a nuclear-powered icebreaker-cruiser ... It seems that then many of our "partners" would cease to consider the Arctic "common property".
    And if it doesn’t help, then we’ll build a space-borne nuclear-powered icebreaker (a joke).
    GLORY TO RUSSIA!
  4. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 10 November 2012 13: 50
    +2
    T.N. "two-draft" LK-25, presented as its undoubted advantage, is in fact its main drawback. For most (and the most difficult !!!) part of his working time (escorting caravans in conditions of perennial ice) he will have to work as a "water carrier", i.e. essentially wasting water in ballast tanks ...
    Right, the weight and volume that the water will occupy could be used more rationally and create a full-fledged linear icebreaker, not some hybrid with an auxiliary ... So, at least zamusnuyte the abscissa on the other side of the axis, but I consider the draft LC -25 unsuccessful. And this is my strong opinion ...
    1. koosss
      koosss 10 November 2012 14: 13
      0
      what is this disadvantage? "two-draft" makes it more "passable" in terms of depths and, accordingly, in large situations it can be used

      "It can be used not only in big water, but also in rivers, which is an undoubted advantage over icebreakers with a large draft. The draft of this icebreaker able to change within eight meters "
      this does not mean that tanks should always be filled .. but only in specific necessary situation
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 10 November 2012 22: 31
        +2
        Trying to create something universal is a very shaky and often (!) Unjustified action ...

        To make it clearer, I will translate this into a military plane. More precisely, in the naval ...
        A hybrid of a linear icebreaker (intended for piloting caravans under conditions of perennial ice, often pack ice) and shallow-sitting (or auxiliary), is akin to a cross between a battleship and a river monitor. The idea is attractive, but a priori initially dead end (to put it mildly) ...

        One more thing - "specific, necessary situation "- this is the overwhelming majority and the lion's share in the working time of an icebreaker of similar dimensions and power of the control system (that is, in other words - of a similar class) ... Rather, without water in tanks, it will be for a short period of its service life. this even if we include here the time of parking in the places of its permanent base ...
        It seems that it is not seasoned specialists who are engaged in its design, but undereducated students. And even worse - dumb devils than teenagers ...
        1. Chicot 1
          Chicot 1 11 November 2012 15: 55
          +1
          Do not minus minus, my friend ... wink laughing YYY
    2. Wedmak
      Wedmak 10 November 2012 16: 02
      +2
      Well, I would argue about this "disadvantage". The icebreaker is not a barge or a tanker. This ship has a rather narrow purpose - to break the ice and navigate ships in difficult ice conditions. And the fact that he carries several thousand tons of water with him, and not, say, grain or oil, should not worry at all.
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 10 November 2012 22: 08
        +2
        "If the cage with the donkey says" Lion ", do not believe your eyes"
        Kozma Prutkov
        wink

        So then, my dear colleagues on the site ... smile
  5. omsbon
    omsbon 10 November 2012 14: 41
    +1
    A very joyful event and significant!
  6. Aleks60
    Aleks60 10 November 2012 14: 45
    +1
    For any, it is necessary to build up and recreate the entire infrastructure of the Northern Sea Route. And let the whole progressive community take advantage. But on our terms. Because this is our monastery.
  7. shurup
    shurup 10 November 2012 16: 19
    +1
    I, too, was drawn to gigantomania.
    A nuclear-powered icebreaker carrier, armed with heavy transport helicopters and an integrated rig, besides aircraft, has never been done before.
    1. Wedmak
      Wedmak 10 November 2012 16: 20
      0
      Why a rig? Then let a couple dozen ICBMs.
    2. Ascetic
      Ascetic 10 November 2012 16: 26
      +2
      Quote: shurup
      A nuclear-powered icebreaker carrier, armed with heavy transport helicopters and an integrated rig, besides aircraft, has never been done before.


