Military Review

Place of power: 80 years of the Pentagon

Place of power: 80 years of the Pentagon

From the history

In the 1930s, the United States War Department was located in 17 separate buildings on the Washington grounds. With the outbreak of World War II, it became obvious that a concentration of military command was needed. Therefore, in May 1941, US Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson asked President Franklin Roosevelt to allocate additional territory for the War Department. So the decision was made to build a new building in Arlington, Virginia, which was supposed to be "wide but not tall”, and with minimal use of steel structures.

The new building was designed by the architect George Bergstrom (1876–1955). Construction was carried out by John McShane Construction Company of Philadelphia. McShane became famous as "The man who built Washington". From the side of the army, the construction was supervised by Colonel Leslie Groves of the US Army Construction Troops, the technical director of the Manhattan Project. Work on the structure began on September 11, 1941. After the Japanese operation on Pearl Harbor, the building was built at an accelerated pace, working around the clock. January 15, 1943 construction was completed.

The largest building of the 16th century was erected in XNUMX months from reinforced concrete and became one of the most innovative structures of this period. Indiana limestone was used as a facing material. The architects basically abandoned Italian marble for political reasons - fascist Italy was an ally of the Third Reich.

Due to the savings in steel during World War II, the building does not have elevators. Another feature is that there are twice as many toilets in the Pentagon than required by sanitary standards. This is due to the fact that at that time racial segregation was still in effect in the United States: separate sectors were provided for whites and blacks, respectively - separate conference rooms, cafes and restrooms.

The construction cost the US budget more than $83 million. At that time it was a very large amount. The building has five aboveground and two underground floors, the height of the aboveground part is 23,5 m. The pentagonal building of the Pentagon has five facades: with access to the esplanade (a wide space in front of the building), with a metro station, with access to the southern parking lot, with a helipad, with access to the river.

All five sides of the building are equal, each of them is 281 m long. The entire perimeter is about 1405 m, and the total area of ​​five floors is 604 m² (this is twice the size of the Empire State Building). Despite the large size of the building, getting from one part of the building to another is easy - it only takes a few minutes, since the entire complex is crossed by numerous corridors (their length is almost 000 km). According to the unofficial version, the building has not 30, but 2 underground floors. And numerous underground tunnels go for tens of kilometers.

Ground Zero cafeteria in the courtyard of the Pentagon

Why the Pentagon?

Pentagon means "pentagon" in Greek. The pentagonal shape of the building was chosen because of the terrain: the sketches of the project were created taking into account the fact that there were several roads in that place that intersected at an angle of 108 degrees, and this is the angle of construction of the pentagon (pentagon). As a result, the pentagonal building organically fit into the transport infrastructure, and the project was approved. Then President Roosevelt decided that the future building would block the view from Arlington Cemetery to Washington, so the construction site was moved downstream of the Potomac River, leaving the very layout of the building the same.

The central lawn of the building also has the shape of a pentagon and is informally called "Ground Zero" - "Point Zero". He received this nickname during the Cold War. It was believed that this place would be the first target of Soviet missiles in the event of a nuclear war.

It is the symbol of the Armed Forces of the United States of America and one of America's centers of command. Here are the departments of the Army, Navy and Air Force, the Office of the Minister of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and other departments. This is a real small city, where more than 25 thousand people work. It has its own park, cafes, restaurants, banks, shops, offices and various organizations that ensure the life of the Pentagon.

For 80 years, many myths and stories have developed around this complex of buildings. Largely due to the attention of the press and cinema. The Pentagon has become one of the symbols of the United States and American military power. The Pentagon in the view of the inhabitants is a place where the fate of the world is decided. On the other hand, the US Department of Defense building is open for tours. The Pentagon is visited by tens of thousands of visitors every year.
Photos used:

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site:

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Aerodrome
    Aerodrome 15 January 2023 04: 47
    not a "place of power", but the abode of Satan. let's dream?
    1. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. 15 January 2023 04: 52
      not a "place of power", but the abode of Satan. let's dream?

      They say there is a nuclear reactor under the Pentagon building ... it would be nice to lower a concrete-piercing Dagger or Zircon there.
      I guess all the offices are located in the dungeon ... and tourists are driven by props on the upper floors.
      1. Reklastik
        Reklastik 15 January 2023 09: 40
        Well, well ... And in 1999, there were rumors that at the headquarters of Intel there was a functional model of the Pentium processor, made on subminiature vacuum tubes.
    2. not the one
      not the one 15 January 2023 07: 35
      abode of satan
      Citadel of Evil.
      Ceterum censeo Carthaginem delendam esse.
    3. Artemion3
      Artemion3 15 January 2023 11: 46
      Inverted pentagram, everything fits...
    4. Paul Siebert
      Paul Siebert 15 January 2023 11: 56
      Quote: Aerodrome
      not a "place of power", but the abode of Satan. let's dream?