      Well, not all at once. And then global warming, and even the last ice with giant icebreakers will be destroyed. Nowhere will our SSBN hide laughing
      The Arctic is a unique positional region for them, it’s not in vain that the Amers are racking their brains on how to neutralize them .. They want to install tracking sensors on icebergs

      My webpage
  8. patriot2
    patriot2 10 November 2012 19: 39
    +1
    But is not our Russia the mistress in its Arctic waters? It’s true that the icebreaker fleet is being updated, we need to increase it. The North Sea Route is a good transport artery that allows transporting goods from the Atlantic to Asia and America in a shorter and safer way (pirates and other hot spots). In addition, the Arctic forces will be able to provide additional security for these movements.
    Icebreakers are needed!
  9. datur
    datur 10 November 2012 21: 01
    +2
    patriot2And what if our Russia is not a mistress in its Arctic waters --- yes any freaks claiming to x ........ I !!!!!!!!! we need to show them that we still have enough missiles !!!!! feel yes laughing
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 11 November 2012 16: 52
      0
      Are we starting a war or what?
  10. pesec
    pesec 11 November 2012 12: 19
    0
    According to the B-port.com news agency, the atomic icebreakers of Rosatomflot in 2012 (to October) carried 1,034 million tons of transit cargo along the Northern Sea Route during the summer-autumn navigation. So, 38 different vessels passed through the Northern Sea Route during this time. At the same time, navigation through the NSR will last approximately until the end of November, the Rosatoflot’s External Relations Department said. 23 of the carried out vessels transited bulk cargoes in transit: gas condensate, kerosene, diesel fuel, fuels and lubricants. In total, 763 thousand 914 tons of bulk products were transported via TSMP, most of which belong to Novatek. Four large-capacity vessels passed along the NSR routes with 262 thousand 263 tons of Eurochem iron ore concentrate. These vessels belonged to the company Nordic Bulk Carriers. One refrigerator was transported from the East to the West with frozen fish products, the transportation volume was 8265 tons. Five vessels marched in ballast and another five by haul. Among the transit vessels, 22 passed from West to East, and 16 from East to West. Vessels proceeded to the ports of Russia, China, South Korea, Singapore, Iceland, France, Finland. For comparison, in 2011, 34 transit flights passed along the Northern Sea Route. At the same time, 25 vessels passed from West to East, and nine from East to West. The total volume of goods transported in transit amounted to 820 thousand tons. Conclusions: there is no hype in transportation yet. Profit from postings is doubtful. Tariffs for icebreaker services are off scale. It is not necessary to pass off the desired (wide and profitable exploitation of the Northern Sea Route) as valid.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 11 November 2012 16: 55
      +1
      All right. By rail along the Trans-Siberian Railway and faster and more profitable. Of course, the SevMorPut should be preserved, just in case, but let the Chinese sponsor transportation along it.
  11. crambol
    crambol 11 November 2012 20: 08
    +1
    Quote: Chicot 1
    he will be forced to work as a "water carrier", i.e. essentially wasting water in ballast tanks ..


    Respected! You forgot that the tanker is also not oiled up all the time. Going in the ballast he likes, he’s not good, but it is necessary to fill the water.
    But from an economic point of view, the question is certainly not entirely clear. Maybe you're right - I don't know the icebreaker fleet. I am more at the floating base "Kronstadt Glory" - the kingdom of heaven to her, on pins and needles!
    Plus to you.
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 11 November 2012 22: 23
      +2
      And you plus, dear crambol.

      An icebreaker is not a tanker. This is not a cargo ship at all. It has a constant draft initially. Yes, it changes (and even within very insignificant limits) during the operation of the roll and trim tanks. But this happens occasionally ...

      And now, as you rightly pointed out - "the question of economics" ...
      We simulate a situation (very, very realistic though!) - the LC leads a caravan from Murmansk to Dudinka. This is 1368 nautical miles, or 2533,5 keme. Of these, he only about 125 miles, or about 400 keme (leading the caravan from the mouth of the Yenisei to Dudinka) will go without water in cisterns. All the rest of the working time (more than 90% in terms of distance, and probably even more in time) will be useless to carry "ash-two-o" with him.
      The question is - couldn’t it be possible to design a full-fledged linear icebreaker, and the volume occupied by ballast tanks to be used more rationally ??? !!! ...
      1. crambol
        crambol 11 November 2012 22: 33
        +1
        Perfectly. Unfortunately, I don’t remember anymore, the difference in precipitation in salt and sea water for vessels of similar displacement, it is not large. But can the LC reach Dudinka with a draft of at least 7 meters (there is no Yenisei estuary line) without downloading ballast?
        1. Chicot 1
          Chicot 1 11 November 2012 22: 41
          +2
          I also do not have the pilot of the Yenisei, but I know that the linear ones (such as "Arctic" and "Ermak") did not enter it because of the draft (up to 11 m). At the mouth and further along the river, auxiliary ones (like "Mudyug") worked, and later atomic shallow-draft ones ("Taimyr" and "Vaygach") ...
          "Captain Dranitsyn" worked at the Dudinka roadstead for a long time ...