      Exact hit in "Ground Zero"!
    5. Sith
      Sith 15 January 2023 16: 59
      Maybe a prophetic picture ... =)

      Prophecy, foresight ... How to test them in the face of questions waiting to be answered? How much true prophecy does the "wave" of foresight contain (as Muad'Dib himself called his visions) - and how much does the soothsayer himself influence the future, adjusting it to his own foresight? And what about the harmonic connections caught in the act of prophecy?.. Does the prophet see the future itself - or does it see a weak spot, a crack that can be influenced by using a word or a decision, just as a diamond cutter splits a diamond with a blow of a chisel, hitting the right point? .(c) F. Herbert "Dune"
    6. The comment was deleted.
    7. yablocko
      yablocko 25 February 2023 09: 58
      The mentally ill have their dreams. The same as before February 24, and then it will be "but we are for sho."
      Of course, we never think about the victims.
  2. andrewkor
    andrewkor 15 January 2023 06: 49
    Did you find the wreckage of the plane that hit the Pentagon on September 11.09.2011, XNUMX? Or are they still looking?
    1. not the one
      not the one 15 January 2023 07: 37
      Look for firefighters,
      Looking for militia,
      Looking for photographers
      In our capital,
      They are looking for a long time,
      But they can’t find ...
      the wreckage of the plane that hit the Pentagon on September 11.09.2011, XNUMX
      1. Raymond
        Raymond 20 January 2023 19: 18
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 15 January 2023 07: 04
    Place of power: 80 years of the Pentagon
    Well, just the "red day" of the calendar laughing laughing What? Are we not working tomorrow? laughing Or did he take the day off? laughing
  4. Bingo
    Bingo 15 January 2023 09: 36
    Pentagon-Pentagon... Which Pentagon?

    Who does not know - the building of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia. Nickname - The Pentagon)))
    1. andrewkor
      andrewkor 15 January 2023 11: 54
      Reminds me of something fortified. Well, since they called it the "Pentagon", then this is for a long time. Everywhere, wherever I worked, the plant management building was called the "White House", and any psychiatric hospital was called the "yellow house".
      1. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 15 January 2023 14: 22
        My grandfather, my father's father, retired as a caretaker of the premises of the collective farm board. Leaving for work, he said: "I will go to guard the Reichstag."
    2. Paul Siebert
      Paul Siebert 15 January 2023 11: 59
      Quote from Bingo

      Who does not know - the building of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia. Nickname - The Pentagon)))

      What is the Pentagon?
      Rather - "Nut"!
  5. cpls22
    cpls22 15 January 2023 11: 59
    As for the form, the explanation of the layout dictated by the roads is rather weak. Yes, excuse. Given the undisguised love of the US elites for the occult and Masonic symbols, the commitment in state (including military) symbols to pentacles (five-pointed stars) - the choice of the form of the main symbolic citadel of the country seems unambiguous. Kabbalah is still in vogue with them.
    Our building, by the way, looks more elegant. In addition, it fits the more ancient, octal symbolism, originally from the east.
    1. balabol
      balabol 15 January 2023 18: 02
      About the roads just complete nonsense. Below is a photo. And yet where are these several roads at an angle of 108 degrees?
    2. Glory1974
      Glory1974 16 January 2023 10: 28
      this author has not yet shown the naval academy. It looks like a swastika from above. Definitely Freemasons.
    3. Eule
      Eule 18 January 2023 21: 25
      Catch a photo of a Masonic sword with a pentagonal star:
  6. balabol
    balabol 15 January 2023 12: 19
    I was alarmed by the lack of elevators in the office building. Do they carry this technique with their hands on the fifth? I don't believe in this. I open the Internet and read: "The US Department of Defense building consists of five concentric rings divided into sections (the underground tier has seven rings). The rings are radially connected to each other by ten corridors. The total length of the corridors is about 28 km. Inside the building - 13 elevators, 19 escalators and 131 stairs, two-wheeled electric scooters are provided for ease of movement.
    Moreover, the network repeatedly jokes about this story about the lack of elevators. Unfortunately, the author superficially worked with the materials. There is a lot of interesting facts and illustrations.
    1. balabol
      balabol 15 January 2023 13: 27
      How did the author not insert the most interesting frame? I just don't understand.
  7. Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 15 January 2023 14: 25
    The District of Columbia was created to house federal agencies. But it turns out that a significant part of them are located outside of it, in the territory of neighboring states.
  8. samarin1969
    samarin1969 15 January 2023 16: 30
    Simferopol has its own "pentagon" (folk slang). The parliament building, which was so beautifully taken by the "little green men".

    [/ Center]
  9. faterdom
    faterdom 15 January 2023 20: 20
    Ever since the ancient Sumerian (not Ukrainian!) and Assyrian times, in the course of the eastern gloomy magicians, there was a pentacle - a symbol (or object) of the dark power of hell (Baal, Baal, Hades).
    So, the construction of the building of the US military department in this form is hardly accidental, given the love of the "deep people" for this kind of symbolism.
    Either they will paint an eye with a pyramid on a dollar, or they will call the city Memphis.
  10. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 16 January 2023 11: 03
    The construction cost the US budget more than $83 million.

    At that time, this was more than the cost of two Essex-type ABs in 1941 prices or almost three Essex in 1943 prices.